RISS 학술연구정보서비스

검색
다국어 입력

http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.

변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.

예시)
  • 中文 을 입력하시려면 zhongwen을 입력하시고 space를누르시면됩니다.
  • 北京 을 입력하시려면 beijing을 입력하시고 space를 누르시면 됩니다.
닫기
    인기검색어 순위 펼치기

    RISS 인기검색어

      검색결과 좁혀 보기

      • 좁혀본 항목

      • 좁혀본 항목 보기순서

        • 원문유무
        • 음성지원유무
        • 원문제공처
        • 등재정보
        • 학술지명
        • 주제분류
        • 발행연도
        • 작성언어
        • 저자

      오늘 본 자료

      • 오늘 본 자료가 없습니다.
      더보기
      • 무료
      • 기관 내 무료
      • 유료
      • KCI등재후보

        메리 시드니, 펨브록크 백작부인:다른 사람의 목소리로

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2004 중세르네상스 영문학 Vol.12 No.1

        Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke, was the first Elizabethan woman to achieve public acclaim as a literary figure, mainly through translation. Humanist educators included literary translation in their academic curriculum, and encouraged students to translate classical works into vernacular. The Reformation also stimulated the translation of religious writings. Even in the period when women's public voice was silenced, especially translation of devotional writings was considered to be appropriate for women. Mary Sidney, intelligent, wealthy and part of a powerful family alliance in Tudor England, received an outstanding humanist education, following the standard humanist curriculum of the classics, the Church Fathers, and Latin, French, and Italian language and literature. Embarking on a course of imitation and experimentation in translation, she sought a clear literary vocation and found her own voice in the space between original texts and translated ones. Unlike any other female writers, she did not write prefaces apologizing for or defending her sex, and yet she by no means broke with feminine literary decorum. Thus in Psalmes, her most accomplished translated work, she represented herself as a model of a female literary figure to her own and succeeding generations.

      • KCI등재

        토마스 캐리의 장원시: 자아형성의 도덕적 지형도

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2011 중세르네상스 영문학 Vol.19 No.1

        Thomas Carew’s “To Saxham” and “To my friend G. N. from Wrest” belong to the country house poetry genre, whose seminal work is Ben Jonson’s “To Penshurst.” As building or house can be a symbol or an analogy of forming a self, Carew’s literary localizations of Saxham and Wrest can be viewed as moral topographies of self-formation. In his country house poems, Carew repeatedly demarcates spaces in terms of the opposition of inside vs. outside, which plays an important role in the modern understanding of the self. The inwardness or interiority, privacy, and the distanced attitude are distinct features of these poems of public genre. They have been sometimes pointed out as Carew’s defects, but they could be manifestations related to the increasing interests in the inner self and privacy in seventeenth-century England. His continuous drawings of inner/outer boundaries may reflects his desires to build a firm self or identity and to give solid verities to himself and his royalist England. He is somewhat successful in “To Saxham.” However, the solidity of the distanced, self-sufficing inner world of Wrest is precariously disturbed by its transient beauties and pleasures of sense and sensuality and the looming threats of the Civil War.

      • KCI등재

        르네상스 영국의 여성 통치: 스펜서의 브리토마트와 로쓰의 팸필리아

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2008 고전·르네상스 영문학 Vol.17 No.2

