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        • KCI등재

          정신분열병 환자 가족간호자의 지식과 대처

          임영미,안양희 대한간호학회정신간호학회 2000 정신간호학회지 Vol.9 No.2

          The purpose of the study was to determine a relationship between family caregiver's knowledge on schizophrenia and coping on problem behaviors of patients with schizophrenia. A descriptive correlational study was conducted. A total of 57 family caregivers with schizophrenic patients participated in this study. The instruments, Knowledge Scale, and Coping Scale were used in this study. Knowledge Scale designed by the research team was composed of 28 items including cause(5 items), treatment(5 items), symptoms(5 items), medications(5 items), and relapse(5 items). For Knowledge scale, the cronbach's alpha was 0.81. Coping Scale with 22 items designed by the research team was composed of negative coping and positive coping. Among 22 items of Knowledge scale, 6 items were removed since of low reliability. Revised coping scale with 16 items was used. For internal consistency, cronbach's alpha of revised coping scale was 0.74. Confirmatory factor analysis for the revised coping scale indicated four significant factors which explained 63.6% of the variance. Four factors were named as positive coping with verbal behavior, positive coping with help seeking, negative coping with passive behavior, and negative coping with active behavior. The results show that there is a significant negative relationship between caregiver's knowledge on schizophrenia and negative coping with passive behavior toward patients' problem behaviors(r=-.28, p<.05). This indicates that the more family caregivers have a lack of knowledge on patient's disease, the more family caregivers use negative coping with passive behavior. The findings in this study have implications for coping strategies and suggest the need to provide the knowledge on patient's disease to family caregivers caring patients with schizophrenia. The data in this research suggest that providing the knowledge of patient's disease to family caregivers ins a nursing intervention, which is highly structured and systematic approach that involved using caregivers' effective coping strategies.

        • KCI등재후보
        • KCI등재

          보육교사의 정서지능, 정서노동, 정서표현성이 교사-영유아 상호작용에 미치는 영향

          임영미,정희정 한국보육학회 2016 한국보육학회지 Vol.16 No.4

          The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of child care teachers' emotional intelligence, emotional labor, and emotional expressiveness on interactions between teachers and young children. The participants were 212 child care teachers working in child care centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, whose data were collected through questionnaires. For the research analysis, frequency analysis, ANOVA, Duncan post-hoc, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were implemented using SPSS WIN 18.0. The findings are as follows. First, by examining emotional intelligence, emotional labor, emotional expressiveness, and interactions between teachers and young children, there are partial significant differences in age, martial status, academic background, affiliated institution, and working period. Second, there are significant positive correlations between overall interactions between child care center teachers and young children and emotional intelligence, emotional labor, and emotional expressiveness overall. Third, the emotional expressiveness is the highest in the explanatory power from the child care teachers' emotional intelligence, emotional labor, and emotional expressiveness that affects the interactions between the teachers and young children. In conclusion, the significance of this study is that verify that child care center teachers' emotional intelligence, emotional labor, and emotional expressiveness have close correlations, and particularly, emotional expressiveness is the most significant factor that affects the interactions between teachers and young children. 본 연구의 목적은 보육교사의 정서지능, 정서노동, 정서표현성이 교사-영유아 상호작용에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 알아보는 것이다. 연구대상은 서울, 경기지역의 어린이집에 근무하는 현직 교사 212명으로 질문지를 사용하여 자료를 수집하였다. 자료는 SPSS WIN 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도분석, ANOVA 검증과 Duncan 사후검증, Pearson 적률상관분석, 중다회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구 결과 첫째, 보육교사의 정서지능, 정서노동, 정서표현성, 교사-영유아 상호작용을 살펴본 결과 부분적으로 연령, 결혼유무, 학력, 근무기관, 근무경력에 따른 유의한 차이가 있었다. 둘째, 교사-영유아 상호작용 전체는 정서지능 전체, 정서노동 전체, 정서표현성 전체와 유의미한 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 보육교사의 정서지능, 정서노동, 정서표현성이 교사-영유아 상호작용에 미치는 상대적 설명력은 정서표현성이 가장 높게 나타났다. 결론적으로 보육교사의 정서지능, 정서노동, 정서표현성은 서로 밀접한 상관관계를 가지며, 특히 정서표현성이 교사-영유아 상호작용에 영향을 미치는 가장 중요한 요인임을 확인하였다는 점에서 본 연구의 의의를 찾을 수 있다.

