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이재영 & 김익상. 2014. An Approach to the Influence of EFL Learners' Beliefs on Attitudes, Motivation, Confidence, and Willingness to Communicate in English. Journal of Linguistic Studies 19(3), 53-76. The purpose of this study is to explore the question concerning the role of EFL learners' cultural beliefs in learning and using English. In order to do this, the study tested a hypothesized model integrating cultural beliefs, integrativeness, instrumentality, attitudes toward learning, motivation, self-confidence, and willingness to communicate using regression analysis. The participants in the study were primary and middle school students. A number of hypotheses about the relationship among the variables are established and none of them are rejected in this analysis. Most importantly, cultural beliefs are found to exert influence on integrative and instrumental orientation, attitudes toward learning situation, motivation, self-confidence, and willingness to communicate in English. As a result, cultural beliefs need to be further explored for the better understanding of the mechanism of Korean learners' learning and use of English. (Jeju National University)
A three-dimensional Gaussian heat source model is modified to include the effects of the gap and thickness-difference for the laser keyhole welding. The gap of the butt joint influences the welding efficiency such that the melting area decreases linearly with the gap. When the different plate thickness is used such as the tailored blank welding, melting areas of the thick and thin plates are predicted by introducing the thickness-difference factor. The calculated results using the modified heat source show reasonably good agreements with the experimental results.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of early menarche on sexual experience among high school girls in South Korea. Methods: The study sample was comprised of 16,286 high school girls. Using statistics from the 11th (2015) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, hierarchical logistic regression analysis was conducted. Results: Among the girls, 5.8% reported early menarche. Early menarche was associated with sexual experience (Odds Ratio (OR), 5.27; 95% Confidence Interval (CI), 4.11-6.77). Controlled for sociodemographic, emotional and health behavior characteristics, early menarche was associated with sexual experience (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 3.04-5.21). Conclusion: The results indicate that early menarche predicts an increase in sexual experience among female adolescents. Therefore, health education programs and health policy for interventions to improve sexual health are required for girls who are expected to experience early menarche.