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      • KCI등재

        제주 송이를 이용한 천연염색 면직물의 기능성 연구

        임은숙,이혜선 한국염색가공학회 2011 韓國染色加工學會誌 Vol.23 No.3

        For the application of Jeju scoria scattered around the island as a natural dye, cotton fabrics were dyed with the dye and their properties were measured including dyeability, colorfastness, antibacterial activity, deodorization efficiency, ultraviolet protection, and far-infrared emission. The dyed cotton fabrics were in yellowish red and optimal dyeing conditions were obtained with a colorant concentration of 25%(o.w.b) at a temperature of 80℃ for the dyeing time of 120 minutes. The ratings of colorfastness to light, rubbing, perspiration, and washing were 8, 5, 5, and 4~5 respectively. After 15 wash cycles, colorfastness remained as much as 4~5 rating. The cotton fabric dyed with Jeju scoria demonstrated excellent antimicrobial activity and deodorization efficiency of 99.9% and 93.9% respectively. Ultraviolet protection factor was 50+. Far-infrared emission rate and far-infrared emission intensity were 90% and 362(W/㎡·㎛) respectively. The Jeju scoria can be introduced as a new colorant for the natural dyeing of cotton.

      • KCI등재

        포르투갈어 축소접미사에 대한 연구: -inho와 -zinho를 중심으로

        임은숙 한국 포르투갈-브라질 학회 2013 포르투갈-브라질 연구 Vol.10 No.2

        The use of diminutives is an outstanding feature in Portuguese language, but there are little detailed guidelines on the use of them by speakers in the existing literature, including grammars. It is the reason why this article discusses several aspects of diminutive suffixes -inho/-zinho in Brazilian Portuguese. This research examines the morphological properties of diminutive suffixes and also studies various properties of these suffixes, including semantic functions, with two purposes. One is to show that we need a new approach to the systematic analysis of the distribution and meaning of diminutives, since the inflection and derivation theory does not explain morphological properties of diminutive suffixes coherently. The other is to contribute to the teaching and learning of Portuguese as a foreign language for Koreans. The diminutive suffixes of Portuguese have properties not only inflectional but also derivational. In this research, they are considered derivational, since add new meaning to the base and their use depends mainly on the speaker. Based on the results of research of Santos & Coelho(2008), we consider -zinho as the basic form of the two diminutives, and -inho allomorph. According to their study, -zinho is more used than -inho and -zinho joins even to the bases pseudo-words, which would imply higher productivity. First, we see the variety of bases to which are added -inho/-zinho. Focusing on the phonological properties considered most important in the selection of diminutive, we organize them according to words ending in a vowel, nasal syllable, consonant, etc., including also other properties of -inho/-zinho. Then we examine the semantic and pragmatic functions of derived words containing -inho/zinho. In addition to the idea of ​​reduced size, diminutives can translate our affection, evaluation, delicacy, emphasis, among others. But to understand exactly the intention of the speakers who use diminutives, should be considered the situation in which they use these diminutives. Os diminutivos são um traço marcante no uso da língua portuguesa, porém não se encontram orientações detalhadas sobre o emprego deles pelos falantes na bibliografia existente, incluindo as gramáticas. É levando este fato em consideração que o presente artigo analisa os vários aspectos dos sufixos diminutivos -inho/-zinho no português do Brasil. Esta pesquisa examina as propriedades morfológicas dos sufixos diminutivos e também estuda várias propriedades destes sufixos, incluindo as funções semânticas, com dois objetivos. Um é mostrar que precisamos de uma nova abordagem para a análise sistemática da distribuição e do significado dos diminutivos, já que a teoria de flexão e derivação não explica as propriedades morfológicas dos diminutivos de maneira coerente. O outro é contribuir para o ensino-aprendizagem do português como língua estrangeira para coreanos. Os sufixos diminutivos do português têm propriedades não só flexionais mas também derivacionais. Nesta pesquisa, eles são considerados derivacionais, já que acresecentam novo significado à base e o uso deles depende sobretudo do falante. Com base nos resultados da pesquisa de Santos & Coelho(2008), consideramos -zinho como a forma básica dos dois diminutivos, sendo -inho alomorfe. De acordo com esse estudo, -zinho é mais usado do que –inho, e -zinho se junta até às bases pseudopalavras, o que implica que teria maior produtividade. Primeiro, verificamos a variedade das bases a que se juntam -inho/-zinho. Focando as propriedades fonológicas mais importantes na seleção de diminutivo, organizamo-las de acordo com as palavras terminadas em vogal, sílaba nasal, consoante, etc., incluindo as demais características de -inho/-zinho. Em seguida, examinamos as funções semânticas e pragmáticas das palavras derivadas que contêm -inho/zinho. Fora a ideia de tamanho reduzido, os diminutivos podem traduzir o nosso afeto, avaliação, delicadeza, ênfase, entre outros. Mas para entender exatamente a intenção do falante deve-se considerar o contexto em que se usam os diminutivos.

