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Objectives: The aim of this study was to suggest a method for training students majoring in dental hygiene with a sense of professionalism by identifying meta-cognition, efficient learning strategies, and self-directedness necessary to become a spontaneous, self-controlled learner. Methods: A survey was conducted on 316 students majoring in dental hygiene, and collected data were analyzed using SPSS, version 23.0. A post-hoc analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, and Duncan's multiple range test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationship among meta-cognition, learning strategy, and self-directedness. Results: The meta-cognition, learning strategy, and self-directedness scores of students majoring in dental hygiene were 3.25, 3.08, and 3.12, respectively. Meta-cognition was significant because the grade was lower, and the previous semester grade and major satisfaction were higher. Learning strategy was significant because the previous semester grade and major satisfaction were higher among general high school students. Self-directedness was significantly low in students whose self-conviction score was below 2.0 in terms of the previous semester grade and significantly high with high self-satisfaction. Conclusions: Instructors at the dental hygiene department should acknowledge the importance of meta-cognition, find various teaching methods to improve learning strategy, and encourage students to participate in class by enhancing self-directedness in learning.
본 연구에서는 치과위생사의 직무관련특성이 직무만족과 이직가능성에 미치는 영향요인을 알아보기 위해 서울, 인천, 경기 지역에 위치한 치과(병)의원을 편의 추출하여 이곳에 근무하는 297명의 치과위생사를 대상으로 자기기입식 설문조사를 하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 조사대상자의 일반적 특성과 직무관련특성을 알아본 결과 연령은 25~30세 미만이 가장 많았고, 미혼이 75.8%였다. 근무기관으로는 51.5%가 치과의원에 근무하고 있었으며 급여수준은 130~150만원이 23.4%로 가장 많았다. 인센티브제도는 55.3%가 없었고 44.7%가 있다고 응답하였다. 2. 일반적 특성과 직무관련특성에 따른 직무만족과 이직 가능성의 차이를 알아본 결과 연령 25~30세 이하와 미혼, 치과병원에서 근무하는 경우, 인센티브제도가 없는 경우 가 직무만족이 높은 것으로 나타났으며, 이직가능성은 기혼인 경우 네트워크 형태의 공동개원인 경우와 인센티브제도가 있는 경우 이직가능성이 높게 나타났다. 3. 직무관련특성과 직무만족, 이직가능성의 관련요인을 알아보기 위해 다중회귀분석을 시행한 결과 네트워크 형태인 공동개원인 경우 만족도가 낮아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 직무환경에서 원활한 환자순환과 의사소통이 잘 될수록 직무만족도가 높아지는 것으로 나타났다. 이직가능성으로는 근무기관이 대학병원인 경우 이직가능성이 높았으며 직원복지가 좋고 업무시간이 적절한 경우와 원활한 환자순환이 이루어질수록 이직가능성이 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 이상과 같이 치과위생사의 직무관련특성이 직무만족과 이직가능성에 영향을 미치는 요인을 알아본 결과 직무만족도에서는 근무기관과 직무환경, 이직가능성에서는 근무기관과 직무만족, 직무환경이라는 관련요인이 밝혀졌다. 따라서 직무만족도를 높이고 이직가능성을 낮추기 위해서는 치과 병·의원과 치과위생사 모두 근무기관의 환경을 효율적으로 개선하고자 하는 노력이 필요하다고 생각한다. The purpose of this study was to examine the job-related characteristics of dental hygienists affecting their job satisfaction and turnover possibility. The subjects in this study were 297 dental hygienists who worked in dental hospitals and clinics in the metropolitan area. The dental hygienists who worked for three to less than five years, who were unmarried and who didn`t benefit from any incentive systems expressed a greater satisfaction, and those who were married, whose workplaces were established jointly with other dental institutions in the form of a network and whose workplaces offered incentives were more likely to change their employment. As for influential factors for job satisfaction and turnover possibility, the respondents whose workplaces were established jointly with other dental institutions were less satisfied, and a larger number of patients and better communication led to higher satisfaction. Those who worked in general hospitals were more likely to change their employment, and better welfare benefits, more appropriate length of working hours and a larger number of patients led to lower turnover responsibility. The findings of the study ascertained that working environments were one of the factors to impact on job satisfaction and turnover possibility, and both of hospitals and dental hygienists should make an effort to improve working environments.
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of internal marketing on the job satisfaction and turnover intention of dental hygienists. A self-administered survey was conducted on the selected dental hygienists, and the statistical package SPSS 12.0 was employed to analyze the collected data. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The performance of internal marketing took place more often among the dental hygienists who belonged to the other workplaces. Those who had three to less than five years of experience at their current workplaces were more aware of the importance of education and training. 2. The dental hygienists who were aged between 26 and 35 and who belonged to the other workplaces and who had five to less than 10 years of experience in total expressed the best job satisfaction. And the strongest turnover intention was found among those who had one to less than three years of experience in total or at the current workplaces. 3. As a result of analyzing the correlation of those variables, better performance of internal marketing led to better job satisfaction, and better performance of internal marketing and higher job satisfaction led to less turnover intention. 4. The factors of internal marketing performance that exerted an influence on job satisfaction were communication and welfare benefits, and the variables that affected turnover intention were education/training and the reward system that belonged to the performance of internal marketing.
