http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical application of chuna for temporomandibular joint(TMJ) in nuchal pain patients with temporomandibular joint disorder(TMD). Methods : Four patients were treated by chuna for TMJ to evaluate the effect of the treatment. The patient's symptoms were assessed by visual analogue scale(VAS), neck disability index(NDI), cervical lordotic curvature. Results : In all case, the pain was reduced according to VAS, NDI. cervical lordotic curvature of three cases were improved. Conclusions : These results suggest that chuna for TMJ might be an effective method to treat nuchal pain with TMD. But, it's necessary to have more observations and experiments.
Objectives The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of ultra sound (U/S) and chuna on lumbago by meridian muscle electrography (MMEG). we performed U/S and chuna on erector spinae muscle. Methods This study was carried out on 20 lumbago patients. 20 patients were divided into U/S group and chuna group. U/S group take treatment 5 minutes. Chuna group take treatment 10 minutes. After performing U/S and chuna treatment 6 times, we compared both in terms of VAS, ODI, ROM, root mean square (RMS) and special edge frequency (SEF) on erector spinae muscle. The effect of each treatments are compared by Wilcoxon’s signed rank test. The difference of effect between both groups are compared by Wilcoxon’s rank-sum test. Results 1. Both U/S group and chuna group showed significant improvement in VAS and ODI after treatment. 2. U/S group showed insignificant improvement in both RMS and SEF. 3. Chuna group showed significant improvement in SEF at left lower point and RMS at left upper point. 4. Both U/S group and chuna group showed insignificant improvement in ROM. 5. There are no significant differences between both groups except SEF at left upper point. Conclusions According to above results, we found out that performing U/S or chuna on erector spinae muscle has effect in terms of VAS and ODI. But, in terms of SEF, we found out different result for both side. And we can’t found out effect in terms of RMS and ROM of L-spine. (J Korean Med Rehab 2015;25(4):93-103)
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study explores the ways that American institutional and cultural education has been depicted in the literature of the early twentieth century. It questions the degree to which education in the United States actually engenders the critical and creative thinking necessary for democratic citizenship and shared power. A true democratic education is an education of emancipation; however, the ‘othering’ of race, class, and gender often prevent emancipatory education from occurring. The prominence of the issues of emancipation and indoctrination in twentieth century novels suggests that the same paradoxes about education and democracy exist. This study traces the tensions of emancipation and indoctrination from both institutions and culture in Carson McCullers’s The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter and Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird. It concludes that the protagonists in these novels, much like most people encountered in our schools and streets, have the ability to emancipate themselves from the ‘othering’ and ideologies in our culture. However, many of our institutions and societal assumptions continue to indoctrinate persons into the hierarchical system. Through these two novels, Lee and McCullers strongly suggest that learning empathy should be the only way to transcends the boundaries of prejudice and hate which our society and culture make.
Objectives The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of MET (muscle energy technique) and ICT (interferential current therapy) on lumbago by meridian muscle electrography (MMEG). We performed MET and ICT on quadratus lumborum muscle. Methods This study was carried out on 30 lumbago patients. 30 patients were randomly divided into MET group and ICT group. MET group take treatment 10 minutes. ICT group take treatment 15 minutes. After performing MET and ICT twice, we compared both in terms of root mean square (RMS), special edge frequency (SEF), VAS and ODI. Results 1. Both MET group and ICT group showed significant improvement in VAS and ODI after treatment. 2. Both MET group and ICT group showed significant improvement in special edge frequency (SEF) of the left side after treatment. But SEF of the right side showed insignificant improvement. 3. Both MET group and ICT group showed insignificant improvement in root mean square (RMS) for both sides. 4. There are no significant differences between both groups. Conclusions According to above results, we found out that performing MET or ICT on quadratus lumborum muscle has effect in terms of VAS and ODI. But, in terms of SEF, we found out different result for both side. And we can``t found out effect in terms of RMS. (J Korean Med Rehab 2014;24(3):121-130)
