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2017년 2월 트럼프 행정부는 미국 영토내의 불법 체류자를 줄이기 위한 새 이민정책을 발표하였다. 하지만 새 이민정책의 지침 내에는 불법체류자의 헌법상의 권리와 인권을 침해하는 몇 가지 요소가 있다. 불법이민과 관련하여 트럼프의 이 새로운 이민정책은 지난 20 년 동안 진행되어온 불법체류자의 추방 또는 제거에 대한 부당한 절차를 조사할 수 있는 중요한 기회를 제공한다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 미국의 이민법과 관련된 불법체류자들의 추방 사건과 불법체류자의 권리를 존중하고 보호해야 하는 미국내의 법령 및 국제 인권 조약을 고찰해 봄으로써 트럼프의 새로운 이민정책의 지침이 되는 몇몇의 핵심 요소가 불법체류자의 헌법상의 권리와 인권을 어떻게 침해하는지 검토한다. 그리고 불법 이민에 관한 트럼프의 새로운 정책이 어린시절부터 미국에서 거주해온 수많은 불법체류자들의 권리를 존중할 수 있는 정책을 강구해야 함을 제언한다. 이어 지금까지 일부 국가에서 부분적으로 간과되어진 이민에 관한 국제 인권 문서의 규범적 힘을 강화해야 함을 강조한다. 끝으로 앞으로 트럼프 정부의 이민 정책의 개정이 불법체류자 자신과 가족뿐만 아니라 미국의 국익에도 좋은 변화를 가져올 수 있는 결정적인 역할이 될 수 있음을 결론 짓는다. Reports suggest the Trump administration has toughened the United States(hereinafter “U.S.”) policies regarding illegal immigration. There are several key points of elements under the new directives that are violating the constitutional rights and the human rights of the undocumented immigrants. And because the new administration may likely seek to change laws in ways that could jeopardize the undocumented immigrants’ status, currently the application for citizenship have grown at an increased rate, without pending elections or fee increase. Trump’s new policies concerning illegal immigration provide a significant opportunity to look into the unjustified process of deportation or removal of the undocumented immigrants, which has been going on over the past two decades. This article considers several U.S. deportations of the undocumented immigrant cases, and relevant immigration policies in the U.S., along with the international human rights treaties and statutes, which the member states are required to respect in order to protect the rights of the undocumented immigrants under the norm of human rights. They will show how the modified key elements of Trump’s new directives infringe upon the constitutional rights and the human rights of the undocumented immigrants. I argue that Trump’s new policies concerning illegal immigration must be amended so as to vindicate the rights of the undocumented immigrants, a great number of those who have been residing in the U.S. since they were young of age. It is also necessary to strengthen the normative force of international human rights instruments concerning immigration, which until now, has been partly disregarded by some states. I conclude that the key elements of Trump’s policies concerning illegal immigration are unjustified by reflecting on the crucial role the U.S. illegal immigration policies might have in making a difference in the lives of a great many undocumented immigrants, who are remaining in the U.S. for the better, not only for themselves and their family but also for the benefit of the U.S. itself.
This article measures proxies for intensive board monitoring using Korean corporate governance data. We find that intensive board monitoring has a positive effect on firm value in Korea. We also explore the relationship between controlling shareholders’ ownership and intensive board monitoring efficiency. We confirm that direct ownership by controlling shareholders moderates the relationship between intensive board monitoring and firm value. For firms with greater disparity between controlling shareholders’ control rights and cash flow rights, the effect of intensive board monitoring on firm value decreases. These results suggest that the interplay among various internal control mechanisms affects corporate governance efficiency.
