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Cyclic 3':5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase-activator(calmodulin) has been purified from bovine heart approximately 850-fold, and investigated methylation of calmodulin by protein methylase Ⅱ and the effect on the calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase by methylated calmodulin. Calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase by purified calmodulin is stimulated 3.1-fold and its saturating concentraticn is about 0.4 ㎍ protein. The purified calmodulin appears single protein band by SDS/polyacryamide gel electrophoresis (pH 2.4) and the calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase is completely inhibited by adding 100 ㎍ of fluphenazine and 1 mM of EGTA. The relative substrate efficiency of calmodulin by protein methylase Ⅱ is about 70% compare with histone IIA-S. The methylated calmodulin inhibits about 20% calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase compare with that of nonmethylated calmodulin. Methylation rate of calmodulin is constant, independant of Ca^2+ presence. Calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase by methylated calmodulin is completely inhibited in the presence of 1 mM EGTA. From the above results, inhibitory mechanism of calmodulin-induced activation of phosphodiesterase by methylated calmodulin is discussed.
The author have gained the following conclusions from this study based on the curricula of the physical education for teachers. colleges; In April of 1921, the Japanese government decreed the imperial ordinance 113 of the governor-general orders, in which the over-all formulation for the physical education of the teachers, colleges(or schools) was established and the emphasis about hygiene for the purpose of increasing the physical health which was included in the 7th act showed their concern with the students, general health. In terms of curricula, gymnastics, military drill and pastime sports were in general, including the extra Yu-do and swordmanship to the boy students. The first amendment for the curricula of the teachers, colleges was in April 1, 1927 by a governor-general order 8, in which the subjects of gymnastics and military drill should be taught together in order to increase students, mind and physical health. The 2nd amendment was carried by the governor-general order in May 29, 1937, in which, to prepare for the wartime, the subject of military drill was the core including gymnastics, pastime sports and (war) game. In the 3rd amendment carried in May, 1943, the imperial Japan, which was in a drawback position in the Pacific war, made the physical education as the one for wartime including the subjects of physical strength and martial arts.