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      • KCI등재

        마음공부 과정에서 나타나는 내적 변화에 관한 질적 사례 연구

        정금희(鄭琴僖), 전영국(全永國) 원광대학교 원불교사상연구원 2014 원불교사상과 종교문화 Vol.59 No.-

        본 연구는 마음공부를 수행하는 연구참여자들이 일상생활에서 부딪치는 여러 가지 경계(조건화된 상황)에서 감정의 흔들림이 생겼을 때 멈추고 자신의 마음 상태를 바라보는 과정에서 나타나는 내적 변화에 대하여 다루었다. 마음공부 2년 이상의 경력을 가진 교사 두 명(묘유 및 신비)을 대상으로 2회에 걸쳐 면담을 실시하였으며 마음공부 과정에서 드러나는 주요 측면을 사례 연구형태로 묘사하였다. 연구참여자들은 경계를 대하며 멈추고 바라보기에 관한 숙련 과정과 마음의 상태를 상세하게 기재하는 마음일기 작성을 통하여 나타나는 자아의 내적 변화에 관한 고유한 양상을 보여주었다. 신비 선생님은 경계를 대할 때마다 그것을 직면하고 마음일기 기재를 통하여 그 이면에 깔린 뿌리를 성찰하는 수행자의 전형적인 모습을 보여준다. 묘유선생님은 경계에 걸릴 때마다 공부삼아 자신의 감정 상태를 잠시 멈추고 바라보면서 마음의 흔들림에 대한 부분을 기독교적 신앙에 부분적으로 의존하고 성찰함으로써 자신의 내면을 다스리는 양상을 보여준다. 마지막에 두 명의 사례를 비교 고찰하고 마음공부에 관한 질적 연구 사례가 담긴 의미를 해석과 함께 논의하였다. This qualitative portraiture study deals with subjective experiences of two participants who engaged in mind practice and their inner changes encountered during mind practice. A series of basic and follow-up interviews was conducted two times having “the participant as ally” relationship. Each case describes major aspects of the participant who was able to reflect upon herself constantly and monitor her inner feelings and emotions when her mind gets unstabled due to sensory conditions in everyday life. The mind practice enabled her to contemplate her inner mental states constantly and eventually allowed her to gain inner forces to become a better person in terms of higher aspects related to her aspirations to feel from any types of sufferings. Cross case discussion reveals that the way they practice mind is somewhat different and indicates momentary awakenings and persistent strivings to explore essential aspects regarding their mental states toward becoming a better person.

      • KCI등재
      • 현대미술에 있어서 패러디 유형에 따른 작품분석

        정금희 全南大學校 藝術硏究所 2001 藝術論集 Vol.4 No.-

        As contemporary art has been changed to formalism out of traditional expression, it has brought to change of arty concept. In consequence, a fundamental question has been brought on; indeed, what is art? Parody, despite it has appeared as a technique of contemporary art, it is not new phenomenon. In all field of arts including literature, interesting on parody has come to the fore, and started from question of its self-reference characteristic and legitimacy. Parody has explained of outcomes on critic standpoint for modernist's reason, and it, as one of important forms for self-reflection in modern times, has brought to new type on curriculum of art. The reason that parody theory has become important in our time is that it has a certain distance from criticism of work that is the subject of imitation. The distance clears up the creativity of parody artist and the intention of work for those days. In contemporary art, concept of real creation has been changing because imitation, or contrast concept of creation, spread far and wide. We can say that an aspect of various imitation is a parodic technique. In this study, I have classified into three aspects for parody, and through the comparisons and analyses for works and artists, I have explored the role or the worth of parody in contemporary art. At first, my questions maintain that : 1) What is parody?, 2) What works are used for parody?, 3)What influence do the works which are inverted to parodic inclination have on us? I have introduced parody used in all genre of arts. I have grasped the definition and the concept of parody used far and wide from art-historical standpoint. And I have analyzed Picasso' s parodied works with the same title as original works had and the parodied paintings with the same title. I have appreciated Picasso's works created to reproduce works of Delacroix and Manet and so on. Picasso produced a series of works through a sketch or a painting; ex, De'jeuner sur I'herbe. I'Olympia of Manet was subjected to severe criticism in those days. But Rivers was in great reaction against that criticism, and produced I like black I'Olympia. Also, through the comparisons and the analyses for works of Warhol, Duchamp, and Magritte with the most used works for parody, Monna Lisa, Last judgement, as a focus, we are able to knou that they produced works to parody or deny meaning of original works. And lastly, they re-made or described original works as materials. We can see that new works have new meaning different from original works. In conclusion, an appreciator has become a spontaneous co-creator of parody. Therefore, parody can become the sign of knowledge to both person who makes symbol and person who interprets it. There is no need to receive negatively the fact that parody has elitism. We can know there are many parodied works in contemporary art. Similarly, in early 20th century contemporary art, there was much imitational parody to gain impression from classics. It has had the ordinary symbol or the model of text in form, and succeeded to the authority of classics in contents. Consequently, we can say that parodied works, whichever form is imitated, acquire art originality by new creative concept.