      • KCI등재후보

        잘못된 신념을 통한 유아의 정신이론 이해와 가장놀이와의 관계

        임은숙,최석란 한국열린유아교육학회 2002 열린유아교육연구 Vol.7 No.3

        The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between both the type of play behavior and the pretend ability, and the theory of mind understanding especially through false belief understanding. Subjects were 60 4-, 5- year old children. Observation was selected as the research method. The SPSS program was used for data analysis and the results was computed by T-test, Pearson's Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis, Path Analysis. In case of the 5-year-old children, the relationship between the group pretend play and their false belief understanding was existed but the 4-year-old children's false belief understanding was not related with the level of pretense. In the relationship between child's false belief understanding and pretend play, there was positive especially among the 5-years-old children while it was negative among the 4-years-old children. Pretense ability affects pretend play and further pretend play influences the child's false belief understanding respectively. 본 논문은 유아의 사회인지 발달의 이정표라 할 수 있는 정신 이해와 우리 나라 4, 5세 유아의 정신 이해와 가작화 능력 및 가장놀이와의 관계에 대해 알아보고자 4세와 5세 유아 각각 30명을 대상으로 가장놀이의 유형을 조사하였으며 가작화 능력측정 및 잘못된 신념과제를 실시하였다. 수집된 자료들은 SPSS Program에 의해 분석되었으며 t검증, Pearson의 상관관계 분석, 중다회귀분석, 경로분석이 적용되었다. 연구결과 5세 유아의 정신 이해는 가작화 능력 수준에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 또한 4, 5세 유아의 가작화 능력은 가장놀이로, 그리고 가장놀이는 정신 이해의 경로를 통해 영향을 주었다.

      • KCI등재

        온주밀감 과피 추출액을 이용한 직물의 천연염색

        임은숙,이혜선 한국복식학회 2004 服飾 Vol.54 No.6

        This study examines the dyeability of fabrics in relation to dyeing temperature, time, concentration, and the number of repeated dyeings. For this study, at first we extracted natural dyes from the peel of C.umshiu mandarin, which is fast as a dye and considered as recycling agricultural wastes. Additionally, it represents the image of Jeju Island. Then, we dyed cotton, wool, silk and nylon fabrics with the extracted dyes. The findings of this study are as follows. 1) Dyed cotton, wool, silk and nylon fabrics with the extract of C.umshiu mandarin peel are generally yellow. 2) Wool, nylon, silk, and cotton, in this order, are of good dyeability; Wool fabrics have the highest dyeability and cotton fabrics have the lowest. The dyeabilty of cotton fabrics was not improved even after dyeing in different conditions. 3) Colorfastness with washing, rubbing and perspiration are all good, while colorfastness with light is poor. 4) Higher dyeing concentration makes better dyeability. 5) Dyeability is enhanced as the dyeing temperature increases, while the dyeability of silk and nylon is relatively good even at low temperatures. 6) Looking at dyeability according to dyeing time, the longer the dyeing time, the better the dyeablility. Sixty minutes of dyeing time is appropriate to dye fabrics. 7) With an increase in the number of repeated dyeings, increased dyeability is obtaihed.

