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Background : Calcipotriol, a new vitamin D analogue, is a potient growth inhibitor for human keratinocytes and has been shown to be effective in the topical treatmeit of psoriasis with no major disturbances of calcium homeostasis. Objective : An open mult
A total of 40 adult black-mice was used and divided into two groups for expeiment. Group A was irradiated by UVB only and Group B had SPF 15 sunscreen a.pplied to the back followed by irradiation by UVB. Each group was divided again into 5 subgroups according to the days of UVB irradiation frcm 2 to 10 days. A Waldmann combination UVA+UVB Radiation Treatment Cabin 8001 was used as the light source and the UVB dosage was 50 mJ/cm2 daily. Skin specimens were taken 24 hours after the last irradiation. Histologic changes in epidermis were reviewed by the light microscope. In group A, the characteristic sunburn cells(SBC) were observed with 100 mJ/ cm2. SBC number was maximum with 400 mJ/cm2. The other epidermal changes were parakerat.osis, crusts, atypical cells, and mitoses of basal cells, which showed graded responses to the UVB doses. Pretreatment with the sunscreen completely prevented these changes.
Background : Beckers nevus is a benign lesion that may be congental or acquired, macular or papular, hairless or hypertrichotie. Objective : Our pcrpose was to describe the clinical findings of Eeckers nevus and to establish a method for the histologic diagnosis of Beckers nevus. Methods : We reviewed PF skin biopsies and their clinical finding from 28 patients with Beckers nevus during a 10 year period from January 1981 to January 1991. Results : The results were summarized as follows. A Clinical characteristics 1. Sex distribution showed of male predominence with male female a ratio of 1.5:1. Age of onset was predominent in less that 5 years old and puberty. 2. The lesions were located on the trunk(24 cases), head & neck(8 cases), extremities(6 cases), and were repsilateral in 26 cases, bilateral in 2 cases. 3. The lesions were accompanied by hair in 17 cases(61%). The shaies of the lesions were reticulated (75 %), patch(18%), mottled(7%). 4. Hairs were distributed as follows : abdomen(100%), scapula(100 %), extremities (83%), cheek(80 %), neck(67 %), chest(40%). All lesions of the face had follicular papules. 5. Associated skin diseases were : smooth muscle hamartoma(3 cases), striae distensa(2 cases), steroid acne(2 cases), pigmented nevus(2 cases), and verruca plana(1 case). B. Histopathologic characteristics 1. The lesions were accompanied with plugs in 21 cases, which were follicular, acrosyringeal, epidermal. 2. Elongation of the rete ridge and hyperpigmented basal cells were observed in the epidermis in all cases. 3. The shape of the rete ridge in Beckers nevus has its characteristic appearance, which is single, bridging and reticulated. Single, bridging and reticulated shapes cexisted in 17 cases(61%). 4. Inflammatiry cell infiltrations were present in all of the upper drmis, in which melanophages(21 %), hair follicles(89%) and smooth muscle hamartoma(3cases) w ere observed Conclusion : These findings indicated that the shape of the rete ridge in Beckers nevus has its characteristic appesrance and can be useful for the diagnosis of Beckers nevus. (Kor J Dermatol laa3;31(4):539-547)
장성남,전수일,김수남,조백기,전재복,김낙인,서기석,조광현,김수찬,고재경,김방순,이승철,원영호,김종민 ( Sung Nam Chang,Soo Il Chun,Soo Nam Kim,Baik Kee Cho,Jae Bok Jun,Nack In Kim,Kee Suck Suh,Kwang Hyun Cho,Soo Chan Kim,Jai Kyoung Koh,Bang Soon 대한피부과학회 1997 大韓皮膚科學會誌 Vol.35 No.5
Background: Although actinic keratoses is the most common precancerous cutaneous lesion, there has been no clinical and histopathological study about actinic keratoses in Korea. Objective : Our purpose was to carry out a clinical and histopathological study about actinic keratoses in Korea. Methods : 158 patients, diagnosed with actinic keratoses from 1987 to 1995 in Korea, were analyzed clinically and histopathologically. Results 1. The ratio of males to females was 1:2.4 and the most frequent age groups were the 6th(29.1%) and 7th decade(33.5%). 2. The duration of the lesions was more than 1 year in most cases. 3. The most commonly involved sites were the face, in which the cheek, nose and forehead were the most common sites. 4. Clinically, the size of the lesions was less than 1cm in many cases(66.8% ). The color was erythematous in 57.9%, brownish in 26.7%, and dark brownish in 15.3%. Crust and scale were noted in 28.7% and 25.2%, respectively. In 4% of patients, cutaneous horn also was noted. 5. Squamous cell carcinoma was associated with actinic keratoses in 5.7%, basal cell carcinoma in 3.2%, and keratoacanthoma in 1.3%. 6. Histopathologically, hypertrophic types of actinic keratoses were noted in 25.0%, atrophic types in 21.3%, hypertrophic and atrophic types in 18.1%, bowenoid types in 17.6%, acantholytic types in 13.3%, and pigmented types in 4.7%. 7. The most commonly used methods of treatment for actinic keratoses were cryotherapy, surgical excision, 5 FU ointment, and electrodesiccation with good effect. Conclusion : Actinic keratoses in Koreans was present on the face most commonly over 50 years of age. It showed a more frequent incidence in females than males. The clinical course of the lesions was chronic and the association with other cutaneous malignancies was noted to be less than 6%. The various histopathological types were noted, including hypertrophic, atrophic, hypertrophic and atrophic, bowenoid, acantholytic, and pigmented. The most commonly used methods of treatment. for actinic keratoses were cryotherapy, surgical excision, 5-FU ointment, and electrodesiccation. (Korean J Dermatol 1997;35(5): 931-939)