A survey was done to figure out the HPLP(health promotion lifestyle profile) of the teachers of health-related disciplines and not-health-related disciplines. 205 teachers in middle and high school were surveyed from 4th February to 2nd April 2003. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The HPLP score of the teachers of healthrelated disciplines (mean 2.73±0.44) was higher than that of the teachers of nothealth-related disciplines (mean 2.48±0.40). Sub category's mean of the teachers of health-related disciplines was self-realization 2.99, interpersonal-relationship 2.92, health responsibility 2.65, nutrition 2.64, stress management 2.52, exercise 2.27 and that of the teachers of not-health-related disciplines was self-realization 2.84, interpersonalrelationship 2.70, health responsibility 2.24, nutrition 2.39, stress management 2.23, exercise 1.98. 2. When HPLP score were examined according to demographic characteristics, health status and self-efficacy, the results showed that of the teachers of health-related disciplines was higher than that of the teachers of not-health-related disciplines. 3. Gender, degree of grief and depression, and self-efficacy have statistically significant effect on the HPLP score of the teachers of health-related disciplines, and subjective health status, concern about health, degree of stress, and self-efficacy were significant on that of the teachers of not-health-related disciplines. This results were indicated the teachers of health-related disciplines show better role model in health than the teachers of nothealth-related disciplines. As self-efficacy is the most important factor on the HPLP score, it is very important to introduce programs to raise self-efficacy of teachers in middle and high school.
The purpose of this study was to contribute to affirmative internet use and mental health by finding out the relationship among internet addiction, depression and self control in a middle school students. The study subjects were 618 middle school students from 1st grade to 3rd grade in N city, Korea and collection time period was from March 3rd to 18th, 2003. Instruments were the Young(1988)'s internet addiction scale, Beck(1967)'s Depression Inventory, and Nam(1999)'s self control scale. The mean of internet addiction score was 24.94 and 69.9% were categorized as 'normal group' according to the cut point of internet addiction scoring. Twenty-three percent belonged to 'mild addiction', and 7.0% were 'severe addiction'. The mean of depression score was 11.83 and 50.97% showed 'mild to severe level of depression'. The mean score of self control score was 64.57 and 32.52% belonged to 'low level'. By the level of internet addiction, depression and self control scores were significantly different. The severer internet addiction was, the higher depression score was and the lower self control score was. There were significant relationships between level of internet addiction and depression (r=.32), between internet addiction and self control(r=-.32)and between depression and self control(r=-.35). Therefore, society, school teachers, and parents need to develop and participate in resolution program for internet addicted students systematically to have them get out of the internet addiction and better provide alternative ways to enhance their self control and mental health in their school.
This study aims to investigate the features of English amplifiers which are categorized into maximizers and boosters in two writing corpora. Korean EFL students’ argumentative writing corpus was compiled from essay contests held at a national university between 2006 and 2012 and the NS professional writing corpus was collected from Opinions in the New York Times. A Chi-square test was performed to determine if there is a significant difference between the two corpora in the use of the amplifiers. An error analysis of the amplifiers used in the EFL corpus was also conducted. In the analysis of overall frequency of amplifiers in the two corpora, it was found that Korean EFL students significantly overused the amplifiers compared to NS professional writers. Although there was no significant difference in the use of maximizers, there existed a significant difference in the use of boosters between Korean EFL students and NS professional writers. The frequency analysis of individual amplifiers used in the two corpora revealed that Korean EFL students significantly overused certain maximizers and boosters (e.g., quite, more, very, and really). In the analysis of misused maximizers and boosters, there were many cases of semantic misuse of amplifiers, unnecessary use of amplifiers, and semantic misuse of adjectives in Korean EFL students’ writing. Drawing on the findings of the study, pedagogical implications for L2 writing instruction are presented.
We present the case of a 45-year-old man with a history of benzene exposure who developed splenic marginal zone lymphoma. For 6 years, he had worked in an enclosed space cleaning instruments with benzene. He was diagnosed with splenic marginal zone lymphoma 19 years after retirement. During his time of working in the laboratory in the 1980s, working environments were not monitored for hazardous materials. We indirectly estimated the cumulative level of past benzene exposure using job-exposure matrices and technical assumptions. Care must be taken in investigating the relevance of occupational benzene exposure in the occurrence of indolent B-cell lymphoma. Because of the long latency period and because occupational measurement data do not exist for the period during the patient’s exposure, the epidemiological impact of benzene exposure may be underestimated.
We investigated the adhesion behavior and electronic properties of an epoxy adhesive on an a-Fe2O3 (0001) surface using density functional theory (DFT). We found the significant attractive interactions including cation–p interactions between the aromatic rings and the Fe2O3 surface, and the electrostatic interactions between the O atom of the hydroxyl group and the Fe atoms of the Fe2O3 surface. Upon adsorption of the epoxy adhesive, local density of states (LDOS) analysis reveals an overall broadening of peaks as well as band gap narrowing, indicating that changes to the electronic properties of the surface occur along with charge transfer.