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이중구,김용배,리갑수,황규윤,김화성,이성수,안규동,이병국,Lee, Choong-Koo,Kim, Yong-Bae,Lee, Gap-Soo,Hwang, Kyu-Yoon,Kim, Hwa-Sung,Lee, Sung-Soo,Ahn, Kyu-Dong,Lee, Byung-Kook 대한예방의학회 1998 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.31 No.4
To investigate the effect of smoking and drinking habit on the health status in lead using industries, 2,785 male workers in lead using industries (7 storage battery industries, 7 secondary smelting and related industries, and 4 primary metal and other manufacturing industries) were selected for this study. This study was carried out as a part of periodic health examination. Selected study variables were zinc protoporphyrin in whole blood (ZPP), SGOT and SGPT for laboratory test. Questionnaire for lead related symptoms and smoking and drinking habit was provided to all the workers and filled up by themselves and reconfirmed by physician. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The overall smoking and drinking rate of study population were 69.8% and 73.6%, respectively. While the smoking and drinking rate of storage battery workers were 68.8% and 72.3%, those of secondary smelting industries and other industries were 66.0% & 66.4% and 74.6 & 80.3% respectively. 2. While the mean values of blood ZPP of lead exposed workers were significantly higher than other group, those of SGOT of storage battery workers were significant higher than other worker. But there were no differences of mean values of other variables. 3. Smoking habit did not affect on the mean value of blood ZPP of workers in special health examination group, but there were significant differences of blood ZPP and SGOT between drinker and non-drinker. 4. Symptom prevalence of lead exposure were higher in drinking and smoking group than non-drinking and non-smoking group. 5. In multiple regression analysis of the total lead related symptoms, blood ZPP, SGOT, and SGPT as dependent variable, respectively, and age, work duration, blood ZPP, pack year and amount of alcohol drinking as independent variables, work duration, pack year, amount of alcohol drinking, age contributed to total symptoms; and age, work duration, pack year contributed to blood ZPP; and age, amount of alcohol drinking, work duration contributed to SGOT; and pack year contributed to SGPT.
The growth of honeybee equals the increase of individual numbers of honeybee. A erstwhile method of measure of individual numbers of honeybee was not scientific method. In this research, scientifically measured that individual numbers of honeybee used photography of hive attached honeybee. Take a picture the hive that attached honeybee using digital camera. And the individual numbers of honeybees were actually measured after anesthetized using carbon dioxide. The photography of hive transferred to the computer and adjusted to actual size of hive. The three circles which has 6.25cm2 of area were arranged to three random position or arranged onto the three specified location after dividing by nine areas. And then, individual numbers of honeybee in the circles and average value of individual numbers were calculated. And it calculated the area of attached honeybee on the hive at the photography. And reckoned the virtual individual numbers of honeybee in the hive using average value of individual numbers of honeybee in the three circle and area of attached honeybee on the hive. Also, individual numbers was calculated by multiplying 0.49 of correction value at random position which was deduced in this research and 0.51 of correction value at the specified location. Consequently, individual numbers of honeybee measured at the random position had about 90 numbers with actual value and individual numbers of honeybee measured at the specified location had about 16 numbers with actual value. That is, it was turned out that it had very low difference. As a result, it measured scientifically individual numbers of honeybee thus it judged objectively confirm about growth of honeybees.
해상방파제 축조공사 시공 중 내습파랑에 노출하여 거치된 케이슨의 실제 거동상황을 계측하였다. 계측결과 설계하중대로 선행재하를 실시함에 따라 더는 침하가 발생하지 않을 것으로 예측하였으나, 이후 평상시는 별다른 거동이 없다가 태풍영향권 파랑이 내습 시에 갑작스런 이상침하가 전체구간에서 현저하게 발생한 것이 계측되었다. 이러한 원인을 규명하고자 같은 시각 내습한 파랑자료로 연구지점의 파고를 재현하여 케이슨에 작용하는 등가파압을 구하고 하부기초지반에 미치는 영향을 수치해석으로 검토하였다. 현장 계측 치와 수치해석 값이 상호 양호한 일치성을 보이는 것으로 나타났다. The real time movement of the caisson was measured when it was open to the waves during breakwater construction. As a result of measurement, no more settlement after the preloading in condition of designed loading was expected but sudden abnormal settlement took place through whole area of the breakwater when waves occurred by typhoon effect. To clarify the reason of this case, wave of the site has been reproduced and the equivalent wave pressure on the caisson was calculated. The numerical analysis of the effect of wave to the ground had been done. Site measurement data is in accordance with the result of numerical analysis.
