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      • KCI등재

        대학생들의 스마트폰사용수준에 따른 자기통제력, 정신건강, 대인관계 비교

        장희정(Jang, Hee Jung),곽윤경(Kwag, Youn-Kyoung) 한국산학기술학회 2015 한국산학기술학회논문지 Vol.16 No.1

        본 연구는 대학생들의 스마트폰 사용수준에 따른 자기통제력, 정신건강, 대인관계 정도를 확인하고 그 차이를 비교분 석하기 위해 수행되었다. 자료수집을 위해 D지역의 3개 대학에서 대학생 246명에게 2012년 4월 25일부터 5월 28일까지 설문 조사를 실시하였다. 연구결과, 스마트폰 과잉사용군은 비과잉사용군보다 자기통제력이 낮고(t=3.53, p=.001) 정신건강문제가 많았다(t=-3.61, p=.000). 그리고 스마트폰 비과잉사용군에서는 자기통제력(r=-0.27, p=.005)과 의사소통(r=-0.20, p=.043)이 스마트폰 과잉사용과 부적관련이 나타난 반면, 과잉사용군에서는 불안(r=0.30, p=.000), 우울(r=0.20, p=.017) 등 정신건강(r=0.22, p=.009)이 스마트폰 과잉사용과 정적상관을 보였다. 대학생들의 스마트폰 사용수준에 따라 상이한 스마트폰 과잉사용 관련요인이 보고된 본 연구결과로 볼 때, 대학생들의 스마트폰의 건전한 사용을 돕기 위해서는 스마트폰 사용수준에 따른 차별적 접근이 필요할 수 있겠다. This study was conducted, to investigate the level of self-control, mental health and the interrelationship of college students and to analyze the differences between these variables according to the level of smart phone usage. The subjects of our study were collected 246 students. The survey was conducted from April 25th to May 28th in 2012. The result indicated that cellphone overuse group has the lowerer self-control(t=3.53, p=.001) and the more mental health discomfort(t=-3.61, p=.000) than non-smart phone overuse group. In non-smart phone overuse group, the usage of smart phone was negatively correlated with self-control(r=-0.27, p=.005) and communication(r=-0.20, p=.043). And in the other group, the usage of smart phone was positively correlated with mental health discomfort(r=0.22, p=.009). These findings imply that it maybe needed to examine effect factors of the smart phone usage according to the level of smart phone usage.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        일반논문 : 돈황(敦煌) 막고(莫高) 제196굴 <노도차투성변상도(勞度差鬪聖變相圖)>의 검토

