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        • KCI등재후보

          경락과 혈위는 무엇인가? - 경락과 혈위의 개념에 대한 의사학적 고찰

          인창식,고형균 대한의사학회 2005 醫史學 Vol.14 No.2

          Meridian and acupuncture point (MAP) is a core theory of acupuncture and essential building blocks of oriental medicine There still continue theoretic or experimental arguments and controversies on the origination or original concept of MAP without any definite approval or disapproval of a hypothesis The theory of MAP is an historic product and has never been outside of historic influences This study discusses the original concept of meridian and acupuncture point theory and its historical evolution based on the review of classic literatures on meridian including the mawangdui medical texts of Han dynasty The concept of MAP served as a empirical reference system in clinical settings irrespective of the anatomical entity of MAP 경맥개념의 발전 초기에 사지 원위부 맥동처 1곳과 두면/체간의 1곳을 잇는 선이 먼저 그려졌다 완과부의 맥동처를 본맥(本脈)으로 하고 두면이나 구간의 한 부위를 표맥(標脈)으로 하는 구심성 체계였다 32) 삼음삼양 혈위의 맥동을 살피고 일련의 병증을 그 맥동 변화에 따라 범주화하여 경맥병증의 개념이 나오고 경맥병증을 설명하는 체계로서 경맥의 순환노선이 설정되었으며 경맥 순행노선상의 병증에 대해 해당 맥동처에 폄석과 구법을 시술하여 치료를 하는 형태로 소박한 맥진/경맥 개념이 형성되었다 여기에서 『영추』의 맥진과 12경맥 경맥병증에 대한 침구치료가 형태를 갖추어 나왔던 것이다이렇게 발전해 가는 과정에는 고대의 해부학적 지식을 바탕으로 한 추론과 가설이 일부 역할을 담당했을 것이다 經' 개념이 주류를 이루기 전에 脈'의 개념에는 소박한 혈맥 맥동처라는 의미가 함께 포함되어 있었다 그리고 「사기 편작창공열전(史記 扁鵲倉公列傳)」 등 고대문헌의 해부관련 기록을 보면 옛 사람들이 어느 정도의 해부학적 지식을 갖추고 있었음을 알 수 있으며 실제로 혈맥과 신경은 사지에서 기본적으로 경맥처럼 종축방향의 주행을 갖고 있다

        • 음양균형의학으로서의 응용근신경학(AK) 개요

          인창식,Yin, Chang Shik 턱관절균형의학회 2017 턱관절균형의학회지 Vol.7 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Applied Kinesiology (AK) is an evaluation system on the functional balance and integration of the body. Functional aspects of the triad of health are evaluated through muscle testing to see if the balance and integration is in an optimal status or is influenced by a given environmental stimulation. Triad of health refers to the structural, chemical, and psychological aspects of the body. Muscle testing in AK is a functional neurological assessment of muscular response to a given environmental stimulation in a given individual. Meridian system and stomatognathic system as in TMJ balancing medicine serve as one of the theoretical basis of AK. This article reviews core concepts of AK, discusses yin-yang balance medicine perspectives and clinical applications of it.

        • KCI등재

          구안와사 후유증의 분포와 인식도에 대한 단면조사

          인창식,강미경,김종덕,홍장무,서동민,우현수,이현종,하지영,강중원,박상민,서병관,정인태,이상훈,고형균 大韓鍼灸學會 2003 대한침구의학회지 Vol.20 No.3

          Background : Sequelae symptoms of peripheral facial palsy include not only partial recovery of the paretic muscles but contracture, spasm, synkinesis and atrophy which cause significant functional, esthetic, and psychosocial disturbances to the lives of patients. Objective : This study is to investigate the prevalence, time of onset, patient's self assessment on the degree of understanding of the sequelae and the association of the degree of palsy with the appearance of sequelae. Methods : 106 patients with peripheral facial palsy were sequentially interviewed and examined. Results : 29 patients(27.4%) of 106 patients showed sequelae symptoms, of whom 19 patients(65.5%) showed sequelae symptoms during 4 to 6 months after the onset of palsy. The degree of understanding on the sequelae at the time of interview showed improvement compared to that at the time of first consultation to any physician but not to reach an sufficient understanding. No relation between the degree of palsy and the appearance of sequelae was observed.