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This research has following purpose and was achieved. Is as following as result that analyze how is recognizing Suncheon city green tourism of newcomers who is voluntary to green tourism route laying stress on Suncheon bay. First, need estuary of plan that can solved that information access is difficult. Second, opportunity extension request that can feel local farm village culture directly through senses than spectacle experience. Third, need fine article anger about Suncheon city special product or special product sound. As a result, run parallel at the same time and should propels effort etc.. that can raise forefinger degree of green tourism.
이 글은 경북 울진군 평해읍 거일1리를 사례로 1970~80년대 어촌사회의 권력구조 변화 양상과 그 의미를 파악한 것이다. 거일1리의 권력구조는 1970년대 중반을 기점으로 집중화에서 분권화 단계로 변화했다. 1970년대 중반 이전에는 노반계가 의사결정 주도, 자치제도제정, 동유자원의 관리, 공동체제의 주관, 대외적 분쟁 해결 등 마을 내 주요 역할을 독점했다. 특히 사회질서를 해치고, 공유경제의 가치를 훼손하는 행위에 대해 물리적 제재와 심리적 제재를 가하면서, 권력을 공고히 할 수 있었다. 1970년대 중반 이후에는 다양한 사회조직이 결성되면서, 노반계의 입지가 좁아졌다. 바다와 관련해서는 어촌계의 성장이 두르러졌다. 어촌계에서는 노반계와 갈등을 빚으며, 1종 공동어장의 분할 운영을 실현했고, 이웃마을과 어장 관련 분쟁을 해결하면서 위상을 높였다. 내륙의 문제와 관련해서는 새마을운동의 영향으로 개발위원회 등 행정조직의 영향력이 강화됐다. 한편 1970년대 중반 이후에는 어업종사자의 수적 증가와 어업에 대한 몰입도가 높아지면서 노반계는 계승의 문제와 마주하게 됐다. 1980년대 어업활동에 지장을 초래하는 동임에 대한 기피 현상과 젊은 남성들의 도시 이주로 인해 노반계의 계승이 단절될 위기에 처했다. 이에 노반계에서는 회유와 압박을 통해 권력 유지를 꾀했지만 상황은 나아지지 않았다. 결국 사회조직의 역할 분담과 주민들의 경제적 실리 추구, 인구구조의 변화에 따라 노반계의 입지가 약화되면서 마을의 권력구조는 변화한 것이다. This article is to identify the shifts in the power structure and its meaning in fishing towns from the 1970s to 1980s based on the case of Geoil1-li, Pyeonghae-eup, Uljin-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do. The power structure of Geoil1-li changed from centralization to decentralization starting from the mid-1970s. Before the mid-1970s, Nobangye dominated the major roles in the town by leading decision-making, establishing its system of self-government, managing the town’s resources, supervising the community system, resolving external conflicts, etc. In particular, it could consolidate its power by imposing physical and psychological sanctions on the acts that undermine the social order and damage the value of sharing economy. As different social organizations were established after the mid-1970s, Nobangye started to lose its ground. Regarding the sea, the growth of the fishing town was notable. As having conflicts with Nobangye, the fishing town realized the separate operation of first kind common fishing ground and raised its status by resolving the dispute over the fishing ground with a neighboring village. Regarding the inland issues, administrative organizations like the development committee gained its influence due to the influence of Saemaul Undong. Meanwhile, after the mid-1970s, Nobangye faced the problem of succession as the number of fishers and the level of engagement on fishery increased. In the 1980s, the succession of Nobangye was in danger of getting severed due to the avoidance of being town executives which interfered with fishing activities and the migration of young males to the cities. Nobangye tried to maintain its power through conciliation and pressure but the situation did not improve. In the end, the power structure of the town changed as the influence of Nobangye became weaker due to the role allocation of social organizations, the residents pursuing economic benefits, and the change in the demographic structure.