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      • KCI우수등재

        사고 누출 황산의 국내 지질매체 반응 특성

        이윤호,현성필,문희선,신도연,이은희,유재영 한국광물학회 2019 한국광물학회지 Vol.32 No.4

        Acid spill accidents are frequently occurring in Korea with increasing production, use, storage, and transport of acids, accompanying industrialization and economic growth. The acids introduced to the subsurface environments would eventually be neutralized by reactions with geomedia. However, the spatial and temporal extent to which the spilled acids would affect will be dependent on the characteristics of the geomedia exposed to the acids. In this work, sulfuric acid, the most used acid in Korea, was reacted with a set of model geomedia representative of the geology of Korea. The buffering capacity of the model geomedia was determined through batch-type experiments using pH changes as an indicator. X-ray diffraction was used to identify the mineral phases contributing to the acid neutralization. The results showed that sandstone had the largest acid neutralization capacity among the tested geomedia, while kaolinite had the smallest. The findings of this study would contribute to quantitatively assessing the impact of spilled acids on geomedia and hence to predicting the vulnerability of geomedia to the spilled acid. 산업화와 경제 발전에 따라 생산량, 사용량, 보관량, 운반량이 늘어난 산 물질들의 누출 사고가빈발하고 있다. 지중 환경으로 유입된 누출 산은 지질매체와의 반응에 의해 궁극적으로 중화될 것으로 예상된다. 하지만 누출 산이 영향을 주는 공간적 및 시간적 범위는 산에 노출된 지질매체의 특성에따라 달라질 것으로 예측된다. 본 연구에서는 국내에서 가장 사용량이 많은 황산을 한국의 지질을 대표할 수 있는 모델 지질매체들과 반응시켰다. 용액의 pH 변화를 지시자로 회분식 실험을 통해 모델지질매체들의 산 완충능을 평가하였다. 그리고 산 중화에 기여하는 광물성분을 X-선회절분석을 통해확인하였다. 실험 결과는 평가한 지질매체 중 사암이 가장 큰 중화능을 가졌으며, 캐올리나이트가 가장 낮은 중화능을 가졌음을 보여준다. 이 연구 결과는 지질매체에 대한 누출 산의 영향을 정량화하고따라서 누출 산에 대한 지질매체들의 취약성을 예측하는데 기여할 것으로 기대된다.

      • KCI등재후보

        본태성 진전에 대한 시상파괴술과 뇌심부 자극술의 비교

        이윤호,박용숙,장종희,장진우,박용구,정상섭,Lee, Yoon-Ho,Park, Yong-Sook,Chang, Jong-Hee,Chang, Jin-Woo,Park, Yong-Gou,Chung, Sang-Sup 대한신경외과학회 2005 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.37 No.2

        Objective: Thalamic lesioning and deep brain stimulation(DBS) have proved to be beneficial to the treatment of essential tremor(ET). The authors compared the effects and complications of two modalities. Methods: A total of 34 patients with ET were treated with ventral intermediate(Vim) nucleus thalamotomy or Vim DBS from May 1999 to May 2003. The procedure of lesioning or stimulation were performed as usual manner with or without microelectrode recording. Postoperatively, utilizing the various combinations of frequency, voltage and pulse width optimized the stimulation. The degree of improvements of tremor and the occurrence of the complications were evaluated postoperatively and at follow-up. Results: There were 38 procedures, including 27 with Vim thalamotomy and 11 with DBS, in 34 patients. Of the thalamotomy group, left Vim lesioning is 25 and right one is 2. Follow-up duration ranged from 12 to 57 months. In the thalamotomy group, the rate of overall good outcome was 88.9% but 12 patients (44.4%) showed permanent adverse effects. In the cases of stimulation, the rate of overall good outcome was 90.9% and two patients had acceptable dysarthria. Conclusion: Both Vim thalamotomy and Vim DBS were effective for the treatment of ET, although perioperative adverse effects tended to be higher in patients who had thalamotomy. In cases of DBS, adjustments of stimulation parameters enabled an acceptable position to be achieved with tremor control and unwanted effects.

      • KCI등재후보

        천공형 티타늄막과 탈회동결건조골의 신생골 형성에 대한 영향

        이윤호,박준봉,권영혁,허익,김종관,Lee, Yun-Ho,Park, Joon-Bong,Kwon, Young-Hyuk,Herr, Yeek,Kim, Chong-Kwan 대한치주과학회 2004 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.34 No.1

        This study was performed to evaluate bone formation in the calvaria of rabbit by the concept of guided bone regeneration with titanium mesh membrane and demineralized freeze-dried bone. The animal was sacrificed at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks after the surgery. Non-decalcified specimens were processed for histologic analysis. 1. The titanium mesh but the biocompatibility was excellent the cell-occlusiveness was feeble. 2. The cell-occlusiveness was feeble and also the soft tissue growth of the upper part of the newly-formed bone after operating was excellent in early stage. 3. The maintenance ability of the space for the GBR very was excellent. 4. The titanium mesh the tissue-integration was superior the wound fixation ability excellent. 5. The demineralized freeze-dried bone did not promote the bone regeneration. 6. With the lapse of time, formation quantity of the bone some it increased, it increased quantity very it was feeble. Within the above results, the titanium mesh for the guided bone regeneration was excellent, the dεmineralized freeze-dried bone confirmed does not promote bone regeneration.

