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      • 대구지역 안경사의 NCS교육과정에 대한 인식과 요구직무에 관한 연구

        장준영,박정식,이정영,Jang, Jun-Young,Park, Jeong-Sik,Lee, Jeung-Young 한국임상보건과학회 2016 한국임상보건과학회지 Vol.4 No.4

        Purpose. This study was performed on survey related optician's perception of NCS and required jobs to develop curriculum of department of ophthalmic optics Methods. This study was to evaluate the questionnaire survey of 63 opticians working in Optometrist in Daegu Metropolitan City from November 1, 2016 to November 18, 2016. Results. As for the opticians who know about NCS, 23.8% of the respondents answered that the opticians' perception of NCS is very low. For the four required jobs of the technical part, less than 5 years of optometrists ; optometry 73.7% > fitting 47.4% > ophthalmic dispensing 36.8% > lensmeter 5.3%, more than 5 years and less than 10 years of optometrists ; optometry 84.6% > fitting 53.8% > lensmeter 46.2% > ophthalmic dispensing 38.5%, more than 10 years of optometrists ; optometry 67.7% > ophthalmic dispensing 51.4% > lensmeter 19.4% > fitting 16.1%. For the four required jobs of the management, less than 5 years of optometrists ; product 57.9% > service 47.4% > manners 10.6% > sales 5.3%, more than 5 years and less than 10 years of optometrists ; service 76.9% > product 53.9% > manners 46.2% > sales 38.5%, more than 10 years of optometrists ; service 45.2% > manners 42.0% > product 32.3% > sales 19.4%. Conclusions. Although there were 108 required jobs of the technical part and 94 required jobs of the management part, the technical level of the department of ophthalmic optics was satisfactory, but the classes of the management part were insufficient. It will be necessary to actively reflect the needs of industry through curriculums reform.

      • 건설현장 작업발판 및 가설통로의 안전기준 현황 및 개선점

        장준영,안홍섭,오인환,김태완,Jang, Jun Young,Ahn, Hongseob,Oh, Inhwan,Kim, Tae Wan 한국건설안전학회 2019 한국건설안전학회 논문집 Vol.2 No.1

        건설산업의 사고사망자수는 매년 평균 500여명에 이르고 있으며, 특히 사고사망재해의 유형 중 작업발판 등의 가시설물에 기인한 떨어짐 재해가 60%이상의 비중을 차지하고 있는 것으로 확인되었다. 본 연구에서는 사고의 직접적인 영향요인 뿐만 아니라 조직적, 정책적, 외부 환경적 요인들을 통합하여 실질적으로 해결 할 수 있는 기술, 관리, 교육, 비용에 걸친 구조적이고 결합된 솔루션을 제시하였다. 또한 국내, 외 안전발판 기준을 조사하여 시사점을 고찰하였다. 첫째, 직접 영향요인, 조직적 영향요인, 정책 영향요인, 그리고 외부환경 영향요인 등으로 구분하여 고찰하였으며, 이는 기술, 교육, 제도 차원으로 분류하여 해결책을 고안하였다. 둘째, 작업발판 설치와 관련하여 미국(OSHA 1926.452), 영국(The Work at Height Regulations 2005 No.735, BS5975), 일본(노동안전위생규칙), 독일(DIN 4420_4, DIN EN12810) 기준에 대해 조사하였다. 국내 안전 기준의 경우 재료 및 규격 등 안전조치사항에 있어서는 국외 안전 기준과 유사한 내용이 적용하고 있으나 작업발판의 설치 및 조립, 구조와 관련된 세부내용에서는 일본을 제외한 미국, 영국 등과 비교하여 다소 차이를 보이고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이 연구 결과를 활용하면 작업발판 사고사망의 원인을 보다 체계적이고 종합적으로 이해할 수 있으며, 또한 안전관리자 및 연구자들이 추락사고 연구 시 도움이 될 것으로 기대된다. The average number of deaths in the construction industry reaches 500 per year, and in particular, it is confirmed that the type of accidents and deaths caused by disasters such as work platforms has occupied more than 60% of the total. In this study, we presented a structured and combined solution for technology, management, education, and cost that can solve systematically, politically, and external environmental factors as well as direct influence factors. In addition, we examined the safety and safety standards of domestic and international safety, and discussed implications. First, direct impact factors, organizational impact factors, policy influence factors, and external environmental impact factors were examined and classified into technical, education, and institutional dimensions. Second, in relation to the installation of the work scaffold, the standards (OSHA 1926.452), UK (The Work at Height Regulations 2005 No.735, BS5975), Japan (Labor Safety and Sanitation Regulations) and Germany (DIN 4420_4, DIN EN12810). In the case of domestic safety standards, similar to the foreign safety standards, safety measures such as materials and specifications are applied. However, details related to the installation, assembly and structure of the work platform are somewhat different from those in the United States and the United Kingdom excluding Japan. Using the results of this study, it is possible to understand the cause of the accident of foot pedestrian accident more systematically and comprehensively, and safety managers and researchers are expected to help in the accident investigation.