본 연구는 치위생과학회지의 질적 향상과 치위생 관련 연구의 보다 나은 발전을 모색하기 위해 2001년부터 2012년까지 발간된 치위생과학회지의 게재논문 총 548편을 조사하고 분석함으로써 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 논문의 연구설계에 의한 분석으로는 단면연구가 434편으로 가장 높게 조사되었고, 실험연구 100편, 2차 자료를 이용한 연구 38편, 기타 14편의 순으로 조사되었다. 실험논문을 제외한 434편의 논문 연구대상자를 살펴보면, 치과위생사 대상이 100편으로 가장 많았고, 치위생과 학생 대상이 82편, 치과 병ㆍ의원의 내원환자 대상이 52편, 일반인 대상이 39편, 초등학생 대상이 28편, 대학생 대상이 26편 순으로 조사되었다. 논문의 저자 수에 대한 분석에서는 2인이 206편으로 가장 많았고, 3인이 142편, 1인이 114편, 4인이 37편순으로 나타났다. 자료분석방법으로는 기술통계가 424회로 가장 많았고, t-test, ANOVA, X2 검정, 상관관계 순으로 조사되었으며, 그 밖의 분석방법으로 회귀분석, 비모수 검정관련 분석, 경로분석, 공분산분석, 구조방정식 등이 사용된 것으로 조사되었다. 연구주제 분류에 있어서는 구강건강행 동과학이 251편으로 가장 많았고, 임상치위생 123편, 기초 치위생 93편, 기타 35편, 치위생교육과정 26편, 치위생관리 20편 순으로 나타났다. 연구비 수혜여부에서는 548편의 논문 중 97편만이 연구비를 지원받았고, 년도 별로는 2012년이 31편으로 가장 많았으며, 2011년에 18편, 2009년에 13편순으로 조사되었다. 논문의 참고문헌 수는 평균 21.7편으로 국내 참고문헌 수 13.1편, 국외 참고문헌 수 8.6편이 인용되었음을 보여주었다. 또한 본 학회지의 자기인용 수준은 평균 1.26편으로 나타났다. 본 논문의 조사에 의하면 단면연구 외의 다른 연구 설계 논문들이 현저히 적은 것으로 나타났으며, 장애인이나 임산부 등의 특수집단을 대상으로 한 연구논문은 그 편수가 상당히 미비한 것으로 조사되었다. 따라서 단면연구 뿐 아니라 다양한 설계의 논문들이 쓰여져야 할 것이며 치위생 관련 활동이나 연구가 반드시 어느 특정한 대상을 위해서만이 아닌 모든 국민 전체가 대상이 되어야 하는 만큼 소외된 계층이나 특수 대상을 위한 연구 또한 활발히 이루어져야 할것으로 생각된다. This study analyzed 548 pieces of these, which were reported in the Journal of Dental Hygiene Science of having been published from 2001 to Vol. 12, No. 6 in 2012. In conclusion, as for analysis of research design, first, it was the largest in cross sectional research. Second, the research subjects of survey theses were higher in order of dental hygienist and dental hygiene student. Third, number of thesis authors was the largest in order of two persons and three persons. Fourth, statistical method was in order of descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Research theme was in order of dental health behavioral science and clinical dental hygiene. Fifth, as for research-expense benefit, only 17.7% was supported research funds. As a result of this study, there should be a research on thesis of diverse designs in the future. There is a need of being performed actively a research on alienated classer or special subjects as well as a research on activity related to dental hygiene.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the dental fear of dental patients during treatment. Methods : Statistical package PASW 18.0 WIN(USA) was used to analyzed the frequency and percentage of the general characteristics. T-test and one-way ANOVA were used. Results : Females tended to have more fear than male. The first visit to dental clinic was the most important fear factor. Most of the subjects did not receive regular dental checkup because of fear since entering elementary schools. Conclusions : In order to reduce dental fear, comfortable environments may be necessary for treatment.
