http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
The accreditation process is both an opportunity and a burden for medical schools in Korea. The line that separates the two is based onhow medical schools recognize and utilize the accreditation process. In other words, accreditation is a burden for medical schools if theyview the accreditation process as merely a formal procedure or a means to maintain accreditation status for medical education. However, if medical schools acknowledge the positive value of the accreditation process, accreditation can be both an opportunity and a toolfor developing medical education. The accreditation process has educational value by catalyzing improvements in the quality, equity,and efficiency of medical education and by increasing the available options. For the accreditation process to contribute to medical education development, accrediting agencies and medical schools must first be recognized as partners of an educational alliance workingtogether towards common goals. Secondly, clear guidelines on accreditation standards should be periodically reviewed and shared. Finally, a formative self-evaluation process must be introduced for institutions to utilize the accreditation process as an opportunity to develop medical education. This evaluation system could be developed through collaboration among medical schools, academic societiesfor medical education, and the accrediting authority.
The subject of research in this paper is THE ASIA REVIEW, published in May 1922 in Tokyo. This magazine occupied a different position from international student magazines such as Hajikwang or socialism media such as THE YOUNG KOREA. THE ASIA REVIEW was comparable to Japanese comprehensive magazines of that time in terms of content and form. It was distinguished from the magazines presented above in that it accepted a wide range of discussion by liaising public figures from various countries of Asia. Tae-kyung Yoo, the president and chief editor of THE ASIA REVIEW, traveled Korea, China, Japan, and the United States, going through many schools and occupations. In desultory his life, his willingness to practice resistive discussion was however consistently perceived through his activities of press media. THE ASIA REVIEW was an example to present that his willingness was realized. THE ASIA REVIEW demonstrates exceptional and unique language use including Korean and Chinese languages, while it was published on a basis of Japanese. This was to realize Asian solidarity in the magazine. Although the Korean language was soon removed from the magazine due to realistic conditions, the magazine was consistently published in non-Japanese written articles such as Chinese and English. This was to reject a national perspective that would easily lean on nation-centrism and to criticize aggressive Pan-Asianism from a trans-national standpoint. THE ASIA REVIEW aimed Asian solidarity to be horizontal in the magazine despite many practical constraints. Lastly, I have examined short essays on current issues published in THE ASIA REVIEW. These writings are easy to overlook in terms of genre or layout in the magazine, however, they were notable because they lead us to directly glimpse the political position of THE ASIA REVIEW. The reviews on monotype poems used various rhetoric to criticize imperialistic pillage and discrimination that took place in Japan as well as in Korea and Manchuria. In particular, satire and cynicism were the features that penetrated these writings. This writing method was a valid writing strategy for criticizing the empire's tyrannical power, while being conscious of the pressure of censorship. 본 논문은 1922년 5월에 도쿄에서 창간된 『아세아공론』을 연구대상으로 한다. 이 잡지는 『학지광』 등의 유학생 잡지나 『조선청년』 같은 사회주의 매체와는 다른 위치를 점한다. 『아세아공론』은 내용과 형식면에서 당대의 일본어 종합잡지에 비견될 만한 모습을 갖추고 있었다. 아시아 각국의 유명인사들을 필자로 섭외하여 광범위한 담론을 수용하고 있다는 점에서도 앞서 제시된 잡지들과 구별된다. 『아세아공론』사의 사장이자 잡지의 주필 역할을 맡은 유태경은 조선, 중국, 일본, 미국을 오가는 독특한 행보를 보였고, 그 과정에서 여러 학교와 직업을 거쳤다. 그러나 종잡을 수 없는 그의 삶 속에서도 언론활동을 통한 저항적 담론실천의 의지는 일관적으로 감지된다. 『아세아공론』은 그의 의지가 구체화된 실례라 할 수 있다. 『아세아공론』은 일본어를 위주로 하면서도 조선어와 중국어를 포함하는 과감한 언어운용을 보여주었는데, 이는 아시아 연대를 지면 위에 실현하기 위함이었다. 비록 현실적인 조건으로 인해 조선어는 포기되었지만 중국어나 영어 글을 꾸준히 게재하며 초국적 언어운용을 포기하지 않았다. 이는 자칫 자국중심주의로 흐르기 쉬운 일국적 관점을 배격하고 초국적 견지에서 팽창적 아시아주의를 비판하기 위함이었다. 『아세아공론』은 여러 현실적 제약에도 불구하고 수평적 아시아연대를 지면 위에 구현하고자 한 것이다. 