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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보

        당귀, 작약, 천궁, 삼백초, 인진쑥 및 산조인을 첨가한 한방차의 팽화 온도별 고형분 용출율과 Benzo[${\alpha}$]pyrene의 변화

        장재선,최미용,오성천,Jang, Jae-Seon,Choi, Mi-Yong,Oh, Sung-Cheon 한국응용과학기술학회 2014 한국응용과학기술학회지 Vol.31 No.2

        팽화 처리온도를 각각 $140{\sim}220^{\circ}C$로 한 한방차 제품의 성분변화를 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 처리온도의 상승에 따라 일부 탄화가 발생하며 조회분 함량이 상대적으로 상승하는 소폭의 변화가 있었고, 조단백질 및 조지방 함량은 거의 변화가 없는 것으로 나타났으며 수분함량은 감소하였다. 한방차의 고형분 용출률은 0.18~0.27%(w/w)로 나타내었는데, 팽화온도가 상승할수록 증가하였다. 고형분의 용출은 온도가 화학적 변화보다 물리적 변화에 의해 식품의 원재료 성분인 탄수화물, 단백질, 지방 등이 천연 상태에서 상호가교 결합이 물리적인 힘으로 어느 정도 파괴되어 성분의 용출이 용이해지기 때문인 것으로 생각된다. 벤조피렌 함량은 0.18~0.24ppb로 처리온도, 원재료에 따라 B(${\alpha}$)P 함량에 차이가 발생한 것으로 나타났다. The following study is the result of herbal teas puffed at different temperatures between $140{\sim}220^{\circ}C$. There was change of single breadth that some carbonization occurs according to rise of processing temperature and crude ash content rises relatively, and crude protein and crude fat content had hardly changed and moisture content decreased. The solid elution rate of the herbal teas appeared by 0.18~0.27% (w/w), it increased as puffing temperature rises. The reason for the increase in solid elution rates is due to the breakage of cross bridges between the raw materials in the herbal tea which are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and etc. after treatments of physical changes rather than chemical ones. Benzopyrene content happened difference in B(${\alpha}$)P content according to processing temperature, raw material by 0.18~0.24 ppbs.

      • KCI등재

        로스팅 조건이 삼백초, 인진쑥, 산조인, 당귀, 작약 및 천궁을 첨가한 한방차의 벤조피렌 변화에 미치는 영향

        장재선,최정윤,오성천,Jang, Jae-Seon,Choi, Jeong-Yun,Oh, Sung-Cheon 한국응용과학기술학회 2014 한국응용과학기술학회지 Vol.31 No.4

        한방차의 roasting 온도를 $80{\sim}140^{\circ}C$ 범위로 하여 성분 변화를 분석한 결과, 온도의 상승에 따라 수분함량이 감소하고 일부 탄화가 발생하며 조 회분 함량이 소폭 상승하였고, 조 지방 및 조단백질 함량은 소폭 감소하였다. 한방차의 고형분 용출율은 0.15~0.32%(w/w)를 나타내었는데, roasting 온도가 상승할수록 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. 처리온도가 $80{\sim}110^{\circ}C$구간에서는 큰 변화를 나타내지 않은 반면 $110{\sim}140^{\circ}C$구간에서는 고형분 용출율이 급격히 감소하였다. 온도가 상승할수록 용출율이 감소하는 것은 내부 조직이 치밀하여 상대적으로 용출이 어렵기 때문이다. 벤조피렌 함량은 0.29~0.51ppb으로 온도가 높을수록 $B({\alpha})P$함량이 증가하였다. 처리온도와 원재료에 따라 $B({\alpha})P$ 함량에 차이가 발생하며, 내부온도는 약 $200^{\circ}C$정도지만 roaster 표면의 실제 온도는 약 $2000^{\circ}C$에 이르는데 표면과 접촉한 부분에서 $B({\alpha})P$가 생성된다. $B({\alpha})P$는 주로 음식을 조리, 가공할 때 식품의 주성분인 탄수화물, 단백질, 지방 등이 열분해 되어 생성되는 것으로 생각된다. The following is the study result of herbal tea roasted at different temperatures between $80{\sim}140^{\circ}C$. Depending on treatment temperature the water content decreased, some carbonization occurred and crude ash content relatively increased. Also crude protein and crude fat decreased little. Solid elution rate of herbal tea showed 0.15~0.32%(w/w) and the rate of solid elution decreased with higher roasting temperature. There was no big change in $80{\sim}110^{\circ}C$ treatment section but the solid elution decreased rapidly in $110{\sim}140^{\circ}C$ section. The reason for decreasing solid elution rate at higher treatment temperature is because the compact inner tissue makes elution difficult. Benzopyrene content (0.29~0.51ppb) showed a tendency to increase with higher treating temperature. From this result, the $B({\alpha})P$ content differed depending on the treatment temperature and raw materials. In case of roasting, the actual inside temperature is around $200^{\circ}C$ but since the surface temperature of the roaster reaches around $2000^{\circ}C$ some portion of $B({\alpha})P$ content was presumed to be produced from the area that came in contact with this surface. When the processing which is a main component of food carbohydrate, protein, fat reason despite serve heat treatment as a whole is to be detected even though the $B({\alpha})P$ in this way is considered to be.