      • KCI등재

        Status of the data sharing policies of scholarly journals published in Brazil, France, and Korea and listed in both the 2018 Scimago Journal and Country Ranking and the Web of Science

        정금희 한국과학학술지편집인협의회 2020 Science Editing Vol.7 No.2

        Purpose: The present study analyzed the current status of the data sharing policies of journals published in Brazil, France, and Korea that were listed in the 2018 Scimago Journal and Country Ranking and Web of Science Core Collection. Methods: Web of Science journals were selected from the 2018 Scimago Journal and Country Ranking. The homepages of all target journals were searched for the presence of statements on data sharing policies, including clinical trial data sharing policies, the level of the policies, and actual statements of data availability in articles. Results: Out of 565 journals from these three countries, 118 (20.9%) had an optional data sharing policy, and one had a mandatory data sharing policy. Harvard Dataverse was the repository of one journal. The number of journals that had adopted a data sharing policy was 11 (6.7%) for Brazil, 64 (27.6%) for France, and 44 (25.9%) for Korea. One journal from Brazil and 20 journals from Korea had adopted clinical trial data sharing policies in accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Statements of data sharing were found in articles from two journals. Conclusion: Journals from France and Korea adopted data sharing policies more actively than those from Brazil. However, the actual implementation of these policies through descriptions of data availability in articles remains rare. In many journals that appear to have data sharing policies, those policies may just reflect a standard description by the publisher, especially in France. Actual data sharing was not found to be frequent.

      • KCI등재

        러시아 사실주의 작가 일리아 레핀 예술의 혁명 이미지 분석

        정금희 한국조형교육학회 2005 造形敎育 Vol.0 No.25

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Artist reflects the life, ideology and faith to his works as a witness of the day. A Russian realism artist Repin showed greatness of Russian paintings with his superior ability. Repin used to choose his motif in revolution and literature. This study is about Repin's works that were expressed revolutionary upheaval. In 1840 to 1930, There were a lot of revolutionists fought to solve the social problems against absolute monarch the Char. Nevertheless, Repin was born in poor family, he became a great realism artist with his talent. He was influenced by corresponding with famous writer Tolstoi who is nobly born. Repin accepted artistic presentation and ideology of Kramskoy, Stasov, chernyshevski as his source of art. He produced a work of art to internalize spiritual world metaphorically with revolutionary theme. He also sublimated to art that represented genius of intellectuals search for liberalism and portrayed exactly their characters. After all, Repin tried to speak for inner world and social circumstance of the day through his works and express truth, respecting man's life and dignity that is for emancipation of ego.

