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        • KCI등재

          골프 참가자의 기본적 심리적 욕구만족, 참여동기 그리고 지속의도와의 관계

          김규동(Gyu Dong Kim),정용각(Yong Gak Jung) 한국사회체육학회 2010 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.0 No.42

          The purpose of this study is to investigate relationship between psychological needs, participation motivation and intention of continuance participation of golf player. The subjects totalled 300 persons(196-male, 104- female) who exercise golf in golf range. Measurement of this study consulted measurement basic psychological needs, participation motivation, and intention of continuance by Jung, Yong-gak(2006, 1997). For data analysis, using SPSS V16.0 and AMOS 17.0 for windows. The results were as follows. First, Intrinsic Motivation has positive relationship relatedness, autonomy, competence in order. In Extrinsic Motivation, Health/Fitness motivation has positive relationship to relatedness, competition/display motivation to competence and relatedness, affiliation to relatedness. Amotivation has negative relationship to competence and autonomy. Intention of continuance participation of golf have positive relationship relatedness, autonomy in order. In Motivation, intrinsic motivation has positive relationship. Relatedness is an important factor in golf. As with previous research of existing Intrinsic motivation to continue the important predictive variable were verified

        • KCI등재

          여가운동 상황에서 성취목표성향과 자결성 이론의 관계

          정용각 ( Yong Gak Jung ) 한국여가레크리에이션학회 2008 한국여가레크리에이션학회지 Vol.32 No.4

          본 연구는 여가운동 상황에서 성취목표 이론(Nicholls, 1989)과 자결성 이론(Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000)의 관계를 알아보기 위하여 시도되었다. 연구대상은 여가운동 참가자 중 16세~64세를 대상으로 조사하였으며, 최종분석 대상은 853명 이었다. 성취목표성향은 김병준(2001)의 척도, 운동에서 기본적 심리욕구만족은 정용각(2006)의 척도, 참여동기는 정용각(2008)의 척도를 사용하여 각 변인 간의 관계를 분석하였다. 그 결과 성취목표성향과 기본적 심리욕구 만족의 관계는 과제성향이 주요한 예측변인이었고, 자아성향은 유능성 욕구에만 정적관계를 보였다. 성취목표성향과 참여동기와의 관계는 과제성향이 자결성 동기에 정적영향을 주는 것으로 나타났고, 자아성향은 경쟁과시, 무동기, 몸매관리 등에 정적영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 기본적 심리욕구만족과 참여동기의 관계를 보면 자율성 욕구가 자결성 동기에 주요한 예측 변인이었다. 이러한 결과로 볼 때 과제성향과 자율성 요인이 자결성 동기에 주요한 변인임으로 여가운동에서 운동 지도 시 자율성 분위기와 숙달분위기 지지가 필요하다. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between achievement goal orientation and self-determination theory in leisure sport and exercise setting. A sample of 853 leisure sporter and exerciser(Age range 16 to 64years) completed the Korean version TEOSQ(Kim, 2001), Basic Psychological Needs Scale in Sport and Exercise(Jung, 2006), SMS(Jung, 2008) measure. Multiple regression analysis showed that task orientation predicted variables with high basic psychological needs satisfaction. In contrast, ego orientation predicted variable with only competence need satisfaction. And task orientation predicted motivational variables with high sel-determination. In contrast, ego orientation predicted motivational variables with low self-determination. Basic psychological needs satisfaction predicted motivational variables with high self-determination. The results suggest the adaptive role of task orientation and basic psychological needs satisfaction in facilitating self-determined motivation in leisure sport and exercise setting.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          레저스포츠 참가자의 기본적 심리욕구만족, 참여동기 및 지속의도와의 관계

          정용각(Yong Gak Jung) 한국사회체육학회 2008 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.0 No.34

