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This paper examines the topos in all of Gen Getsu’s novels. Specifically, it focuses on the process of constructing the “Ikaino” as a topos and analyzes the characteristics and strategies employed in Gen Getsu’s “Ikaino”. The narrative in Gen Getsu’s “Ikaino” is characterized by the repetition of the same space, the resemblance of the dominant structure inside the space, and the similarities that appear in the character modeling. In addition to the narrative about the incidents and its subject, which are the driving force of the novel, the narrative about the place where the incident unfolds also significant. As a result, the place, which should remain in the spatial background, becomes the dynamic foreground of he plot, as if the place itself is the main character while the incidents unfold. Set in “Ikaino”, the novel depicts a cursed land where the forces of evil are in play and the violent incidents caused by the cursed people born there. These narratives are becoming a strategy for recalling the memories of “Zainichi”, who came to be non-visible in the Japanese society. The narrative used in Gen Getsu’s “Ikaino” is a literary method of resisting reorganization of space and oblivion, and at the same time, new narrative strategy talking about “Zainichi”.
This paper studies magazine media published by the Jeju Islanders in Japan after World War II, and considers the significance of their media activities along with a bibliography of the publications in Japan. The Jeju Provincial People’s Association, which is based in the Kanto and Kansai regions, has led the media activities of the Jeju Islanders in Japan. From the various types of the journal published by the Jeju Provincial People’s Association, I confirmed that they sought to maintain their identity as Jeju Islanders, deepen the unity and friendship among their members, and seek a path that would lead to the economic development of Jeju Island. On the other hand, in the group of Jeju Islanders in Japan, ther is a Tamra Study Group that was formed to pursue the history and culture of Jeju Island. "Tamra Communication Study" and "Jeju Island" published by Tamra Study Group are the magazines which transmit it toward the outside world unlike the Journal of the friendship organization. Especially in the case of "Jeju Island", the island’s locality was transmitted to Japanese society, and it functioned as translocal network through cooperation with Jeju Island. Their media activities have played a significant role in the process of preserving regional identity and forming locality in the Japan Society of Jeju Islanders. The media activity of the Jeju Islanders in Japan who are creating a unique locality against the historical tide of globalization is a special phenomenon unprecedented in the magazine media history of Zainichi Koreans.
This paper considered a characteristic of the other world and the meaning to see in Sakiyama"s fictions mainly on a short story announced intermittently from 2006 to 2013. “SUIZYOŌUKAN” with the opportunity when the name of Sakiyama is known to the central literary world. She published the anthology of total four to date afterwards. Sakiyama"s theme was ‘island’ and ‘darkness’ from the first anthology. However, Sakiyama"s fictions shows a new change after the third anthology. I consider the change to be a thing by imagination of the other world and consider a concrete aspect and characteristic of the other world through the series of Kuja. In addition, I thought about how a crossing the border and interchange to the other world intersected a problem of the present of Okinawa. The other world in the Sakiyama"s fictions shows an aspect different from fear or the yearning to the world where the human ingenuity and the experience are exceeded. A voice invades the space of the narrator suddenly. He is invited to the voice, and he goes over the everyday border without a physical shock naturally when he moves to another space. In the fiction, it may be said that the other world is distributed unevenly in daily life. The series of Kuja irradiates contemporary history of Okinawa through interchange with the other world again. As for the series of Kuja, a focus is put to women who lived in Kuja in particular. The other world is a literal method to shape of the "island" and "darkness" for Sakiyama. And it was a viewpoint of the gender of Sakiyama to have been able to confirm in the process. It can be said that the other world is Sakiyama depict be a criticism of the violent representations to Okinawa as well as a criticism of the Domination of male power structure, which is symbolized as violent system of military base and the state and violence of war.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Rice doubled haploid (DH) lines derived from crosses of the indica cultivar 93-11 and japonica line Milyang352 were used in genetic mapping and QTL analysis studies of days to heading (DTH), an important trait that controls rice yield and biomass. QTL mapping was conducted using the inclusive composite interval mapping method. We used 234 single-nucleotide polymorphic markers in the whole-genome region, including 100 KASP markers and 134 Fluidigm markers, to construct a genetic map. DH populations were raised in Milyang, Korea, over three different periods. Two major DTH QTLs, qDTH3-1 and qDTH7, were detected under natural conditions in Milyang, and explained 14.88%~24.56% and 24.20%~37.39% of the phenotypic variation, respectively, in 93-11 ×Milyang352 DH populations. During three different rice cultivation periods, qDTH3-1 and qDTH7 were repeatedly detected with significant logarithm of the odds scores and phenotypic variability explained. The findings of this study will make a valuable contribution to breeding high-yielding and early-maturing rice in Korea.
