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This study is about a relationship karma andkle?a in the Abhidharmako?abh?sya. Like other abhidarma books, there are streams of thought through the system of dharmas in many ways. The Sarv?stiv?dins insisted on pr?pti and avij?apti theory in a real existent(dravyasat). The Sautr?ntikas say that the avij?apti does not really exist on as a substance; because it solely consists of not doing an action af-ter having undertaken not to do it; because one designates a thing which would exist by reason of past primary elements as avij?apti; now past dharmas no longer exist; and because avij?apti does not have the nature of r?pa; the nature of r?pa is r?pyate and since the avij?apti is not "susceptible of destruction"(apratigha), it cannot be r?pa. they did not accept the idea that all dharmas exist in the three time periods and maintained that there was no difference between the intrinsic nature of a dharma and its activities. Through karma andkle?a theories, we can think as a ability to enlightenment and our life aspects.
In this paper, we proposed a parallel algorithm based on Fuzzy hypercube network model for finding maximum matching in bipartite graphs. By using the technique of reducing the number of processors required while keeping the same time complexites, we use only n/log n Processor in solving these problems. The time complexities of our parallel algorithms finding maximum bipartite matching are o(n^1.5log n), where n is the number of vertices in the graph thus all parallel algorithm achieve the optimal speed ups.
AbstractIn this paper presented An Intelligent Token bus network communication controller. An Intelligent Token bus network controller is designed to be accessible directly to the common memory in the host's memory space so that a communication exeuctive to provide a real time multitasking environment.The primary feature of this an Intelligent Token Bus network controller is that the 2+1/2 bus architecture designed to support high speed parallel processing capability. In this paper presented An Intelligent Token bus network communication controller. An Intelligent Token bus network controller is designed to be accessible directly to the common memory in the host's memory space so that a communication exeuctive to provide a real time multitasking environment. The primary feature of this an Intelligent Token Bus network controller is that the 2+1/2 bus architecture designed to support high speed parallel processing capability.
EMU has functioned well since its launch in 1999. Under the single currency system, Member States are striving for economic accomplishment, pursuing moderate internal balance. Member States implement their macroeconomic policies in a coordinated way with EU institutions. Institutional approach-comparison of institutional structures and implementing mechanisms of economic policies- is focal points in the process of developing this study. This study contains the mechanisms of monetary and fiscal policy-coordination and their implementations of Euro Member States, emphasizing institutional comparison between euro area and the US. The comparison process points out the limitations of the Euro system. In the early part of this study, there are comparison between the EMU and the US Federal Reserve Banks. Foreign exchange rate policy comparison is included in the monetary part. In the second part, a comparison of fiscal policy mechanisms of Euro area and the US is made. The main findings are the US Federal Reserve Banks. Foreign exchange rate policy comparison is included in the monetary part. In the second part, a comparison of fiscal policy mechanisms of Euro area and the US is made. The main findings are the following; 1) European monetary policy mechanism is rather complicated in comparison with the Fed; 2) foreign exchange market interventions of the two system marks little difference; 3) the fiscal mechanism of the US is more uniform and specialized than the fiscal mechanism of Euro land, this is due to uniform and specialized than the fiscal mechanism of Euro land, this is due to the political weakness of EU.
Single crystalline hexagonal GaN films with AlN buffer layer were grown on Si(111) substrate using SiC intermediate layer by two-step growth method. In single-step growth, crystal quality and surface morphology were strongly depended on reactor pressure. Surface morphology was improved but crystal quality deteriorated at low pressure around 70 mbar. As reactor pressure increases to 100 mbar, crystal quality was improved but surface was rougher. From this result, we tried to grow GaN layer by two-step method to promote both crystal quality and surface morphology. Pressure is varied in the first-step growth form 70 mbar to 120 mbar. For the second-step growth the pressure was kept constant at 100 mbar. The pressure of first GaN epi-layer was optimized at 70 mbar. Crystal quality and Optical properties of GaN epi-layer strongly improved and crack density remarkably reduced by using two-step growth method.
Anxiety is one of the most common psychopathology that psychiatrists encounter everyday in their clinical practice. Nevertheless we lack clear understanding of anxiety as well as other related psychological phenomena such as fear, panic, and phobia. In everyday life, people use these concepts without clear distinction. Even in psychiatric or psychological field, professionals differ in their definition of these concepts that makes further confusion. Ecology is a study of the animal behaviors that can be regarded as a prototype of the human behaviors. In this regard, ecology is a very useful method to understand various human behaviors and emotions including anxiety, fear and phobia. In this article, author reviews classical ecological studies of anxiety and related phenomena. This will cast certain light on our understanding of human anxiety,
The distributed system have more benefit than single concentrate system. Therefore, P.C operating single task method not to operate is designed to function process management and interprocess communication functionary by designing the system program "C" to operate distributed processing those two function to add PC operating system (MS-DOS) is designed to PC network system to communicate among the users and to exchange the message and resource sharing.