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      • KCI등재

        Assessment of Display and Events of Agro-Healing Experience Center for Visitors Satisfaction and Revisit Intention: A Case Study of 2018 Changwon Agricultural Technology Exhibition

        장혜숙,김경미,정순진,김재순 인간식물환경학회 2019 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.22 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the exhibition displays and events of the Agro-healing Experience Hall in the Agricultural Technology Exhibition 2018 on satisfaction and revisit intention of visitors. A survey was conducted on visitors of the Agro-healing Experience Hall and the responses of 274 visitors excluding 26 cases with inappropriate responses were analyzed. For psychological measurement, the Perceived Restorativeness Scale (PRS), Profile of Mood States (POMS), level of plant gardening experience, satisfaction and loyalty were measured. There was a significant difference among age groups in all four factors of the PRS (repose, fascination, coherence, and legibility). In the case of education level, there was a significant difference in the three factors (repose, fascination, and legibility). In addition, average monthly income showed a significant difference among groups in the two factors (fascination and coherence). As a result of analyzing the mood states of visitors for the exhibition events of the Agro-healing Experience Hall, there was a significant difference among age groups only in the case of vigor (p < .05). As a result of analyzing the correlation between the level of plant gardening activities (3 factors) and PRS (4 factors) in the exhibition events of the Agro-healing Experience Hall, plant preference tendency and plant-related event showed a high positive correlation of 0.5 or more with repose of the PRS factors. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of the level of plant gardening activities, PRS and POMS on the satisfaction and loyalty of visitors. As a result, it was found that in terms of relative explanatory power over independent variables affecting satisfaction and revisit intention, fascination had the greatest effect, followed by vigor, fatigue, and occupation (company employee). The results of this study suggest that exhibition events of the Agro-healing Experience Hall affect repose, fascination or vigor of visitors, and thus can be used positively to increase satisfaction and revisit intention of visitors.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        간호학생의 임상실습 스트레스 경험유형 : Q방법론적 접근

        장혜숙,김순애,김흥규,Jang Hye Sook,Kim Soon Ae,Kim Hung Kyu 한국아동간호학회 1999 Child Health Nursing Research Vol.5 No.1

        This study was designed to determine the schemata and their characteristics of stress experience the subjectivity of stress experience(structure of subjectivity) would be a basic step for the effective clinical education through the stress management for characteristics of these types. Q-methodological method was used for that purpose. The research method statements were collected prior to the study through indepth interviews. For the study, 31 Q-statements were selected. There were 34 nursing students as subjects for the research. The 34 nursing students sorted the 31 statements using the principal of forced normal distribution. The principle of forced normal distribution, which has 9 scales to measure the individual opinions, was called. Q-factor analysis by using PC QUANL program supply the material. According to the outcomes of this study, there were 3 types of special opinion about the stress experience of clinical practice. The first type is called 'Influence of practical atmosphere type'. Members of this type experienced stress by an inadequate orientation and undesirable role model of nursing. The second type is called 'conflict of nursing role type'. Members of this type experienced stress by an inadequate orientation and undesirable role model of nursing. The third type is called 'Lack of confidence type'. Members of this type experienced stress because of a lack of confidence for their own nursing knowledge and skill. As a result, we now need further study to identify individual psychological aspects of stress for clinical practice. The findings will guide the development in effective approaches for clinical education. Finally, the result of the study will provide us the need for developing systematic and integrated practice education program for students and active involvement of clinical instructor.

      • 신규여행사업 타당성 조사에 관한 연구

        장혜숙 관광품질시스템학회 1995 관광품질시스템연구 Vol.1 No.2-4

        The purpose of this study is to delineate feasibility study concepts in relation to the travel agency business, and to suggest and discuss about a feasibility study model of the travel agency business. The definition, concept, characteristics, revenue, organization, development policy of the travel agency business were discussed. Concepts and definitions of the feasibility study were overviewed. A feasibility study model for the travel agency business development was suggested and each step of the feasibility study was discussed.

      • KCI등재

        공공건물 휴게공간내 실내정원이 거주자의 심리적 효과에 미치는 영향

        장혜숙,김광진,유은하,정현환 한국인간식물환경학회 2016 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.19 No.3

        This study is conducted with the questionnaire survey of 174 participants to investigate the psychological effect of workers with the indoor-garden in lounge of public building. The measurement of mental state was investigated and compared with loyalty, attention restoration, profile of mood states (POMS) and semantic differential method (SD Method) while statistical analysis was compared and analyzed with paired t-test, frequency analysis, cross correlation analysis, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson’s correlation analysis. As the result of analysis of three psychological index, the rate of attention of restoration to the worker was significantly higher in the area where the indoor-garden is installed than the area with no indoor-garden (p≦0.001). Emotional examination showed less negative emotions, such as, the tension, depression, anger, exhaustion or confusion while more positive feeling was vitalized in the area where there is indoor-garden in the lounge than the place with no garden. In addition, as the result of comparison for the index of emotion by gender, negative emotions of men decrease but positive feeling increase more than the group of women in the area where there is indoor-garden in the lounge than the place with no garden. As the result of evaluating the emotion of pleasant, natural and relax with SD method, worker might feel them more in indoor-garden of lounge. Detailed items of plant does not seem to affect to the loyalty in the interest of indoor-garden to the workers, however, behavioral element, such as, feasible investment-cost, provides extremely positive effect (p≦.05). Based on this study, the cognizance of healing effect, attention restoration, profile of mood state (POMS) and emotional quotient by the existence of indoor-garden can be concluded that it will provide the positive effects to diffuse indoor-garden and promotion of emotional health for the staff. In addition, indoor-garden can be practically used to reduce the stress and provide the stability of the indoor-staff.

