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第一共和國憲法史(新生大韓民國憲法)を考察するのに, 先ず檢討しなければない事實ガある. 1996年2月19日は舊曆で韓國の元旦として, わが國の全域は明るぃ前途を感じるようになり, 快い氣特ちでとんな仕事にも意慾的륙솎煖辯岡嫁紐? 自分勝手な行いや氣ままな言動は大禁物である. 周圍との圓滑な接觸を圖ることが英氣の向上(國益と同じ)につながる. 利己的になったり物慾を表に出したりするのは良くなぃ. 失言뢴?紐랴嫁*沃┴祛ⓠ쫓Ø縉落? 寬容な姿勢を持つことが賢明なのである. 元旦はすべての家庭が喜びのために專念する日たと言える. また, 元旦には祖先を祭るために, 大部分の都會人は自分の故鄕に向かう民族大移動が起こり, 今年も17日?8日の兩日にかけて全國的な大移動が行なわれた. そして, 南北の分斷で離散家族になった人びとは北にある父母兄弟を墓うなで「神聖な日に」とも言えるであろぅ. しかし, 橋本總理大臣の日本政府は, 勿論, 日本の國益の爲であろぅけど, EEZ(Exclusive Economic Zone)という排他的經濟水域の宣言問題をもって韓國の國民を刺戟し, 再び, 反日感情を持つようにした. 新生大韓民國の憲法は, 1945年日本が大東亞戰爭で敗亡した後, 誕生したものとして意味がある. しかし, こういう歷史的な憲法なのだが, 韓半島は南側は米軍の, 北側はソ連軍の占領下に置き, あとで韓國分斷の種になってしまったのである. この現實は今日も問題になっているが, 日本人, 特に日本の政治人たさはこれを흑默視した非良心的な態度を表している. 卽ち, 三八線は, 日本に責任があるに違いない. だが, 日本は韓國の分斷を好機として利用し, 經濟的な利益(韓國戰爭以降)を圖って來た. そして, 1996年3月1日~2日, 泰國のバンコクであったASEM(Asia-Europe Meeting)會議で各國の指導者が會議した後, 韓國の金泳三大統領と日本の橋本總理は獨島問題を討論したが, ここで金泳三大統領は, 獨島は韓國の領土であるのを主張した. ここで獨島の韓國領土としての歷史を說明したら, 次のおりである Desolate rocks endanger Korea- Japan diplomatic calm By David Cho Staff reporter Tokto reposes alone in the East Sea, in relative obscurity during normal times. But every once in a while, millions of Koreans and Japanese turn their attention to this tiny arcipelago to covet its rocky clefts.…… Tikto: a history of dispute Territorial disputes over the islets actually date backentries. History records a sample in 1963, when General Ahn Yong-bok of the Choson Dynasty descended on Tokto with warships to expel a few Japanse peasants who had landed on shores to do some fishing. Forcing life into it Koreans have tried to settle the issue in their own way by trying to force tokto, which is categorized as "rocks" by the U.N. convention on the Law of the Sea, into the inhabitable category of islands. Over the past few decades, in an effort to establish a life-giving environment on the island and to solidify their claims, Koreans have engaged in nationwide tree-planting campaigns on Tokto. Recently the government announced plans to build a water-purification system on the island by March 22. But Prof. Yoo Pyung-wha, who teaches international law at korea University, believes that these efforts, while noble, will fail to change Tokto's barren status. Why these rocks? Foreigners unfamiliar with Korean- Japanese relations may be puzzled why there is so much debate over a clump of volcanic in the middle of the sea. Prof. Yoo explained that the main reason for the conflict over Tokto is nationalism. Haunting memories of the Japanese occupation have made Koreans sensitive to any sign of the resurgence of "imperial. Japan" be it over city land or rock. Still, there is actually little economic value in what Korea and Japan are fighting over. Unspectacular from a distance, the islets hold hidden treasures only to patient tourists of the sea. A volcanic mass, which forms an underwater arch between Tokto's two main islands, stretches over a rocky sea terrain teeming with squid, pollack, codfish, and other forms of marine life. Other than that, Tokto offers visitors the spectacle of water shrouded caves, some outlandish cliffs and rock formations, a garrison of Korean troops watching for any movement from the east, and a few hermit fisherman trying to make a living 以上のようであるが, 我われはここで暫く1945年代の歷史的な責務を考察しなければならないであろう. 1945年代は日本の敗戰で韓半島の全域にはUNの世界平和の共鳴が廣げられていた(さきの光復憲法としてののをしてほしい). なお, 第1共和國の憲法精神は民主獨立という初めの歷史的な意味がある点と三權分立及び自由と平等の高權性, 近代國家としてのあり方を備えたという点にその特徵があるのである. この歷史的な新生大韓民國の憲法は1919年3月1日, 全國民の獨立萬歲運動の精神と三ㆍ一運動の後中國の上海の亡??臨時政府憲法の法統を受け繼いでいる. もう-つのをすなら, 近代的な意味の自由と平等, 國民の政府, 國家裁判所, 自由選擧などの民主主義をその內容とする立派な憲法が生じたのである. 實はアメリカ(第2次世界大戰の勝戰國)が占領した南韓をそのまま支配してもしようがなかったかも知れないが, 李承晩(米國留學)を中心とした政府を樹させ, 今日までいろいろの犧牲と配慮をしてくれたのである. 韓國の歷史は初めて立憲主義の憲法を制定した. 第1次共和國憲法が上海の亡命憲法と1919年三룹宇솜※욉④∇沂津拯Ø홋랴펼寯?, 十章, 百三條の憲法がうまれたのである.