      • KCI등재

        혼합계수(K-Factor) 증가에 따른 사업장의 환기 조건 및 효율 개선에 관한 연구

        이윤호,이석원,이경호,김현욱 한국산업보건학회 2019 한국산업보건학회지 Vol.29 No.3

        Objectives: This study aims to identify whether ventilation conditions and their effectiveness can be significantly improved in an experimental chamber by increasing the mixing factor (K-Factor). Methods: In a chamber with a volume of 1 m3, air velocity was measured at six different points with four roof fans in the upper part of the chamber being operated in order. The impact of the ventilation conditions was analyzed when the flow rates were increasing and the first inlet of the chamber was either open or closed. Smoke patterns were also observed at four corner points where ventilation was limited. Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to compare air velocities measured in the chamber. Results: The air velocities measured at only the third point increased significantly from 0.03±0.03 m/s (door open) and 0.05±0.06 m/s (door closed) with two fans, 0.08±0.08 m/s with three fans, and 0.09±0.09 m/s with four fans operating ( p <0.05). However, air velocities at the four corner points did not significantly increase. Smoke patters also showed that the open inlet of the chamber had no effect on improvement of ventilation conditions and effectiveness. Conclusions: In this study, the air velocities at six points in the chamber did not significantly increase despite the increase in the mixing factor and flow rates of ventilation in the controlled environment. Therefore, the inflow of outdoor air throughout an open inlet and installation of a forced ventilation system can potentially increase the indoor air velocity and improve ventilation condition without an increase in the mixing factor.

      • KCI등재

        광대역 특성의 다중 미앤더 스트립 모노폴 안테나

        이윤호,정종호,박익모 한국전자파학회 2004 한국전자파학회논문지 Vol.15 No.1

        본 논문에서는 광대역 특성을 가지면서 소형화가 용이한 다중 미앤더 스트립 모노폴 안테나를 제안하였다. 제안한 안테나는 미앤더 구조를 이용하여 대역폭을 크게 확장시킬 수 있으며, 높이를 줄여 안테나의 소형화를 실현하였다. 최근 주목을 받고 있는 UWB 통신 대역폭을 포함하는 2.9 ㎓∼10.85 ㎓의 넓은 대역폭을 얻을 수 있었으며, 전방향으로 동일한 이득을 갖는 우수한 모노폴 복사패턴을 갖는다. In this paper, we proposed a multiple meander strip monopole antenna. Using meander strip structure, we could broaden the impedance bandwidth and reduce the antenna height. The proposed antenna has broad bandwidth, from 2.9 ㎓ to 10.85 ㎓, for VSWR $\leq$ 2 and has vertically polarized omnidirectional conical beam radiation pattern, which is suitable for UWB wireless systems.

      • KCI등재

        LNG 추진선의 천연가스 배관에서 누출 시나리오에 따른 피해범위에 관한 연구

        이윤호 해양환경안전학회 2020 海洋環境安全學會誌 Vol.26 No.4

        In this study, damages caused by flash fire, overpressure, and thermal radiation based on the sizes of leak holes were evaluated using the areal location of hazardous atmospheres when natural gas leaked owing to the damage of pipeline in a LNG fueled ship. In addition, environmental variables (wind speed, atmospheric temperature, and atmospheric stability) and process variables (pipe pressure and pipe length) were classified to analyze the damage impact ranges caused by various scenarios. From the results, the damage range caused by the environmental variables was the largest, followed by overpressure and thermal radiation. Additionally, for the process variables, regardless of the pressure, length, or size of the leak holes, the damage range attributed to flash fire was the most significant, and the damage range was high in the order of overpressure and thermal radiation, similar to the environmental variables. The larger the size of the leak holes, the higher the values of the environmental and process variables, and the higher the damage range caused by jet fire compared to the environmental variables. 본 연구에서는 LNG 추진선에서 배관의 파손으로 천연가스가 누출되었을 때 누출공의 크기별 플래시 화재, 과압, 복사열에 따른 피해범위를 ALOHA(Areal Location of Hazardous Atmospheres)를 이용하여 산출했다. 그리고 민감도 분석을 위해 환경 변수(풍속, 대기온도, 대기 안정도)와 공정 변수(배관 압력, 배관 길이)로 구분하여 다양한 시나리오별 피해영향범위를 분석했다. 그 결과 환경 변수에 따른 피해범위는 플래시 화재에 의한 피해범위가 가장 컸으며 다음으로 과압, 복사열 순서로 큰 피해범위를 나타냈다. 그리고 공정 변수 에 따른 피해범위를 산출한 결과 배관의 압력과 길이, 누출공의 크기와 관계없이 플래시 화재에 의한 피해범위가 가장 컸으며, 환경 변수와 동일하게 과압, 복사열 순서로 높은 피해범위를 보였다. 또한 누출공의 크기가 클수록 환경 변수와 공정 변수가 피해범위에 큰 영향을 주었으며 제트 환재에 의한 피해범위는 환경 변수에 비해 공정 변수에 의한 피해범위가 더 큰 것을 알 수 있었다.

      • KCI등재후보

        비침습적 돌출귀 교정

        이윤호,최중혁 대한성형외과학회 2003 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.30 No.4

        Prominent ear means congenital ear anomaly which has the obtuse conchoscapal angle caused by underdeveloped antihelix and has the larger concha shape than normal. It can be corrected by non-surgical method such as molding process with splint when ear cartilage keep flexibility right after birth and by surgical method with manipulating the ear cartilage directly. To correct prominent ear, we used simple and effective technique consisted of (1)anterior cartilage surface scoring and (2)two horizontal mattress suture without skin excision because we have the opinion that the most important deformity in prominent ear is lesser projection of antihelical fold. From March 1998 to February 2003 this method was applied to 12 patients. During the follow-up period no particular side effects were detected and we had an excellent aesthetic result.

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