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        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Salmonella gallinarum 분리주로부터 추출한 세포외막 단백질의 닭에 대한 면역원성

          이희수,김수재,김기석,모인필,우용구,권용국,김태종,Lee, Hee-soo,Kim, Soon-jae,Kim, Ki-seuk,Mo, In-pil,Woo, Yong-ku,Kwon, Yong-kuk,Kim, Tae-jong 대한수의학회 1997 大韓獸醫學會誌 Vol.37 No.3

          Fowl typhoid caused by Salmonella gallinarum has increased dramatically since 1992 and has caused a great economic losses in chicken industry by characterizing with high mortality. In these studies, we investigated the immunogenicity and protectivity in chickens which were immunized with outer membrane protein(OMP) extracted from isolates of S gallinarum against challenge with live microorganism. Outer membrane proteins were composed of various sizes of molecular weight including 14K, 22K, 31K, 36K, 40K and 55K and the most of them responded strongly against rabbit antisera in immunoblot analysis. The chickens vaccinated with OMP or vaccinated with whole-cell combined with OMP($200{\mu}g$/chickens) complex showed higher delayed type hypersensitivity(DTH) response than that of whole-cell vaccinated group. The protective rates of OMP or whole-cell combined with OMP complex group against challenge of S gallinarum were higher (above 75%) than those (45~50%) of whole-cell vaccinated group. All vaccines were safe and the body weight-gains of all vaccinated groups were not significantly different (p<0.05) from those of nonvaccinated control group. In vitro tests, OMP stimulated both the proliferation of lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes, and OMP-induced lymphocyte proliferation was higher in the cells of the immunized chickens with OMP than in those from the control chickens.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          국내 분리주 Salmonella gallinarum의 닭에 대한 병원성

          이희수,김순재,김기석,모인필,김태종,Lee, Hee-soo,Kim, Soon-jae,Kim, Ki-seuk,Mo, In-pil,Kim, Tae-jong 대한수의학회 1997 大韓獸醫學會誌 Vol.37 No.3

          Fowl typhoid(FT) caused by Salmonella gallinarum is an infectious, egg-transmitted disease and characterized by swollen bronze liver, greenish-yellow diarrhea and high mortality in growing and adult chickens. Since 1992 the outbreak of FT has been increased. Several problems have been occurred such as absence of appropriate vaccines and lack of useful therapeutic methods. In these studies we investigated the pathogenicity of S gallinarum isolated in chickens. To compare the pathogenicity among the species of chickens, all chickens were challenged intramuscularly or orally with $1{\times}10^7$ CFU of S gallinarum. The brown-colored layers were more susceptible and white leghone chickens were more resistant than other species. In the brown layer chickens orally challenged, lethal doses ($LD_{50}$) of the isolates were inoculated at 1 day, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks old chickens with amount of $10^{4.2}$, $10^{4.7}$, $10^{7.0}$ and $10^{7.6}$ CFU, respectively. The chickens which were intramuscularly challenged with the less amount than $10^2$ CFU showed higher mortality than that of the chickens orally inoculated with same dose. Also, we investigated the recovery rates of bacteria from various organs of survival chickens which were challenged orally with $5{\times}l0^7$ CFU of S gallinarum. The bacteria was more frequently and isolated earlier from the liver and spleen than from any other ogans. In the pathogenicity test, the white-leghorn chickens which were known as resistant-strain against Salmonella were artificially immunosuppressed using bursectomy and/or dexamethasone treatment. Mortality of chickens with both bursectomized and treated with dexamethasone was higher(90%) than that of the control group(10%), the bursectomized chickens(10%) and the dexamethasone only treated group(20%). It was suggested that the protective mechanism in chickens against S gallinarum may be required both the functions of B-cells and T-cells.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          高壓下의 水熱反應에 依한 $CaO-SiO_2-H_2O$ 系 硬化體에 關한 基礎的 硏究

          이희수,Lee, Hee-Soo 대한화학회 1965 대한화학회지 Vol.9 No.4

          It is a fundamental study for the hardened bodies of $CaO-SiO_2-H_2O$ system to clear up various physical properties and structures of the products, using the Seosan quartz and $Ca(OH)_2$(C. P. grade) as raw materials. Various samples were obtained by varying $CaO/SiO_2$ mole ratio (0.3∼2.1) and hydrothermal conditions ($100∼220^{\circ}C$ and 2∼14hr.) within the given limit. It was found that tobermorite phase as hydrate is contained in the hardened bodies and that the development of crystal has a great influence on the strengths and other physical properties of hardened bodies.