      • KCI등재

        MANET에서 응용 서비스 데이터 유형에 따른 요구기반 라우팅 프로토콜의 성능비교

        장준영,이길섭,이승종,Jang Jun-Young,Lee Kil-Sup,Lee Sung Jong 한국정보처리학회 2004 정보처리학회논문지 C : 정보통신,정보보안 Vol.11 No.7

        최근 MANET은 다양한 분야에서 관심의 대상이 되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 DSR, AODV, TORA 등과 같은 요구 기반 라우팅 프로토콜을 대상으로 응용 서비스, 대역폭, 데이터 전송률 사이의 관계를 분석하여 제시하고자 한다. 응용 서비스 데이터는 센서 데이터, 문자 데이터, 음성 데이터, 영상 데이터로 분류하였다. 실험은 OPNET을 사용하여 약 20개의 노드로 구성된 Ad-hoc 네트워크를 설계하여 실시하였다. 실험의 평가척도는 패킥 전송 성공률, 평균 종단 지연 미 라우팅 로드의 3가지로 하였으며, 실험 결과로서 응용 서비스 데이터 유형에 따라 최적의 요구 기반 라우팅 알고리즘의 선정과 이를 지원하기 위한 무선 통신 특성에 대한 재원을 얻을 수 있었다. 실험 결과를 종합해 보면 요구 기반 라우팅 프로토콜중 TORA가 가장 우수한 성능을 보였다. 본 실험의 연구 결과는 대규모 무선 네트워크를 위한 Ad-hoc 라우팅 프로토콜 개발시 기초자료로 활용될 것으로 기대한다. Recenty, there has been great interest in MANET from various areas. In this paper we focus on performance analysis of on demand routing protocols surf as DSR, AODV, and TORA in MANET. We have conducted several simulations concerned with application service data such as sensor, text. voice, and video data. And then, we have evaluated the performance of three protocols in a pre-designed ad hoc network, which is consisted of 20 nodes. As a result, we have obtained quantitative data for packet delivery fraction, average end to-end delay, routing load, channel utilization from upper layer and supportable routing protocol for application service data. The results can be used for designing specific-purposed ad-hoc networks.

      • KCI등재

        실시간 얼굴 검출 시스템의 하드웨어 IP 구현

        장준영,육지홍,조호상,강봉순,Jang, Jun-Young,Yook, Ji-Hong,Jo, Ho-Sang,Kang, Bong-Soon 한국정보통신학회 2011 한국정보통신학회논문지 Vol.15 No.11

        본 논문은 고속화, 소형화 및 저전력을 요구하는 모바일 기기 및 디지털 카메라에 알맞은 실시간 얼굴 검출 하드웨어 IP(Intellectual Property)를 제안한다. 제안한 얼굴 검출 시스템은 검출 성능의 주요 원인인 조명 변화나 얼굴 크기, 다양한 얼굴 각도에 강인한 얼굴 검출을 수행한다. 입력 영상에 대해 조명 변화에 강인한 특성을 가지는 LBP(Local Binary Pattern) 변환을 거치고 Adaboost 알고리즘을 이용하여 다양한 얼굴 각도에 대해 미리 학습시킨 얼굴 특징 정보를 바탕으로 얼굴을 검출한다. 입력 영상 QVGA($320{\times}240$) 크기에서 최대 36개의 얼굴 검출 가능하며 Verilog-HDL을 사용하여 하드웨어로 설계하였다. 또한 FPGA 검증을 위해 Xilinx사의 Virtex5 XC5VLX330 FPGA 보드와 HD급 CMOS 이미지 센서(CIS)를 사용하여 하드웨어 구현을 검증하였다. This paper propose the hardware IP of real-time face detection system for mobile devices and digital cameras required for high speed, smaller size and lower power. The proposed face detection system is robust against illumination changes, face size, and various face angles as the main cause of the face detection performance. Input image is transformed to LBP(Local Binary Pattern) image to obtain face characteristics robust against illumination changes, and detected the face using face feature data that was adopted to learn and generate in the various face angles using the Adaboost algorithm. The proposed face detection system can be detected maximum 36 faces at the input image size of QVGA($320{\times}240$), and designed by Verilog-HDL. Also, it was verified hardware implementation by using Virtex5 XC5VLX330 FPGA board and HD CMOS image sensor(CIS) for FPGA verification.