PP/nylon 6 blends using maleic anhydride grafted PP, propylene-acrylic acid copolymer and Polytail H as a compatibilizer have been investigated. The weight ratio of PP and nylon 6 is fixed for 20/80. The compatibilizer is incorporated with 0.4, 0.8, 1.2 and 1.6wt% based on the total weight of PP/nylon 6 blends. The morphology, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties have been characterized. The average size of PP domain with incorporation of compatibilizers was decreased from 10 $\mu$m to a few $\mu$m and the adhesion between the phases was greatly improved, resulting from the effect of the compatibilizer The PP/nylon 6 blends using maleic anhydride grafted PP as a compatibilizer showed good mechanical properties.
The final goal or ideal value which man wants to attain is self-realization as human beings. In short, the question is 「the realization of the life worthy f man」. What is the basic assumption of western modern civilization? I think that its basic assumption is 「the faith about the reason」. The so considered father of western modern philosophy, Rene Descartes said 「I think, therefore I am」. (cogito, ergo sum) This means that the essence of human being consists in human reason. Since R. Descartes, the major theme of modern philosophy or thought has been rationalism. A dialectical theologian, Emil Brunner said that the crisis of collapse in western culture appeared in the western historical process for three hundred years. During the past 300 years, human dignity was crumbling step by step and was weakening, and man was deprived of humanity. I think that the reason why western modern civilization is in crisis is because their extreme belief upon human reason: rationalism. The extreme belief upon human reason revealed many dysfuntion in modern society. I think that the greatest thesis of the life worthy o man is as following. 「I love, therefore I work」 Love involves not only love of neighbor, but also love of God. I don't mean self-love as love. Within denying self-love, the essence of love can work. I will denominate this thesis as the second discovery about human beings. With this thesis, we can revolve today's problems such as inhumanity, human alienation, implementalization of human reason. Love is the most powerful force in the world. Love is the power to combine the devided things and love is the source of power and justice. The new meaning of our jobs must satisfy. ① having a life to maintain. ② active productivity. ③ practice of love To develop real democracy in all societies, we must try to harmonize reason with love. To love is the starting point of the new professional ethics in developing countries. Love is the source of the love, the origin of power and justice.
Classic anatomical descriptions state that the common bile duct enters to the medial border of the second part of duodenum. Isolated case reports of the common bile duct in other sites, including the fourth part of duodenum, the pyloric canal, stomach, and the duodenal bulb, have appeared in the literature. We report three cases of anomalous drainage of the common bile duct into duodenal bulb, which caused recurrent cholangitis and peptic ulcer. All patients required choledochoenteric anastomosis to relieve their syrnptoms.