        • KCI등재

          서울 이태원동 일대의 이슬람 타운화 과정에 관한 연구

          이희수 ( Hee Soo Lee ),윤금진 ( Keum Jin Yoon ),김현임 ( Hyeon Im Kim ),전영하 ( Young Ha June ) 한국이슬람학회 2008 한국이슬람학회논총 Vol.18 No.2

          Itaewon district is a unique place of daily life in Seoul. As the earliest multi-cultural space gathering Koreans and foreigners all the way, Itaewon have been windows to breathe global change and new fashion. Since the Korean Independence, in particular, with the establishment of US army base in Yongsan-gu, Itaewon became a place of entertainment for US army and shopping area of imported items for Koreans. Moreover with the opening of Seoul Central Mosque in Hannam-dong in 1976, Itaewon became more exciting area coexisting two different culture of America and Islam. As the place for shopping, tourism, entertainment, English speaking, Muslim meeting, disorder of night, the image of Itaewon was intensified. From 2000`s, we witnessed a dramatic change in Itaewon from American image culture to Islamic culture. The moving of US army base to other place and the huge influx of Muslims change the traditional function and image of Itaewon. Many bars and liquor shops are closed, instead Muslim restaurants and halal shops occupied the empty shops. Along the street of Itaewon Fire Station to Mosque, more than 20 Muslim shops opened and do dynamic business. Around Mosque, with new Muslim settlers from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Niigeria, and Indonesia, Muslim town is under establishment. These sudden changes, of course, make a great influence to native Korean settlers of and Korean visitors to Itaewon. As a melting pot of three different culture-Korean, American, Islamic, current situation and future prospect of Itaewon give extraordinary concern to many researchers. Through such anthropological approaches as intensive interview and participation observation, this article is designed to survey the reaction of Islamization process of Itaewon from three other parties-native settlers, immigrant Muslims, Korean visitors.

        • KCI우수등재

          호감도가 성과귀인에 미치는 영향

          이희수(Hee Soo Lee),이훈구(Hoon Koo Lee) 한국심리학회 1986 한국심리학회지 사회 및 성격 Vol.3 No.1

          본 연구는 상사가 부하직원에게 느끼는 호감도가 그 부하직원의 직무성과에 대한 귀인에 어떻게 영향을 미치는가를 규명하려는 것이다. 연세대학교에서 심리학 개론을 수강하는 1, 2학년 남학생 36명을 대상으로 2 ×2 완전 무선 요인 설계에 의하여 실험을 실시하였다. 이 실험에서는 피험자와 실험 협조자가 한 조가 되어 함께 실험에 참가하는데, 그 중 한 명은 상사의 역할을 하고(항상 피험자), 나머지 한 명은 부하직원의 역할을 하게 된다. 우선 성격 검사라고 칭한 호감도 조작단계에서 좋은 감정 혹은 나쁜 감정을 갖게 되도록 조작한 후에, 실험 협조자에게 교정 작업을 하게 하고, 피험자에게 그 작업 결과에 대해서 평가와 귀인을 하게 하였다. 이 실험의 가설은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 자신이 좋아하는 부하직원의 성공에 대해서는 외부귀인보다 내부귀인을 더 많이 시킨다. 둘째, 자신이 좋아하는 부하직원의 실패에 대해서는 내부귀인보다 외부귀인을 더 많이 시킨다. 세째, 자신이 싫어하는 부하직원의 성공에 대해서는 내부귀인보다 외부귀인을 더 많이 시킨다. 네째, 자신이 싫어하는 부하직원의 실패에 대해서는 외부귀인보다 내부귀인을 더 많이 시킨다. 이 실험의 결과는 가설 1,2,4는 강력히 지지되었고, 가설 3은 예상했던 것과는 반대 방향으로 나타났다. 이는 부하직원의 성과가 좋을 때보다는 좋지 않을 때 호감도의 영향을 더 많이 받을 것임을 시사한다. The present study investigates the influence of supervisors` likings or dislikings of subordinates on their causal attributions of subordinates` work performances. The experimental design of the study is two by two, liking or disliking and success or failure. The subjects of the study are 36 male students of Yon sei University taking an introductory psychology course and assigned randomly to one of the four experimental conditions. The task of subjects is to evaluate proofreadings of another subject(confederate). The liking or disliking between the confederate and the subject is manipulated by the confederate`s agreement or disagreement with the subject`s opinions on attitudinal issues which are introduced as a personality test to the subjects. The hypotheses of the present study are as follow. First, the supervisor will attribute the successes of the liked subordinate more internally. Second, in contrast, to the failures of the liked subordinate the supervisor will make more external attributions. Third, the supervisor will attribute the successes of the disliked subordinate more externally. Fourth, to the failures of the disliked subordinate the supervisor will make more internal attributions. The results strongly support the 1st, 2nd, and 4th hypotheses but not 3rd hypothesis.