        장희정 ( Hee Jung Jang ) 한국불교선리연구원 2010 禪文化硏究 Vol.9 No.-

        노탁차투성변상도(勞度差鬪聖變相圖)는 석가모니불의 ``강마(降魔)``를 다룬 인연고사유(因緣故事類) 회화형식이다. 여기에는 기원정(祇園精)숨의 건립을 둘러싼 불교도(佛敎徒)와 외도(外道)의 환술(幻術)겨루기, 이른 바 ``투법(鬪法)`` 이 회화의 중심소재가 되어 흥미진진하면서 해학적인 화면으로 전개 되어 있다. 이 화제(畵題)는 唐伐 성립한 「강마변문(降魔變文)」을 소재로 하였다. 『현우경(賢愚經)』 권l0 제41 「수달기정사품(須達起精舍品)」을 토대로 창작된 「강마변문(降魔變文)」 은 이야기의 극적 재미를 돋우 기 위해 여러 장치들이 고안되었으며, 불교포교 및 강창(講唱)의 소재로 활용되었다. 이 변문의 시각적 이해를 위한 도해(圖解)가 바로 노도차투성변상도이다. 노탁차투성변상도(勞度叉鬪聖變相圖)는 중국 남북조대에 출현하여,당(唐)과 오대(五代)를 거쳐 송대(宋代)(북송(北宋)까지 400년 가까이 돈황석굴군을 통해 발전하였다. 돈황 일대에서 이 화제(畵題)가 多作되었던 점은 당시 불교성격이나 정세에 비추어 귀의군들의 역할이 주목된다. 즉 귀의군들은 외족(티벳)에 오랫동안 강점되었던 이 지역을 다시 중국령으로 회복하였는데, 그들은 절대 통치권력을 행사하였으며,불사(佛事)에도 매우 열정적이었다. 귀의군들은 종교적이고 포교소재로써 효능이 높으며, 이미 대중성을 확보하였고, 물리적 군사력의 중요성을 환기시킬 수 있는 벽화 소재(노도차투성변상도)를 적극 채용함으로써,유민(遺民) 통솔의 정당성을 보장받고자 했던 듯하다. 만당 이래, 화사들의 노도차투성변상도 제작은 대부분 기성의 粉本을 참고 했으나, 동일 화면은 철저히 거부하였다. 이들은 화본을 토대로 독자성을 추 구함으로써, 회화적 역량과 창의력을 드러내었다. 이중 돈황 막고 제196굴 〈노도차투성변상도〉 는 이 화제로는물론, 돈황후기 벽화의 전형성을갖추어 양식적 검토 가치가 높다. 먼저 이 벽화의 제작시기는 895- 894년이라는 구쳬 적인 연대가 제시되어 양식사적 전후관계를 살필 수 있는 펀년기준이 된다. 또 조건주쳬는 절도사 색훈(索勛)과 고위직 승려로서, 당시 돈황일대에서 지배세력 과 승단의 공조관계를 살필 수 있는 사례이다. 이 벽화의 회화양식은 구도(構圖)와 인물(人物) 경물(景物) 색채(色彩) 및 필선(筆線) 문양(文樣)으로 나 누어 살펴볼 수 있었다. 구도는 이원(二元)으로 전개되는 문학작품에 화사의 재량을 발휘하여 변문(變文)의 내용(內容)에 충실하면서 회화(繪畵)로서 형식성이 겸비되어 있었다. 인물표현은 인체에 대한 이해와 기교가 발달했던 당벌(唐伐)의 사실성을 기초로 익살과 해학성을 가미해 풍부한 인물상을 구현했다. 경물 역시 전대의 전통을 계승하는 한편, 이 벽화의 화면 내에서 형태적 다양성을 추구하였다. 색채 는 중당대에 비해 단조로워졌으나, 색채 및 필선은 훈염채색법과의 혼용을 추구해, 중당대와 오대 및 송대의 과도적 성향을 나타내었다. 문양 역시 중당대 비해 간소해졌으나, 그 장식성은 아직 유지하였다. 「Nodochatusungbyunsangdo(勞度叉鬪聖變相圖)」 was a kind of murul painting described old story goes that Sakyamuni caused the devil to surrender. This painting was developed interestingly and humorously as its idea a battle of witchcraft between Buddhist and heathen surrounding the building of Jetavana vihara as main theme of the painting. The painting`s title was composed at the basis of 『Hyunukying(賢愚經)』 volume 10, number 41 「Sudalgijungsapum」 Nodochatusungbyunsangdo had appeared during Southern and Northern Dynasties of China and developed at the Dunhuang Caves about 400 years from Tang Period and Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty of China. Around the Dunhuang caves the painting title is able to deduce a great deal in the light of buddhist characteristic and political situations. The start point was that after this region had been forcibly occupied by tibet tribe for a long time this region was annexed by china after that time. The successive china dynasties had absolutely ruled the region and was enthusiastic about the buddhist affair. It appeared to me that they received the religious and popular mural theme as well as be of military use value, so that they had a justification to control drifting people. As Nodochatusungbyunsangdo which found at Dunhuang no. 196th grotto shows in the late Dunhuang mural style, it is worth to study its art history. Above all, as the production years of this mural paint shows such visible age as A.D. 893 - 894, the production years became the chronology standard to context mural style history. Moreover this painting shows cooperative relation between the ruling powers and Buddhist circle in that era. In relation to the painting style of this mural painting, I considered its composition, its characters, its color, and its line drawing. The composition of this mural painting was fulfilled on the dualistic literary work described both the formality in the painting and the meaty in the content at the discretion of painter. In due of understanding of human body and developing of expression techniques during Tang Period, this painting`s characters appeared to be a figure at the basis of reality, besides humorous turn and witty. On the one hand this painting`s landscape followed the tradition of former ages, but on the other hand its landscape pursued morphologic diversification in the picture. Its color was more monotonous than in former ages. But with seeking the mix use of color and line drawing its color and line drawing showed a transitional stage from the middle Tang period, through Five Dynasties period, to Song Dynasty of China, Its painting design was more simple than in the middle Tang period. However its ornamentation maintained ever during the ages.

      • 관광동기가 관광기념품 구매의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : 일본인 관광객을 대상으로

        장희정(Jang, Hee-Jung) 한국문화관광학회 2002 문화관광연구 Vol.4 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The primary purpose of this study is to identify tourists' motivations of visiting Korea and examine their influences on the purchase intentions of souvenirs. The study targets Japanese tourists, because they accounts for the most of foreign tourists to Korea. The study is expected to help seek approaches of facilitating shopping tour opportunities, as well as the more effective development of tourist souvenirs for foreign tourists.