        This paper explores the issue of female rule in Renaissance England, comparing Britomart and Pamphilia who are strongly associated in their representations with Queen Elizabeth I. The male writer Edmund Spenser’s attitude toward female rule is ambivalent or contradictory, which indicates that the existence of female prince in patriarchal society of early modern England was an anomaly and might have disturbed the male writer in his depictions of his female prince. Spenser’s efforts to solve this problem are manifested in his creation of an Amazonian female knight who is the heir of the kingdom of Briton by the right of birth and at the same time whose epic mission is the dynastic mother. In The Faerie Queene Spenser fashions Britomart/Elizabeth in the disciplines of the dynastic motherhood and chastity that had been considered to be the most appropriate virtue for women, particularly for their role to extend patriarchal lineage. By praising Elizabeth as chaste mother Spenser contains her sovereignty in the frame of traditional female roles. This containment is well attested in Britomart’s repeal of female rule in Radigund’s kingdom and her dream vision in which she ultimately would share her sovereign power with her future husband Artegall. Pamphilia, a major heroine in Mary Wroth’s prose romance Urania, is another female ruler who is associated with Elizabeth I. Pamphilia whose feminine traits are contrasted with Britomart’s warlike features embodies constancy, which had been regarded as a very unwomanly virtue and relates her to Elizabeth I whose motto was “semper eadem.” Pamphilia’s constancy is preeminently manifested in her constant love of the most unfaithful lover Amphilanthus, but her love is never associated with dynastic motherhood or her queenship. Unlike Britomart as the hereditary heir to the throne of an absolute monarchy, Pamphilia has been chosen as the heir to his uncle’s kingdom, whose people had chosen her uncle as their king after he liberated them from a tyrant’s subjection. Wroth’s conception of Pamphilia’s queenship implies republicanism and constitutionalism, which would have been a seriously subversive challenge to James I’s absolute patriarchal monarchy. Wroth enlarges the realm of female self through Pamphilia’s autonomy, freedom, and constancy in the issues of love, marriage and female sovereignty, which in turn empowers Wroth’s authorship as a female writer in patriarchal early modern England. This paper explores the issue of female rule in Renaissance England, comparing Britomart and Pamphilia who are strongly associated in their representations with Queen Elizabeth I. The male writer Edmund Spenser’s attitude toward female rule is ambivalent or contradictory, which indicates that the existence of female prince in patriarchal society of early modern England was an anomaly and might have disturbed the male writer in his depictions of his female prince. Spenser’s efforts to solve this problem are manifested in his creation of an Amazonian female knight who is the heir of the kingdom of Briton by the right of birth and at the same time whose epic mission is the dynastic mother. In The Faerie Queene Spenser fashions Britomart/Elizabeth in the disciplines of the dynastic motherhood and chastity that had been considered to be the most appropriate virtue for women, particularly for their role to extend patriarchal lineage. By praising Elizabeth as chaste mother Spenser contains her sovereignty in the frame of traditional female roles. This containment is well attested in Britomart’s repeal of female rule in Radigund’s kingdom and her dream vision in which she ultimately would share her sovereign power with her future husband Artegall. Pamphilia, a major heroine in Mary Wroth’s prose romance Urania, is another female ruler who is associated with Elizabeth I. Pamphilia whose feminine traits are contrasted with Britomart’s warlike features embodies constancy, which had been regarded as a very unwomanly virtue and relates her to Elizabeth I whose motto was “semper eadem.” Pamphilia’s constancy is preeminently manifested in her constant love of the most unfaithful lover Amphilanthus, but her love is never associated with dynastic motherhood or her queenship. Unlike Britomart as the hereditary heir to the throne of an absolute monarchy, Pamphilia has been chosen as the heir to his uncle’s kingdom, whose people had chosen her uncle as their king after he liberated them from a tyrant’s subjection. Wroth’s conception of Pamphilia’s queenship implies republicanism and constitutionalism, which would have been a seriously subversive challenge to James I’s absolute patriarchal monarchy. Wroth enlarges the realm of female self through Pamphilia’s autonomy, freedom, and constancy in the issues of love, marriage and female sovereignty, which in turn empowers Wroth’s authorship as a female writer in patriarchal early modern England.

      • KCI등재

        존슨과 러니에의 장원시 비교: 시인의 성별과 떡갈나무의 성별화

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2015 고전·르네상스 영문학 Vol.24 No.1

        This article compares the way that Lanyer and Jonson genderize the images of an oak tree in their respective country house poem, “Description of Cooke-ham” and “To Penshurst,” exploring the implications in their genderizations. Lanyer locates the tree in the center of her praise of Countess of Cumberland in her poem. Lanyer intimately associates the oak tree with the Countess, feminizing the apparently masculine oak tree and evoking its ancient mythical femininity, creative power and wisdom, which had been lost in the transitional process from matriarchal society to patriarchal society. Thus the oak tree becomes a mythical source for Lanyer’s praise and defence of women in “Description of Cooke-ham.” By comparison, Jonson uses oak trees to establish an ideal community which he studiously constructs in “To Penshurst.” The first oak tree in the poem is a symbol of patrilineal succession in the Sidney family. The second oak tree is associated with the Lady of the family, preserving its ancient femininity. However its femininity serves to keep the order of the androcentric community in Penshurst. Both poets use the oak tree as a strategic tool for praising their own patrons. Interestingly, the two poets’ gender seems to be reflected in their gendered outlooks on the oak tree.

