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Objectives : The purpose of this study was to prove the clinical safety of Sweet Bee Venom(BV)and observe the physical reaction(percentage of localized itching & pain) after Sweet BVtreatment. Methods : This study was carried out on 130 patients who had been injected with Sweet BV inKoran Medicine Hospital of Woosuk University from March 20, 2012 to June 30, 2013. Patientswere treated with Sweet BV daily and we checked the physical reaction. After that, weanalyzed those according to treatment times and body parts of injection. Results : 37 patients(28.46 %) complained localized itching and 41 patients(31.54 %) complainedlocalized pain after Sweet BV injection. In 37 patients who complained localized itching, 8patients were experienced itching in the first treatment. And 27 patients were experienceditching in the 1st~5th treatment. Wrist, ankle and toe were the highest percentage of localizeditching. Finger was the highest percentage of localized pain. Knee showed a relatively higherpercentage of itching, pain, itching & pain than other body parts. Conclusions : This study suggested that Sweet BV treatment was relatively safe treatment anddoctors should explain the physical reaction before treating patients. Further studies areneeded to propose a guideline for safety and treatment.
Background and Objectives We aimed to evaluate the effect of the level of education onthe prevalence of tinnitus and quality of life (QoL) in the Korean population. Subjects and Method Our study included 3155 participants from a representative sample. Tinnitus was measured using questionnaires that evaluated perception of ringing, buzzing,roaring, or hissing sounds. Participants were asked to indicate “Yes” or “No” to these questions. Participants who felt that the sensation was “A little annoying” or “Very annoying”were considered to have moderate or severe tinnitus, respectively. Hearing thresholds weremeasured using an automatic audiometer. QoL was evaluated using the EuroQoL (EQ) scale. Results The number of participants in the low, middle, and high education groups were1521, 967, and 667, respectively. Participants with any degree of tinnitus or moderate to severetinnitus increased as the level of education decreased. Multivariate logistic regression analysisshowed that the low education group had significantly higher odds ratios compared to themiddle or high education groups for moderate to severe tinnitus. Abnormal EQ 5-dimensions(EQ-5D) were higher in participants with tinnitus and a low level of education. For participants,univariate and multivariate analyses showed EQ-5D index and EQ-visual analog scalein the low education group were lower than that in the other groups. Conclusion Our study showed that low education level was associated with moderate to severetinnitus in the Korean adult population. Participants with tinnitus and a low level of educationhad poorer QoL than those with tinnitus and a high level of education.
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer that typically involves intramedullary proliferation of myeloid precursor cells. Extramedullary manifestations of AML are exceedingly rare. They include myeloid sarcoma (chloroma), a disease in which extramedullary leukemia cells form a tumorous mass. Herein, we report a case of facial nerve paralysis that was caused by a myeloid sarcoma in the temporal bone. In this case, our preferred early differential diagnosis was otomastoiditis with retroauricular abscess; thus, the patient was scheduled for operative debridement and mastoidectomy. Further evaluation of the patient’s symptoms confirmed a diagnosis ofmyeloid sarcoma, thus obviating the need for any surgical interventions and instead requiring chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy.
Objectives : The 7-zone-diagnostic system is a device for predetermining bodily locations by measuring the energy of the living body. The purpose of this study is to examine correlations between gastroscopy results and zone-5 data from the 7-zone-diagnostic system. Methods : This study was carried out with data from gastroscopy procedures. It involved 115 patients who had been diagnosed with gastritis, esophagitis, or gastric ulcers. These patients were divided into three groups according to the different patterns of zone-5 factors AA, FL2 and FL1. Group A was made up of patients for whom the red bar graph of zone-5 was higher than the normal range for factor AA. Group B was made up of patients for whom the red bar graph of zone-5 was within the normal range for factor AA. Group C was made up of patients for whom the red bar graph of zone-5 was lower than the normal range for factor AA. Group DㆍE and F were made up of same way as group AㆍB and C for factor FL2. Group GㆍH and I were made up of same way as group AㆍB and C for factor FL1. After the collection of gastroscopy results and data on zone-5 from the 7-zone-diagnostic system, the data was analyzed statistically. Results : 1. Group D had a higher ratio of medication than group E, and this result was statistically significant. 2. Group DㆍG had a higher ratio of medication than group EㆍG and group EㆍH, and this result was statistically significant. 3. Group G had a higher ratio of esophagitis than group H, and this result was statistically significant. 4. A Group BㆍH had a higher ratio of esophagitis than group BㆍG, group CㆍG, and group CㆍH, and this result was statistically significant. 5. The medication group had a high score on the function index than the non-medication group, and this result was statistically significant. Conclusions : This study suggests that there is a slight correlation between gastroscopy results and zone-5 data from the 7-zone-diagnostic system. The research resulted in significant data that are helpful for diagnosing digestive system problems through the use of the 7-zone-diagnostic system.
현대 여성들이 얼굴화장의 마지막 단계로 사용하는 브라운색 계열의 블러셔에 첨가된 무기안료의 구성성분을 광학현미경과 주사전자현미경으로 관찰하였다.브라운색 계열의 블러셔에서 갈색의 진주광택안료와 흑산화 철 및 황산화철이 특징적으로 관찰되었다. 광학현미경관찰에서 진주광택안료는 얇은 판상으로 전형적인 갈색을 띠고 있으며 크기는 약 30~150 μm로 다양하게 관찰되었다. 600배 저배율의 주사전자현미경관찰에서 진주광택안료와 탈크 등이 관찰되었 으나 산화철은 관찰되지 않았다. 산화철은 6000배 이상의 배율 에서 관찰되었는데 흑산화철은 작은 과립상으로 서로 응집되어 존재하고 있었다. 황산화철은 막대모양으로 적산화철과 유사하 나 크기의 차이로 구분되는데 브라운 계열의 블러셔에는 황산 화철이 집중되어 존재하고 있었다. 결론적으로 브라운색 계열의 블러셔는 핑크나 오렌지색 계 열의 블러셔에서보다 흑산화철과 황산화철이 더 많이 배합되어 있고, 갈색의 진주광택안료가 색을 좌우한다는 것을 확인하였 다. 또한 블러셔의 색상은 산화철과 진주광택안료 등의 무기물 질의 함량에 의해 차이를 나타내며 진주광택안료나 탈크의 입 자에 따라 발색이나 얼굴의 발림성에도 영향을 미치는 것으로 사료된다. The purpose of this study was to observe with a light microscope and a scanning electron microscope the components of inorganic pigments added to brown blusher used as the last step of facial make-up by modern women. Brownish pearlescent pigments, iron oxide black, and iron oxide yellow were typically observed in brown type blusher. Under scanning electron microscope observation, the pearlescent pigment was thin and plate-like with a typical brownish color; various sizes were observed in the range of about 30~150 μm. Although iron oxide yellow is similar to iron oxide red in rod shape, it is classified by difference in size. Iron oxide yellow is concentrated in brown blusher. In conclusion, brown blusher has more color than pink or orange blusher and the brown pearlescent pigment affects the color.