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The jar-coffin tombs had been constructed from early in the Iron Age at the Yeongsan River basin. Around the Sampo River basin, which is the tributary of the Yeongsan River, the exclusive U-type of the jar-coffins were made and used as the burial of the stretched corpse since the late of the Iron Age. The jar-coffin tombs at the Yeongsan River basin are classified according to the form of mound, the kind of jar-coffin, the shape of exclusive jar-coffins, and the location of burial facilities. I think that they had some direction of the change. We have seen the transition of the burial customs according to the change of jar-coffin tombs. The period which the jar-coffin tombs were used is divided into six phases. During the first phase, the plain coarse pottery was used as jar-coffins. The jar-coffins of this phase are classified as infant burial which was not related with mound. The date of this period is considered from first century B.C. to first century A.D.. In the second phase, the jar-coffins were buried beside the pit tomb and the pit tombs with the ditch. The jar-coffins were located underground or semi-underground and the mound are not found. The date of this phase is considered from the late of the second century to the first half of the third century. The third phase was the first stage of the exclusive jar-coffins, in which the burial of stretched corpse was possible and the mound was made. The jar-coffins was placed in small pit and covered with small mound. The burial method was done by semi-underground style. The date of this phase is considered from the first half of third century to the early 4th century. In the fourth phase, as the burial method was the style of side additional burial method(追加葬) at the single burial, the shapes of mound were very various such as long trapezoid, long oval form and rectangle. And the pit tombs and jar-coffins also appeared in the same mound. The date of this phase is from the end of 3rd century to the early 5th century. The fifth phase was restricted to Bannam-myun area. The plan of mound is circle, square, rectangle, and its upper part is a flat form of head-cut. The big jar became much larger while the small jar became much smaller. Besides, they had straight body shape. The phase was considered from the early part to the latter part of 5th century. The sixth phase was related with jar-coffins which was constructed with the exclusive jar-coffins in the Yeongsan River Basin. During this period, the jar-coffins were combined with the elements of the stone chamber tomb(石室墓), which was the representative tomb of the following period. The date of this phase is considered since the end of 5th century. Lately, the jar-coffins were made with modern earthenware which is burials for infant. It had been used until recent times in the south-western part of Korea. Considering this fact, it can be said that the traditional burial customs has been connected to recent times as 'Baby Funeral'. The change of jar-coffins has been reviewed in the light of mounds, the location of jar-coffins and the burial method. The change of mounds were converted from small-sized round shape into large-sized different form. The location of jar-coffins was changed from underground to ground. And the burial method was changed from the single burial to the multi-burial method which was a kind of the communal tombs on family. As for the jar-coffin tombs of Yeongsan River basin, the small-sized tombs have been known as baby/infant funeral in terms of the size of the jar-coffins. However, it was judged that they were used the secondary burial method through reviewing literature or folklore investigation. But the direct data can not be searched. The great deal of data are anticipated to be presented in the near future.
Going back to long chinese medical history, there were many different methods of treatment according to the origin of local chinese areas, such as Bian-Shi( 砭石) from east, herbal therapy from west, acupuncturing from south, moxibustion from north, and manipulating therapy from middle china. In the midst of these therapies, acupuncture needling had developed very much both in theories, shapes, usages and also in theraputic boundary. Historical books dealing with acupuncture had introduced and used Jiu-Zhen as a tool for acupuncture needling in common. But there are some differences between each texts about in shape, use, and there are also another different point of view about the interrelationship between Bian-Shi and Jiu-Zhen. So the author, in this research, tried to look for how Jiu-Zhen had took on its real kinds, adaptive usages, theraputic boundaries, many different skills of needling. By researching over 『Ling-Shu, Jiu-Zhen (靈樞,九鍼)』,『Ling-Shu Jiu-Zhen-Shi- Yi-Yuan (靈樞,九鍼十二原)』,『Ling-Shu, Guan-Zhen (靈樞, 官鍼)』, and by compar- ing them with the contents of Jiu-Zhen in 『Zhen-Jiu-Jia-Yi-Jing ( 鍼灸甲乙經)』『Zhen-Jiu-Da-Cheng ( 鍼灸大成)』, the author discovered small conclusions such as following. 1. Taking Jiu-Zhen in a narrow sense, it only represents nine different needls used in different cases. But in large sense, this means nine different needling methods using each different needles which is represented in the form of Wu-Ci (五刺), Jiu-Chi ( 九刺), Shi-Yi-Ci ( 十\二刺) in 『Ling-Shu, Guan-Zhen 』 2. Jiu-Zhen has been first originated from stone age as a substitute for Bian-Shi and through bronze and iron age, it followed a process of it's own shape and applicating functions. As an example, the moxibustional therapies shown in 『Zu-Bi-Shi-Yi-Mai- Jiu-Jing ( 足臂十\一脈灸經)』『Yin-Yang-Shi-Yi-Mai-Jiu-Jing ( 陰陽十\一脈灸經)』in ahead of 『Nei-Jing ( 內經)』era, was replaced as acupuncture therapies 3. The contents of Jiu-Zhen both in 『Nei-Jing 』and『Ling-Shu, Guan-Zhen 』have much relationship in acupuncturing skills and shape. So Jiu-Zhen had been originated on the base of Bian-Shi in ancient times to develop into delicate shape, skill, and theraputic foundation of modern oriental medicine.
최근 미세먼지 문제가 사회적 현안 중 최우선 해결 과제로 요구되고 있으며, 특히 석탄발전소는 미세먼지 발생의 주범으로 인식되고 있다. 그중에서도 석탄분배기실 내부는 밀폐된 공간으로 인해 석탄의 상탄 시 미세분진이 많이 발생하게 되는데, 석탄분배기실 내 Scraper 컨베이어에서는 완전히 밀폐를 하여도 미세하게 발생되는 부유 분진을 100% 제거하기 어렵다. 이러한 미세분진은 작업장 내에 체류하는 작업자의 작업환경과 건강에 악영향을 미치므로 미세분진을 제거하는 시스템이 필수적이다. 따라서 이러한 미세분진 포함 석탄화력발전소에서 발생하는 다양한 미세먼지 저감을 위하여 국내외적으로 여러 종류의 필터 및 산화 촉매와 흡착제 등을 이용하는 방식의 다양한 정제시스템 개발을 추진 중에 있다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 석탄분배기실 내 미세분진 문제점 해결의 일환으로 상탄 시 발생되는 분진의 외부 유출을 방지하는 시스템을 범용 3차원 모델링 툴을 사용하여 3D 모델을 구축하고, 집진기 본체 및 Duct에 대한 배치를 기본 설계와 상세 설계를 통해 효율적인 배치되게 설계하여 석탄분배기실 내 작업환경을 개선하면서 부유하는 미세분진의 집진효율을 향상시키고자 한다.