      • KCI등재

        『 유대인의 왕 하느님 만세』: 헌정과 칭송에 나타난 스토아적 이상의 여성화

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2014 고전·르네상스 영문학 Vol.23 No.2

        Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum was published in the period when England had been under the strong influence of Neo-stoicism, which is the classical Stoicism incorporated into Christian thought. Although there is no direct evidence that Lanyer was exposed to, or knowledgeable about Neo-stoicism, Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum manifests Lanyer’s appropriation of strongly masculine Neo-stoic ideas to praise the feminized Jesus and her female patrons, particularly in her dedicatory poems. In her work, she calls Jesus Virtue, which is a Christianization of the Neo-stoic Virtue as the supreme good. Such central Stoic virtues as constancy, tranquility and patience are notably mentioned in Lanyer’s eulogy of Jesus and the noble patrons. Lanyer also claims to be endowed with the visionary power of reason, the most divine faculty mainly attributed to male in Stoicism as well as other classical philosophies. This feminization of Neo-stoic ideals in Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum adds the color of a classical learning to Lanyer’s molding of female heroism, which in turn authorizes her as a learned poet and her feministic, religious and literary assertions.

      • KCI등재

        유스투스 립시우스의 『항심(恒心)에 대하여』에 나타난 신스토아주의

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2010 고전·르네상스 영문학 Vol.19 No.2

        On Constancy (De constantia) by Justus Lipsius, a Flemish philologist, philosopher and humanist, is the first restatement of classical Stoicism from a Christian point of view in Renaissance. This work influenced a number of contemporary intellectuals, inspiring the intellectual movement of Neostoicism. His ideas were possibly first introduced into the English literary coterie by Sir Philip Sidney, and might have had a considerable influence on the Elizabethan and Jacobean writers. Swayed by the religious wars and other turmoils of his time, Lipsius attempts in On Constancy to revive ancient Stoicism as a practical philosophy and, especially, as a practical antidote to public evils. His remedy for public evils is not an escape from them but the virtue of constancy, which is ‘a right and immovable strength of the mind, neither elated nor depressed by external or chance events.’ By cultivating reason one can attain constancy. The enemies of constancy are opinion, dissimulation and excessive patriotism, which are products of false judgments and affections. The causes of all evils are, according to Lipsius, God, Necessity, and Fate/Destiny. All public evils form parts of God’s plan, namely Providence, for our profits. They can also come from Necessity and Destiny, and yet these causes are working within the providential scheme of God for our sake. At this point of his arguments, Lipsius carefully distances himself from heretical Stoic materialism and determinism and modifies the Stoic doctrine in four points. He subjects Fate to God, not God to Fate, acknowledges miracles, contingency and more importantly human free will. Although later in the seventeenth century, Lipsius was denounced as an atheist because of determinism and materialism in Stoicism, his syncretic endeavors had been a great source of inspiration and consolation in the troubled time.

      • KCI등재

        L2 Learner’s Identities and Gender in ESL and EFL Classroom Interaction

        이진아 21세기영어영문학회 2013 영어영문학21 Vol.26 No.2

        Many studies have claimed that L2 learning is achieved by face-to-face interaction that provides comprehensible input and comprehensible output. Then, for learners to gain effective interaction in classroom and in the TL society, the learner's identity should be properly reflected. This paper is a review and an overall discussion of the SLA studies on the issues of identity and gender in SL and FL context. Therefore, in this paper, I focus on issues of language learner's identity(ies) and gender engaged in classroom interaction that drives learner's motivation and attitude that shifts in moment-to- moment. The discussion is based on the Norton's ‘multiple identities', Tajfel's ‘social identities', and Boxer and Cortes-Conde's ‘relational identities,' as well as the issues of learner's identities engaging gender in classroom interaction with pedagogical implication in classroom.