        • KCI등재

          이슬람 전통 교육기관 마드라사의 사회적 역할과 역사적 변천

          이희수(Lee, Hee-Soo) 명지대학교 중동문제연구소 2014 중동문제연구 Vol.13 No.4

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This paper is focused on the social function and educational philosophy of the madrasah in the Muslim world from the Abbasid to the Ottoman period. Also it aims at supplying pivotal sources for comparative studies with “Seowon” of the Joseon dynasty in Korea which was a sanctuary and educational institute based on Confucian tenets. The Korean Seowon is now under preparation to be designated as the World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. The madrasah in the Muslim world in general means any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious, Muslim or non-Muslims and male or female. As a cultivating center of state elites, the madrasah functioned until the 20th century as a theological seminary and law school. In the contemporary Muslim world, however, it means an Islamic high school in many countries. Another important function of the madrasah is to admit orphans and poor children in order to provide them educational opportunity. Furthermore most madrasahs in non-Arab countries were open to female students who studied and were trained separately from the men. The curriculum of the madrasah mainly consists of teachings of Qurʾān, Ḥadīth, Tafsīr, Kalām, Fiqh, Falsafa, and Sharīʿah together with such secular subjects as genealogy, treatises of first aid, training of horse-riding, art of war, handwriting and calligraphy, athletics and martial arts. Overall, social life and the madrasah were closely linked. Contrary to the opinion of Bernard Lewis who insists that the madrasah in its classical form appears to date from the 11th century (Bernard Lewis 1993, 190), the first institute of madrasah education was established at Ṣafā Hill, where Prophet Muhammad was the teacher and the students were some of his followers. There are many historic madrasahs in Muslim world since the first era of Islamic advent. Established in 859, Jāmiʿ at al-Qarawīyīn in Morocco, is considered the oldest university in the world. Al-Azhar Mosque and Madrasah of Cairo in 959 might be the second one. Later it was much more like an organized college with a syllabus and timetable of study, a permanent faculty in receipt of stipends, and funds and facilities for student support (Bernard Lewis 1993, 190-191). The educational system well established in the Muslim world, transmitted to Europe and contributed to the higher educational development. However, after 9-11 western society tends to perceive the madrasah as the breeding ground of radicalism, terrorism and anti-Americanism. The west defines the madrasah as an Islamic religious school, now often Saudi-funded and teaching a most rigid interpretation of Islam, Wahhabism (Melissa Rossi 2008, 185). Madrasahs in the Muslim world, through a long history, have contributed a lot to education as“schools” and does not imply a political or religious affiliation, radical or otherwise.