        • KCI등재후보

          자연물 매체를 이용한 중재프로그램 연구 동향

          임영미 한국아동발달지원연구소 2018 임상미술심리연구 Vol.8 No.1

          본 연구는 자연물 매체를 이용한 중재프로그램의 연구동향을 파악하는데 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 2008년부터 2017년 9월까지 발표된 석사학위논문 50편, 박사학위논문 2편과 학술 지(KCI 등재지) 논문 13편, 총 65편을 분석하였다. 분석은 분석기준에 따라 연도, 연구대상, 연구주제, 자연물매체 유형, 연구방법, 연구자 전공분야로 나누어 분석했으며, 자료는 빈도, 백분율에 의한 기술 통계를 이용하여 분석하였다. 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 자연물 매 체를 활용한 연구는 꾸준히 연구되어지다 2016년에 급격히 증가한 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 연구대상별 분석에서는 유․아동(장애아동)이 가장 높은 비율로 나타났다. 셋째, 연구내용에 대한 분석 결과 학습진로가 가장 높은 비율로 나타났다. 넷째, 자연물 매체 유형별 연구동 향은 정형 매체의 경우 연구주제 분석 비율과 동일한 것으로 수 있었다. 다섯째, 연구 방법 에서 연구유형은 양적연구(실험연구)가 가장 높은 비율을 나타냈으며, 연구설계는 실험․비 교 설계가, 주당회기는 주2회가 가장 많이 나타났다. 여섯째, 연구자의 전공분야는 유아교육 이 가장 큰 비율을 보였으며 심리상담(미술치료, 특수교육), 교육(초등, 미술교육)순으로 나 타났다. 이상의 결과를 통하여 본 연구는 자연물 매체를 이용한 효과적인 중재프로그램의 진행을 위한 근거 마련뿐만 아니라 후속연구의 방향성을 제시한데 그 의의가 있다. The purpose of this study is to understand the research trends of intervention programs using natural media. To do this, we analyzed 50 master 's theses, 2 doctoral theses, and thirteen theses (published in KCI) from 2008 to September 2017. The analysis was performed on the year, research subject, research content, type of natural medium, research methods, and research major fields according to the analysis criteria using the statistics based on frequency and percentage. The results of the study are as follows. First, the studies on natural object medium have been consistently studied without significant changes. It has recorded a steep increase in 2016. Second, in the analysis according to the research subjects, the highest rate was found for children with disabilities (children with disabilities). Third, the analysis of the research subject showed the highest percentage of learning path and artistic abilities. Fourth, natural structured medium based on the research subject could be identical with the ratio of the research subject analysis. Fifth, research methods were analyzed by dividing them into study types, study designs, weekly sessions and session times. Quantitative studies (experimental research) consisted of most of the studies in methodology. Experimental, specific design make up most of all papers in study design. Twice a week shows the highest rate in weekly sessions. Sixth, most of researcher's major fields is early childhood education, followed by psychological counseling (art therapy, special education) and education (elementary education, art education). The results of this study suggest that this study not only provides a basis for the effective intervention program using natural media, but also suggests the direction of the follow-up.

        • KCI등재

          재가 노인의 식습관

          임영미,김정숙 노인간호학회 2007 노인간호학회지 Vol.9 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the individual and health-related characteristics of eating habits in community dwelling elders in Korea. Method: A cross-sectional survey was done using a sample of 366 elders, over 65 years of age. from three metropolitan areas, three middle urban areas and one rural area. Based on a literature review, the Eating Behavior Scale (EBS) was developed, consisting of 11 yes/no responses (yes=1, no=0). EBS scores were calculated as the sum of responses. Demographic and health-related data were also obtained, Independent t-test and ANOVAs were used for data analysis. Results: Variables in education, spouse, religion, and living arrangement were found to significantly affect eating habits (p<.05) as were health perception, exercise, and smoking. (p<.05) Elders with higher education, practicing religion, and still living with their spouse had better eating habits, and elders with good perception of health, who exercised regularly, and who did not smoke also had better eating habits, Conclusions: These findings provide an understanding of eating habits of community dwelling elders, and will aid in the development of specific strategies for health promotion for those elders who have no spouse, live alone, have a low perception of health, and do not exercise, but smoke.

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