      • KCI등재

        통합예술교육을 위한 아동들의 음악 감상화 연구

        정금희,조정란 한국조형교육학회 2010 造形敎育 Vol.0 No.36

        This study examined the effects of painting expression activities connected with music on children on the basis of the philosophy of integrated arts education that has emerged in post-modernism education. Both music and art stimulate the sensitivity of children and improve their creative thinking. Above all, children like music and art activities and they help them express their mind naturally. Therefore, art activities connected with music offers a desirable model for integrated arts education. In this study, two pieces of music with different formats but of the same theme of “spring” which is familiar to children were played to children and the children were asked to draw paintings after listening to each pieces of music. From the differences of the paintings, the correlations between listening to music and artistic expression were examined. Most children accurately read the theme of the music even though they had not received any special teaching about music, and expressed their feelings on their paintings in many different modes of expressions and different color selections. As a result, this study found that art education connected with listening to music had direct, positive effects on children. The connected education of two different areas with different domains of perception helped children cultivate capacity for synesthetic perception and express a wider width of thoughts for the same subject, suggesting the possibility of educating them as creative persons required in this diversified modern society. Therefore, art education for children through interdisciplinary learning must be continued. 본 연구는 포스트모더니즘 교육에서 대두된 통합적 예술교육관을 바탕으로 하여 음악과 연계한 회화표현활동이 아동들에게 미치는 영향관계를 고찰하고자 하였다. 정규수업 외에 특별한 예능 수업을 거의 경험하지 못한 초등 4학년 아동을 대상으로 한 수업 결과 형식이 다른 두 종류의 음악은 아동들에게 많은 영향을 주어 회화표현에 있어서도 주제와 형식 모든 부분에서 차이가 있었다. 본 연구에서 제기했던 ‘어떤 형식의 음악이 아동들에게 주제가 잘 전달되는가?'라는 첫 번째 연구문제에 대하여 아동들은 아름다운 바이올린 선율과 함께 하는 비발디의 음악에서 곡이 전달하고자 하는 주제를 더 정확히 읽고 있었다. 비발디의 사계 중 ‘봄'을 감상한 후에 67%의 아동들이 새소리와 시냇물의 소리를 느낄 수 있는 아름다운 풍경화를 그렸다. 이는 만물이 소생하는 밝고 희망찬 봄을 표현하려는 작곡가의 의도와 일치한 것으로 많은 아동들에게 정확히 주제가 전달됐다는 것을 알 수 있다. 한편으로 이러한 밝은 분위기의 음악은 아동들의 긍정적 자아를 형성하여 가장 소중한 사람, 즐거웠던 일 등의 긍정적이고 적극적인 회화표현을 보여주었다. 반면에 강한 타악기의 리듬으로 원시적이고 야수적인 느낌의 스트라빈스키의 음악은 아동들이 봄을 연상하기에는 역부족이었다. 몇몇 아동들(11.2%)이 ‘제전'이라는 주제에 부합하는 유령들의 축제 의식을 표현했을 뿐이며 대부분의 아동들은 음악에서 봄에 대한 단서를 찾아내지 못하였다. 아동들에게 스트라빈스키가 표현하는 봄은 공포와 두려움을 나타내는 각종 대상들을 여과 없이 표현하고 그 안에서 부정적 자아를 드러내고 있었다. 두 곡의 음악을 감상한 후에 표현된 아동들의 회화는 형식적인 면에서도 많은 차이를 보여주었다. 비발디의 맑고 경쾌한 음악을 듣고 아동들은 훨씬 다양한 색상을 사용하여 풍성한 회화를 표현하고 배경을 꼼꼼하게 색칠하거나 대상으로 화면을 가득 채움으로서 완성도 있는 회화를 표현한 것에 반해 스트라빈스키의 음악을 들은 후에는 몇 개의 한정된 색상을 사용하고 있었으며 대상에 대한 묘사만 간략하게 나타낼 뿐 대부분의 경우에 배경은 생략되어 있는 경우가 지배적이었다. 구도면에서도 많은 차이를 보여주었다. 화면전체적인 구도는 비발디의 경우에 대다수의 아동들이 안정된 수평구도를 이용하였던 것에 반해 스트라빈스키의 경우에는 비발디의 음악감상화에서 소수에 불과했던 수직구도의 비율이 증가하였으며 주이미지의 모습은 비발디의 경우에는 여러 이미지들이 서로 어울려서 독립적인 하나의 이미지보다는 전체적인 조화가 이루어졌으나, 스트라빈스키의 경우에는 배경을 생략하거나 주 이미지를 중심에 배치하는 효과를 이용하여 강조하고자 하는 이미지를 쉽게 드러내고 있었다. 따라서 두 번째로 제기한 ‘악곡의 형식은 아동들의 회화형식에 어떠한 영향을 미치는가?'에 관한 문제는 음악의 형식에 따라 아동들이 회화에 사용한 색채의 수, 색상의 종류, 구도 등이 전반적으로 차이를 보여주었다. 이처럼 음악의 형식적인 차이는 아동들의 회화에도 직접적으로 작용하여 주제와 형식의 차이를 가져옴으로써 음악과 미술의 동질성을 발견할 수 있으며, 따라서 상호의존적인 음악과 미술의 연계교육은 아동들의 예술교육에 바람직한 방향을 제시하고 있음을 알 수 있다. 또한 아름 ...

      • KCI등재

        간호사국가시험 문항분석에 문항반응이론의 적용 가능성

        정금희,임미경 한국보건의료인국가시험원 2005 보건의료교육평가 Vol.2 No.1

        To test the applicability of item response theory (IRT) to the Korean Nurses' Licensing Examination (KNLE), item analysis was performed after testing the unidimensionality and goodness-of-fit. The results were compared with those based on classical test theory. The results of the 330-item KNLE administered to 12,024 examinees in January 2004 were analyzed. Unidimensionality was tested using DETECT and the goodness-of-fit was tested using WINSTEPS for the Rasch model and Bilog-MG for the two-parameter logistic model. Item analysis and ability estimation were done using WINSTEPS. Using DETECT, Dmax ranged from 0.1 to 0.23 for each subject. The mean square value of the infit and outfit values of all items using WINSTEPS ranged from 0.1 to 1.5, except for one item in pediatric nursing, which scored 1.53. Of the 330 items, 218 (42.7%) were misfit using the two-parameter logistic model of Bilog-MG. The correlation coefficients between the difficulty parameter using the Rasch model and the difficulty index from classical test theory ranged from 0.9039 to 0.9699. The correlation between the ability parameter using the Rasch model and the total score from classical test theory ranged from 0.9776 to 0.9984. Therefore, the results of the KNLE fit unidimensionality and goodness-of-fit for the Rasch model. The KNLE should be a good sample for analysis according to the IRT Rasch model, so further research using IRT is possible.

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