      • KCI등재

        미얀마 2016: 새로운 시대의 시작, 불안한 미래

        장준영 ( Jang Jun Young ) 한국동남아학회 2017 동남아시아연구 Vol.27 No.2

        2015년 11월 총선 결과에 따라 국민민주주의연합은 1962년 군부가 정권을 탈취한 후 민간정부를 복구시켰다. 그러나 당 대표인 아웅산수찌가 대통령에 출마할 수 없는 상황에서 헌법을 무시하고 그녀를 위한 권력의 재편이 이뤄졌다. 국가고문직과 국가고문부의 신설은 그녀가 대통령의 권한과 책무를 능가하는 인물로 만들었다. 또한 군부가 의회에서 차지하는 의석을 포함한 군부의 정치퇴진에 관한 어떠한 논의도 이뤄지지 않았고, 군부에 대한 여당의 방임이 목도된다. 21세기 삥롱회담이라고 명명된 전국적 수준의 정전협정은 민간정부 출범 이후 한 차례 개최된 후 이해당사자 간 갈등은 공론화되었다. 로힝자족은 여전히 다수인 불교도들의 배척 대상이고, 국민통합을 위한 21세기 삥롱회담의 대상이 되지 못했다. 미국은 1993년부터 시작한 대 미얀마 제재를 해제했고, 일본은 지난 정부에 이어 대규모 원조를 약속했다. 중국은 소원해진 양자관계를 회복하기 위해 발 빠른 행보를 보였다. 한국은 기존 공적원조 사업을 지원하고 있으나 최고위급 회담은 성사되지 않았다. 민간정부는 떼인쎄인(Thein Sein) 정부의 경제발전정책을 폐기하고, 2016년 7월, 12개 발전과제를 발표했다. 이전 정부와 마찬가지로 정책의 방향만 제시되어 있었다. 경제개발 방향은 농업에 방점을 두지만 경공업과 같은 제조업은 등한시되었다. The National League for Democracy (NLD) has restored a civilian government since the military had taken political power in 1962 as a result of general elections on 7, November 2015. But Daw Aung San Suu Kyi could not take part in the presidential election due to some restraints in constitution, so new government created the state counsellor position and the ministry of sate counsellor`s office against military`s resistance. It never publicized whether the military has to back to barracks including abolish of military`s occupying the parliament seats. The ruling party is still taking laissez-faire to the military`s political and economic role. The National level Ceasefire Agreement called the 21st Panglong conference launched in the end of August for a week, but stakeholders only insisted their demands. Rohingya issue is not involved in the 21st Panglong conference which aims to achieve national unity. The U.S. fully lifted a comprehensive sanction toward Myanmar since 1993, Japan promised huge grant assistance succeeding the former quasi civilian government. China strived to restore alienated relations of two countries. Although Korea kept Official Development Assistance, the summit which was planed two times in 2016 did not hold. The civilian government announced twelve points of developmental agenda in July 2016, instead of destroying the national development policy of the Thein Sein government. This agenda only showed the direction of policy not road map which was the same trend of the former government. The main direction of economic development stressed agriculture but manufacture like light industry was ignored.

      • KCI등재

        착용형 개인 냉방시스템 개발

        장준영(Jang, Jun-Young) 한국산학기술학회 2012 한국산학기술학회논문지 Vol.13 No.7

        본 논문은 더위나 고온의 환경에서 열적스트레스를 줄이기 위한 착용형 개인 냉방시스템 개발에 관한 것이 다. 개인 냉방시스템은 냉매압축 냉동사이클로 작동되는 소형 냉동시스템이 적용되었다. 소형 냉동시스템은 이동과 착용이 가능하도록 소형화와 경량화에 맞게 구성되었다. 증발기는 나일론튜브를 사용하여 조끼 내부에 매립하여 열전 도에 의해 신체 열을 저감시키는 직접냉각방식이 적용되었다. 착용형 개인 냉방시스템은 냉방능력은 대략 100W이며 주위온도보다 12~13℃ 정도 낮게 유지되는 성능을 가진다. 착용형 개인 냉방시스템의 무게는 조끼, 케이스, 배터리를 포함하여 약 3kg이다. This paper discusses the development of the wearable personal cooling system for reducing thermal stress in hot environment. The personal cooling system is operated with the compact refrigeration system by compressing refrigerant. The compact refrigeration system is applied with the miniaturization and weight reduction for portable and wearable cooling system. The body heat is reduced by heat conduction with evaporator in direct cooling type. The cooling capacity of the wearable personal cooling system is approximately 100W and, the system could maintain the inside temperature of approximately 12-13℃ lower than the ambient temperature. The weight of the wearable cooling system is about 3kg including vest, case, battery and all parts.