      • KCI등재후보

        지구계 중심의 과학영재교육 프로그램 개발 및 적용

        임은숙,이효녕,박수경 경북대학교 과학교육연구소 2009 科學敎育硏究誌 Vol.33 No.1

        이 연구의 목적은 지구계 교육에 근거한 과학영재 교육 프로그램을 개발하고 이를 영재학생을 대상으로 적용한 후 그 효과를 분석하는 것이다. ‘단층과 지진’ 이라는 주제에 대하여 6가지 활동을 개발하였고 탐색-심화-적용의 3가지 단계별로 지구계 교육의 목표를 달성할 수 있도록 구성하였다. 활동에 필요한 실험모형 두 가지를 직접 제작하였으며 학생용 활동지와 교사용 지도 자료를 개발하였다. 개발된 프로그램의 적용에 따른 효과를 조사하기 위해 대학교 부설 과학 영재교육원의 중학교 2학년 학생 14명을 대상으로 적용하였고 학생들의 활동지 및 산출물, 프로그램에 대한 인식 조사 결과를 분석하였다. 학생들이 기록한 활동지 및 산출물을 통해 본 프로그램이 지구의 하위계 내의 상호작용을 이해하는데 긍정적인 영향을 준다는 점을 확인할 수 있었다. 인식 조사 결과를 살펴보면, 대부분의 학생이 흥미 유발과 학습주제 개념에 대한 이해 측면에서 긍정적으로 인식하였고, 특히 모형을 사용한 실험과 그리기 활동, 조별 조사 및 발표 활동이 개념 획득에 도움이 되었다는 의견을 나타내었다. 참여한 다수의 학생이 프로그램 수준이 중학교 과학 영재학생에게 적절하다고 인식하였으나 일부 소수의 학생은 수준이 약간 높다는 반응을 나타내었다. The purposes of this study were to develop an Earth Systems-based program for science-gifted students and to investigate the effects of field application. The developed program was composed of six activities focused on ‘fault and earthquake’. Each step including exploratory step, enrichment step and application step was designed to be associated with aims for Earth Systems Education. Two instruments for experiments were produced and students' activity sheets and teacher's guide of the program were developed. The program was applied to 14 science-gifted students who were 8th grade belonging to an institute for science-gifted at an university. Data was collected from students' activity sheets, outcomes and questionnaires. The findings were as follows. First, the results of analyzing the students' activity sheets and outcomes indicated that the program was helpful in understanding the interactions among subsystems of the Earth. Secondly, the results of the survey indicated that positive responses in acquiring scientific concepts and the results revealed science-gifted students were much interested in this program. Many students perceived that the level of program was appropriate for the science-gifted students, a few students perceived that the level of contents was high.

      • 보편적 차원의 긍정적 행동지원이 중등 대안학교 학생들의 적응행동에 미치는 영향

        임은숙,백은희 한국행동분석학회 2019 행동분석학회 학술대회자료집 Vol.2019 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • 사회심리학적으로 살펴본 ‘거짓말’ ‘거짓 증언’의 문제

        임은숙 신학과사상학회 2001 가톨릭 신학과 사상 Vol.- No.38

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • KCI등재

        제주 송이를 이용한 견직물의 염색성 및 기능성

        임은숙,이혜선,한충훈 한국염색가공학회 2011 韓國染色加工學會誌 Vol.23 No.3

        This study used Jeju scoria to dye cotton fabric and measured its dyeability, colorfastness, antibacterial activity, deodorization efficiency, ultraviolet protection, and far-infrared emission. The cotton fabric was colored to yellowish red and optimal dyeing can be achieved at a temperature of 80℃ for a dyeing time of 120 minutes with a colorant concentration of 25%(o.w.b). The colorfastness to light, rubbing, perspiration, and washing was 8, 5, 5, and 4~5 ratings respectively, where the wash colorfastness remained after 15 wash cycles. The cotton fabric dyed with Jeju scoria demonstrated excellent antimicrobial activity to Staphylococcus aureus and high deodorization efficiency. Ultraviolet protection factor was as high as 50+. The Jeju scoria can be used as a new colorant for the natural dyeing of silk.

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