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The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of the drum structures and crop moisture contents on the performance of newly developed throw-in type axial thersher. Sachun No.2 malting barley with four different crop moisture levels was used as the testing material. Four different types of threshing drum; the cylindrical drum-equipped with teeth or rubber bars and the conical drum-equipped with teeth or rubber bars were tested. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The threshing efficiency of cylindrical drum was higher than that of the conical one, and the drum with teeth was more effective in threshing than the one with bars. However, the higher the threshing efficiency over the whole range of moisture levels and drum speeds given, the more the rapid and unexpectable variations in threshing efficiencies 2. The separation efficiency of the conical drum was decreased as drum speed was increased and was not so much influenced as crop moisture content. But in case of the cylindrical drum, the result was shown in opposite way to that of the conical one. The separation efficiency of the drum with teeth was higher than that of the drum with bars and no significant decrease in separating efficiency was found at wet crop condition. 3. Foreign matters other than grain passing through the concave sieve was decreased as crop moisture content was increased, and the purity was increased at middle range of drum speed regardless of drum types. 4. Minimum grain loss was found at 700 rpm to 800 rpm of drum speed for all types of drums. The effect of crop moisture content on total grain loss was varied with drum types. As far as the grain loss is concerned, the conical drum having teeth was not so greatly influenced by various crop moisture contents and drum speeds as compared with the other types of drum. 5. Generally, the crop moisture content has more relevant effect on the germination than the drum speed regardless of drum types. The germination percentage of grain threshed by the conical drum and the bar attached drum were higher than those of cylindrical one and teeth attached one, respectively.
The crystallization characteristics of a middle CoFeB free layer in a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) with double MgO barriers were investigated by tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) measurements of patterned cells across an 8-inch wafer. The MTJ structure was designed to have two CoFeB free layers and one bottom pinned layer, separated by MgO tunnel barriers. The observed resistance showed three types of TMR curves depending on the crystallization of the middle CoFeB layer. From the analysis of TMR curves, coherent crystallization of the middle CoFeB layer with the top and bottom MgO barriers was found to occur non-uniformly: About 80% of the MTJ cells in the wafer exhibited coherent crystallization of the middle CoFeB layers with the bottom MgO tunnel barrier, while others had coherent crystallization with the top MgO tunnel barrier or both barriers. This non-uniform crystallization of the middle CoFeB layer in a double MTJ was also clearly observed in tunneling electron microscopy images. Thus, control of the crystallization of the middle CoFeB layer is important for optimizing the MTJ with double MgO barriers, and especially for the fabrication of double barrier MTJ on a large area substrate.
This study was carried out to develop the throw-in type thresher with its size as small as possible. Developing the smallest possible size of the throw-in type thresher has been very important to increase mobility and to reduce the machine price. The thresher that developed for this purpose was tested as to threshing and separation performance for the samples collected in eight catch boxes under the concave while threshing. The amount of grain collected in each compartments was measured and the threshing and separating pattern along the total span of the threshing drum was determined. The performance of separating and threshing units of the test thresher and threshing loss was evaluated by use of the developed grain separating apparatus and the method for measuring the grain separating performance of threshers. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The unthreshed grain (drum losses) and semi-threshed grain did not appeared at all throughout the treatments. 2. When threshed by making use of the developed throw-in type thresher, the threshing grain loss at about 25 per cent grain moisture was about one-half when threshed at about 18 per cent grain moisture. 3. And its grain separating loss in higher feed rate was decreased in comparison with that of lower feed rate. These results suggests that the throw-in type thresher may be suitable for wet threshing and for higher feed rate of threshing. 4. Above 60 per cent of total grain passing through concave fell through the screen within a scant 30 cm from the feeding inlet. This threshing pattern may suggest that major threshing action may be finished before about one third of cylinder length. The required separating load extended over the whole drum span is so defferent that separating elements should be redesigned so as to accomodate this variable pattern of separation load. 5. It was apparent from the experiment that the length of the threshing drum of the throw-in type thresher could be reduced from 1285mm to about 1050mm without increasing grain separation loss greatly.