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      • KCI등재

        지주막하출혈에 의한 뇌기저동맥의 형태학적 변화에 미치는 양격산화탕(凉膈散火湯)의 효과

        이동원,이원철,Lee, Dong-Won,Lee, Won-Chul 대한한의학회 1999 대한한의학회지 Vol.20 No.2

        The present study was performed to investigate the effect of Yangkyuksanhoa-tang on the morphological changes of the basilar artery after experimentally induced subarachnoid hemonrrhages(SAH). Yangkyuksanhoa-tang has been used freguently for cerebrovascular accident Sprague Dawley rats weighing between 350-400 g were used. The 6 normal rats and 24 SAH elicited rats were used, The SAH induced by injection of the fresh autologus heart blood (0.3-0.4 ml) into the cisterna magna through the posterior atlanta-occipital membrane, Sample group was given 3.3 ml/kg/day of Yangkyuksanhoa-tang extracts for 2 days after SAH. The experimental animals were killed at 48hrs after SAH. The morphological changes of the arterial walls were examined by light and electron microscopy. Following are the obtained results: 1. In SAH elicited rats, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was diminished by about 45% and the thickness of arterial wall was increased by about 82%. In SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was merely diminished by about 18% and the thickness of arterial wall was merely increased by about 19%. 2. In light microscopic examination, the endothelium was swollen into a cuboid shape and the layer of smooth muscle was increased in the basilar artery of SAH elicited rats. In SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was enlarged and the thickness was decreased than in SAH elicited rats. The endothelium was flattened into a squamous shape and the layer of smooth muscle was decreased more than in SAH elicited rats. 3. In electron microscopic examination, the endothelial cells with fragmentation nuclei were changed into a cuboid shape and the internal elastic lamina were folded at the basilar artery of SAH elicited rat. The nuclei of smooth muscle cells were changed into a round or crumpled shape. The length of smooth muscle was shorten and thickness was increased. But all kinds of morphologic changes were diminished in SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment. Conclusion : Yangkyuksanhoa-tang extracts were effective to treat cerebral vasospasm after experimentally induced subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.

      • KCI등재

        SHS 공정에 의해 제조된 Mo<sub>x</sub>W<sub>1-x</sub>Si<sub>2</sub> 발열체의 열화메커니즘

        이동원,이상헌,김용남,이성철,구상모,오종민,Lee, Dong-Won,Lee, Sang-Hun,Kim, Yong-Nam,Lee, Sung-Chul,Koo, Sang-Mo,Oh, Jong-Min 한국전기전자재료학회 2017 전기전자재료학회논문지 Vol.30 No.10

        The degradation mechanism of $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ ultrahigh-temperature heating elements fabricated by self-propagating high-temperature synthesiswas investigated. The $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens (with and without post-annealing) were subjected to ADTs (accelerated degradation tests) at temperatures up to $1,700^{\circ}C$ at heating rates of 3, 4, 5, 7, and $14^{\circ}C/min$. The surface loads of all the specimen heaters were increased with the increase in the target temperature. For the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens without annealing, many pores and secondary-phase particles were observed in the microstructure; the surface load increased to $23.9W/cm^2$ at $1,700^{\circ}C$, while the bending strength drastically reduced to 242 MPa. In contrast, the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens after post-annealing retained $single-Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ phases and showed superior durability after the ADT. Consequently, it is thought that the formation of microcracks and coarse secondary phases during the ADT are the main causes for the degraded performance of the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ heating elements without post-annealing.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        설문지를 통한 한국인 아토피피부염 임상병력의 진단적 중요성에 관한 연구

        이동원,변대규,김진우 ( Dong Won Lee,Dae Gyoo Byun,Jin Wou Kim ) 대한피부과학회 1997 大韓皮膚科學會誌 Vol.35 No.3

        Backgroud: Recent studies have shown an incomplete agreement with the previously proposed diagnostic criteria of Hanifin and Rajka for atopic dermatitis(AD). This could be due to ethnic differences in the clinical manifestations of AD. To make a diagnosis of AD with confidence, one has to depend on the history and clinical picture according to race. Objectives : The purpose of the present study was to find out the importance of individual symptoms and histories for the diagnosis of Korean AD by questionnaire. Methods : The frequency of 25 questionnaire items was studied in 130 patients with typical AD (48 childhood, 82 adolescence/adult) compared to that in 198 control subjects (89 childhood, 109 adolescence/adult). Results : Nine items(itchy with bodily heat, itchy when sweating, cholinergic urticaria, miliaria, irritation with fabrics, food reaction, pollen allergy, itch with stress) were shown to be of much diagnostic significance(p<0.001) in childhood AD,otherwise thirteen items(itchy with bodily heat, itchy when sweating, cholinergic urticaria, sense of fever, excessive sweating, miliaria, irritation with cosmetics, irritation with fabrics, irritation prone hands, itchy with woolen clothes, pollen allergy, itch with stress, dermographism) were in adolescent and adult, AD. ConClusion : We found some diagnostic significance of clinical histories in Korean AD patients by questionnaire. We propose that this accessible questionnaire would be an efficient and powerful method with which to obtain new and valid information on AD. (Kor J Dermatol 1997;35(3): 443-445)

      • KCI등재

        화학기상응축법으로 제조된 철 나노분말의 산화저항에 관한 연구

        이동원,유지훈,배정현,장태석,김병기,Lee Dong-Won,Yu Ji-Hun,Bae Jeoung-Hyun,Jang Tae-Suk,Kim Byoung-Kee 한국분말야금학회 2005 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.12 No.3

        In order to prevent the oxide formation on the surface of nano-size iron particles and thereby to improve the oxidation resistance, iron nanoparticles synthesized by a chemical vapor condensation method were directly soaked in hexadecanethiol solution to coat them with a polymer layer. Oxygen content in the polymer-coated iron nanoparticles was significantly lower than that in air-passivated particles possessing iron-core/oxide-shell structure. Accordingly, oxidation resistance of the polymer-coated particles at an elevated temperature below $130^{\circ}C$ in air was $10\~40$ times higher than that of the air- passivated particles.