        • KCI등재

          북아프리카 이슬람원리주의 세력의 형성과정과 정치세력화

          이희수 ( Lee Hee-soo ) 부산외국어대학교 지중해연구소 2016 지중해지역연구 Vol.18 No.4

          Islamic Fundamentalism in North Africa intensified in the late 20th century as a reaction to the humiliating experience of European colonialism and as a result sought answers in Islam, especially Islamic law, by rejecting Western ways. Specifically, the Northern African region has recently become a new cradle of the most active and powerful Muslim fundamentalist movements because the “Arab Spring” triggered a revolutionary tide against Arab tyrannies and spoiled bureaucracies that had frozen democracy and development. Most North African countries could not respond to strong social demands from the public for a number of reasons, such as the failure to recover from an economic decline, unemployment, extreme poverty, and a large percentage of educated but dissatisfied youth within the population. As a consequence, the revolution turned into a winter in Egypt, with new authoritarian governments. In Libya, governments attacked each other and their peoples in order to stay in power, and chaos took over. This outcome led to massive carnage, the destruction of whole countries, the displacement of millions, and the emergence of radical elements. Therefore, the region has rapidly been transformed from the expected newly established states to turbulent social chaos, by which such extreme fundamental Muslim groups as Daesh (IS) and Al-Murabitun have a dynamic platform to extend their own political ambitions. Consequently, further studies on the future prospect of democratization and social security in this region are necessary.

        • KCI등재

          Fathnāmah-i Sind(신드征服記)의 사료적 가치와 신라관련 부분의 분석

          이희수(Lee, Hee-Soo) 명지대학교 중동문제연구소 2012 중동문제연구 Vol.11 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The primary objective of preparing this article is to re-interpretate some of the Silla related parts of Fathnāmah-i Sind(The Arab Conquest of Sind), which are reported mainly on the authority of Abu al-Hasan Ali b. Muhammad al-Madā'ini(752~839) and then translated into Persian by Ali b. Hamid b. Abubakr Kufi in 1216. “The King of ‘Jazīrat al-Yaqūt (ﺕﻮﻗﺄﻴﻟﺃ ﺓﺮﻳﺰﺟ)(Island of Ruby)' himself had sent to Hajjaj(The Governor of Basra, Iraq), the orphan children and wives born in his territories. They were the family members of Muslim merchants who had died there, the king did so in order to establish close cordial relations.....” Fathnāmah-I Sind(FN) deals with earlier accounts and the final conquest of Sind led by the Arab commander, Muhammad b. Qasim. Besides this, the FN contains considerable information on geographical locations and close maritime relations between Iraq and the neighboring areas and beyond. Although Jazīrat al-Yaqūt, literally meaning “Island of Ruby” in FN is regarded as Serendib(Ceylon, modern Sri Lanka) in general by many medieval and modern historians, it is more likely Silla(Korean kingdom) of the early 8th century. Of course there are some obvious reasons for identifying Jazīrat al-Yaqūt as Ceylon, because the Arab merchants had frequented Ceylon from pre-Islamic times for trade and political relations. In addition, Ceylon has been a Jazīrat al-Yaqūt in its literal sense in so far as it was also a ruby producing island. But, rather, Biruni named Jazīrat al-Yaqūt not because of its rubies but because of the beauty of its women. Despite the above arguments, we should consider the fact that Madā'ini and his student Baladhuri who were the earliest and most trustworthy authorities on FN did not equate Jazīrat al-Yaqūt with Serendib(Ceylon). Moreover, Biruni,the well-known geographer of the medieval Islamic world, also discussed that Jazīrat al-Yaqūt is not related to Serendib, but is placed in the extreme east of the inhabited world. Furthermore supporting Biruni's geographical ideas, Ibn Khurdadhbih(886 died), Ibn Sa'id(1214~1286), Abu'l Fida(1273~1331), Ibn Rustah(914 died) and Al-Najdi(15th C.) who all mentioned Silla in their books had placed it ‘east of the equator’, ‘to the far east of the ocean’, ‘‘to the extreme end of China’, etc. We already know the plentiful manuscripts written in Arabic-Persian that show Muslims’ residence in Silla between the 9~16th centuries. Masu'di(957 died) significantly identified some of Muslims living in Silla as Iraqis. And recently Kushnameh, an ancient Persian epic described in detail the coming of the Persian royal families to Silla to make residence for a while and then they returned to Baghdad through sea routes. Taking all these facts into consideration, it safely can be said that the country name of Jazīrat al-Yaqūt in FN is Silla, not Ceylon.

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