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      • KCI등재

        이 시대의 유아교육 당면과제 해결을 위한 현상학적 접근

        장혜순 한국유아교육학회 2010 유아교육연구 Vol.30 No.1

        This study investigates and analyzes urgent problems recognized at kindergartens, and searches for viable approaches and strategies for solving such problems. The following are questions to be examined for accomplishing the study objectives. First, how do superintendents, directors, teachers, and parents recognize the urgent problems of early childhood education? Second, what are the approaches and strategies for solving urgent problems in early childhood education?In the Gyeongin region, superintendents, directors, teachers and parents of public and private kindergartens were chosen as subjects of this study. In the Seoul region, public kindergartens, superintendents (directors), teachers, and parents were also subjects. Of the questionnaires distributed in this study, 140 out of 180 from private kindergartens and 100 out of 180 from public kindergartens including both single and annex schools were collected as useful data. These 240 questionnaires were analyzed by using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program and frequency, percentage, and degree of freedom tests, and chi square tests. Statistical significance was set as P<.05. Analyses of the data reveal that settlement of urgent problems requires a rigorous investigation of the concepts embodied in public education at kindergartens, and an opinion, unanimously derived from early childhood education officials, teachers, and parents about public education. Also, a legal, institutional device for providing equal opportunities in education is needed. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Gender Equality involved with early childhood education and child care, experts and site officials related to early childhood education and child care should resolve any existing antagonistic relationships they have. They should focus on wisdom for creating an area of unity for young children, recognizing the necessity of a mind set, open to the possibility of compromise while seriously considering principles and logic for early childhood education and care. 본 연구의 목적은 유치원현장에서 인식하고 있는 당면과제를 조사하고 분석한 후 문제점의 해결을 위한 접근과 전략을 모색하기 위한 것이다. 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위한 연구 문제는 첫째, 유아교육의 당면과제에 대한 각 소속기관의 원장, 원감, 교사, 학부모들의 인식은 어떠하며 둘째, 선행연구에서 제시된 유아교육의 당면과제의 해결을 위한 접근 전략은 어떠한지에 관한 것이었다. 연구의 대상은 경인지역 공·사립유치원의 원장, 원감, 교사 및 학부모들이었다. 공립유치원의 경우는 서울지역의 원장(원감) 및 교사와 학부모를 대상으로 하였다. 사립유치원의 경우, 질문지 180부 중 140부, 공립유치원은 단설과 병설을 모두 합하여 180부 중 사용할 수 있는 자료로 100부가 선정되었다. 최종적으로 본 연구를 위한 연구대상자는 공․사립유치원의 응답자중 240부만 적용하였다. 수집된 질문지 240부는 SPSS WIN 12.0 프로그램을 사용하여 분석하였으며 빈도수(frequency), 백분율(percentage), 자유도(degree of freedom) 및 카이자승(x2 test) 검정을 실시하였으며 유의도의 범위는 P<.05에서 선정되었다. 결론적으로 당면과제의 해결은 유치원의 공교육에 대한 개념을 확실하게 규명하고 공교육화에 대한 유아교육관계자, 교사, 학부모들의 일치된 의견이 요구된다. 또한 교육의 기회균등을 위한 법적, 제도적 장치를 확고히 하는 것이 필요하다. 유아교육에 대한 교육과 보육실무 기관인 교육부와 여성부, 유아교육과 보육에 관계하고 있는 전문가와 현장 관계자들이 상호 대립관계를 극복하고 집단의 이해나 이익을 찾기 위한 것이 아니라 영유아를 위한 통합의 장이 되기 위한 지혜가 필요하고 유아교육과 보육의 통합의 문제는 원칙과 논리를 중시하면서도 타협가능성을 열어 놓는 개방적 자세가 필요하다.

      • KCI등재후보
      • 군산시 일부 여대생의 비만도에 따른 영양소 섭취와 식품섭취빈도

        장혜순,김미라 한국가정과학회 2003 한국가정과학회지 Vol.6 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to compare nutrient intake and food consumption by food frequency according to the obesity index of women college student in Kunsan. The subjects were 251 women college students who were randomly selected from Kunsan national university, Subjects were assigned to one of the following groups based on BMI : underweight, normal weight and overweight. Nutrient intake and food consumption by food frequency were evaluated based on questionnaires and 24 hour recall method. The results were as follows. %RDA of calcium iron and zinc of obese group were more than the underweight group(p(0.05). %Fat was significantly correlated with the daily intakes of protein and vitamin E(p(0.05). %Fat was significantly correlated with %RDA of energy, protein, vitamin E. vitamin B_(6). RBW was significantly correlated with %RDA of iron. BMI was significantly correlated with %RDA of energy, calcium phosphorus. The foods frequently consumed among students were cooked rice and gimchi. The frequencies of fish and mushroom were correlated with food behavior scores(p<0.01). The frequencies of carbonated beverage(p<0.01). hamburger & piazza, deep fried foods(p<0.01). soybean curd fried fish cake(p<0.05) were correlated with nutritional knowledge scores.

      • 전북 군산지역 중학생의 식생활 태도에 관한 연구

        장혜순,함인옥 한국가정과학회 2001 한국가정과학회지 Vol.4 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to explore dietary attitude among middle school students by sex. The subjects were collected from 211 boy students and 198 girl students in the city of Kunsan, Jeonbuk province. The mean age of the subjects was 13.7 years old. The average score of food habit was 4.61±1.92. The average score of food habit of boy students was higher than the score of girl students. The correlations between the score of food habit and father's education level, family income, and nutritional supplements were positive. The correlation between the scores of the nutrition knowledge and father's education level was also positive. On the other hand the mother's occupation did not have any influence on the scores of food habits and the scores of the nutrition knowledge. As a staple food, cooked rice was preferred on boy and girl students at breakfast(82.7%) and supper(94.3%). The preference of snacks was fruit and fruit juice. The reason of skipping breakfast was the lack of time and no appetite, and skipping lunch was due to no appetite. Lastly the main reason of skipping supper was playing computer on boys, on the other hand no appetite and weight control on girls. In order to improve the nutritional status of the middle school students, they must establish good food habits by eating three regular meals per day and balancing their diet. Also they should be notified that severe weight control is very harmful for health. This study indicate that nutrition education and correct information for body image, balanced diet, regularity of meals and food selection are required for middle school students at both school and home.