      • KCI등재

        미얀마 신정부의 개혁개방 평가: 회고와 전망

        장준영 ( Jun Young Jang ) 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 2016 東南亞硏究 Vol.25 No.3

        This article evaluates Myanmar`s three step reform wave, which the new government has been promoting for the last five years, and assesses the direction and strategies promoting the unorganized reform tasks. For this, the paper will foremost evaluate the new government`s long and short term national development strategies. The new government has established its five year term as its short term development planning period. They also selected ten areas in most need of speedy reform and implemented them respectively. Furthermore, a medium and long term plan until 2030 was presented revealing the government`s will to head towards a normal nation. The first step`s central agenda focuses on peace establishment through ceasefire via political reform. After the new government was launched, the parliament and cabinet led 15 ceasefire negotiations with armed opposition groups. Although at the end of November 2015, there were signs of progress as the National Ceasefire Agreements were signed with seven groups, the political reform is an ongoing process. The second step stands out as the new government launched economic reform measures. Specifically, new measures such as foreign investment law, which was no longer enforced, was revised in order to induce foreign capital and special economic zones were introduced. Administrative reform measures, which must be carried out as a medium and long term plan, should push to eradicate corruption and strengthen feeble capacity in order to lead the country towards a normal nation.

      • KCI등재

        군부 권위주의로 회귀하는 미얀마 - 민간-군부관계로 본 쿠데타의 역동성 -

        張准榮(Jang, Jun Young) 역사교육연구회 2022 歷史敎育 Vol.161 No.-

        The purpose of this article is to analyze the background of the Myanmar’s military(Tatmadaw) coup on February 1, 2021, based on the military’s internal and external environment, and to explore dynamics of competition and conflict between the military and the people. In detail, it is intended to focus on the fundamental reasons why the old institution such as the military seizes political power and the people’s resistance to the coup under the situation which has undergone a short process of democratization, In doing so, it focus on verifying the factors that inevitably led to the coup in perspective of the the civilian-military relationship replacing with the structure and the agency. If we understand the civilian-military relationship that had been solidified internally, we could trace the reason of the military coup, interpretation of a subsequent situations that have taken place after the coup, and prospect of the political development. The military has enjoyed “reserved domains” in the areas of administration and legislature based on the Constitution, but the level of military control by the civilian government was relatively higher than that of the administration. Being conflicts and cracks among the nationals, such as Sangha, ethnic Burman and the ethnic minorities, the older and the MZ generations, and the existence of dalang which is a supporting group to the military, it was not able to make collective resistance against the military. Furthermore, it is sure that the military, which lost its self-control, staged acoup to defend collective interests under the weak situation of vertical and horizontal control by the civilian government. In conclusion, achieving democratization at the institutional level seems to be a long way off, unless the military voluntarily returns to the barracks. Although the military returns to the barracks or democratic bloc restores democratization, if the principle of civilian supremacy over the military will not be realized, then the future of democracy will not be bright. Therefore, strategy for civilian supremacy over the military should be promoted as a mid and long term task, and civil society should choose and promote national reconciliation and integration as its top priority before solidifying democracy’s confidence through strengthening its internal capabilities.

      • KCI등재

        미얀마 방재체계의 문제점과 혁신방안

        장준영 ( Jang Jun Young ),임승빈 ( Lim Suhng Bin ) 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 2017 東南亞硏究 Vol.26 No.3

        This article examines the past and the present of Myanmar`s disaster prevention system, and the status of the international assistance of disaster prevention area in order to bring out the policy implications emphasizing on the necessity of disaster prevention policy and the introduction of technology. The entry of the international agencies into Myanmar was initiated in 2008 after hit of the cyclone Nargis, and the Myanmar government established the disaster prevention system at same time. Especially after the launching of the newly quasi-civilian government in 2011, technological reform in the disaster prevention and the risk reduction was developed through the establishment of disaster prevention policy as well as the cooperation of the international agencies. Since take off the civilian government in March 2016, the disaster prevention field has been succeeded to policy and technology from the previous government. However, due to the propulsion of the government`s main agenda on rural development and poverty reduction, it requires additional supports for the disaster prevention field. As Korea has been aiding Myanmar focusing on the rural development and the poverty reduction, it seems to be ideal to support the disaster prevention field exclusively. Though, it deserves consideration in establishing the Korean-style assistance program in field of disaster prevention. To do this, it considers that the Saemaul Undong and construction of infrastructure could connect to disaster prevention field in order to maximize the effect of the ODA.

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