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      • KCI등재

        이규보(李奎報) 배율연구(排律硏究)(3) - 치사(致仕) 이후(以後)를 중심(中心)으로

        이희영 ( Lee¸ Hee-young ) 한국어문학국제학술포럼 2021 Journal of Korean Culture Vol.54 No.-

        본고는 致仕 이후 李奎報(1168-1241) 배율에서 보이는 작품세계의 양상을 확인하고자 하였다. 이 시기 이규보 배율은 자신의 서정을 읊는 내용보다는 교유의 수단으로 활용하는 경향성을 확인하게 한다. 그는 座主와 門生의 모임 落成式 등과 같은 자리 및 奉贈해야 하는 의례적 상황에서 배율을 짓고, 이를 통하여 중후한 정서를 드러내며 상대에 대한 존중의 의미를 전달하고자 하였다. 다음으로 조정에서 함께 일했던 동료 문인 및 동년들과 次韻相酬하는 과정에서 배율을 짓고, 그들과 진솔한 감정을 나누고자 하였다. 상대와 자신의 오래된 인연과 친분, 그리고 상황을 對仗의 형식으로 다양하게 보여주었다. 끝으로 지적 유희의 수단으로 배율을 활용하는 경향성을 확인하였다. 배율의 시체는 對仗을 연속하여 사용하기 때문에, 편폭이 길어지거나 回文體와 같은 형식의 추가는 상대에게 많은 부담을 준다. 노년에도 장편 회문 배율과 연작 배율의 창작은, 이규보의 作詩 과정이 몸의 어려움을 잊게 할 정도의 즐거움이었다고 할 수 있다. 이러한 동료들과 시를 주고받는 과정을 통하여 삶의 활력을 얻고 오락으로서 즐기는 지적 유희의 한 경향성을 확인할 수 있었다. 이규보가 전 생애에 걸쳐 作詩한 배율의 한시사적 의의는, 이러한 중국 배율시의 흐름을 인식한 가운데 이뤄져야 명확해질 것이다. 아울러 이를 통하여 한 걸음 더 나아가 고려시대 배율을 수용하고 활용하는 측면까지도 확인할 수 있을 것이다. 이에 대한 논의는 다음의 과제로 미룬다. This study set out to examine the patterns of Lee Gyu-bo(1168-1241)'s creative world in his metrical poems after his resignation. After resigning from office, Lee showed a tendency of creating metrical poems as a means of seeking social intercourse rather than expressing his feelings. He wrote metrical poems at gatherings of Jwajus and Munsaengs, events such as Nakseongsik, and ceremonial situations demanding Bongjeung, trying to reveal solemn emotions and convey his respect for others. Next, he also created metrical poems in the process of Chawoonsangsu with his colleague literary men and fellows that he worked with at the royal court, trying to share honest feelings with them. He exhibited his long relationships, closeness and situations with others in various forms of Daejang. Finally, Lee had a tendency of using metrical poetry as a means of intellectual play. Since the poetic style of metric poems uses Daejang consecutively, they become prolonged in Pyeonpok or impose a huge burden on others through the addition of Hoimunche. Lee continued to write long Hoimuns and metrical poems and even series of metrical poems in old age, which indicates that he found enough joy in the process of writing a poem to forget about his physical difficulties. The findings of the study confirm Lee's tendency of getting the vitality of life and enjoying intellectual play as entertainment by exchanging poems with his colleagues.