          This study was performed by myself in order to verify the relationship between basic psychological needs satisfaction, sport participation motivation and participation continuance intention among participants in leisure sport. Participants were 480 in leisure sport(mean age=38.40, SD=9.73). Participants completed questionnaires that included measures of basic psychological needs(autonomy, competence, relatedness) satisfaction, participation motivation, and persistence intention. An according to the results of the research, it was true that the relationship model between psychological need satisfaction and participation motivation and participation continuance intention was suitable one. Results showed that the autonomy, competence, relatedness were positively associated with intrinsic motivation, competence and relatedness were positively associated with extrinsic motivation, and autonomy and competence were negatively associated with amotivation, but relatedness were positively associated with amotivation. And autonomy were positively associated with the persistence intention. Or intrinsic motivation were positively associated with the persistence intention.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          볼링선수와 동호인의 볼링 참여동기에 관한 분석

          정용각(Jung Yong Gak),한희정(Han Hee Jung) 한국사회체육학회 2000 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.14 No.-

          The main purpose of this was to examine bowling participation motivation for elite bowler and recreational bowler. The subjects, ranging from high school, university and business teams registered the Korea Bowling Congress to 300 bowling players who are the clubs in Pusan, were chosen for the simple random sampling. Currently taking part in bowling, they were asked to fill out the distributed questionnaires. The questionnaires were analyzed, applying Cronbach's Alpha, one-way ANOVA, MANOVA. A significant level of p<05 was used for all the statistical. The results of this study are as follows ' Recreational bowlers showed higher score for intrinsic motivation such as enjoyment factor and for extrinsic motivation such as conditioning, health fitness and affiliation factors, while elite bowlers showed higher scores for intrinsic motivation such as achievement factor and for extrinsic motivation such as external display, and for amotivation. According to teams, the business team players showed higher scores for intrinsic motivation such as enjoyment factor and for extrinsic motivation such as external display, while high school teams showed higher scores for intrinsic motivation such as achievement factor. According to average point, the average 120-150 point players showed higher scores for intrinsic motivation such as enjoyment factor and for extrinsic motivation such as conditioning, health fitness and affiliation factors, while average 180 point players showed higher scores for intrinsic motivation such as achievement factor and for extrinsic motivation such as external display factor, and for amotivation.

        • KCI등재

          여가운동 참가자의 스포츠참여행동 모형 검증

          정용각 ( Yong Gak Jung ) 한국스포츠심리학회 2008 한국스포츠심리학회지 Vol.19 No.2

          본 연구는 자결성 이론 (Deci & Ryan, 1985)을 근거로 한 동기의 위계모형(Vallerand, 1997, 2001)을 근거로 본 연구자가 설정한 스포츠참여 행동모형을 검증하였다. 연구대상은 건강운동 (달리기, 피트니스, 수영 등) 과 레저스포츠 (골프, 모험스포츠, 라켓운동 등) 의 참가자로 만18제- 64제 (M-36. 77세, SD= 9. 60) 중 1, 160 명을 조사하였으며, 최종분석은 887명(남 535명, 여 352명)을 분석하였다. 연구결과 스포츠 참여행동 모 형의 검증은 적합한 것으로 나타났다. 운동에서의 심리적 욕구만족이 참여동기에 미치는 효과는 매우 높았으며, 자율성, 관계성, 유능성 요인 순으로 주요한 것으로 나타났다. 심리적 욕구만족이 동기의 하위요인에 미치는 간접효과는 자결성 이론을 지지하는 내적동기(자극추구, 기술학습), 외적동기(건강체력, 사교, 경쟁과시, 몸매관리) 순으로 높았으며, 무동기와는 부적관계를 보였다. 심리적 욕구만족이 행동의 결과 반응인 정서, 인지, 지속의도에 미치는 효과는 지속의도, 정서, 인지관여 순으로 높았다. 참여동기 가 행동의 결과 반응에 미치는 효과는 정서와 인지는 유의하였으나 지속의도에 미치는 효과는 유의하지 않았다. 이러한 결과로 볼 때 심리적 욕구만족이 동기의 선행변인으로 중요함을 알 수 있는 모형 검증 결과이다. 또한 운동상황에서 기본적 심리욕구 만족은 내적동기를 증진시키며, 내적동기의 증진은 긍정 적 정서. 인지관여, 지속의도를 증진시킨다는 선행연구를 지지하는 결과였다. 따라서 스포츠 참여를 지속시키고 스포츠에서 웰빙을 추구하기 위해서는 심리적 욕구만족을 증진시키는 전략이 필요하다. This study was performed by myself in order to verify the participation behavior model in sports of participants who are participating in leisure sport and exercises by applying Vallerand`s a hierarchical model of motivation (1997, 2001) in the basis of self-determination theory by Deci & Ryan(1985). According to the results of the research, it was true that the participating behavior modeling was suitable one. The factor of autonomy, competence, and relatedness belonging to basic psychological needs was β=.87, it is very high, and it is referred to the effectiveness influencing on participation motivation. When we make reference to the participation motivation, IM(stimulus seeking, skill learning) was the most important factor, but it was cleared that amotivation was inappropriate. In the effectiveness which basic psychological needs satisfaction can influence on one`s intention to continue in sport participation, the result was β=.84, very high, but modulus of affects β=.83, cognition involvement β=.61. In the part of motivation, the effectiveness of motivation influencing on IM was the most high. In the effectiveness which participation motivation can influence on one`s affects, the result was β=.35, moderate high, but modulus of cognition involvement β=29, and very low, intention to continue in participating.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          운동영역에서의 기본적 심리욕구만족, 정서 및 지속의도와의 관계모형 검증