      • KCI등재

        무한강하법을 이용한 증명지도의 연구

        이동원,김부윤,정영우,Lee, Dong Won,Kim, Boo Yoon,Chung, Young Woo 영남수학회 2016 East Asian mathematical journal Vol.32 No.2

        There are three subjects in the study. First, after investigating the development process of the method of infinite descent and the reduction to absurdity, we prove them to be equivalent each other. Second, we apply the method of infinite descent to some problems in textbook and compare it with the reduction to absurdity. Finally, we discuss on teaching proofs with the method of infinite descent.

      • KCI등재

        Spherodization of Granuled Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Fine Ceramic Powder by Plasma Spray

        이동원,이학성,유지훈,왕제필,Lee, Dong Won,Lee, Hak Sung,Yu, Ji-Hun,Wang, Jei-Pil The Korean Institute of Resources Recycling 2016 資源 리싸이클링 Vol.25 No.6

        Spray dried $Cr_2O_3$ powder having an agglomerated structure of particles was twice treated into a plasma flame to increase its apparent density. The powder subjected to the first densification treatment did not show the entirely melted state keeping inner particle hollows, and it was fully melted after the second processing only. The powder size as a result of the second treatment decreased, and the apparent density as well as flowability were increased due to melting and surface smoothing effects. But a part of particles after the second densified treatment showed the hollow structure, especially those which were above $30{\mu}m$ in size. This densification behavior of the powder has been qualitatively discussed in terms of the thermal conductivity and inner gas pressure within aggregates exposed to the plasma flame. Spray dried $Cr_2O_3$ 분말은 겉보기밀도를 향상시키기 위해 plasma flame에 투입하여 실험을 진행 하였다. 첫번째 고밀도화 공정에서의 분말은 입자내부 공간까지 완전히 용해되어지지 않았으며, 두번째 공정 이후 완전히 용해가 되었다. 두번째 공정 결과 분말 입도는 작아졌으며, 용해 및 표면 연화에 의해 겉보기 밀도와 유동도는 향상이 되었다. 두번째 고밀도화 공정이 후 부분적으로 입자들이 $30{\mu}m$ 이상의 hollow structure을 보여주고 있다. 분말의 이러한 고밀도화는 plasma flame에 의해 응집되어진 응집체내의 열전도율 및 내부 가스압의 관점에서 정량적으로 논의 하였다.

      • POLICY & ISSUES 기획특집_3 -지속가능한 도시조성을 위한 빗물관리시설 설치

        이동원,Lee, Dong-Won 환경보전협회 2012 환경정보 Vol.401 No.-

        빗물은 생명의 보전과 문명의 발전에 기여하는 천연자원이다. 빗물관리시설의 설치는 물순환 개선을 통한 하천유지용수 확보, 지하수 함양을 통한 도시 물 자급율 개선, 도시 열섬화 개선 등의 효과와 하천의 수질오염 완화, 우수유출량 저감으로 침수피해 경감 등의 효과를 가져다 준다.

      • KCI등재

        서양의 역사적인 지도제작법의 발달 과정과 수학적 지식의 상호 영향 관계를 통해 본 직교좌표계

        이동원,Lee, Dong Won 한국수학사학회 2012 Journal for history of mathematics Vol.25 No.4

        역사적인 지도제작법에 나타난 좌표계와 수학적 직교좌표계의 발전 과정을 비교하면서 위치를 표시하는 직교좌표계는 수학의 해석기하학과는 상관없이 인간 본연에 내재되어 있었던 공간지각능력의 일환으로 발전되어 왔음을 주장한다. 지도제작법의 발전이 해석기하학의 발명 전후 삼각함수, 로그, 기하학, 미적분학, 통계학 등 수학의 여러 분야와 상호 영향을 미치지만 원점의 표시나 음수 좌표의 사용과 같은 수학적 직교좌표계 자체에 대한 발전은 데카르트의 논문 발표 후 100여년 이상 지난 후에 이루어지는 점, 해석기하학을 발명하는데 공헌한 대부분의 수학자들이 당대의 문제 해결에 집중하면서 직교좌표계에 대한 수학적 설명없이 자연스럽게 사용하였던 점을 바탕으로 이런 결론을 얻는다. By comparing the development history of rectangular coordinate system in Cartography and Mathematics, we assert in this manuscript that the rectangular coordinate system is not so much related to analytic geometry but comes from the space perceiving ability inherent in human beings. We arrived at this conclusion by the followings: First, although the Cartography have much influenced to various area of Mathematics such as trigonometry, logarithm, Geometry, Calculus, Statistics, and so on, which were developed or progressed around the advent of analytic geometry, the mathematical coordinate system itself had not been completely developed in using the origin or negative axis until 100 years and more had passed since Descartes' publication. Second, almost mathematicians who contributed to the invention of rectangular coordinate system had not focused their studying on rectangular coordinate system instead they used it freely on solving mathematical problem.

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