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This study was performed to investigate the interrelations between the menstrual characteristics and premenstrual syndromes(PMS) among high school student group, college student group and married women group. A total of 487 women in Chonju area wrote out the self-evaluated symptoms which were found twice or more during the last 3 menstrual cycles through the premenstrual assessment form, 94 items or 18 scales questionnaire during the period from 10 the of October to 30th of November, 1988. The results of this survey were as follows : 1. The mean age of menarche was 14.1 years old. The menstrual cycle was regular in 80.9% and the mean duration of it was 30.2 days. The mean duration of the menstrual flow was 5.2 days. 2. Most of the respondents(89.1%) were experienced in PMS. 3. The correlation of PMS items to the three groups was found in 23 among 94 items. 4. The correlation of PMS scales to the three groups was found as follows : loss of pleasure(P<0.05), increased well being (P<0.001), autonomic phisical changes(P<0.05), fatigue(P<0.005). 5. The correlation of menstrual characteristics to PMS was found as follows : intensity of menstrual flow(P<0.05), mittelschmerz(P<0.000), dysmenorrhea(P<0.01), attitude for menstruation among high school group(P<0.05), dysmenorrhea among the married women(P<0.05) and mittelschmerz among all three groups (high school group, P<0.01, college group, P<0.05 and the married women group, P<0.05).
The purpose of this paper is to review the contribution made by some phoneticians including Si-gyung Chu, Du-bong, Kim, Hyun-bae Choi, and Geuk-ro Lee in the early 20th century. It is known that the period canbe characterized as the coexistence of traditional phonetics and modern phonetics. Si-gyung Chu well recognized the physical nature of speech sounds from the physiological point of view. Although Du-bong, Kim adapted Chu's approach in some ways, he made some more detailed modifications in explaining the vocal organs. Hyun-bae Choi tried to explain the consonants and vowels systematically based on Western theories of phonetics. Finally, Geuk-ro Lee made the most significant contribution by introducing the experimental phonetics. Keywords : traditional phonetics, vocal organs, experimental phonetics
The primary purpose of this study was to identify the diversity and embellishment of American Indian clothing and relationship between culture and clothing in American Indian Culture Areas. After the introduction of European material culture, change in American Indian clothing was conducted. The result of the Study as follows: 1. The most influential factors affecting the diversity of American Indian clothing were environmental factors. Climates and geographical features, Raw material were reflected in clothing style and clothing material in each culture Area. 2. Economic situation and life style were shown to be influential to clothing development. The best known instance of this was greatly elaborated clothing and personal adornment of the Plains who had higher stand of life and nomadic life style. 3. Religious concepts were important factors influencing American Indian clothing. Indian tribes had different ritual performance they used particular motifs in clothing. Clothing, such as "ghost shirt", Apache medicine shirt and Pueblo ceremonial clothing, served hidden purposes. 4. Techenology was another factor identified in this study as influencing American Indian clothing. Especially, weaving skills of Southwest played a great role in textile development. Pueblo "manta" and Navaho "bil" were famous for Indian costume. 5. European material culture allowed great change of traditional native Indian clothing. American Indian had new material, new styles, new concept of clothing. 6. American Indian, although Indian applicated European trade goods, was actually quite conservative in retaining traditional designs and modes of decoration. Asthetics and tradtion of American Indian were reflected in American Indian clothing.