      • KCI등재

        [팸필리아가 앰필란써스에게 부르는 노래]: 여성적 자아와 큐피드

        이진아 한국중세근세영문학회 2007 중세르네상스 영문학 Vol.15 No.1

        The purpose of this paper is to explore Pamphilia's construction of her own subject as a woman and prince through her relationship with Cupid in Pamphilia to Amphilanthus. Petrarchan discourse conventionally includes the danger of subjection and loss of self of the poet-lover. Mary Wroth creates a female persona Pamphilia to explore the emotional and psychological struggles in her experiences of love and dramatizes the conflict between passionate surrender and self-affirmation of female self in Pamphilia's relationship with Cupid which appears as sometimes a mischievous boy and some times a mature and virtuous monarch. Cupid is in Jung's terms Pamphilia's animus, which envisages her self-sovereignty as a woman and prince. As a lover Pamphilia wants to subject herself to Cupid to gain his favor, and yet she finds herself so intrigued by the infantile and self-centered aspects of love, the mischievous boy Cupid. Her subjugation in love is analogous to her subordinate relationship to men in a patriarchal society, and so threatens her princely subject that has been constructed by a discipline of dominance and rule. The contradictory female and male aspects of her subject often entrap her in the labyrinths of love. She thus seeks a new type of relationship in love, and in the "Crowne of Sonetts" turns to a just and esteemed monarch Cupid. By fully yielding to the wise and virtuous Cupid's sovereignty, Pamphilia finds herself empowered by his virtue, now her virtue, constancy that ensures her the sovereignty over her self as well as her kingdom.

      • KCI등재

        소상공인 금융니즈와 금융지원에 대한 정책적 제언

        이진아,강형구,빈기범,김석환 한국창업학회 2021 한국창업학회지 Vol.16 No.1

        The main purpose of this study is to investigate financial needs of small business owners and explore the improvement on financial support and financial services. As a research method to do this, the questionnaire survey and interview were conducted for 22 small business owners. We propose the following practical alternatives based on the results of the interview. First of all, alternatives for the government-led support system and the banking sector are as follows: First, public relations such as exposure to mass media that small business owners can easily access is needed to raise awareness of government support. Second, it is necessary to improve the complex process and procedure of lending by building and providing financial platforms to enable non-contact online transactions. Next, financial services that small business owners want for fintech and techfin companies are as follows: First, various preferential benefits for small business owners, such as simplified payment and settlement process, fee remission, and micro-credit, are needed. Second, comprehensive support measures such as consulting and mentoring services including education on tax, accounting, business management, etc. should be prepared. Third, it is required introduce alternative credit rating system using various qualitative indicators that can gauge future growth, such as transaction details, a percentage of regular customers, and revenue stream, etc. This study is expected to provide implications for techfin companies and existing financial institutions to establish non-market strategy and prevent market failure. 본 연구의 목적은 소상공인들의 금융니즈를 파악하고, 이를 해결할 수 있는 금융지원 및 금융서비스의 방향성에 관한 시사점을 도출하는 데 있다. 이를 위한 연구방법으로 22개 업체를 대상으로 창업 준비 및 사업 초기단계, 경영 안정화 단계, 성장기 및 사업 확장단계별 소상공인들의 금융니즈를 파악하기 위한 일대일 심층인터뷰 방식을 이용하였다. 인터뷰 결과를 바탕으로 소상공인 금융지원에 관한 실천적 대안으로 다음과 같이 제안한다. 우선, 정부 주도의 대출지원제도 및 은행권의 기존 대출제도에 대한 정책적 대안을 제시하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 지원제도에 대한 낮은 인지도를 향상시킬 수 있도록 미디어 노출 등 소상공인이 접근하기 쉬운 홍보방안이 필요하다. 둘째, 비대면 온라인 금융거래가 가능한 금융 플랫폼을 구축함으로써 복잡한 대출 과정 및 절차에 대한 개선이 필요하다. 다음으로 핀테크·테크핀 기업과 관련하여 소상공인이 바라는 금융서비스는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 결제 및 정산 과정의 간소화, 수수료 감면, 소액긴급대출 등 소상공인을 대상으로 한 다양한 우대 혜택이 필요하다. 둘째, 기술력 향상을 위한 정보제공, 세무·회계·경영관리 등에 대한 교육, 특허 지원 등을 포함한 컨설팅 및 멘토링 제공 등의 종합적인 지원 대책을 마련해야 한다. 셋째, 대출심사 과정에서 기존의 재무적 성과 위주의 평가방식을 벗어나 성장성을 가늠할 수 있는 다양한 정성지표를 활용하여 미래 성장가능성 평가를 도입하는 것이 필요하다. 이러한 제언이 금융업으로 신규 진입하고자 하는 테크핀 기업으로 하여금 소상공인의 금융니즈를 고려한 비시장전략을 구축하고, 새로운 금융서비스 전략을 수립하는 데 도움이 되길 바란다. 기존 금융권은 소상공인의 금융니즈를 파악함으로써 기존 금융시장의 한계 및 시장실패를 해결하는 계기가 되길 기대한다.

      맨 위로 스크롤 이동