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        • KCI등재

          기독교적 관점에서 본 기업의 사회적 책임 모델

          이요섭 한국실천신학회 2008 신학과 실천 Vol.0 No.15

          본고는 현대 사회에서 널리 언급되고 또한 강조하는 기업의 사회적 책임을 기독교적인 관점에서 조명하고자 하였다. 그러기 위해서 기업의 사회적 책임을 다루는 일반이론과 기독교적인 관점에서 본 성경적 규범을 함께 언급하였다. 크리스천 경영인들이 실천해야할 기업의 사회적 책임은 경제학과 경영학 에서 언급하고 있는 윤리 이론만으로는 신앙의 실천과 적용이라는 욕구를 충족시킬 수가 없다. 따라서 본고는 기업이 추구하는 경제적 가치와 이익을 달성하는 과정을 평가하는 고전적 모델과 경제・사회적 모델을 비교 한 후, 기업의 사회적 책임에 관한 기독교적 이념을 경제제도, 사유재산제도, 이윤추구, 권력, 동기와 가치, 소명의식, 수입의 분배와 같은 분야별로 나누어 살펴보았다. 끝으로 기독교적인 이념에 근거하여 기독교 경영인이 신앙인으로써 기업의 사회적 책임을 다하는데 필요한 구체적인 원칙을 제안하였다. 이러한 원칙들은 기업을 운영하거나 기업에 종사하는 크리스천들이 기업 활동을 통하여 하나님의 뜻을 실현할 수 있는 실천적 기준이 될 것이다. The need to address the ethical issues involved in economic life is becoming increasingly urgent. Many members of the public argue strongly that managers must consider the impact of their decisions and actions on society as a whole by assuming responsibility for their activities. Managers must consider economic duty and legal obligation, but responsibility towards a community extends beyond the economy and the law. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an organization's obligation to engage in activities that protect and contribute to the betterment of society. The doctrine of CSR rests upon the idea that business should be conducted with concern for the effects of business operation upon the attainment of valued social goals. The following are the economic goals toward which businessmen should orient themselves: high standard living, economic progress, personal security, the realization of justice and freedom, development of the individual person, community improvement and national security. In seeking these goals, CSR is evaluated by two opposing schools of thought: classical and social-economic. Classical economist, Milton Friedman argues that earning profits for owners and enhancing social welfare are incompatible and will lead to the demise of business. Social-economists propose that corporations have a responsibility to return to society a value for what is taken. This paper briefly discusses the seven important aspects of economic elements of capitalism from a Christian perspective. First, Christian thinkers deny that any particular economic system is ordained by God's will. The church and Christian individuals have a duty to work for a better social order that contributes to the realization of God's words. Second, Christian views donot provide unqualified support for private property. Property is not an absolute or inherent right, and it can only be justified to the extent that the welfare of society is served by permitting material things to be owned and administered. Third, the Bible does not view profit or profit taking as an evil act. Acquiring profit is recognized as an outcome of commercial practice as long as Christians are activated by a service motive than by a profit motive. Fourth, closely connected with the Christian view of property is the attitude toward power. In general, Christian thinkers distrust power because it is regarded as a source of injustice. Fifth, in the Christian view of capitalist system, the harshest criticism is directed toward material motivation and values, where the material takes precedence over the spiritual, and the motive of selfish gain predominates over the motive of service to society. Sixth, one of the great needs of modern life is to restore the sense of vocation so that one's job is not a mere means to survive but a God-given calling to devote. Seventh, while Christian thinkers do not argue for the equality of income, they consider that the distribution of income should be determined primarily on the basis of justice. At the end, from those Christian considerations of CSR, definite recommendations and principles to guide Christian business people are offered though without detail. But the idea is helpful in clarifying the Christian perspectives of CSR and is implicit in practice for Christian business people.