      • KCI등재

        요추간핵탈출증의 방사선학적 진단과 수술소견과의 비교고찰

        장혜순 대한영상의학회 1974 대한영상의학회지 Vol.10 No.2

        During 5 years and 8 months, from September 1968 to May 1974, myelographic studies followed by operation were carried out on 118 cases of lumbar HIVD at Seoul National University Hospital. The myelographic findings and operative findings were analyzed and following conclusions were obtained. 1. The sex ratio was 75 males to 43 females. 2. Among the 118 cases, myelographic findings were consisted of the unilateral defect: 78 cases (67.0%), central defect: 30 cases (25.5%), and, bilateral defects: 10 cases (8.5%) respectively. 3. Among the 118 cases, the greastest incidence was L4-L5 disc space: 87 cases (73.7%) and next incidence was L5-S1 disc space: 25 cases (21.2%). 4. Among the 118 cases of lumbar herniated intervertebreal disc disease, the false positive was 8 cases (6.8%) and diagnostic accuracy of myelograpy was 91.5%. 5. Plain radiography has little value in diagnosis of lumbar herniated intervertebral disc disease among 118 cases, about 30% show significant sign in pl in film study.

      • 비타민이 암발생에 미치는 영향

        張惠順 群山大學校 1996 論文集 Vol.23 No.-

        Fruits and vegetables contain many kinds of vitamin. Especially Vit.A, Vit.C and Vit.E that have antioxidant property decrease the production of peroxidized lipids of cell membrane and protect the aging and development of neoplasm, so intake of vitamins should decrease the development of cancer. Carotenoids that is the precursor of Vit.A are present in green and yellow vegetables and fruits, and decreased the development of the lung cancer. Vit.E should be the effect of decrease the development of cancer with Se. Vit.K decreased tumor colony forming units of several cancers. Vit.C prevents the formation of nitrosamine, so should decreased the development of cancer. Vit.B₂, Niacin, ??, folic acid and ?? are also related with decrease of the development of cancer. Thus much intake of fruits and vegetables that contain vitamins should be protection of cancer.

      • KCI등재

        온열처방후 시행한 방사선조사에 있어서 5-Thio-D-Glucose의 영향에 관한 실험적 연구

        장혜순 대한영상의학회 1982 대한영상의학회지 Vol.18 No.1

        To evaluate the influence of 5-thio-D-glucose on irradiation effect after hyperthermia, an experimental study was carried out using a total of 72 mice. A single dose of 3000 rads was delivered on skin of mouse tail after hyperthermia with or without intraperitoneal injection of 5-thio-D-glucose 2 hours before irradiation. The hyperthermia was carried out at 43$^{\circ}C$ for 40 minutes just before the irradiation. The skin changes of the irradiated mouse tail were obseved from 7th to 31st post-irradiation days, and the scores were analyzed. The results are as follows: 1. Radiation damage on mouse skin increased significantly when radiation was combined with hyperthermia. 2. In the group of 5-thio-D-glucose and irradiation after hyperthermia, radiation damage on mouse skin significantly decreased than in the group without 5-thio-D-glucose. 3. 5-thio-D-glucose appears to be a potential radioprotective agent in clinical radiotherapy with hyperthermia.

      • 전북 일부지역의 남자 중·고·대학생의 식습관 조사

        장혜순,김미라 한국가정과학회 2002 한국가정과학회지 Vol.5 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to investigate food habits of boy students and to know the difference in food habits between boy and girl students. A previous study had been conducted to girl students in 1998 and this study was carried to boy students in Oct. 2000 using the questionnaires. The subjects were 783 boy students in middle school, high school and university students living in Jeonbuk region. The average score of food habits was 4.09±1.72 out of a possible 10(middle school students were 4.96±1.85, high school students were 4.17±1.61 and university students were 3.15±1.70). The average is smilar 4.11±1.63 to girl students in 1998. The correlation coefficient between the score of food habits and standard of living, present residence, taking nutritional supplements, and sort of school was positive. As a staple food, cooked rice was preferred 95.9% of subjects and this result is similar to girl students of previous study. The most preferred side-dishes was different between girl and boy students. Boy students liked stew the best, but girl students liked Kimchi the best. The most preferred snacks was fruits and fruit juice. The portion of eating cooked rice in boy students (87.8%) was decreased than girl students(90.6%) at breakfast . The main meal to have soup & stew was supper and the most delicious meal was also supper, but primary meal skipped was breakfast. The reasons for skipping breakfast were lack of time(38.7%) and no appetite(17.6%), skipping lunch was missing a time to eat(8.4%), and skipping supper was no appetite(10.5%). Substitution food on no preparation of lunch basket was difference between middle and high school students and university students. Middle and high school students ate noodles and university student ate cooked rice. The preference of snack was that chicken(20.3%) was the best. The time of eating snacks was that anytime(38.6%) was the first, after supper(13.7%) was next. In order to improve the nutritional status of boy students, they must establish good food habits by eating three regular meals per day and balancing their diet. Especially university student must build their regular life style, so they would have three regular meals.

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