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      • KCI등재

        "경향(傾向)"과 "신경향파(新傾向派)"의 거리

        조남현 ( Nam Hyon Cho ) 서울대학교 인문학연구원 1990 人文論叢 Vol.24 No.-

        ``Tendency`` has lexical meanings such as the inclination, the trend, the current, etc. and also critical meanings as an aesthetic, literary term. The tendency as a technical term was commonly used in the form of ``tendentious`` or ``tendentiousness``. The word ``tendency`` appeared first in Kim Chai-kwan`s article(1922) and the term ``tendency art`` was seen first in Im Chung-jai`s critical essay titled "A piece of writing given to the men of letters" (1923). ``New trend group`` was a word ingeniously combining the meaning as a literary current and the meaning as socialistic tendentiousness. In my opinion, the former meaning was stronger than the latter. Kim Pal-bong and Im Wha were representative theorists who eonfirmed the fact that the term and the contents of ``new trend group`` originated with Pak Young-hi. But, afterwards Kim Pal-bong maintained that he was the originator. Im Wha raised the status of ``the new trend group`` while Pak Young-hi interpreted ``the new trend group`` as the preliminary period literature. Kim Pal-bong was behind Pak in the degree of understanding of tendentiousness. Kim Nam-chon discriminated ``the new trend group literature`` from the tendency literature. Im Wha was in the same position as Kim Nam-chon, but he could not define the area of tendency literature. In case that ``the new trend group literature`` were understood as the preliminary stage, this title would be unnecessary. Instead, the expression like the first period of tendency literature would be more proper. In case that the range of tendency literature were strictly cut down, the tendency literature could be placed either in front of or behind proletariat literature.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI우수등재

        한국현대문학연구의 발전과 과제

        조남현(Cho, Nam-hyon) 국어국문학회 2018 국어국문학 Vol.0 No.184

        1990년대에 오면 문학연구가 인문학연구, 문화연구, 영화연구, 풍속연구, 미디어연구, 사상연구 등으로 확대되면서 학계와 문단이 분화되고 학술논문과 평론이 구분되는 변화가 일어난다. 1950년대에는 아직은 대학에서 국문학자들을 제대로 배출하지 못했기에 서양문학 전공자 중심의 평론가들에 의한 평론집에 크게 의존할 수 밖에 없었다. 국문학전공자들은 서양의 문학이론을 부지런히 공부하는 한편으로 기본자료들을 수집하고 정리하는데 많은 힘을 기울였다. 젊은 국문학도들이 서양문학전공자들의 평론집을 교과서로 삼는 태도는 1970년대까지 계속되었다. 1980년대 비평계의 특징으로는 국문학 전공자들에게 주도권이 넘어간 점과 학계를 향해 문학연구는 이념구현이어야 한다고 고창한 점을 들 수 있다. 1990년대에는 박사학위 논문들을 중심으로 하여 실증주의와 해석주의가 잘 결합된 연구성과가 줄지어 나왔다. 이제 21세기의 한국현대문학연구는 학회와 학회지 중심의 체제 확립과 복합학에의 확대라는 발전양상을 보이는 한편으로 실증주의와 가치론의 괴리, 작품분석력의 부진, 표현인문학의 과잉현상 등과 같은 문제점을 드러내고 있다. Late in the twentieth century the study of Korean modern literature widened to the human science, culture study, film study, manners study, media study. In 1950, the critic lead the study of Korea modern literature because of the scholar’s numeral insuffiency. The students of national literature endeavored to practice the positivism and to receive the occidental literary theory. In 1960, the department of literary study divided into the ancient and the modern area. In 1970, critical essays written by the scholars of foreign literature had good influence on the Korean scholars. In 1980, on account of political situation many scholars maintained that literary study also should be the ideological embodiment. In 1990, many accomplishment including doctoral dissertations were published. Many scholars such as the critic took a interest the literary movement like laborism, feminism, ecologism, postmodernism. In the 21century, Korean modern literary study show the traits such as the system centered on the learned society and the journal, new positivism, expansion of the area of studies, overvalue of expressive human science.