      • KCI등재

        이규보(李奎報) 배율연구(排律硏究)(2) -관인활동(官人活動) 시기(時期)를 중심(中心)으로-

        이희영 ( Lee Hee Young ) 한국어문학국제학술포럼 2020 Journal of Korean Culture Vol.48 No.-

        본고는 이규보 생애에 걸친 배율을 연구하는 목적의 일환으로 관인활동 시기 배율 창작의 양상을 살펴보고자 하였다. 이 시기에 이규보는 높은 직위의 관인들과 교유하면서 일어나는 의례적인 상황과 좌천이라는 불리한 상황 속에서 벗어나기 위하여 奉贈의 배율을 짓기도 하였다. 이것은 대상과 목적이 뚜렷한 상황에서 격식을 지키면서도 정중하게 자신의 의사를 전달할 수 있는 배율이 지니는 詩體의 장점을 활용한 것이라고 할 수 있다. 다음으로 이 시기 이규보는 題詠·詠物·戲作에서 배율을 활용하면서 주제의 다변화를 추구하였다. 이것은 배율의 운용이 제한된 주제와 특정한 환경에서 벗어났음을 의미한다. 이를 통해서 이규보 詩作의 성숙함이 일정한 경지에 도달하였음을 확인하게 한다. 끝으로 이 시기 이규보가 다양한 일상에서 배율을 활용하였음을 확인하였다. 이를 통하여 이규보가 배율을 개인의 영역 어디에서나 필요에 따라 선택할 수 있는 詩體로 인식했다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 창작의 바탕에는 杜甫로부터 시작하여 白居易에 이르기까지 배율을 궁정문학의 틀 안에서 벗어나 일상의 詩體로 활용한 前人들의 흐름을 충실히 익힌 데 있다고 할 수 있다. This study set out to investigate the creative patterns of Baeyul by Lee Gyu-bo during the years of his positions in the government under the goal of understanding his Baeyul creations throughout his life. During the period, Lee created Baeyul works of Bongjeung to escape from the formal situations happening in exchanges with government officials in a high rank and his unfavorable condition of demotion, thus taking advantage of Baeyul's merits in the poetic style, which allow one to deliver his or her intention respectfully while keeping the formality in a situation of clear objects and goals. During the period, Lee also sought after the diversification of his topics, making use of Baeyul in Jeyeong, Yeongmul, and Heejak, which indicates that Baeyul was free in its operation from an environment of limited topics and certain environments. This shows that Lee's maturity in poetic creation reached a certain level. Finally, he also used Baeyul in various aspects of his daily life during the period, which shows that he regarded Baeyul as a poetic style that he could choose in every aspect of his life whenever it was required. At the root of his creations was his faithful acquisition of the flow among the poets of the previous generations from Du Fu to Bai Juyi who grew out of the old framework of court literature and used Baeyul as a daily poetic style.

      • KCI등재

        제안서 작성에서 문제 진술의 표현 전략 연구

        이희영(Lee, Hee-Young) 한국어문학회 2017 語文學 Vol.0 No.137

        The purpose of this study is to suggest the strategies of writing a problem statement adequate to a form of a proposal. Writing a proposal is the main field of writing widely needed in many occupations. The most important part in the proposal is crafting a problem statement, since it is the gist of the proposal, conveying the significance of suggestions, methods of operation, expected effects, and the solution. In practice, I offered two lectures for students and introduced how to write a proposal. After the lectures, about 40 undergraduate students developed complete proposal drafts. In assessing the problem statements in the proposal drafts, I located the four different types of major flaws. First, students tended to immediately find the solution relying on their own feelings and experiences, rather than having a good grasp of the problematic situation. Second, the problems were addressed in ambiguous way. Third, the problem statements were spread out in many parts of proposals not placed in the beginning. Fourth, some proposals were marred with the inconsistence between a problem and the solution. As a way to improve the writing skills, this article proposes a model of RFP (Request For Proposal) and introduces the use of a self-checklist consisting of questions. The employment of these strategies in the proposal writing brings improvement in the quality of problem statements, and this study concludes that the use of RFP and a self-checklist help a writer to be equipped with a comprehensive understanding of the form and rhetorics of proposal writing.

      • KCI등재후보

        탑승자 교통사고에서 경추손상 판단을 위한 중증도 요인 분석

        이희영,육현,공준석,강찬영,성실,이정훈,김호중,김상철,추연일,전혁진,박종찬,최지훈,이강현,Lee, Hee Young,Youk, Hyun,Kong, Joon Seok,Kang, Chan Young,Sung, Sil,Lee, Jung Hun,Kim, Ho Jung,Kim, Sang Chul,Choo, Yeon Il,Jeon, Hyeok Jin,Park, Jon 한국자동차안전학회 2018 자동차안전학회지 Vol.10 No.3

