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A study on analysis that is according to types which the korean curriculum is reflected into textbook(2) -Based on the 7th Korean curriculum of 5th grade- 이 연구는 졸고 이창수(2005; 2007나)의 연장선에서 이루어졌다. 제 7차 교육과정에서는 교육과정을 설계도의 관점에서 보고 있으며, 교육과정 평가를 하도록 하고 있어 국어과 교육과정 평가 차원에서도 교육과정이 교과서에 얼마나 반영되었는지 따져 보아야 한다.제 7차 교육과정해설서와 교과서, 교사용 지도서를 서로 대조하여 분석한 결과, 반영 여부, 반영 방식, 반영 수준, 내용 변형 방식 등으로 유형을 범주화 할 수 있었고 문제점도 발견할 수 있었다. 분석 결과 앞선 연구와 비슷하게 5학년 교육과정과 교과서에서도 반영 여부, 반영 방식, 반영 수준, 변형 방식 등에 있어 영역별 내용별로 크게 차이가 났다. 이처럼 반영 여부, 방식과 수준에 관한 지침이나 규정이 있는 것도 아닌데, 영역별 내용별 심한 차이를 보이는 것은 제 7차 국어과 교육과정의 공통적인 문제일 가능성이 높다. 앞으로 이제까지 분석되지 않은 학년에 대한 분석이 이어져 종합적인 검토가 필요함을 알 수 있다.
Recently in Japan, It is changing of the recognition about the East sea that is the transportation and communication routes for freely the delivery of information between Japan and other areas. Also the importance are being raised up in culture exchanges among civilizations of the sea. This theory is also primitive and ancient Asian exchanges are giving increasing attention to. And the current perception of jomon-culture are demanding a fundamental review. Currently being discussed in Japan, the study of jomon culture has the following characteristics. That is not a lonely and poor in jomon culture, a culture based on the macroscopic viewpoint, but in a comprehensive look at the theory of jomon civilization. In addition, the movement to erect a new images of jomon culture remarkable. In Japan, As more the research of jomon culture increases, become relationship in the East sea rim. Therefore, future research achievements in Japan and the East Sea rim, including the comparative examination of the research results need to review. This results in studies in South Korea"s east coast native will be a great stimulant. Another trend that has gotten stronger the more attention it can be called the East sea rim.
This study reviews the record about the King Keitai that appeared in the ancient japanese literature, and searches whether there was any relationship between Echizen that is able to be seen as a base for the King Keitai and East Sea based on classic literature and archaeology. The King Keitai is very special in ancient japan and he had unique career in literature. In ‘Kojiki' and ‘Nihonshoki', that represents ancient japanese literature, his stronghold was in Echizen, and his force grew up in the region of western japan equivalent to korea of the east sea. After this King's period, in 6th century, Japan has developed lapidly and became a member of East Asian cultures and faced the new globalization. In this period, Japan had the turning point that lay the fountain of unified royal state. So, the record of King Keitai is the important research subject in ancient Korea-Japan relationship through the ancient history of Japan, in addition to the history of interchange of ancient east asia culture. Meanwhile, the result of excavation of archaeological relic equivalent to the period of ancient burial moundsin in 4-6th century in ancient ‘Echizen' area known as base of King Keitai in the literature highly changes the knowledge about ancient history and east coast area beyond the literature's limit. And lately continuously developing archaeological result sets up a chance to rediscover the image of King Keitai that could be passed carelessly if we only see the poor analysis of literature.
데이터 오류를 수정하여 데이터 자체의 품질을 향상시키는 노력은 조직 전체의 데이터 품질을 향상시키는데 한계가 있다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 최근에는 데이터 품질관리를 위한 프로세스의 성숙 수준을 높이려는 방법들이 적용되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 데이터 품질관리 성숙도 평가에 필요한 프로세스 도출 방안을 제시한다. 우선, 기존 소프트웨어 프로세스 성숙도 모델의 조사 및 분석을 통해 데이터 품질관리 프로세스 성숙도 평가에 필요한 요구 및 고려사항과 프로세스의 적용 가능 여부를 검토하였다. 그리고, 기존 데이터 품질관리 프로세스 모델의 특성을 분석 및 비교하였다. 이러한 검토 결과를 기반으로 하여 데이터 품질관리 성숙도 평가를 위한 프로세스 통합 프레임워크를 제시한다. 이 프레임워크는 핵심, 지원, 및 조직 영역의 프로세스로 구성된다.
