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In this essay, I have tried to seek the English spirit in English poetry, of which we ignore entirely for the moment, in current Enlish text books in Korea. In order to describe my belief of the English poems containing in the texts I have illustrated a good deal of juvenile poems and songs very familiar to the elder generation in Korea. In good old days, we have learned so many English poems and songs through English texts in school days that, even now, we memorized them in our remembrances. In this treatise, I have discussed and confirmed the importance of English Poetry in teaching English as one of the most effective factors of English learning for boys and girls to promote their emotional life as well as their ability of daily usage of the language.
Extending from the end of 19th century to the beginning of 20th century, the advanced Western Countries were entering on the stage of monopolistic capitalism. Then, because the domestic market was small and narrow, the capitalistic countries were looking for the break-through at overseas markets. So, the era of capitalism should be expanded for the scramble of neo-colony and the export of capital by such countries. The features of Imperialiam presented the phenomenors that the production and capital were concentrated, the monopoly was formed, the capital of bank should be developed as financial capital because it joined with that of industry, the oligarchical system of all industries was formed, the international monopolitic capital groups deviding the world market for the verseas export of commodities and the export of capital were formed, and moreover, the Great Powers involved the crisis of war as the first world war to redivide the world market. Accordingly, in this manuscript, I studied (I) the background of his times that even the Great Britain could not but be converted to the stage of imperialism, meeting the stage of such as imperialism, (2) competing with Germany, The United States of America, France, Russia, Italy, and other countries, how could the Great Britain do the accumulation of capital? and at the inside phase of the export of capital and commodities to the overseas countries under the International Gold Standard System, and (3) I grasp the true fact that the British Capitalism relatively retreated.
The outline of this paper is summaries as follows: Upon comoletion of World WarⅡ, the international ecomony has entered into a transferring period for a new economic system. Since the conclusion of the Eretton-Woods Agreement, the relationship between developed countries and develepiong countries were deviated from the course of the past practice of dominating and dominated. Thereafter, the international economic interchange is aimed for developing country to ptomote economic development to improve trade transaction, increase employment, stimulate rapid commitment of civilian investment, and then develop sound national economy, and, further, maintain a mutual and equal-based economic cooperation with developed countries. Only this firm economic system of a developing country enable a international economic cooperation to improve the mutual ties. Through such international economic interchange, the economic development of development of developing country can narrow the gap of income level from developed countries and, in order to increase income level of developing country, a target should be set which is ideal enough to persuit with all means. On the part of developed countries, they should assist developing country with a clear intention that it may attain its substential goal set for implementation. However, developing country faces problems in what type and on what condition it should accept economic cooperation, while, for developed countries, they also have responsibility for how sincerely they implement ideal of economic cooperation, including divilian base investment, immidiate, medium and long term loan, and other assistance. Intended are effective change and improvement of a international economic exchange system, including improvement of international economy tariffs problem between north and south trade, goods transaction problem, mutual fund problem, trade principle, economic condition, between two countries, environmental condition, labour condition, technical dondition industry formation condition, raw material, production condition of raw material, domestic circulation structure condition, foreign exchange situation, and political elements. Both on materializatign of the condition and situation which should be established on developing country, and on effective effort by developed countries for economic assistance, enterprise extension, and provision of advantage, the further of the international economic cooperation will be dependent.
In this study. I have tried to treat the optimism in the poems and songs of Robert Burns who is one of the representative poets in18th Century Scotland. There are many a passage of joie de vivre in his poetical works;his love lyrics,the beautiful strains in the beauties of nature of his fatherlandmthe vehement patriotic utterances in the firld of old Caledonia. Burns's optimism scattered in his poetical works was a natural which was accumulated spontaneously from his bitter experiences for his living under the most unfavorable circumstances.He had a sagacious character to enjoy his thrifty life,however hard it may be. Burns was a 'heaven taught poet' who han do chance to receive the systematic school education,but he was an erudite reader of his poetic predecessors of British Isles.As a poor farmer,Burns was obliged to work in the field everyday from early in the morning too late in the evening.In spite of such a hard trial of life,Burns was able to get the optimistic idea of life which was later to embellish of his poems and songs. Burns had found his mission as a poet in his early years.In his poetic passage of moral ideas,we will find out his firm belief of his own excellent poetic gift.As a farmer and an excisemanmhe was obliged to lead a busy life;but he could find a few fragments of timewhen he did put his whole passion into his poetry. Burne's optimism derived from his comic vision of life,made his poems and songs enjoyable to all classes of men and women,boys and girls.He had a born talent of frolic quality which makes him a good many friends to whom he wrote good epistles where he expressed his view of life,and his moral ideas of happiness. As a great teacher of life,Burns wrote his creative poems and songs in order to entertain many people who lost their aims in life.How many people did find in his poems and songs a limitless consolation!Burns's optimism in his works,is "the property and the solace of mankind." (Emerson)
This study is to inquire into the meaning of the "God" in Wordworth's poetry and make clear what the characteristics of the reality of his poetry are. It was his habit to seek the reality in everyday life through the phenomena o natural scenes in his homeland. He uses the word "God" in his poems so many times that I was obliged to think the meaning of it from several aspects. In spite of his denial of pantheistic convictions in 1814, I am practically compelled to recognize his earlier belief that God was at one with man and nature. To Wordsworth, God is a real being who controls his conducts and thoughts which reflected subtly in his poems.