      • KCI등재
      • 축소모형 강관추진실험 경향 분석

        장희정(Hee-Jung Jang),이종태(Jong-Tae Lee),엄기영(Ki-Young Eum),정관동(Kwan-Dong Jung),이성혁(Sung-Hyuk Lee),천정연(Jeong-Yeon Cheon) 한국철도학회 2010 한국철도학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.2010 No.7

        The study on mechanical behavior of the structure at the site includes experimental method and numerical analysis method. Experimental method is categorized into true-scale test and laboratory model test. A laboratory model test is to monitor the failure mechanism with a model simulated similar with a real ground so as to identify the quantitative result, while a true-scale model test is the approach which enables to identify the potential problems that may occur with a simulated construction situation similar with a real site circumstance. Thus this study was intended to carry out the experimental test of non open-cut excavation by pipe roof method which is mostly common in domestic sites. as well as was aimed at identifying the ground behavior occurred during pipe penetration using laboratory model test. Appropriate reduced-scale model was selected, taking into account of domestic geological characteristics and operation characteristics of traditional and high-speed rail trains and the qualitative evaluation of displacement was carried out based on a certain ground loss volume depending on excavation after categorizing trackbed settlement pattern by depth of top soil.

      • KCI등재

        관광 관련 NPO와 정부 간 상호작용에 관한 연구

        장희정(Jang Hee-jung),신중목(Shin Joong-Mok) 한국관광레저학회 2008 관광레저연구 Vol.20 No.1

        This study examined the interaction between NPO(Tourism Association) and the government in Korea. Specifically the cooperative relationship between the tourism association and the government was analyzed. Government policy and administration need cooperative relationship with interest group. But Korean government pursue top down approach to the tourism associations. For the cooperative partnership between NPO and the government, it is needed to reveal the current relationship between the groups. So far, very little has been done in this direction. The respondents of the tourism association perceived that the communication channel is not sufficient to deliver the opinions to the government in the policy formation process. But the government officials perceived that they accepted the tourism associations’ opinion in the tourism policy formation process. For the better cooperative relationship between NPO(tourism association) and the government, both sides needs to know the different recognition on their relationship. The real partnership between the two groups could make the tourism policy efficient.

      • KCI등재

        간호대학생의 임상수행능력 영향 요인

        장희정(Jang, Hee Jung),곽윤경(Kwag, Youn-Kyoung) 한국산학기술학회 2013 한국산학기술학회논문지 Vol.14 No.9

        본 연구는 간호대학생의 임상수행능력 정도를 확인하고 임상수행 능력의 예측 요인을 파악하고자 시도되었 다. 연구 대상자는 D광역시에 소재하는 2개 대학 간호학과 학생 197명이었다. 자료수집을 위한 설문조사는 2011년 3 월 2일부터 21일까지 실시되었고 자료분석은 SPSS 21.0프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 임상수 행능력은 평균 3.96점이었고, 임상수행능력과 비판적사고 성향, 문제해결능력, 전공만족도, 임상실습만족도는 유의한 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 영향을 미치는 영향요인은 비판적 사고성향이 18.2% 의 설명력으로 가장 높은 영향요인으로 나타났고 논리학 이수 문제해결능력을 포함한 변수가 임상수행능력의 27.2% 를 설명하였다. 본 연구결과에 의하면 간호대학생의 임상수행능력 영향요인을 고려한 효율적인 교육프로그램 개발이 요구된다. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of clinical competence and influencing factors of clinical competence in nursing students. Convenience sample of 197 subjects were recruited from two colleges in D city. The survey was conducted from March 2nd to 21th 2011. The data was collected by questionnaires and was analyzed with SPSS statistics 21.0. The mean score of clinical competence was 3.96. Significant positive correlation among clinical thinking disposition, problem solving ability, major satisfaction, satisfaction with clinical practice, clinical competence were found. It was found that the effect of clinical thinking disposition, completion of logic course, problem solving ability on clinical competence was 27.2% and clinical thinking disposition influence on clinical competence in nursing students. The study findings suggest that to develop the effective learning program with achievement level of clinical competency for nursing students.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        리코더를 활용한 천식환자의 호흡간호프로그램 개발 및 효과

        장희정(Jang, Hee Jung) 기본간호학회 2011 기본간호학회지 Vol.18 No.1

        Purpose: This study was conducted to develop a respiratory nursing program using recorder playing for patients with asthma and to determine the effects of the program. Method: Participants were 26 patients with asthma (experimental group: 13, control group: 13). The experimental group participated in the respiratory nursing program for six months from April, to October, 2007. Content included playing a recorder, group education about asthma, and educational messages including cellular phone messages. The control group received usual care during the six months. Results: In this research the respiratory nursing program using recorders was developed in 3 stages: initial stage, advanced stage, and wrap up stage. Compared to the control group, fatigue status in the experimental group improved significantly as well as level of forced expiratory volume in 1 second. However significant differences were found in sleep status, mood, or quality of life. Conclusions: These results suggest that this respiratory nursing program for symptom management of patients with asthma led to improvements in self care activity. Nursing interventions are needed to maintain and further enhance the quality of life of these patients and the interventions should be implemented over a transition period.

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