마지막으로 『아세아공론』에 게재된 단형시평을 살펴보았다. 이 글들은 장르적 관점이나 잡지의 배치상 간과하기 쉬우나 『아세아공론』의 입장을 가장 직접적으로 엿볼 수 있는 글이라는 점에서 주목할 만하다. 이 글들은 일본 국내 뿐 아니라 조선, 만주 등에서 일어나는 제국주의적 침탈과 차별을 다양한 수사를 동원하여 비판한다. 특히, 풍자와 냉소는 단형시평을 관통하는 특징이라 할 수 있다. 이러한 글쓰기 방식은 검열의 압박을 의식하는 가운데 제국의 폭압적 권력을 비판하기에 유효한 글쓰기 전략이었다.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of sex of supervisor on the stress and promotion of Korean women workers in the workplace using the Korean Women Manager Panel. The results demonstrate that when the direct boss of female workers was female, stress in the workplace was high and the promotion rate of staff and assistant managers was low. According to the theory of queen bee phenomenon and role congruity theory, a structure of glass ceiling and the male-dominated working culture does not require positive qualities of female leadership but requires a high recognition standard or competitiveness. It can be interpreted that the female worker with the female supervisor showed more stress in the workplace and the probability of female promotion in staff and assistant managers is low. 본 연구는 여성관리자패널조사(Korean Women Manager Panel)를 이용하여한국 여성 근로자의 직장 내 스트레스 및 승진에 상사의 성별이 미치는 영향을 분석한다. 분석결과 직속 상사가 여성일 때 여성 근로자의 직장 내 스트레스는 높았고, 사원 및 대리 직급 여성의 승진에 부의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 여왕벌 현상과 역할일치이론에 따르면 한국과 같이 유리천장이견고하고 상위 직급의 남성 밀집도가 높은 구조에서는 여성 리더십의 긍정적인 특성이 발휘되기보다 다른 여성에 대해 높은 인정 기준을 요구하거나경쟁적인 모습을 보여 여성 상사를 둔 여성 근로자의 직장 내 스트레스는 높고 낮은 직급의 여성 승진확률은 낮추는 것으로 해석할 수 있다.
이 연구에서는 예술인이 겪는 스트레스와 스트레스 대처방식, 방어기제를 이해하고 변인 간의 관계를 검증하는 것이다. 본 연구의 대상은 현재 예술 분야에서 종사하고 있는 예술인 263명이었으며 결과는 다 음과 같다. 첫째, 예술인은 직무 스트레스가 높고, 소망적 대처, 자기 억제적 방어기제를 가장 많이 사용 하는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 예술인의 직무 스트레스를 최소화하는 대책 마련이 시급하며, 더불어 예술 인이 겪는 무의식적 감정과 사고, 스트레스를 명료화하여 건강하게 표출시킬 수 있는 방안 모색이 중요 해 보인다. 둘째, 스트레스, 방어기제, 스트레스 대처 간의 관계는 우선, 스트레스는 소극적 대처방식과 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 예술인이 스트레스가 상승할 때 문제회피적인 소극적 대응 을 보일 가능성이 시사되었다. 두 번째로 적극적 스트레스 대처방식은 적응적 방어, 자기 억제적 방어와 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 더불어 소극적 스트레스 대처방식은 미성숙 방어, 자기억제 방 어, 갈등회피 방어 기제와 유의한 정적 상관을 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 적응적 방어기제가 적극적 소극적 스트레스 대처에 모두 영향을 미치는 것으로 시사된다. 셋째, 방어기제 유형 중, 자기 억제적 방 어기제가 예술인의 스트레스와 스트레스 대처방식의 관계에서 조절효과가 있음이 확인되었다. 하지만 미성숙형 방어기제, 적응적 방어기제, 갈등 회피적 방어기제는 조절 변수로 효과 없음으로 나타났다. 이 러한 차이는 예술인이 자기억제적 방어를 사용할 경우 스트레스 대처능력이 저하되어 스트레스 해결에 도움이 되지 않을 가능성을 시사한다. 따라서 본 연구의 결과는 예술인의 스트레스, 스트레스 대처, 방어 기제 특성을 이해하고, 예술인의 스트레스 관리에 방어기제의 조절효과를 부분적으로 밝혔다는데 의의가 있다. The purpose of The purpose of this study is to understand stress, stress coping styles, and defense mechanism experienced by artists and to verify the relationships between variables. The subjects of this study were 263 artists currently working in the art field and the result is as shown below. First, artists were found to have the highest job stress and to most frequently use wishful thinking and self-restraint defense mechanism. Therefore, it is urgent to prepare measures to minimize the job stress of artists, and it is also important to find ways to clarify and express the unconscious stresses experienced by artists in a healthy manner. Second, as for the relationships between stress, defense mechanism and stress coping, stress, first of all, appeared to have a positive correlation with emotion-centered coping. And the problem-centered stress coping was found to have a positive correlation with mature and self-restraint defense. In addition, the emotion-centered stress coping was found to have significantly positive correlations with immature, self-restraint, and conflict-avoidant defense mechanisms. Third, among the types of defense mechanisms, it has been confirmed that self-restraint defense mechanism has a control effect in the relationship between the artists' stress and stress coping styles. However, immature defense, mature defense, and conflict-avoidant defense mechanism have been found to be ineffective as variables. This difference suggests that when using self-restraint defense, the artists could not solve their stress due to the degraded ability to copy with stress. Accordingly, the result of this study is meaningful in understanding the characteristics of the artist's stress, stress coping, and defense mechanisms and partly proving the effect of controlling the defense mechanisms for managing their stress.