본 연구는 치위생과 학생 147명을 대상으로 체격에 따른 치열궁 크기의 관련성을 조사하고자 실시하였다. 연구를 위해 설문지 작성과 치열궁 장·폭경 계측을 위한 인상채득이 동시에 실시되었으며, 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 1년 이내에 구강검진 경험이 있는 경우는 74.8%, 코로 숨을 쉬는 경우는 86.4%, 교정과 발치경험이 있는 경우는 각각 18.4%, 49.7%로 조사되었다. 정제된 음식은 94.6%가 좋아한다고 응답하였으며, 단단한 음식은 52.4%가 좋아한다고 응답하였다. 2. 치열궁 크기의 관련 요인에 따른 치열궁 장·폭경은 모든 변수가 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보이지는 못했다. 3. 체격에 따른 치열궁 장·폭경 중 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타낸 변수는 신장과 체중이었으며, 신장이 클수록 상악 치열궁 장경이 크게, 체중이 많이 나갈수록 하악 견치 간 폭경과 상악 구치간 폭경도 큰 것으로 나타났다. 4. 체중이 많이 나갈수록 상, 하악 견치간 폭경과 상, 하악 구치간 폭경이 약한 양의 상관관계를 보였으며, 상하악 치열궁 장경과 견치간 폭경, 구치간 폭경에서는 상악 구치간 폭경과 하악 구치간 폭경이 가장 높은 관련성을 보였다. 이상의 결과로 보아 체격요건 중 체중이 치열궁 형태에 영향을 주었다. 앞으로도 체격변화에 따른 치열궁의 변화를 지속적으로 조사함으로써 안정적인 교합과 구강건강을 위한 자료로 활용할 수 있도록 해야 할 것이다. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the physique of 147 dental hygiene students and the size of their dental arch. A survey was conducted, and impression taking was carried out at the same time to measure the arch length and width of the students. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. 74.8 percent of the students got a dental checkup over the past year. 86.4 percent breathed through the nose. 18.4 percent had ever received orthodontic treatment, and 49.7 percent had ever had their tooth extracted. 94.6 percent were fond of refined food, and 52.4 percent had a liking for hard food. 2. There were no statistically significant differences in arch length and width according to all the variables that related the size of dental arch. 3. Out of the physique variables, weight was identified as a variable to make a statistically significant difference to arch length and width. A heavier weight led to larger mandibular inter-canine width and larger maxillary inter-molar width. 4, A heavier weight had a weaker positive correlation to inter-canine width and inter-molar width. Arch length and width were most closely linked to maxillary inter-molar width and mandibular inter-molar width. The above-mentioned findings show that weight exerted an influence on the form of dental arch among the physique variables. In the future, sustained research efforts should be made to keep track of the relationship between the change of physique and the change of dental arch to improve the stability of occlusion and promote oral health.
The purpose of this study was to examine the size, form of dental arch and occlusion type in college students in our country and the relationship of the factors. The subjects in this study were 210 selected dental hygiene students. The collected data were analyzed by a statistical package PASW 18.0. When their size, form and occlusion of dental arch were analyzed, the inter-canine width of the maxillary was 34.38 mm, and theinter-first molar width was 52.05 mm. The canine depth was 8.60 mm, and the first molar depth was 28.69 mm. As for the mandibular, theinter-canine width was 26.42 mm, and the inter-first molar width was 44.83 mm. The canine depth was 5.54 mm, and the first molar depth was24.38 mm. Concerning the form of dental arch, the percentage of normal dental arch in the maxillary stood at 29.0, and that of crowding stood at 60.5. The percentage of spacing stood at 10.5. In the case of the mandibular, the percentage of normal dental arch stood at 29.0; crowding, 55.7; and spacing, 15.2. In relation to occlusion, the percentage of normal occlusion stood at 16.7. As to malocclusion, class I that accounted for55.7 was most common, and class II and class III respectively accounted for 20.5 and 7.1. When the size of dental arch was compared according to the form and occlusion of it, dental arch was largest (45.95 mm) in size when the form of dental arch in the inter-first molar width of the mandibularwas spacing. The size of dental arch was 44.73 mm when its form in the same region was normal, and that was 44.58 mm when its form in the same region was crowding (p=0.032). Regarding the relationship between the form and occlusion of dental arch, crowding was most common when there were class I, II and III of malocclusion both in the maxillary and mandibular.
This study is designed to determine elementary school students' experience of caries and to find out the actual condition of the students and the level of their knowledge of dental health. With this in mind. the researchers worked with a total of 282 sixth graders. coming to the following conclusions on the basis of the findings with the help of SPSSWIN 10.0. 1. The index of the subjects' experience of caries shows that the boys and the girls stood at 5.15 and 6.04 pieces, respectively. The lower the index of the subjects' experience of caries in permanent teeth was, the higher the educational level of their mothers was. 2. The survey on the relationship between the actual condition of dental care and the frequency of brushing teeth shows that 33.6 percent of the girls and 31.7 percent of the boys brushed their teeth more than three times a day and that 35.1 percent of the subjects frequently brushed their teeth in case their mother didn't have a job. 3. The survey on the relationship between dental caries and regular examinations shows that the girls(49.6%) got their teeth more examined than the boys(43.4%). The more educated their mothers were, the more regularly the subjects had their teeth examined. 4. The survey on the causes of caries indicates that the boys attributed their cariesto not brushing their teeth and that the girls ascribed their caries to eating sweets. There was a significant difference. 5. The survey on the level of the subjects' knowledge of dental health indicated that the boys and the girls stood at 4.15 and 4.31 points, respectively. There was a significant difference in the educational level of the subjects' mothers. Those who had educational background over a master's degree turned out to be the highest(4.46 points).