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Women's menopause is a natural process that every woman must eventually experience, but changes in hormones before and after menopause can serve to produce life-threatening crises in some situations, with individual differences. Data for the study was elicited from 22,610 Korean women ranging in age from 45 to 55 years in the 2013 Korean Community Health Survey. Statistical analyses was performed using descriptive, t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS IBM 20.0 version. Individual characteristics, lifestyle, history of chronic disease(s), psychological and environmental factors were included as independent and EQ5D weights of Koreans were used as dependent variables. The survey subjects consisted of a total 15,505(58.3%) in their 50s, 1,765 (66.5%) in middle and high school dropouts or graduates, 22,174 (83.3%) living in spouses and 10,534(39.6%) in wages. There was a significant difference in HRQOL among all independent variables except drinking and residential areas. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that age, smoking, obesity and other incidental disease factors (fall, angina, asthma, arthritis, osteoporosis, stroke) had a negative effect on HRQOL. The selected independent variables accounted for 22.7% of HRQOL. It is necessary to find a way to improve HRQOL of Korean perimenopausal women, focusing on the significant variables revealed by the study results.
Injury is a serious problem that not only causes death but also significantly degrades the quality of life of the people and causes loss of socioeconomic opportunities and costs. Damage occurs as a result of an accident. Among them, natural disasters and artificial disasters take lives of many people in a short time and threaten their physical and mental health. The United States has responded to the disaster by establishing relevant laws and regulations and a response system with the recognition that health is recognised soon to be as national security in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the Katrina disaster. It is necessary to build a knowledge infrastructure to train disaster response experts in public health area and to have health competence to cope with disasters.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The objective of this research is to verify the validity and reliability of the perceived susceptibility and seriousness in health belief model for prevention of STD. Participants were recruited from university students in Korea during September 4-16, 2017 and the data were collected from 163 students. In the development of the tool, the contents of the questionnaire were first analyzed and the validity of the contents was verified. Through the group-interviews of the experts and close-interviews of the vulnerable group, the preliminary questionnaire were developed with 10 items of the susceptibility, 10 items of severity recognition. For the verification of questionnaire of susceptibility and severity recognition as tools, the factor analysis and reliability verification were carried out. Cronbach's alpha coefficient analysis was used and the statistical analysis used the SAS 9.4. In conclusion, susceptibility and severity recognition in health belief model for the prevention of STD in college students were consisted of 6 items of susceptibility, 9 items of perceived seriousness, totaling of 15 items. The tool developed in this research is proposed to be used as a measuring tool of the perceived susceptibility and seriousness in health belief model for the preventive educational programs for college students. 본 연구는 성매개감염병 예방을 위한 건강신념 중 감수성과 심각성 인식을 측정하기 위한 도구개발 및 개발된 도구의 타당도와 신뢰도를 검증하기 위한 목적으로 수행되었다. 연구대상은 국내 C시의 대학생 163명이었고 2017년 9월에 자료 수집을 하였다. 도구개발은 문헌분석 결과에 따라 1차 문항작성 후 내용타당도 검증, 전문가그룹 면담, 감염취약군 대상 심층면담 과정을 거쳐 예비조사를 실시한 후 성매개감염병에 대한 감수성 10문항, 심각성인식 10문항으로 개발하였다. 도구검증은 문항분석을 위해 요인분석과 신뢰도검증을 이용하였고, 요인분석의 공통성 초기추정값으로 다중상관계수의 제곱, 인자패턴행렬 추정은 반복적 주축인자법, 초기인자패턴행렬 회전방법은 직교회전방법을 이용하였다. 도구의 신뢰도 검증은 SAS 9.4를 활용하여 Cronbach 알파 값을 산출하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 대학생의 성매개감염병 예방을 위한 건강신념 측정도구는 감수성 6문항, 심각성인식 9문항 총 15문항으로 구성되었다. 본 측정도구를 국내 대학생들의 성매개감염병 예방교육 프로그램 개발을 위한 건강신념 측정도구로 사용하기를 제안한다.