        It was a pilot study for developing an algorithm to determine the presence or absence of cervical spine injury by analyzing the severity factor of the patients in motor vehicle occupant accidents. From August 2012 to October 2016, we used the KIDAS database, called as Korean In-Depth Accident Study database, collected from three regional emergency centers. We analyzed the general characteristics with several factors. Moreover, cervical spine injury patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 for from Quebec Task Force (hereinafter 'QTF') grade 0 to 1, and group 2 for from QTF grade 2 to 4. The score was assigned according to the distribution ratio of cervical spine injured patients compared to the total injured patients, and the cut-off value was derived from the total score by summation of the assigned score of each factors. 987 patients (53.0%) had no cervical spine injuries and 874 patients (47.0%) had cervical spine injuries. QTF grade 2 was found in 171 patients (9.2%) with musculoskeletal pain, QTF grade 3 was found in 38 patients (2.0%) with spinal cord injuries, and QTF grade 4 was found in 119 patients (6.4%) with dislocation or fracture, respectively. We selected the statistically significant factors, which could be affected the cervical spine injury, like the collision direction, the seating position, the deformation extent, the vehicle type and the frontal airbag deployment. Total score, summation of the assigned each factors, 10 was presented as a cut-off value to determine the cervical spine injury. In this study, it was meaningful as a pilot study to develop algorithms by selecting limited influence factors and proposing cut-off value to determine cervical spine injury. However, since the number of data samples was too small, additional data collection and influencing factor analysis should be performed to develop a more delicate algorithm.

      • KCI등재

        자동차 교통사고 시 에어백에 의한 안면부 손상특성

        이희영,이강현,이정훈,성실,강찬영,김호중,김상철,윤영한,Lee, Hee-Young,Lee, Kang-Hyun,Lee, Jung-Hun,Sung, Sil,Kang, Chan-Young,Kim, Ho-Jung,Kim, Sang-Chul,Youn, Young-Han 한국자동차안전학회 2016 자동차안전학회지 Vol.8 No.3

        The purpose of this study is to evaluate the injury mechanism of facial injury related to an air-bag's deployment in occupant motor vehicle accident (MVA) by using Hospital Information System (HIS) and reconstruction program, based on the materials related to motor vehicle accidents. Among patients who visited the emergency department of Wonju Severance Christian Hospital due to motor vehicle accidents from August 2012 to February 2014, we collected data on patients with agreement for taking the damaged vehicle's photos. After obtaining the verbal consent from the patient, we asked about the cause of the accident, information on vehicle involved in the accident, and the location of car repair shop. The photos of the damaged vehicle were taken on the basis of front, rear, left side and right side. Damage to the vehicle was presented using the CDC code by analytical study of photo-images of the damaged vehicle, and a trauma score was used for medical examination of the severity of the patient's injury. Among the 309 patients with agreement for an investigation, thirty five (11.3 %) were the severe who had ISS over 15. And also, sixteen (5.2%) derived from the reconstructed data (maximum collision energy, maximum acceleration, delta V) by PC-Crash. As a result, ISS including the facial injuries was affected by the condition. It was high when the number of crash extent, the safety belt was not fastened, and the seating position of occupant and the direction of collision is same. For accurate analysis of the relationship between occupant injury and vehicle damage in MVAs, build-up of an in-depth database through carrying out various policies for motor vehicle accidents is necessary for sure.

      • KCI등재

        119 구급대원의 법의학 지식에 대한 연구

        이희영,문준동,Lee, Hee-Young,Moon, Jun-Dong 한국응급구조학회 2019 한국응급구조학회지 Vol.23 No.2

        Purpose: It is crucial that 119 emergency medical technician (EMT) have adequate knowledge regarding forensic science. This study aimed to assess the forensic knowledge of EMTs in the Republic of Korea. Methods: This study was conducted on EMTs of five fire stations in D metropolitan city between August 6 and August 13, 2018. A questionnaire consisting of items on crime-related incident recognition (i.e., mechanical asphyxiation, trauma, sex crimes, and child abuse), forensic evidence management (i.e., evidence collection, preservation, and recording) was administered to the participants. Finally, 119 questionnaires were analyzed. Results: The ratio of correct answers for crime-related incidents recognition was 55.82%, which was lower than that for forensic evidence management(84.5%). In particular, the scores for the type of neck compression(16.5%) and wound assessment(44.0%) were low. The percentage of correct answers for forensic evidence management was 78.4% for evidence collection, 84.4% for evidence preservation, and 90.6% for evidence recording. Previous forensic education experience was not a significant variable. Conclusion: Specific and practical forensic science education on perception of crime-related incident, including asphyxia and wound identification, and forensic evidence collection is needed.