      • KCI등재후보

        3차원 CT 영상을 이용한 두개악안면 분석을 위한 계측점의 제안

        장혜숙,백형선 대한치과교정학회 2002 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.32 No.5

        3차원 CT체서는 환자의 움직임에 의한 오차와 상의 확대나 왜곡을 감소시킨 실측치를 얻을 수 있으며 두개안면부의 입체적인 영상을 구성할 수 있고 원하는 조직이나 구조물의 관찰이 용이하다. 디지털 영상 기술이 빠르게 발전하고 있고 치료의 범위가 더욱 넓어지면서 두개악안면 구조의 3차원적인 분석법의 개발은 시급한 과제가 되었다. 이에 본 연구에서는 Vworks 프로그램™(Cybermed Inc., Seoul, Korea)을 이용하여 정상인과 비대칭 환자의 3차원 CT영상에서 지정이 용이하고 반복재현성이 높은 계측점을 설정하고자 하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 건조두개골의 실측치와 Vworks 프로그램을 이용하여 구성한 3차원 CT영상에서의 계측치를 비교한 결과 평균오차가 0.99mm, 확대율이 1.04%로 나타났다. 2. 3차원 CT영상에서 경조직 계측점으로 Supraorbitale, Lateral orbital margin, Infraorbitale, Nasion, ANS, A point, Zygomaticomaxilla, Upper incisor, Lower incisor, B point, Pogonion, Menton, PNS, Condylar inner margin, Condylar outer margin, Porion, Condylion, Gonion2, Gonion3, Sigmoid notch,Basion 등이 임상적으로 유용하다고 판단되었다. 3. 3차원 CT영상에서 연조직 계측점으로 Endocanthion, Exocanthio, Soft tissue Nasion, Pronasale, Alsre lateralis, Upper nostril point, Lower nostril point, Subnasale, Upper lip point, Cheilionm Stomion, Lower lip center, Soft tissue B, Pogonion Menton, Preaurale 등이 임상적으로 유용하다고 판단되었다. Vworks 프로그램으로 3차원 CT영상을 구성하고 계측하는 것이 임상적으로 유용하다고 판단되었다. 또한 위에서 제안된 연조직 및 경조직 계측점들은 3차원 CT영상에서 반복 재현성을 높고 지정이 용이하며 해부학적 특징을 나타내주는 점들로 두개악안면 구조의 3차원적인 진단과 술전, 술후의 예측과 비교에 유용하게 사용될 것으로 사료되는 바이다. Three-dimensional CT imaging is efficient in examining specific structures in the craniofacial area by reproducing actual measurements through minimization of errors from patient movement and image magnification. Due to the rapid development of digital image technology and the expansion of treatment range a need for developing three dimensional analysis has become urgent. Therefore the purpose of this study was to evaluate the percentage of error and magnification of three-dimensional CT using a dried skull and Vworks program™ (Cybermed Inc., Seoul, Korea) and also to obtain landmarks that are easy to designate and reproduce in three-dimensional images using the Vmorph-proto program™ (Cybermed Inc., Seoul, Korea). The following conclusions were obtained ; 1. In the comparison of actual measurements from the dried skull and the three-dimensional image obtained from the Vworks program, the mean error was 0.99mm and magnification was 1.04%. 2. Clinically useful hard tissue landmarks from three-dimensional images were Supraorbitale, Lateral orbital margin, Infraorbitale, Nasion, ANS, A point, Zygomaticomaxilla, Upper incisor, Lower incisor, B point, pogonion, Menton, PNS, Condylar inner margin, Condylar outer margin, Porion, Condylion, Gonionl, Gonion2, Gonion3, Sigmoid notch and Basion. 3. Clinically useful soft tissue landmarks from three-dimensional images were Endocanthion, Exocanthion, Soft tissue Nasion, Pronasale, Alare lateralis, Upper nostril point, Lower nostril point, Subnasale, Upper lip point, Cheilion Stomion, Lower lip center, Soft tissue B, Pogonion Menton and Preaurale. The Vworks program can be considered a clinically efficient tool to produce and measure three-dimensional images. Most of the hard and soft tissue landmarks proposed above are anatomically important points which are also easily reproducible and designated. These landmarks can be beneficial in three-dimensional diagnosis and the prediction of changes before and after surgery.