        • KCI등재

          Effect of repetitive wrist extension with electromyography-triggered stimulation after stroke: a preliminary randomized controlled study

          이요섭,차유리,김영,황수진,정이정 물리치료재활과학회 2017 Physical therapy rehabilitation science Vol.6 No.3

          Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of repetitive wrist extension task training with electromyography (EMG)-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for wrist extensor muscle recovery in patients with stroke. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Fifteen subjects who had suffered a stroke were randomly assigned to an EMG-triggered NMES group (n=8) or control group (n=7); subjects in both groups received conventional therapy as usual. Subjects in the experimental group received application of EMG-triggered NMES to the wrist extensor muscles for 20 minutes, twice per day, five days per week, for a period of four weeks, and were given a task to make a touch alarm go off by activity involving extension of their wrist. In the control group, subjects performed wrist self-exercises for the same duration and frequency as those in the experimental group. Outcome measures included muscle reaction time and spectrum analysis. Assessments were performed during the pre- and post-treatment periods. Results: In the EMG-triggered NMES group, faster muscle reaction time was observed, and median frequency also showed improvement, from 68.2 to 75.3 Hz, after training (p<0.05). Muscle reaction time was significantly faster, and median frequency was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the experimental group after training. Conclusions: EMG-triggered NMES is beneficial for patients with hemiparetic stroke in recovery of upper extremity function.

        • KCI등재

          직류 서보계의 퍼지제어와 α-레벨 퍼지집합 분해에 의한 퍼지추론 연산회로 구현

          이요섭,홍순일,홍정표 한국마린엔지니어링학회 2004 한국마린엔지니어링학회지 Vol.28 No.5

          The purpose of this study is to develope a servo system with faster and more accurate response. This paper describes a method of approximate reasoning for fuzzy control of servo system based on the decomposition of -level fuzzy sets. We propose that fuzzy logic algorithm is a body from fuzzy inference to defuzzificaion in cases where the output variable u directly is generated PWM. The effectiveness for robust and faster response of the fuzzy control scheme are verified for a variable parameter by comparison with a PID control and fuzzy control. A position control of DC servo system with a fuzzy logic controller is demonstrated successfully.

        • KCI등재

          Analysis on Trends of Machine Learning-as-a-Service

          이요섭 국제문화기술진흥원 2018 International Journal of Advanced Culture Technolo Vol.6 No.4

          Demand is increasing rapidly in recent years than supply to machine learning professionals. To alleviate this gap, user-friendly machine learning software that can be used by non-specialists has emerged, which is Machine Learning-as-a-Service(MLaaS). MLaaS provides services that enable businesses to easily leverage ML capabilities without expertise. In this paper, we will compare and analyze features, interfaces, supporting programming language, ML framework, and Machine Learning services of MLaaS, to help companies easily use ML service.

        • KCI등재후보

          퍼지추론에 의한 PID제어기의 파라미터 Tuning의 구성

          이요섭,홍순일 한국융합신호처리학회 2003 信號處理·시스템學會 論文誌 Vol.4 No.4

          PID제어기의 파라미터의 조정 방법이 전문가의 경험적 지식과 플랜트 스텝응답 파형 모양에 기초하여 퍼지 싱글톤 추론에 의해 행하는 방법을 나타내었다. 파라미터 조정방법은 두 레벨이 있다. 높은 레벨은 모델링 할 수 없는 플랜트 특성에 대하여 전문가의 Know-how에 기초하여 제어기의 수정계수를 결정하는 것이다. 저 단계는 Ziegler-Nichol 의 한계 감도법의 응답 특성에 의해 특정 계수를 결정한다. 마지막 단계는 량과 제어응답 파형의 면적법에서 얻은 특정량에서 조정 규칙으로 취하고 퍼지추론에 수정 계수와 특정계수로 조정규칙을 만들어 퍼지 싱글톤 추론에 의해 PID제어기의 각 파라미터를 적정한 값으로 자동조정 하는 법을 나타내었다. A PID parameter tuning method was presented by the fuzzy singleton inference, based on step response-shaping of plant and experience knowledge of expert. The parameter-tuning has tow levels. The higher level determines modified coefficients for the controller based on operator's tuning know-how for characteristics of plant which can not be modeled. The lower level determines specified coefficients based on characteristics of response by Ziegler-Nickel's bounded sensitivity method. The last level parameters tuning of a PID controller is adjusted which the modified and specified coefficients makes adjustment rule, and is adjusted the proper value to each parameters by fuzzy singleton inference. Moreover, proposed the tuning method can reflex exporter knowledge and operator's tuning know-how and fuzzy singleton inference is rapidly operated.

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