        • KCI등재후보

          한약과 양약의 개념 설정 어떻게 할 것인가?

          인창식,이승우,김윤경,Yin, Chang Shik,Lee, Seung-Woo,Kim, Yun-Kyung 대한한의학방제학회 2012 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.20 No.2

          Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find a reasonable solution to a current status of drug classification between the drugs of western conventional (allopathic) medicine and Korean medicine. A clear and distinct concept on the drugs of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine based on reasonable concepts and broad consensus is a pressing issue in Korea, and will facilitate the development of herbal medicinal products and pharmaceutical industry. Methods : Considering the issue of drug classification from domestic and international regulations, we reviewed the current Drug Law of Korea and China, Guidance for Industry, Botanical Drug Products of USA, Directive 2004/24/EC of the European parliament and of the council. Results : In Korea, the drug classification of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine is quite vague even though differential licensure system is enforced for the clinicians of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine field. According to the definition in the Drug Law, the scope of Korean medicine drug is so broad that even a drug made of single-compound material, as well as herbal extract of crude mixture, is regarded as a drug of Korean medicine, as long as the material may be separated from medicinal herbs, animal tissues, or mineral resources. Only new compound not found in natural resources are outside of the scope of Korean medicine drug. In USA and EU, medicinal products manufactured from herbs are approved by separate regulations for the herbs with special waivers. In China, the category of new medicine and the definition of allopathic medicine and traditional chinese medicine are clearly specified and classified. Conclusions : As medicines are validated therapeutic materials for efficacy and toxicity, we suggest that generally the concept of conventional medicines is based on a single compound that has been synthesized and individually validated and that of Korean medicines is based on a compound extracted from natural materials or a complex of compounds that has been validated as a whole in its totality.

        • KCI등재

          한국 참구의학의 체질관점과 실용적 통합치료 의학으로서의 특징

          인창식,채윤병,고형균,이혜정,전세일,박히준,Yin, Chang-Shik,Chae, Youn-Byung,Koh, Hyeong-Gyun,Lee, Hye-Jung,Chun, Sae-Il,Park, Hi-Joon 경락경혈학회 2006 Korean Journal of Acupuncture Vol.23 No.2

          Objectives: Although Korean Acupuncture (KA) in Korean Medicine (KM) shares its origins with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), it has made its own contribution to the field of acupuncture and general medicine. This study reviews characteristics of KA. Methods: Representative theories of KA were reviewed in light of a constitutionally individualized and practically integrated approach. Individualized approach in KA is based on constitutional energy traits recognized in Saam, Taegeuk, and Eight Constitution acupuncture theories. New practically integrated therapeutic modalities, such as herbal, and bee venom acupunctures, have also been developed in KA. Results: As a form of natural medicine, KA along with KM put emphasis on the vitality and self-correcting mechanism of an individual, which led to the refinement of constitutional approach. KA along with KM theories features a summarized understanding and practical application of integrated therapeutics, which produced creative development of new modalities. Conclusions: KA is expected to make significant contributions to the individualized and practical medicine, based on basic research and clinical trials.

        • FCST의 초기 역사

          인창식,이영준,Yin, Chang Shik,Lee, Young-Jun 턱관절균형의학회 2011 턱관절균형의학회지 Vol.1 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Objectives: Functional Cerebrospinal Therapy (FCST) is a rather new physiologic therapeutics. It has passed about two decades since its basic idea was founded. This study briefly reviewed its early history. Methods: The first FCST patient was a stroke patient in the year 1992. Basic ideas of FCST was devised one by one and later developed into a systematic clinical application. The first official lecture was held in the year 2004. Yinyang balance in the meridian-system-based network over the whole body was a mainstay idea. Results: As other stories on newly-developed therapeutics, there was an effort to make a breakthrough for difficult clinical problems, and followed by a creative initial idea along with incessant refinement in the early history of FCST. Conclusions: Patient-centered approaches was a mainspring in the development and refinement of FCST. History of FCST hereafter may well follow the trace.