Whole-genome sequencing of the wood-rotting fungus, Flammulina fennae, was carried out to identify carbohydrate- active enzymes (CAZymes). De novo genome assembly (31 kmer) of short reads by next-generation sequencing revealed a total genome length of 32,423,623 base pairs (39% GC). A total of 11,591 gene models in the assembled genome sequence of F. fennae were predicted by ab initio gene prediction using the AUGUSTUS tool. In a genome-wide comparison, 6,715 orthologous groups shared at least one gene with F. fennae and 10,667 (92%) of 11,591 genes for F. fennae proteins had orthologs among the Dikarya. Additionally, F. fennae contained 23 species-specific genes, of which 16 were paralogous. CAZyme identification and annotation revealed 513 CAZymes, including 82 auxiliary activities, 220 glycoside hydrolases, 85 glycosyltransferases, 20 polysaccharide lyases, 57 carbohydrate esterases, and 45 carbohydrate binding-modules in the F. fennae genome. The genome information of F. fennae increases the understanding of this basidiomycete fungus. CAZyme gene information will be useful for detailed studies of lignocellulosic biomass degradation for biotechnological and industrial applications.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to calculate regional contents in the exports of the major regional blocs to the world, Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership (TPP), and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), respectively, to find the backward trade linkages between them instead of normal forward linkages. Design/methodology/approach – To calculate “a region” content in intermediate and value-added exports, this paper uses OECD's inter-country input-output table (ICIOT), and tries to decompose the contents of trade. Using the information of ICIOT, Koopman et al. (2014) and Wang et al. (2013) decompose gross exports of a country's exports. Findings – TPP is a loosely tied bloc featured by openness to the Asia-Pacific region. Trade linkages between members are stronger in RCEP than those in TPP, particularly in the trade of intermediate goods. Trades in RCEP are closely connected to exports to TPP, but the opposite direction is not clear. Research limitations/implications – First of all, the recent base year of the data on value added in trade is 2011, which can be regarded as a little bit out of date. Therefore, it should be cautious in interpreting the results in that it may not reflect the characteristics of current trade. Second, this paper uses ICOIT instead of world input-output table. Practical implications – A large portion of trades in RCEP and TPP is triggered by a global production network (fragmentation, vertical specialization), different from traditional trade focusing on inter-industry trade or competition between countries. Thus, the formation of TPP or RCEP is predicted to stimulate trade of the other instead of discriminating nonmember countries. Social implications – In particular, the authors have special concern in the backward linkages between RCEP and TPP, the distinct characteristics of the two regional blocs and, finally, major countries' preferences of the one over the other and industrial conflicts toward TPP or RCEP even in an economy. Originality/value – Although this paper uses the approach by Baldwin and Lopez-Gonzalez, this paper is the first research on the analysis of the export contents in major trading blocs in the Asia-Pacific region.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to answer for questions regarding vertical specialization in the Korea's key exporting industries, such as the changing pattern toward VS or VS1 and the changing trend in the location of slicing up the value chain in these industries. Design/methodology/approach – The framework of Koopman et al. (2014) is adopted to calculate the industry-level vertical specialization indices, VS and VS1. Findings – VS1 is a dominant type of vertical specialization in the key exporting industries of Korea. The increasing net vertical trades (VS1−VS) verifies the upward trends in the locations of slicing up the value chain in the industries empirically. Research limitations/implications – The net vertical trade (VS1−VS) of each industry is an important indicator of the location of slicing up the value chain in the environment of the international production network. Originality/value – The industry-level calculations of VS and VS1 are necessary in order to remedy the aggregation bias from the country-level calculation of VS and VS1 functioning in the opposite direction.
The study examines inanimate subjects in transitive emotive verbconstructions as in '-을 기쁘게 하다‘(to make - happy) to determine ifthey are unique to translated texts as a result of being importedfrom English or equally observable in authentic Korean texts. Traditionally, such a construction has been viewed as unacceptablein Korean as its grammar construes only conscious human subjects as capable of such emotive actions as making someone happy. Yet,instances of inanimate entities bringing emotive impacts on humansubjects are spotted in authentic Korean texts. The present studyanalyzes a translational corpus of translations of contemporaryEnglish novels and a comparable corpus of Korean novels in thesame genres of general fiction to find out if the two differsignificantly. The results show little statistically significantdifference, indicating that inanimate subjects in transitive emotiveverb constructions are a feature not unique to translated Korean butshared by authentic Korean as well.