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The objectives of this paper are to analyze the depressed regional development projects of central government, and to suggest some policy implications for improving these projects in the future. This paper has five sections. The first section introduces the research objectives and reviews related study literatures. In the second section, there are analyzes on depressed regional development projects that take in implementation and planning. The objects of analyzed projects are the Development Promotion Zone Project, The Interior Region Development Project, and The Island Development Project, The Regional Development Project for Adjacent to DMZ, The Local Small Town Development Project by central government. The third section considers problems tied to these projects at institutional, implemental, and environmental levels. Section four suggests important policy implications as follows: First, it needs to establish a new ministry office for regional development affairs that will be operated more effectively. Second, the project implementation should be transferred to an endogenous and bottom-up approach. Thud, the fund of central government could be supported by the differential system associated with performance levels of local government. In the forth item, an evaluation system should be employed to these projects for the prevent of budget waste. Lastly, there is need of cooperation and links with central - local, and local - local government. Our conclusion is that the depressed regional development projects implementation should reflect a more integrated approach by ministries in the government.
This article aims at examining the differences between the normative funeral institutions(including the funeral laws and ordinances) and the actual burial execution, and suggesting some reasonable managements of burial graves for effective national land use. The problem is that the current burial execution brings about national land reduction against the funeral law and ordinances. This article reviews the literature concerned, related laws, regulation of the local governments and foreign examples. Conventional burial execution has been used as a common form for funeral culture in Korea. But funeral form and culture is changing rapidly in Korea. Cremated Human Remains Deposition Room and family burial ground are in fashion in recent years. Cremated Human Remains Deposit Room and family burial ground allowing for many more sites in the same areas as conventional burials. Cremated Human Remains Deposit Room and family burial ground make maintenance of the cemetery will be easy, and the cemetery will have a minimum impact on the landscape and national land use. By the law, the local governments have to take measures(that is, cremation, Cremated Human Remains Deposit Room and natural burials) against national land reduction caused by increasement of burials. According to the law, the local governments also have to prepare for and expand funeral facilities to meet future demands. Besides, by the law a new grave has been given permission to bury body for 15 years in Korea. But most of people don"t know these regulations by the law. Few local governments equip the specific measures to observe these laws and ordinances and to expand burial facilities. In this lineage, this article suggests some measures to make both meet together, the actual funeral execution and the normative funeral institutions; changing people"s mind for funeral execution, developing and expanding various funeral facilities to meet the future demands.
스타형의 분산 컴퓨터 시스템에서는 중앙노드의 처리능력이 주변노드들의 처리 능 력에 비해 클 수가 있고 또 각 노드의 작업도착률은 서로 다를 수 있다. 따라서 작업 전송을 위한 송신자 기준과 수신자 기준의 선택에 따라 부하분산의 성능은 크게 달라 진다. 하지만 이종의 분산 컴퓨터 시스템에서 최적 송신자 및 수신자 기준의 설정은 매우 어렵다. 본 논문에서는 동적부하분산을 위하여 고정 임계값 대신에 노드의 평균 응답시간이나 작업의 기대응답시간과 같은 동적 기준을 사용하는 효율적인 위치 결정 부하 분산 정책을 제안한다. In a distributed computer system with star topology, the processing power of central node may be greater than that of peripheral nodes and the job arrival rate of each node may be different. The performance of load balancing may be very different according to the selection of sender criteria and receiver criteria for job transfer. But the optimal decision of sender and receiver criteria is very difficult in heterogeneous distributed computer systems. In this paper we propose effective destination decision policies using dynamic criteria such as mean job response time of a node and estimated response time of a job, instead of fixed threshold for dynamic load balancing.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation of regional economy and to propose the measures for vitalization of it. In order to achieve this objective, it covers theoretical review and statistical data. The results of this research are to take accounts of some measures on the vitalization of regional economy through local territorial assets development. Especially territorial assets, i.e., local festival, folk traditional culture, and folkloristic heritages and so on should be rehabilitated to extend economic utility. Finally, local residents need to participate more positively on the diverse programs for local economy vitalization.
The purpose of this paper attempts to device a analitical tool of the regional economic shifts by regional investment projects. For this purpose, this paper researched cost-benefit analysis and economic base theory, and attempts to integrate with above two theories. First, cost-benefit analysis is a generic term embracing a wide range of evaluative procedures which leads to a statement assessing costs and benefits relevant to project alternative. The evaluation of cost-benefit analysis is as following formula; B_t : benefit in t period C_t : cost in t period t : period r : the discount rate Second, the concept of the economic base theory is to identify, the income or employment terms, that the proportion of regional activity depends upon outer markets, and the proportion that is dependent upon intraregional markets. Therefore, this model is assumed to be the regions consisting of basic and nonbasic sector (or activity). Changes in the level of activity in the basic sector will result in changes by the nonbasic sector; the magnitude of these changes will be determined by the basic, nonbasic ratio and changes is total activity by the regional multiplier. The regional multiplier can be defined by as following formula. k = 1/1-g k : multiplier g : the ratio of nonbasic income to total income of region. And the total income can be defined by as following formula. Y_R : Total income of region Y_b : basic income Finally, NPV in cost-benefit analysis is equal to increment of total income (ΔY_R), and it can be divided basic income (ΔY_b) and nonbasic income (ΔY_n ). These can be written as follows; NPV = ΔY_R ΔY_R = ΔY_b+ΔY_n Therefore, regional multiplier can be induced as following formula. Now, we find that k is changed as much ΔY_n /Y_R' next year than this year. So, the shift of total income of region during the whole period of regional investment project is defined by as following formulas ∴ Y´_R = k_t·(Y_b+n·ΔY_b) (g´_t : g´ in t periods) (k_t : k in t periods) (Y´_R : Total income of region in t periods)