        • FCST의 음양균형장치를 활용한 언어장애 증례보고

          인창식,이영준,Yin, Chang Shik,Lee, Young-Jun 턱관절균형의학회 2011 턱관절균형의학회지 Vol.1 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Objectives: Therapeutic effect of Yinyang Balancing Appliance of functional cerebrospinal therapy (FCST) for meridian and neurologic yinyang balance was observed in dysarthria with dystonia cases. Methods: Two dysarthria with dystonia cases were managed with the Yinyang Balancing Appliance on temporomandibular joint (TMJ), combined with acupuncture. Clinical outcome measurement was based on subjective measures and clinical observations. Results: The patients showed positive changes even after the initial treatment and this effect maintained over the follow-up period. Conclusions: Although it is not clear the effect is a sustaining or temporary in its nature, a positive effect was observed and further clinical and biological research on FCST is expected.

        • KCI등재

          돈황의서에 나타난 삼음삼양 혈위에 나타난 고찰

          인창식,강미경,이상훈,고형균 대한침구학회 2002 대한침구의학회지 Vol.19 No.4

          Background : There are many books on ancient medicine among the Dunhuang books found at a cave in Dunhuang, most of which were transcribed during Tang dynasty, reflecting ancient theories and practices. Objective and Material : To investigate the usage of the terms of three pairs of yin and yang as acupoint names, 4 books on acupuncture and moxibustion among Dunhuang books were examined. Results and Conclusion : Investigation of the usage of the terms of three pairs of yin and yang in the scripts and illustrations of 4 Dunhuang books which are also the names of 12 main meridians revealed that the terms of three pairs of yin and yang were used as the names of specific acupoints so called three pairs of yin and yang acupoints. The significance of the terms of three pairs of yin and yang as the names of specific acupoints are discussed focusing on the early form and development of meridian theory.

        • 음양균형의학으로서의 기능신경학(FN) 개요

          인창식,Yin, Chang Shik 턱관절균형의학회 2017 턱관절균형의학회지 Vol.7 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Functional neurology is a function-oriented clinical neurology with a focus on the viability, functionality, and balance of the neurologic system, which may be considered as a form of yin-yang balance medicine like Korean medicine. While it incorporates knowledge systems such as developmental neurology, neuropsychology, comparative neuroanatomy, and others, it views the neurologic system and the body as an individually different, self-regulating mechanism with the help of the active balancing mechanism within the nervous system and between the individual and the environment, which view is at the core of its effort to improve and serve the human dignity based on the best possible functioning nervous system. This article reviews core concepts of the functional neurology, discusses yin-yang balance medicine perspectives and clinical applications of it.

        • 중풍(中風) 편마비환자(偏痲痺患者)의 견관절(肩關節) 동통(疼痛)에 대(對)한 봉독약침료법(蜂毒藥鍼療法)의 효과(效果)

          인창식,남상수,김용석,이재동,김창환,고형균,Yin, Chang-Shik,Nam, Sang-Soo,Kim, Yong-Suk,Lee, Jae-Dong,Kim, Chang-Hwan,Koh, Hyung-Kyun 대한약침학회 2000 Journal of pharmacopuncture Vol.3 No.2

          Hemiplegic shoulder pain(HSP) is one of the most frequent and difficult problems affecting poststroke hemiplegic patients. Honeybee venom acupuncture therapy(BVAT) is known for its pain relieving effects in arthralgia. To evaluate the effectiveness of BVAT on HSP, 24 patients were sequential1y allocated into BVA T treatment group and control group and monitored for 4 weeks at time interval of initial(T0), 1 week(T1), 2 weeks(T2) and 4 weeks(T4). In treatment group, 1:10000 honeybee venom solution 0.2㎖ was injected into acupoint(s) following Deqi three times a week. Kyonu(LI15) was used in the first week. Thereafter Kyonu(LI15) and Nosu(SI10) were used. Visual analogue scale of pain severity showed significant decrease in treatment group compared to control group at T2 and T4 evaluation. Painless passive range of motion of shoulder external rotation showed significant increase in treatment group compared to control group at T4 evaluation. Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment of upper limb motor function and Modified Ashworth scale of the spasticity of upper limb showed no difference between two groups. BVAT showed as an effective therapy in HSP and further extensive clinical studies are expected.

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