      • 자가 슬괵건과 동종 전경골건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 임상적 결과 비교

        이희영,최철준,최종혁,Lee, Hee-Young,Choi, Chul-Jun,Choi, Chong-Hyuk 대한정형외과스포츠의학회 2009 대한정형외과스포츠의학회지 Vol.8 No.2

        목적: 자가 슬괵건과 동종 전경골건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 결과를 비교하고자 한다. 대상 및 방법: 2006년 1월부터 2007년 6월까지 자가 슬괵건과 동종 전경골건을 이용하여 전방 십자 인대 재건술을 시행 받은 환자 중 최소 24개월 이상 추시가 가능하였던 68예를 대상으로 하였다. 36예는 동종 전경골건을 이용하였고 32예는 자가 슬괵건을 이용하였다. 수술 전과 최종 추시 시 이학적 검사, Telos 기구와 KT-2000 arthrometer를 이용하여 두 군을 비교하였고, 주관적 평가로 Lysholm 점수를 사용하였다. 결과: 이식물의 평균 두께는 동종 전경골건에서 9.1(8.0~10.0)mm였으며, 자가 슬괵건에서는 8.0(7.0~9.0)mm였다. 모든 예에서 135도 이상의 관절 운동 범위를 보였으며, 합병증은 관찰되지 않았고 재수술을 요한 경우도 없었다. 수술 전과 최종 추시에서 Telos 스트레스 방사선 검사상에서 환측과 건측의 전방 전위 차이는 동종 전경골건 군은 평균 $7.4{\pm}1.2$ mm에서 $2.3{\pm}1.3$ mm로, 자가 슬괵건 군은 $7.3{\pm}1.0$ mm에서 $2.4{\pm}1.1$ mm로, 두 군 모두 통계적으로 유의하게 향상되었으며(p=0.000), 두 군 간 차이는 없었다(p=0.569). Lysholm 슬관절 점수는 동종 전경골건 군은 $72.3{\pm}3.5$점에서 $91.6{\pm}3.3$점으로, 자가 슬괵건 군은 $72.6{\pm}3.4$점에서 $92.3{\pm}3.5$점으로, 두 군 모두에서 통계적으로 유의하게 향상되었고(p=0.000), 두 군 사이에 차이는 없었다(p=0.425). 결론: 동종 전경골건과 자가 슬괵건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 모두 양호한 임상적 결과를 얻었으며, 두 군 사이에 유의한 차이는 없었다. 동종 전경골건과 자가 슬괵건 모두 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 적절한 이식물로 고려될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical results of ACL reconstruction between two groups using hamstring tendon autograft and tibialis anterior tendon allograft. Materials and Methods: Between January 2006 and June 2007, we analyzed 68 cases of ACL reconstruction, 32 cases using hamstring tendon autograft and 36 cases using tibialis anterior tendon allograft, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months. For the clinical evaluation, we evaluated the Lysholm score, anterior laxity by Telos device and KT-2000 arthrometer. Results: The mean diameter of graft were 8.0 mm (7.0~9.0 mm) in autograft group and 9.1 mm (8.0~10.0 mm) in allograft group. In all cases, the range of motion was above 135 degrees. The average side to side difference in Telos stress test decreased from $7.3{\pm}1.0$ mm to $2.4{\pm}1.1$ mm in autograft group and from $7.4{\pm}1.2$ mm to $2.3{\pm}1.3$ mm in allograft group. The average Lysholm knee score improved from $72.6{\pm}3.4$ to $92.3{\pm}3.5$ in autograft group and from $72.3{\pm}3.5$ to $91.6{\pm}3.3$ in allograft group. There was no significant difference between two groups in clinical results. Conclusion: Both hamstring tendon autograft and tibialis anterior tendon allograft groups showed satisfactory clinical results, with no significant difference in outcomes between the groups. We suggest that both hamstring tendon autograft and tibialis anterior tendon allograft will be considered as acceptable graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