본 논문의 목적은 Breul(2001, 2004)이 제시한 통사적 체계에 근거하여 한국어 초점구조를 분석하고 Chomsky(1995)가 제시한 연쇄이론을 변형하여 한국어의 다양한 초점구조를 보이는 것을 목적으로 한다. 초점은 다양한 언어적 장치를 통해서 나타난다. 이러한 이유로 이에 대한 정의와 연구방법이 다양하다. 어떤 학자들(Jones 2006, Dechaine 2002, E. Kiss 1998a; 1998b, Brody 1990; 1995, etc.)은 초점구조에 대한 통사적 접근법을 취한다. 이 접근법은 초점을 통사구조 내에서 wh-이동처럼 이동현상으로 간주한다. 그러나 Lambrecht(1994, 2001)는 초점에 대한 연구는 언어적 구성요소들(예, 통사-의미 접합점, 담화-화용 접합점) 간의 접합점에서 연구되어야 한다고 주장한다. 더욱이 Breul(2001, 2004)은 초점구가설과 [±foc] 자질을 가정하고 초점구조를 범주적, 확인적, 단언적으로 분류하였다. 그는 통사, 의미 그리고 억양 내에서 통합적인 접근법을 취하였다. 이와 같이 통사와 의미의 경계에서 Han(1998)은 -은/는의 어휘적 분석의 한계를 밝히면서 한국어의 명사-은/는에서 -은/는이 주제 혹은 초점으로 해석되는 이유를 설명하려고 하였다. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the focus structure in Korean based on the syntactic framework proposed by Breul(2001, 2004), and to show various focus structures in Korean modifying the chain theory proposed by Chomsky(1995). Focus is represented by various means of linguistic devices. That`s why its definition and its research method is varied. Some linguists take syntactic approach to the analysis of focus structure(Jones 2006, Dechaine 2002, E. Kiss 1998a; 1998b, Brody 1990; 1995, etc.). This approach generally considers the focus is a kind of movement like wh-movent within the syntactic structure. However, Lambrecht(1994, 2001) argues that the research on focus should be done in the interface of some components of linguistics, e.g. syntax-semantic interface, discourse-pragmatic interface). Furthermore, assuming FocP-hypothesis and [±foc] features, Breul(2001, 2004) tries to categorize the focus structure into three: categorical, identificational, and thetic focus structure. He takes integrated approach to the analysis within the interface of syntax, semantics and intonation. Likewise, on the boundary of syntax and semantics, Han(1998) tries to explain why the -(n)un in NP-(n)un in Korean is interpreted as topic or focus, finding the limitations of the lexical analysis of -(n)un.
Objectives To measure and analyze the curvature of the cervical spine for university students. Methods This study carried out on 132 students. The cervical spine curvature was measured by six measuring methods. The type and numeric value of cervical spine curvature was analyzed by Angle of cervical curve (C1∼C7), Angle of cervical curve (C2∼C7), Jackson’s angle, Ishihara Index, Depth of cervical curve and Method of Jochumsen. Cervical spine curvatures between male and female are compared by Mann-Whitney test. Rate of type of cervical curvature between male and female are compared by linear by linear association. Results 1. The average of angle of cervical curve (C1∼C7) is 33.78±9.85o, angle of cervical curve (C2∼C7) is 10.28±8.12o. The average of Jackson’s angle is 14.02±10.01o, average of Ishihara Index is 8.46±10.58%. The average of Depth of cervical curve is 5.15±4.72 mm and average of Method of Jochumsen is 0.94±3.83 mm. 2. More than half of student’s cervical curvature showed hypolordosis except Ishihara index. 3. There was significant difference in numeric value of cervical curvature between male and female both groups in terms of Ishihara index. 4. There were insignificant differences between male and female in terms of type of cervical curvature. Conclusions According to above results, we found out average of student’s cervical curve. And the results suggest that most of the student’s cervical curvature decreased. (J Korean Med Rehab 2015;25(4):83-92)
The intent of this essay is to illuminate the problem of African-Americans’ human rights in the history of the U.S. on the basis of one of the distinguished novels Light in August by William Faulkner. In Light in August the protagonist Joe Christmas was lynched and castrated by white racist chauvinists who contained and differentiated the Afro-Americans and people of miscegenation to secure their pure whiteness. As exemplified by the castration of Joe Christmas with vague identity and miscegenation in Light in August black males were vulnerable to private lynch and dehumanization by the white racial extremists. They practiced atrocious violence which put black people to death by eliminating any chance of a crack in the pure white males’ dominant society through purgation of every drop of black blood. The proper human rights of Afro-Americans were crushed by the white owners of plantations in the South, even during and after the emancipation declaration for the purpose of exploiting black people by the white dominating class. The white supremacists also sexually exploited black women with false propaganda which black female allured the white men and they had contagious lust for white males. The white extremists with political power ambushed their schemes to nullify the civil rights of African-Americans to levy 2 dollars of the tax poll as well as the Grandfather Clause letting naive black people give up their suffrage and confront the hopeless swamp of racial discrimination and suppression.