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21세기 중국 정치개혁의 기본 방향으로 설정된 사회주의 민주정치는 당내민주와 인민민주의 발전을 토대로 하고 있다. 당내민주는 인민민주를 촉진하는 선도적인 역할을 수행할 뿐 아니라 당 집권 지위의 강화와 독점적 당 권력내부에서 파생하는 문제의 해결, 그리고 다원화된 사회의 민주적 요구까지도 흡수할 수 있다는 측면에서 현실적인 ‘중국식 정당민주' 내지 새로운 정치체제 개혁을 위한 돌파구로 인식되고 있다. 실질적으로도 중국의 당내민주는 간부선발․당무공개․당내선거 및 민주감독의 확대 조치들을 통해 상당한 발전을 이루고 있다. 그러나 당내민주 발전을 위한 제도적 장치들이 기층에서 실질적으로 운영될 수 있도록 지속적인 실천의 과정이 필요할 뿐 아니라, 당내민주를 상층 및 중앙단위로 전면적으로 확대시켜야 하는 과제를 안고 있다. 또한 개혁의 주체와 객체가 동일한 ‘자기개혁의 딜레마'를 극복할 수 있는 방안 마련도 필요하다. 이와는 별도로 새로운 정치개혁의 돌파구로 인식되는 당내민주는 발전의 단계적 또는 최종적인 목표에 대한 구체성이 결여되었고 모호하다는 보다 근본적인 한계를 가지고 있다. 결론적으로 당내민주가 지닌 자기개혁의 한계는 궁극적으로는 당외 민주의 확대 내지 당간 민주적 요소의 결합을 통해서 그 해결의 가능성을 찾을 수 있을 것이다. 그러나 당외 민주요소의 도입은 공산당의 영도적인 지배체제를 위협하는 요인으로 등장할 가능성이 많기 때문에 이를 받아들일 가능성은 낮아 보인다. 따라서 당내민주를 심화시키고 단계적 목표를 제시한다는 측면에서 상층 및 중앙 당지도자 선출과정을 공개하고 경쟁구조를 도입한다거나, 또는 당내 내부조직 구조가 아래로부터 위로의 민주적 과정으로 이루어질 수 있도록 법률로 보장하는 것과 같은 제도적 장치의 강화를 통해 당내민주를 완성하고 집권 정당성을 유지하려는 노력들이 향후에 전개될 것으로 예상된다. Development of intra-party democracy and people democracy will be a general direction of 21st century's Chinese political reforms. The intra-party democracy not only can promote people democracy but also Strengthen the party's position and absorb democratic demand of chinese society. So the intra-party democracy is expected as the new political reform route. The intra-party democracy is showing many progress. The party constitution and the regulations on safeguarding the right of party members both stipulate the democratic rights of party members, such as democratic participation, election, decision-making and oversight. All party members, whatever their position, equally enjoy all democratic rights. However, there are lots of things to improve intra-party democracy. for example, the institutional systems for the intra-party democratic development could be operated substantially from lower level to higher level. Also to overcome the dilemma of own reform, democratic environment should be created. More basically, it is necessary to present the final aim of intra-party democracy.
On the disease of laver cultured at five grounds in the Biin Bay was investigated from January to March 1987. For comparing, three comparative grounds of Changpo-ri, Kaeya-do and Haje were choosen. Samples were taken randomly more than one time in every month. Check was forcused on disease rate and disease condition, and then a cluster analysis was done to find out the difference according to the between-ground conditions and between-disease species. Nine kinds of disease made up five kinds of parasitical disease and four kinds of physiological disease are detected, in which chytrid blight and filament bacteria felt in parasitical disease showed the highest and the lowest rates as 33.7% and 0.5%, and suspected white blight and white blight in physiological diseases also the highest and the lowest rates as 18.2% and 1.7%, respectively. For disease index(DI), chytrid blight is the highest(DI 3.0) at B-ground and the lowest(DI 0.6) at D-ground, suspected white blight the highest(DI 2.4) at A-ground and the lowest(DI 1.1) at B-ground, crape rot the highest(DI 2.0) at D-ground and the lowest(DI 1.8) at B-ground, and diatom felt the highest(DI 0.9) at C-ground. By a cluster analysis for ground condition, it is possible to divide laver grounds at similarity level 70% into two groups : C-, KA-, D-, HA- and E-grounds which are relatively much affected by the open sea water, and B-, CH- and A-grounds which are located inner bay. At level 80%, it can be seen three groups : A-group of proping style(C-, KA-, and HA-grounds), B-group of proping style(B-, CH- and A-grounds) which is located inner bay. By a cluster analysis for disease species of laver, at similarity level 85%, it is possible to catagorized cultural grounds of laver into four groups : A -group including diatom felt, filament bacteria felt, white blight and red rot deseases which are appeared, in general, during the sea water temperature high and the last culturing stage, B -group including green spot, suspected white blight, shot hole diseases which were laver blades from the adhesion of mud, silt and sand, C -group including chytrid blight due to the carelessness of ground and D -group including crape rot seen simultaneously with chytrid blight. In compairing with all the cultural grounds and culturing periods in Biin Bay showed the high disease rate by chytrid blight accompanying crape rot during all culturing stages, however, these disease rates may be varied according to the between -culturing grounds, between - habitats and sea conditions.