The accreditation process (AccP) is both an opportunity and a burden for medical schools—which one it becomes depends on how medical schools recognize and utilize the AccP. In other words, if a medical school recognizes the AccP only as a formal procedure or as a means for continuing medical education, it will be a burden for the medical school. However, if a medical school recognizes the real and positive value of the AccP, it can be both an opportunity and a tool for developing medical education. The educational value of the AccP is to improve the quality, equity, and efficiency of medical education, along with increasing the options of choice. In order for the AccP to contribute to the development of medical education, accrediting agencies and medical schools must first be recognized as part of an “educational alliance” working together towards common goals. Secondly, clear guidelines on the accreditation standards should be periodically reviewed and shared. Finally, a formative evaluation using self-evaluation as a system that can utilize the AccP as an opportunity to develop medical education must be introduced. This type of evaluation system could be developed through collaboration among medical schools, academic societies for medical education, and the accrediting authority.
This study investigated the effects of Origanum majorana (O. majorana, Majoram ) aroma on electroencephalogram (EEG) in persons with poor sleep quality. Sleep quality of male adults aged of twenties were analyzed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and they were divided into two groups of good sleep quality (n=11) and poor sleep quality (n=6). EEG electrodes were attached at the frontal, temporal, occipital, and parietal regions according to the International 10-20 system. EEG was measured for 3 min per each period of before, during, and after marjoram aroma therapy. Results showed that majoram aroma reduced tense feeling and did not affect blood pressures in both groups. Pulse rate was significantly reduced in the group of good sleep quality although it was within the normal range. In EEG results, subjects with good sleep quality showed decrease in delta power and increase in beta power at the temporal region of right cerebral hemisphere. However, theta powers at the temporal, occipital, parietal regions of both cerebral hemisphere, and frontal region of the left cerebral hemisphere were significantly increased. On the other hand, subjects with poor sleep quality showed increases in the theta power at the frontal and occipital region of left cerebral hemisphere, and at the parietal region of right cerebral hemisphere. It is concluded that marjoram aroma has a beneficial sleep inducing effect in the male adults with good and poor sleep quality.
Despite the importance of how the premedical education curriculum is organized, the basic direction of the curriculum has not been evaluated at a fundamental level. In order to explore the basic directions of the premedical education curriculum, this study examined medical education as a university education, the historical basis of premedical education, and the direction of the premedical education curriculum. Historically, as medical education was incorporated into the university education system, premedical education developed based on basic science and liberal arts education. Accordingly, the direction of the premedical education curriculum began to split into two approaches: one believing in a basic science-based education intended to serve as the foundation of medical training, and the other believing in a liberal arts-based education intended to cultivate the qualities of a doctor. In recent years, however, the binary division in the direction of premedical education has ceased to exist, and the paradigm has now shifted to an agreement that premedical education must cultivate the basic scientific competence required for learning medical knowledge as well as the social qualities that a doctor should have, which are cultivated through the liberal arts. Furthermore, it has been asserted that the direction of premedical education should move toward the qualities that will be required in the future. With the fourth industrial revolution underway, the role of doctors is now being re-examined. This means that today's medical education must change in a future-oriented way, and the direction of the premedical education curriculum must be on the same page.
The growth of amorphous silica nanowires by on-site feeding of silicon and oxygen is reported. The nanowires were grown on anickel-coated oxidized silicon substrate without external silicon or oxygen sources. Transmision electron microscopy observati onrevealed that the nanowires, which have diameters of less than 50 nm and a length of several micrometers, were grown using atraditional vapor-liquid-solid mechanism. Blue photoluminescence was observed from these nanowires at room temperature. Anapproach to grow nanowires without external precursors may be useful when integrating nanowires into devices structures. Thiscan benefit the fabrication of nanowire-based nanodevices.