Background: There has been an increase in incidence of localized scleroderma. However observations on the clinical aspects ot localized scleroderma have been scarce in Korea. Objective : The purpose of this study was to elucidate the clinical observations and associated diseases of localized scleroderma Methods : During a 10-year-period from Jan. 1984 to Dec. 1993, 61 patients were evaluated in regard to age incidence, sex ratio, clinical type, location and distribution of plaque and linear type, and associated conditions. Results : l. Age distribution from 4 to 61 years with mean of 27.6 years. Most patients were between 11 to 30 years of age. 2. Sex distribution of male 14 female 47 with 3: 1 ratio in favor of female. 3. No difference in right and left involvement. 4. Plaque and linear forms were predominant. 5. The plaque form was distributed evenly while the linear form involved mainly the head and neck. The linear form and generalized form appeared most frequently in developement of associated conditions. 6. ANA test results were positive in 14 patients and most of them were of the speckled pattern. 7. Of the 41 patients who were treated with d-penicillamine, 26 patients showed improvement of their lesions. (Kor J Dermatol 1996;34(1): 109-115)
We had observed 60 patients with scabies in Kangwon province around Wonju area from June to Aug. 1981. The purpose of our present study was the evaluation of the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings in patients with scabies. The results were summarized as follow; 1) The sex ratio of male to female patients was 1. 9: 1 and the most frequent affected age was 10-29 year-old group. 2) Family history was positive in 72.4% of all patients. 3) Ninety per cents of the patients had a history of previous treatment for their kin lesiona, but only 30. 0% of the patients were treated under the diagnosis of scabies. 4) We found the itch mite and it's eggs in 16. 7% of patients and the most frequent detection site was the burrow of interdigital webs, 5) Secondary infection and dermatitis were the most frequent associated complications. 6) The severity of thedisease was correlated with the rate of peripheral eosinophil count. 7) Oniy 4(22.2%) of 18 patients were sensitized to DNCB. 8) The result of VDRL test of the 40 patients whose age were over 17 years old was non-reactive in all.
Erythema induratum and erythema nodosum are both inflammatory disorders of the panniculus. However they are often difficult to distinguish because of clinical variations and similarity of histopathologic features. We investigated the clinical and histopathologic features of 30 cases of erythema induratum and 38 cases of erythema nodosum in order to define discrimination of clinical and histopathologic features. The results show that presence of ulceration is clinically important in differentiating erythema induratum from erythema nodosum. Histopathologic findings which suggest erythema induratum include lobular panniculitis or lobuloseptal panniculitis, necrosis and necrotizing vasculitis while erythema nodosum is characterized by predominantly septal panniculitis without necrosis and necrotizing vasculitis. LKor a Dermatol 28(3) : 304 312, 1901)
Nineteen patients with lichen striatus were investigated by clinical data, clinical photographs and histopathologic study by the pattern analysis method of Ackermsn. Results were as follows '. 1. The male to female ratio was 1: 1.1, and average age was 7.8 years. Seven- teen patients (about 90%) visited hospitals during summer season. 2. Nine cases showed superficial perivascular dermatitis, 9 cases interface dermatitis (vacuolar type : 7, lichenoid type, 2), 1 case nodular dermatitis and 2 rases interface dermatitis with nodular dermatitis. 3. In the epidermis, 9 cases showed variable nurnber of dyskeratotic cells. One case showed finding of perforating lichen striatus. 4. Two cases showed inflammation around acrosyringium, 4 cases around hair follicle, 6 cases around eccrine sweat gland and 1 case showed perineural inflamrnation. Summarizing above results, histopathology of lichen striatus characteristically shows superficial perivascular dermatitis, interface dermatitis, and infiltration of inflammatory cells around the sweat gland, which helps to diagnose the disease.