As a part of the cultural laver production investigation with analysis of the growing condition on the cultured grounds of laver in natural sea were carried out So - myon costarial five grounds in Biin Bay and comparative sites were investigated Changpo-ri, Kaeya-do, and Haje, mid -western coast of Korea from January to April, 1987. Samples were taken rondomly at each grounds, and then checked for length, width, wet and dry weights, and so on. Quantitative and qualitative analysis are done through the daily growth and the allometric growth rate, respectively. Daily growth rate is 3.0% at the grounds in the Biin Bay, and 7.9%, 5.4% and 5.1% at Kaeyado, Haje and Changpori in comparative sites. Allometric growth rate is the maximum as 1.0672/day at C-ground and the minimum as 0.9804/day at E-ground in the Biin Bay, and 1.0025/day, 0.9314/day and 0.8733/day at Changpo-ri, Kaeya-do and Haje at respectively. Significant difference between the grounds in the Biin Bay and the other grounds is not admitted, while it is admitted among grounds : between A-ground and Kaeya-do(p>0.01), Haje (p>0.05), B-ground and Kaeya-do(p>0.05), and, E-ground and Kaeya-do(p>0.01), Haje(p>0.05), respectively. Number of individuals on net string is shown the maximum in January as 1,179/10cm and 1,329/10cm, 100-400/10cm in February and 200-600/10cm and 1,879/10cm in January, 400-600/10cm in February and 300-1,000/10cm in March at Changpo-ri and Kaeya-do.
The difficulty understanding Lee-Sang's world of literature is not in his queer life, but in the peculiar uses of words in his works. It may be reasonable in theses on him that everyone should search for the secrecy of writing hinted by his literary style. But there are few theses that have dealt with the style of Lee-Sang as a leading topic. And most of theses on him have had a tendency to remain within the line of superficial observations till now. Under these conditions, I analysed Lee-Sang's short stories in the method of semantic stylistics and of statistics for the scientific objectivity. I selected 10 works from Lee-Sang's short stories, and 2 works from each writers such as Kim- Yu Jeoung, Kim-Dong In, Lee-Hyo Seuk, Chai- Man Sik, and compared them with each other. The main subject of this thesis consists of two chapters. In chapter one, I analysed the vocabulary of the work, especially put emphasis upon the analysis of a part of speech, meaning, and colour words. In chapter two, I analysed the kinds of the metaphor and its functions and the imagery made by metaphor. And then, I synthesized the minor conclusions to excavate the consciousness of Lee-Sang and his writing habits. By the use of the above-mentioned methods, I could reach the following conclusion. 1. The common motif of his literature is the conflict of SELF and the exploration of proper form of existence of SELF, between morality of 19th century and material civilization of 20th century as an efferminate intellectual. 2. After all, he failed in finding out the proper form of existence of SELF, and he wrote his works in compensation for the despair. As the result of this compensation, he concealed his true character and revealed disguised one in his works, and arranged several literary devices(for instances, his excessive norminal style, sentences consisted mainly of narratives, miscellaneous overtones, metaphors and images) to disguise his disguised character. 3. It is appropriate for naming the process mentioned above as "the double paradox" and "The Law of Diminishing Returns" applied to most of his short stories weaken the expressiveness of his literary
The marine algal communities of summer season in the intertidal zone, mid - western coast of Korea, were investigated by the quadrat method at 6 localities, Maryang Ri, Jangja Do, Daejang Do, Bangchuk Do, Bian Do and Eocheong Do, 1982. As a result, 86 species in total, 11 species of Chlorophyta, 26 species of phaeophyta and 49 species of Rhodophyta, were identified. The representative dominant species of each stations are as follows, Gloiopeltis furcata, Myelophycus simplex, Pelvetia siliquosa, Sargassum thunbergii in upper, Ulva pertusa, Hizikia fusiforme, Laurencia intermedia, Dictyopteris divaricata in mid-tidal, and Myagropsis myagroides, Sargassum confusum, S. tortile in lower tidal zone. According to the diversity pattern and cluster analysis by Similarity Index Community Coefficient (SICC) among 11 stations. The algal communities were divied into four groups ; Sargassum group, lshige sinicola, Ulva pertusa, S. thunbergii group, Dictyopteris divaricata, Laurencia intermedia group and Gracilaria verucosa group.
As a part of the ocean ecological primary investigation with Boryong Thermoelectric Power Plant constraction, the disease analysis of the laver in the nine laver culturing grounds was carried out laver farms in Ochon Bay of Chungnam province from November 1987 to March 1988. The laver farm in Haje of Chonbuk province was the compartive site. Sampling methods were taken randomly more than one time in every month. The diseases symptoms, the important value and the similarity between- farms and between- species were investigated. In this observations, ten species in total, five parisitical diseases and five physiological diseases were identified. On the appearence rate of the parisitical diseases was high in the early or last stage and physiological diseases was high in the middle or last stage. The representative dominant diseases that were above 10.0 in the important value out for the parisitical and physiological diseases were chytrid blight, filament bacteria felt and white blight diatom felt, respectively. At similarity level 80% of the cluster analysis to diseases among laver culturing grounds, they were divided into three groups : A-group was the poling laver culture system located in the middle or upper part was affected by fresh water directly, B-group was the poling laver culture system located in the middle or lower part was affected by the open sea, and C-group was the floating laver culture system located in the middle part of Ochon Bay. At similarity level 80% of the cluster analysis to diseases among species, they were divided into three groups : A-group was joined with bud blight diatom felt and red rot, B-group was joined with green spot, shot hole, filament bacterial felt chytrid blight and white blight, and C-group was joined with crape and white rot. The main diseases of the laver culturing grounds in Ochon Bay of Chungnam were appeared to the chytrid blight, filament bacterial felt, white blight and diatom felt. Because apperence of theses diseases, the production per unit area in laver farms of Ochon Bay was less than in the comparative laver farm Haje of Chunbuk.