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Dense observations and numerical experiments were carried out to estimate the modification of mesoscale circulation, particularly cold drainage wind. It was confirmed that nocturnal drainage flow can develop on clear calm summer day and change due to orographical forcing and the heterogeneity of heat flux induced by the discontinuity of land-use. The temperature of nocturnal drainage flow at Sungji Valley, Busan Korea, tended to increase as it passed over the urban surface due to anthropogenic heat. The increase in temperature reached 2.9 K at night. The roughness associated with the exchange of momentum flux alone and the pass of nocturnal drainage flow is important for modifying the characteristics of flow Numerical simulations carried out under various surface conditions showed good agreement with the observations. Urban heat fluxes from the surface during the day are fundamental causes of the changes in the urban mesoscale circulation. In addition, the impact of a discontinuity of surface heat flux on mesoscale flow modification tends to be greater at night than during the day because the direction of urban surface heat fluxes at night is different from that in rural areas. In addition, the criterion to estimate the increase in temperature nocturnal drainage flow was also proposed,and provided results that generally agreed with the numerical results.
얼음골 주변의 지표면 변화에 따른 중규모 대기순환장에 미치는 효과를 보기위하여 수치실험을 실시하였다. 얼음골 남북 경사면에서 발생하는 순환장은 지형과 단파복사에 의한 영향으로 다르게 나타나며, 비대칭을 이룬다. 그리고 이러한 비대칭은 18시까지 계속된다. 야간의 경우, 도로건설에 따른 대기순환장의 차이는 크지 않다. 이것은 주간 단파복사에 의한 현열플럭스가 감소하며, 현열플럭스외의 다른 요소는 크게 영향을 미치지 않는다는 것을 의미한다. 도로의 건설은 현열플러스의 증가와 관련되고, 주간의 경우, 지형에 의한 곡풍과 결합하여 도로가 없는 경우에 비하여 상승류가 강하여 진다. 최대풍속은 4.67㎧이다. 그리고 이때 도로의 위치 역시 주요한 요인으로 작용한다. In order to clarify the efficiency of ground level change in Ice-valley on atmospheric circulation, numerical experiment was carried out. The circulations over the slope in North and South are different due to the topography and short wave radiation in Ice-valley. Therefore the circulations in both side are asymmetric and the asymmetric circulations are kept on at 1800 LST. A small difference of the atmospheric circulations formation is made due to the road construction at night. The reason may be the weakness of sensible heat flux from the road and other factors except that the sensible heat is not a principal factor in road construction. The construction of road is associated with growing of sensible heat from the road surface. For this reason, in case of daytime, ascending wind in north slope is more stronger with the road than that without road. The maximum wind speed becomes 4.67m/s after road construction. And the position of the road is also an important factor in estimation of mesoscale circulation in mountainous area.
The flow of non-rotation atmosphere with uniform stratification and wind past an isolated three dimensional topography obstacle is investigated with three-dimensional hydrostatic and non- hydrostatic numerical model. The characteristic of turbulence created the back of topography obstacle is usually defined by Froude number which is the function of upstream wind speed, the height of topography obstacle, and atmospheric stability. Turbulence tends to be formed more easily at the non-hydrostatic model than hydrostatic model. Especially, the difference between flow patterns of two models generated by isolated obstacle is more clear under low Froude number. The difference of flow patterns can be only seen at relatively low altitude, but at high altitude the patterns of two models are almost same. In this research, wind velocity in the parameters related with Froude number have great sensitivity at responsibility of numerical models. and slop of obstacle is also important factor at the flow pattern regardless of the species of numerical model
In order to predict air pollution and Yellow-sand dispersion precisely, it is necessary to clarify the sensitivity of meteorological field input interval. Therefore numerical experiment by atmospheric dynamic model(RAMS) and atmospheric dispersion model(PDAS) was performed for evaluating the effect of temporal and spatial resolution of meteorological data on particle dispersion. The results are as follows: 1) Base on the result of RAMS simulation, surface wind direction and speed can either synchronize upper wind or not. If surface wind and upper wind do not synchronize, precise prediction of Yellow-sand dispersion is strongly associated with upwelling process of sand of particle. 2) There is no significant discrepance in distribution of particle under usage of difference temporal resolution of meteorological information at early time of simulation. but the difference of distribution of particles become large as time goes by. 3) There is little difference between calculated particles distributions in dispersion experiments with high temporal resolution of meteorological data. On the other hand, low resolution of meteorological data occur the quantitative difference of particle density and there is strong tendency to the quantitative difference.
The change of land use such as the construction of way in mountainous area and tunnel leads to the quantitative change of the greenhouse gas. This study tried to clarify the effect of the change of land use around Miryang Ice Valley on thermal environment of micro-meteorological scale by numerical experiment. We carried out several numerical experiment under different atmospheric conditions with different amount of greenhouse gases. Heating rate increased by the greenhouse gas in the ground level is average of 0.0073 K/day. And the increasing rate is smaller than the daily average heat crossing quantity.