      • 범용 마이크로콘트롤러 실습장비를 위한 입출력 핀배열 및 주변장치 모듈의 표준화에 관한 연구

        이희영,김재영,Lee, Hee-Yeong,Kim, Jai-Young 한국컴퓨터산업학회 2007 컴퓨터産業敎育學會論文誌 Vol.8 No.4

        Many kinds of microcontrollers such as 8051, PIC16 and Atmega series are used for the automatic control system, home appliances and communication equipments manufacturing. It is very important to understand the basic operational principles of microcontrollers and their design concepts. There are many kinds of educational microcontroller trainers and also they are designed and assembled very complicatedly. For the students or developers, it is very difficult to catch the basic operation schemes and apply the techniques to the control system. And also it requires much cost and time for the various kinds of trainers purchasing. In this paper, standardization of pins layout and peripheral modules for the general microcontroller usage was introduced and tested with 89C2051, 89C51, PIC16F84, PIC16F877, Atmega8535 and Atmega128, etc. As a result of test, it was found that saving the cost and time using this suggested device was possible. And also it was very effective way to understand microcontroller design and programming techniques.

      • KCI등재

        불요신호 특성이 우수한 다기능레이더 신호처리기 개발

        이희영,Lee, Hee-Young 한국군사과학기술학회 2010 한국군사과학기술학회지 Vol.13 No.1

        The multi-function radar can detect and track the low RCS targets. For this purpose the multi-function radar uses the pulse train waveform. because this waveform has high dynamic range and good SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio). But the spurious signals can also be detected by processing the pulse train waveform. Thus the multi-function radar signal processor must have the high SFDR(Spurious Free Dynamic Range). This paper describes the development of the multi-function radar signal processor having the high SFDR.

      • KCI등재

        Lipopolysaccharide가 파골세포 전구세포의 이동에 미치는 영향

        이희영,이대실,차정헌,유윤정,Lee, Hee-Young,Lee, Dae-Sil,Cha, Jeong-Heon,Yoo, Yun-Jung 대한치주과학회 2007 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.37 No.1

        파골세포에 의한 골흡수는 1) 혈관을 통한 파골세포 전구세포의 골표면 이동 및 2) 골표면에서 파골세포 전구세포로부터 파골세포 분화 두 단계를 거쳐 일어난다. Stromal cell derived factor $(SDF)-1{\alpha}$ 는 파골세포 전구세포의 화학주성인자이며 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9는 파골세포 전구세포의 이동에 관여하는 단백 분해효소이다. 파골세포 전구세포의 골표면 이동에 있어서 LPS의 역할을 규명하기 위하여 E. coli 및 Actinobacillus actinomycetecomitans LPS의 1) 파골세포 전구세포 유도능, 2) LPS에 의한 파골세포 전구세포의 이동에 있어서 MMP 및 $SDF-1{\alpha}$ 의 관련성을 평가하였다. LPS에 의한 차골세포 전구세포의 RAW 세포의 이동은 matrigel 또는 type I collagen을 도포한 transwell을 이용하여 평가하였으며 MMP-9 및 $SDF-1{\alpha}$ 의 발현은 RT=PCR 또는 ELISA로 평가하였다. 각 세균의 LPS는 matrigel 또는 type I collagen을 통한 파골세포 전구세포의 이동을 증가시켰다. MMP 억제제는 각 세균의 LPS에 의한 파골세포 전구세포의 이동을 억제하였다. LPS는 파골세포 전구세포의 MMP-9의 발현을 증가시켰다. 각 세균의 LPS는 마우스 두개골에서 분리한 조골세포의 $SDF-1{\alpha}$ 의 발현을 증가시켰다. $SDF-1{\alpha}$ 을 함유한 LPS 처리 조골세포 배양상층액은 파골세포 전구세포의 이동을 증가시켰으며 anti $SDF-1{\alpha}$ Ab는 LPS처리 세포 배양상층액에 의한 파골세포 전구세포의 이동을 억제하였다. 이들 결과는 LPS가 파골세포 전구세포에서는 MMP-9을 조골세포에서는 $SDF-1{\alpha}$ 의 발현을 증가시켜 파골세포 전구세포의 이동을 촉진 시킬 수 있음을 시사한다.

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