      • KCI등재

        인천지역 주민들의 건강관련 생활습관과 식품선호도 및 체성분의 비교 연구

        장재선 한국식품영양학회 2015 韓國食品營養學會誌 Vol.28 No.4

        The present study was designed to investigate health-related life habits, food preference, body composition for proper dietary habits, health promotion of communities in Incheon area. The effects of personal characteristics and health-related life habits such as gender, age, having breakfast, smoking, drinking, and exercise were analyzed using a surveying. 961 community subjects (262 males and 699 females) were investigated using a questionnaire and Inbody. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi squared test, and one-way ANOVA (analysis of variation) with SPSS/WIN 21.0. The result of gender distribution showed there were 262 males and 699 females, and with respect to the effect of gender on healthrelated life habits, smoking, drinking, and exercise showed significant differences (p<0.05), whereas having breakfast was not significantly difference (p>0.05). Therefore, the present provide evidence of a relationship between health-related life habits and gender. Regarding the effect of BMI on health-related life habits, exercise showed significant differences (p<0.05), whereas smoking, drinking, and having breakfast were not significantly difference (p>0.05). Thus, the present study also provides evidence of a relationship between health-related life habits and BMI. Our analysis shows that food preference and body composition were significant different from health-related life habits such as smoking, drinking, exercise, and having breakfast (p<0.05). Our analysis showed that body composition was significant differences from health related habits such as smoking, drinking, exercise, and breakfast (p<0.05). In conclusion, the present study suggests that diet guidelines support and improve health promotion designed by communities.

      • KCI등재

        당귀, 작약, 천궁, 삼백초, 인진쑥 및 산조인을 첨가한 한방차의 팽화 온도별 고형분 용출율과 Benzo[α]pyrene의 변화

        장재선,최미용,오성천 한국유화학회 2014 한국응용과학기술학회지 Vol.31 No.2

        팽화 처리온도를 각각 140~220℃로 한 한방차 제품의 성분변화를 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 처리온도의 상승에 따라 일부 탄화가 발생하며 조회분 함량이 상대적으로 상승하는 소폭의 변화가 있었고, 조단백질 및 조지방 함량은 거의 변화가 없는 것으로 나타났으며 수분함량은 감소하였다. 한방차의 고형분 용출률은 0.18~0.27%(w/w)로 나타내었는데, 팽화온도가 상승할수록 증가하였다. 고형분의 용출은 온도가 화학적 변화보다 물리적 변화에 의해 식품의 원재료 성분인 탄수화물, 단백질, 지방 등이 천연 상태에서 상호가교 결합이 물리적인 힘으로 어느 정도 파괴되어 성분의 용출이 용이해지기 때문인 것으로 생각된다. 벤조피렌 함량은 0.18~0.24ppb로 처리온도, 원재료에 따라 B(α)P 함량에 차이가 발생한 것으로 나타났다. The following study is the result of herbal teas puffed at different temperatures between 140~220℃. There was change of single breadth that some carbonization occurs according to rise of processing temperature and crude ash content rises relatively, and crude protein and crude fat content had hardly changed and moisture content decreased. The solid elution rate of the herbal teas appeared by 0.18~0.27% (w/w), it increased as puffing temperature rises. The reason for the increase in solid elution rates is due to the breakage of cross bridges between the raw materials in the herbal tea which are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and etc. after treatments of physical changes rather than chemical ones. Benzopyrene content happened difference in B(α)P content according to processing temperature, raw material by 0.18~0.24 ppbs.

      • 인천연안 Vibrio parahaemolyticus의 분포 및 유산과 과산화수소 처리에 의한 항균효과

        장재선,조우균,이혜정,이제만,김혜영,김용희,Jang, Jae-Seon,Cho, Woo-Kyoun,Lee, Hye-Jeong,Lee, Jea-Mann,Kim, Hye-Young,Kim, Yong-Hee 대한환경위생공학회 2006 대한환경위생공학회지 Vol.21 No.4

        This study was carried out to investigate the distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the Incheon adjacent sea, and antimicrobial effect on growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide and combination of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide. The detected strains were compared geographical, months and sample types. The distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was high at Ganghwa county with 66.1%(336 samples), on 7-9 months with 72.4%(386 samples) and from tireland with 75.0%(90 samples), respectively. The minimun inhibitory concentration (MIC) of lactic acid in Vibrio parahaemolyticus were 1250 ppm at pH 6.5 and 7.0, 625 ppm at pH 6.0. respectively. The minimun inhibitory concentration (MIC) of hydrogen peroxide in Vibrio parahaemolyticus were 25 ppm at pH 6.5 and 7.0, 12.5 ppm at pH 6.0, respectively. MICs of combined treatment of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide in Vibrio parahaemolyticus were 625 ppm of lactic acid with 12.5 ppm of hydrogen peroxide. The correlations between MICs of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide in Vibrio parahaemolyticus were obtained through the coefficient of determination($R^2$). $R^2$ value were 1.0000. The antimicrobial effect of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide in Vibrio parahaemolyticus could be confirmed from the result of this experiment.

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