Biofortification is a cost-effective method for increasing the availability of micronutrients. Rice breeding for high levels of micronutrients is one of the best approaches to solve the problem of malnutrition. In this study, we developed a doubled haploid (DH) population derived from a cross between the rice cultivars 93-11 and Milyang 352 and evaluated QTLs for grain micronutrients and grain shape. Two co-localized QTLs, qFe3-1 and qZn3-1, were identified in the interval between ah03002520 and cmb0336.5 on chromosome 3, which explained 17.6% and 10.5% of the phenotypic variation, respectively. Correlation analysis between agronomic and micronutrient traits showed positive correlations between grain Fe and Zn contents but a negative correlation between grain Fe content and length-to-width ratio. This indicated the possibility of simultaneously increasing both Fe and Zn content in rice grains for improving the micronutrient profile of rice. We selected some promising lines by recombinant selection using linked markers on chromosome 3. The co-localized QTLs qFe3-1 and qZn3-1 might be useful for the improvement of biofortified rice breeding by marker- assisted selection and gene pyramiding.
In this paper, Ōe Kenzaburō’s “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!(Farewell, My Book!)”(2005) is subject to the study. The preceding research dealt with “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!” on the common horizon of ‘Pseudo-Couples’, and there were a lot of things to consider the effect and the function or the meaning of ‘Pseudo-Couples’. But I focus on the ‘Sign’, which is also the title of the final chapter of the novel, considering the literary imagination of Ōe through the world of typography and the aspiring to human recovery. “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!” is the basis of the novel by the experience of the printed world of Ōe, including Elliot"s poetry. Such a “Sayōnara, watashi no hon yo!”, the reason that it does not become ‘fictitious in the fictitious’ is to present the possibility of violence and terrorism which are omnipresent in various forms with the sense of crisis to the real world. After failing in the last big game, Kogito is absorbed in the task of reading and recording ‘signs’. It is because he expects the emergence of ‘New Men’ from among their generations to assume a child of about fourteen years old as a ‘signs’ record reader. The ‘New Men’ means a person who fights against those who oppress human intelligence and imagination in the age of nuclear, recovery people who bring peace and peace, and people who are broken by violence, eliminating hostility and confrontation. It was a ‘signs’ of violence and terrorism in various forms ubiquitous in the world that Ōe is drawing through his novel. And the figure of Kogito who spared the effort to record ‘signs’ for future generations to become the leading role of society after a quarter century, it can be read in the form of Ōe who aspires to manifestation of ‘New Men’ and human recovery.
Historically, the study of ethnic magazine of Zainichi Koreans was mainly conducted by the magazine which represented each period. But, in the case of the 1950s, there was a gap due to data restrictions. This blip was fortunately resolved as interest in post-war cultural movements which was developed in the form of a Life-Record Movement and a Circle Movement in the 2000s(the circle poetry magazine "Jindalle" and "Garion" by Osaka Korean poet group were issued as a reprint version). This was the epoch-making development that elucidated the cultural activities of Zainichi Koreans of the 1950s. With this new availability of data, in this paper, I am able to present the overall image of the cultural movement of Zainichi Koreans in the 1950s, as opposed to research focusing on specific magazines like the previous research. In the 1950s, organizations or associations representing Zainichi Koreans ranged from Choryŏn to Minjŏn and later to Chongryŏn. The character of the magazine changed somewhat according to the above-mentioned organizations and these changes can be observed by the following periodicals. The first is a magazine that inherits the genealogy of "Minjuchosŏn", the second is "Jindalle" and its affiliate magazines, and the third is a journal related to the Zainichi Chosŏn Bungaku-kai. Analysis of these three trends shows not only the current situation of the magazines published by Zainichi Koreans but also the negotiations between the magazines and the aspect of the solidarity and exchange with the post-war cultural movement of Japanese society. It also highlights the struggle of Zainichi Koreans who fought against the GHQ and the Japanese government, which threatens their right to live as an ethnic minority, further demonstrating that ideological war is on the rise in the homeland.