The purpose of this study is to consider the North Korea's Policy towards the South Korea. First of all, it analyzes Kim Il-seong's unification policy and southern policy. And, it was aimed to analyze Kim Jeong-iI's unification policy and southern policy after Kim Il-seong's death. The present study was progressed with the consciousness of four problems. Through this research, the following conclusions were reached. Kim Il-seong proceeded with leading national people by allowing the Juche Thought to be politically discussed, and Kim Jeong-iI advocated the military-first politics aiming at the guarantee of regime, the security of political power, and the construction of economy under the justice of pointing to the construction of the energetic great country in socialism. This is what Kim Jeong-iI is differentiated from Kim Il-seong. Contrary to that Kim Il-seong prioritized the political party, Kim Jeong-iI gave priority to the military, and what uses a race as the main argument is similar. Namely, Kim Il-seong used the theory of national liberation as the unification ideology, but Kim Jeong-iI used the national cooperation as the central discussion. The characteristics of Kim Jeong-iI's southern policy is the realization of Unification front Strategy through propaganda and agitation. Kim Jeong-iI tried to solve the domestic politics and the southern policy by making them issue, and it just leads to the issue of nuclear in North Korea and 6-way talks. While Kim Il-seong saw America from the imperialistic viewpoint, Kim Jeong-iI maintained the strategic condition called Tongmibongnam (通美封南 the communication with America and the blockade against South Korea), tried to solve economy directly with an individual company and to exclude South Korean government by being consistent with the separation policy of economy and politics in terms of economic issue to South Korea, and proceeded with practicing the policy that receives the economic aid such as insufficient materials directly from South Korean Government. It is just the positive utilization in the theory of racial coexistence. North Korea again attempted the policy for Special Economic Zone after the measure on July 1 of 2002. It includes the existing Sinuiju special administrative district and Najin and Seonbong special economic zone in addition to Gaeseong special economic zone and Geumgangsan special tourist zone. It came to be clear that North Korea tries to turn away the government authorities as far as possible in the dimension of racial cooperation by giving priority to 'between our races' with the proposition of realizing the greatly racial unity since the South-North summit talks on June 15 of 2000, and to proceed with expand the unification strategy in the form of mass meeting through several great meetings with private organizations such as the political parties and the social groups in South Korea. Another goal of the presently Kim Jeong-iI's policy to South Korea, is to maximize the pursuit of benefits to South Korea while concentrating on allowing the monarchical system without election to be settled by institutionalizing the military rule system with two kings. Due to North Korea's extraordinary control system by the military for a long time, North Koreans' human right is numerously infringed, thus it is also a serious problem to solve this. How indeed did the United Nations resolve the issue of human right? The politics by the political party was decayed, and the benevolent rule of Kim Jeong-iI, who had the military authorities on his back, got further bigger, and he concentrated steadily on the reinforcement of military force, thus North Korea's economy was finally shrunk more, and when tension is elated, it is also concerned about the probability of collision in military matters of South and North Korea. It is required to further promote the democratization of South Korea and to firmly build independently national defense, and it is needed more national people's consciousness of security. It needs to be kept in mind that when the democratic politics in the ancient Athene was negligent of security and came to flow into laissez-faire, it was defeated in the war against sparta's military government system, thus free people in Athene became slaves, and that it took 2300 years to restore democracy in the human political history.
This thesis refers to the reason Sparta's militarism and Athens' democracy inevitably perished 2500 years ago. Also, it states how North and South Korea today uncannily resembles Sparta and Athens respectively. Since the death of Kim Il-rseong, his son, Kim Jeong-il, has focused on establishing a powerful militant nation after the model of Sparta's militarism. After the revision of the Constitution, he has been ruling over North Korea. On the other hand, the South Korean government system is the exact replica of that of Athens. When it was evident that Athens was excelling Sparta in economy and military strength, there was a major conflict within Athens on what steps to take. This eventually led to the fall of these two city states. Kimon, a conservative, wanted to help Sparta. but Epialtes, who was with the progressives, argued that they should leave Sparta to perish. In the end, the conservatives won the debate. After the miraculous revival, however, Sparta got their army together and invaded one of the islands under Athens' rule. The inhabitants fled to Athens and the city fell into disorder. Increased population caused financial difficulties, and Athens' democracy degenerated into a state of an election-centered let-alone policy. Finally, Athens crumbled under Sparta's armed aggression.