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the developed instrument and to measure the benefits of condom use, barriers, and self-efficacy among health belief factors to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Participants were recruited from university students in Korea during September 4-16, 2017 and the data were collected from 163 students. In the development of the tool, the contents of the questionnaire were first analyzed and the validity of the contents was verified. Through the group-interviews of the experts and close-interviews of the vulnerable group, the preliminary questionnaire were developed with 24 items of the benefits, 15 items of negative factors, and 14 items of self-efficacy of the condom uses. For the verification of questionnaire of STD as tools, the factor analysis and reliability verification were carried out. Cronbach's alpha coefficient analysis was used and the statistical analysis used the SAS 9.4. In conclusion, condom use measures for the prevention of STD in college students were consisted of 22 items of benefits, 14 items of negative factors, and 6 items of self-efficacy for condom use, totaling of 42 items. The tool developed in this research is proposed to be used as a measuring tool of the condom-use beliefs for the preventive educational programs for college students in the country. 본 연구는 성적으로 활발한 20대 대학생을 대상으로 성매개감염병 확산을 방지하기 위하여 건강신념 요소 중 콘돔사용의 이득, 장애요인, 자기효능감에 대한 측정도구 개발과 개발된 도구의 신뢰성과 타당성을 검증하고자 하였다. 도구개발은 문헌분석을 거쳐 1차로 문항을 작성한 후 내용타당도를 검증하고, 전문가 포커스그룹 인터뷰와 감염 취약군 대상 심층면접을 통해 콘돔사용의 이득 24문항, 콘돔사용의 장애요인 15문항, 콘돔사용 자기효능감 14문항을 예비문항으로 개발하였다. 자료수집은 2017년 9월 중 국내 C시의 대학생 163명을 대상으로 이루어졌다. 도구검증은 SAS 9.4를 활용하여 요인분석과 신뢰도를 분석하였다. 요인분석에서 공통성의 초기추정 값으로 다중상관계수의 제곱, 초기인자패턴행렬의 회전방법은 직교회전, 인자패턴행렬의 추정은 반복적 주축인자법을 이용하였으며, 도구의 신뢰도 검증은 Cronbach 알파 계수로 분석하였다. 연구결과 대학생의 성매개감염병 예방을 위한 콘돔사용 측정도구는 콘돔사용의 이득 22문항, 콘돔사용 장애요인 14문항, 콘돔사용 자기효능감 6문항 총 42문항으로 구성되었다. 본 도구가 국내 대학생들의 성매개감염병 예방교육 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초 도구로 활용되기 바란다.
The purpose of this study was to obtain qualitative data on Korean-American dry cleaners' concerns about work-related health and safety and their attitudes toward the use of PPE(Personal Protective Equipment). Two focus group discussions were conducted with convenient samples of Korean-American drycleaners in middle-eastern state. A total of 13 individuals participated in two focus groups. Participants had concerns as both owners and workers. As owners, they were concerned mostly about compliance of environmental regulation and economic depression. The participants knew very little about the hazards of chemical exposure and expressed vague concerns about chemical exposure and health. Majority of participants do not use PPE and had no intention of using it in the future because of their limited knowledge about the hazardous nature of chemical exposure. The findings from this study would guide the development of intervention to increase drycleaners knowledge of chemical exposure and use of PPE.
본 연구는 수학 수업에서 배움의 즐거움을 찾지 못하고, 수학 자신감이 부족하여 수학 교과에 대한 두려움을 갖고 있는 학생들이 쉽고 재미있게 수학을 공부하는 경험을 통하여 학습자의 수학 흥미도와 자신감을 키울 수 있도록 수학 수업 방법을 변화시키기 위하여 이루어졌다. 연구의 목적을 효율적으로 달성하기 위하여 수학에 대한 흥미와 자신감을 키울 수 있는 학생 중심의 참여형 수업 구현을 위해 거꾸로 수학교실 적용을 위한 환경을 구축하였고, 학생 중심의 참여형 수업 방법과 융합적·창의적 사고력을 향상시킬 수 있는 평가 방안을 구안하였으며, 학생 중심의 참여형 수업을 함께 연구하는 수업 교사 동아리를 구성·운영하여 수업 방법 개선의 성공 경험을 공유하였다. This research was done to change the teaching method of mathmatics for the students who are not interested in math class and who have fear in math to have interest in math and self-confidence by having experience of studying math in an easy and interesting way. In order to efficiently achieve the purpose of this research, the environment for the Flipped-learning of math class was constructed to realize the student-centered learning which increases the interest and self-confidence in Math. Also, the evaluation method which facilitates student-centered learning and integrative and creative thinking power was developed. Last but not least, a teachers' club which studies the student-centered class together has been organized and managed, and the experience of success in improving teaching method has been shared with the teachers in the club.
The purpose of this study is to identify the types of injuries and the protective behaviors of soccer club members to prevent injuries, and promote health. Data was collected from 395 soccer club members from thirteen football clubs in Seoul and Gyeonggi province using question tool developed by researchers. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 23 for descriptive analysis and Chi-square test. The results showed that sport for soccer injuries was serious and medical expenses was significant. The demographic information showed that 50-year-old and over adults were vulnerable and had a disproportionate number of injuries. Those employees who helded administrative positions, white-collar and specialized jobs also experienced the high level of injury experience. Despite this many injuries, many respondents appeared to be lacking a protective actions, such as not wearing protective gear. It was critical for the club members to improve their knowledge and awareness of safe sports activities.