      • KCI등재

        실내식물의 시각적 이미지가 주는 심리적 효과와 중요성 인식이 재 구입의사에 미치는 영향

        장혜숙,강승원,박천호 인간식물환경학회 2011 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.14 No.2

        The purpose of this study is to define the relations between the psychological effect given by visual image of the indoor plants and the interest level in plants, and the effect of interest level and importance on fidelity. Three major factors are extracted from 14 pairs of emotional adjectives to express 9 kinds of indoor plants evaluative, active and emotional. It has been revealed that those three emotional factors, the evaluative factor more the active factor, and the emotional factor more the evaluative factor have higher influences upon interest level of the indoor plants(p<.05.) The study also shows that the interest level of subjects in indoor plants have positive effects on fidelity(p<.05), but behavioral factors such as numbers of purchase a year, cost, and ways to keep indoor plants, have showed no significant differences. In terms of importance perception in indoor plants, six major factors have been extracted from the survey with 22 items about indoor plants. Of those extracted factors, items concerning “emotional relaxation” and “esthetics” have higher positive effects on fidelity than the other factors(p<.05). But the item “Intend to spend more money in purchasing indoor plants”, of five items of fidelity, showed lower fidelity than the other items. The result of this study shows that psychological effect given by visual image of indoor plants, interest level in indoor plants, and importance perception are expected to enhance emotional health of inhabitants, and cause more consumption of indoor plants, thus promoting fidelity on indoor plants.

      • KCI등재

        Change of Physiology and Emotion According to Plant-decoration Activity in Workers

        장혜숙,김경미,김광진,정현환 인간식물환경학회 2017 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.20 No.5

        This study was conducted to investigate the change of workers physiology and sensitivity according to the plant decoration activity using electroencephalographic (EEG), electrocardiogram, and semantic differential (SD) methods on 31 male and female workers in their twenties. Plant decoration activity and writing documents on a computer (WDOC) were carried out for 10 minutes each. The relative slow alpha power spectrum (RSA) has been highly exhibited at most measurement points at plant decoration activity compared to WDOC, and ratio of alpha to high beta spectrum (RAHB) was higher in the parietal lobe responsible for visual function in charge of visual function and showed stable and relaxed effect with little stress or tension. In addition, the relatively fast alpha power spectrum (RFA), which is responsible for visual function, after WDOC was higher than after plant decoration activity in the left parietal lobe (P <.05). Although not statistically significant, the relative high beta power spectrum (RHB) and the ratio of mid beta to theta (RMT), which are stress concentration indexes with tension, were highly regarded as a whole when performing WDOC. There was little difference in heart rate between after both activities. However, high frequency (HF) component indicating parasympathetic nervous system activity was more highly active after WDOC than Planting decoration activity, and the low frequency (LF) component indicating sympathetic nervous system activity tended to be lower after WDOC than after planting activity meaning that plant activity have a sense of stability than WDOC and these results were similar to brain wave analysis. In addition, the sense of comfort, naturalness, calm were significantly higher when the plant decoration activity was performed than when the WDOC was performed in the SD emotional vocabulary survey. These results could be interpreted that plant decoration activity induced more physiologically and psychologically stability and relaxation than WDOC, and enhanced attention ability in appropriate awakening state.

      • KCI등재

        회의공간내 절화장식 색채에 대한 사용자의 심리적 효과

        장혜숙,김광진,유은하,정현환 한국인간식물환경학회 2016 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.19 No.3

        This study investigates and analyzed the psychological effect of existence or non-existence of cut-flowers decoration in the conference place by the presenting eight colors of decorations (white, pink, blue, orange, red, green, purple, and yellow) to the participants, 103 numbers of genders. The measurement of psychological condition was carried out and compared with an attention recovery scale, profile of mood states (POMS) and semantic differential (SD method). In addition, paired t-test, One way ANAVA and Pearson’s correlation analysis were used for the statistical analysis. As the result of investigation for the general awareness of cut-flower decoration, the most priority is its color tone and 57.3% of participants which is the highest portion answered that the amount of annual investment for cut-flower decoration is 20,000~99,000 Won. According to the result of comparison for three psychological indexes, the attention recovery scale was significantly higher in the area with cut-flower decoration than the area without it. In POMS, it showed the negative emotions, such as, tension-anxiety, depression, confusion was low while the positive emotion like vigor was significantly higher in the area with cut-flower decoration than the area without it. In addition, the participants could feel the pleasant, natural and clam significantly more in the conference place with cut-flower decoration than the area without it. The order of color preference of cut-flower was Green > White > Pink > Blue > Yellow > Purple > Orange > Red with significant difference. Also, as the result of investigation for the color sensibility of its tone of the cut-flower decoration in conference place with SD method, the participants could feel ‘comfortable’ and ‘calm’ the most with green, white and blue decoration while ‘strong’, ‘vibrant’, ‘uneasy’ of feeling was shown the most in red and orange decoration and ‘warm’, ‘fancy’ in yellow. Based on the result of this study, the workers can have positive psychological effects by having cut-flower decoration or using appropriate colors with cut-flower decoration in the uncomfortable area, such as, conference place.

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