          정용각(Yong Gak Jung) 한국사회체육학회 2009 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.0 No.38

          This study was performed by myself in order to verify the relationship between basic psychological needs satisfaction, affects and participation persistence intention among participants in exercise. Participants were 480 in leisure sport(mean age=38.40, SD=9.73). Participants completed questionnaires that included measures of basic psychological needs(autonomy, competence, relatedness) satisfaction, affects(positive affects, negative affects), and persistence intention. An according to the results of the research, it was true that the relationship model between psychological need satisfaction, affects and participation persistence intention was suitable one. Results showed that the autonomy, relatedness, competence need satisfaction were positively associated with positive affects, but autonomy need satisfaction were negatively associated with negative affects. And positive affects were positively associated with the persistence intention. Or autonomy, relatedness competence need satisfaction were positively associated with the persistence intention.

        • KCI등재

          여가운동 참가자의 NEO-FFI 와 스포츠 몰입행동의 관계 분석

          오성기(Sung Ki Oh),정용각(Yong Gak Jung) 한국사회체육학회 1999 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.12 No.-

          The purpose of this study was to examine the sport commitment behavior of participants in Leisure sport and Exercise, to investigate the relationship between participant`s personality and his sport commitment behavior, and to analyze the relationship between passional sport participants and personality factors. In order to do this, first, we classified the total subjects into groups according to sport commitment, and analyzed the difference in personality factors according to the degree of sport commitment. In doing this, we used the `Questionnaire of Sport Commitment` developed by Jung(1997), and used the ` Questionnaire of Personality` officially approved by Korea Guidance, which was first developed in the name of NEO-PI-R by Costa and McCrae (1992c), was translated into Korean and examined by Lee(1995), and was reexamined again by An and Lee(1996). The subjects totalled 442 persons(321-mail, 121-femail) who participating in leisure sport and exercise sport (swimming, baseball, tennis, paragliding, health). The age of subjects ranged from 18 to 49. We used the t-test in analysis of the differences of personality factors according to degree of sport commitment (high commitment, low commitment). We used the correlation in analysis of the relationship of Big-5 factors and sport commitment factors. The results of statistical analysis are as follows : First, the participants in the high sport commitment is higher than one in the low sport commitment in extraversion, openness of experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness and impulsiveness of neuroticism, while the participant in the low sport commitment is higher than one in the high sport commitment in neuroticism factors. To the conclusion, the active sport-participants in more stable in personality, is more extroversive, open to experience, agreeable and conscientiousness than passive sport-participant. Therefore the personality make influences the degree of participation in leisure sport and exercise.

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