      • KCI등재

        유진오(兪鎭午)와 이효석(李孝石) 소설(小說)의 거리

        조남현 ( Nam Hyon Cho ) 서울대학교 인문학연구원 1995 人文論叢 Vol.34 No.-

        To compare two novelists begins with the common feature as fellow-traveler writer. Nowadays, the opinion that two novelists can be looked on as fellow-traveler writer becomes one of the literary conventions. Of course, there was an opinion that Hyosuk Lee was not fellow-traveler. While Jino Yu mainly presented fighter as protagonist through the works such as "Mr.Song``s brother and I", Hyosuk Lee took sides with all the dramatis personae who oppose mutually. A story book "Russia coast"(1931) presented the ``longing for Russia.`` This longing appeared in the power of poetic imagination. Jino Yu``s works divides into the novel of intelligentia and the novel of laborer The latter show the fighter against the Established. In the understanding degree of socialism, Jino Yu overwhelm Hyosuk Lee. But, Jino Yu did not express the knowledge directly. While in Jino Yu, socialism was the object of the intelligent research, Hyosuk Lee approached with passion and feeling.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        한국 리얼리즘론의 역사

        曺南鉉 서울大學校 人文學硏究所 1994 人文論叢 Vol.31 No.-

        History of discussion of realism in Korea can be limited the field of the types of realism. Our modern literature had developed under the proposition of colonization and modernization, so our writers and theorists expected the power of the realism. Serious discussion of realism began in the attempt to separate the realism from the naturalism. Pal-Bong Kim presents 'dialectic realism'(1929), Mag An presents 'proletariat realism' (1930). Sul-Ya Han identified 'dialectic realism' with 'proletariat realism'(1931). Hwan Kwon and Mag An appeared as the positive supporter of the socialist realism. Theorists such as Young-Hee Park, Nam-Chon Kim, Ham-Kwang An, Doo-Yong Kim denied the insistence that the socialist realism can be applied all over the world. Young-Hee Park, Chul Paik and Kon-Kang Yun presented the psychological realism as an alternative of socialist realism(1934). And Hyo Han insisted that socialist realism should contain the revolutionary romanticism. Afterwards he repeats the insistence. After the 1945 Liberation, Nam-Chon Kim raised the 'evolutionary realism', Hyo-Min Hong raised 'Korean realism' and 'national realism', Sik han 'noble realism'. In the 1950's the discussion of the realism went back to the objective or naive realism.

      • 韓國文學에 投影된 職業意識

        鄭昌範,曺南鉉 建國大學校 人文科學硏究所 1980 인문과학논총 Vol.12 No.-

        We observed the occupational consciousness projected in Korean literature through the three historical models, "Silhag period" (the Korean pragmatism), "Kaewha period" (Enlightening age). "1920s".(the earlier stage of Korean capitalism) In Silhak period, Yangban descendants engaged positively in agriculture or commerce in order to escape from poverty, and they became rich, Now, some persons came back to sristo-cratic nominalism sfter making a livelihood. This nominalistic view of work could be divied into egoistic cases and altruistic cases. In fact, egoistic nominalism was thought to be repetitive fact of Confucianistic view of work. Coming to Kaewha period, many precursors emphasized the importance of pragmatic sciences. Some Sinososul wirters accused past burocratic view of work of being rooted on the attitude of taking private goods. Precursors such as Yu kiljoon, Lee Haejo proposed utilitarian or public view of work as the view of work appropriate to new age. Because the function of enlightment was over-emphasized, the expression of occupational consciousness can not subdue the abstract idea. The novels in 1920s' concerned about unskilled manual workers. Through these novels, we are able to know the difference in getting job, much lower job-satisfaction which farmers, workers, intelligentsia had in mind. The feeling that financial rewards was very unsufficient, or that working condition was very bad was developed into labor disputes or tenant farmers disputes. Despite the situation that most people could not satisfy the biological wishes, the concerns about higher motive system to works (ex. personal self-actualization, self-esteem) was continuously emphasized.

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