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        • KCI등재

          지주막하출혈에 의한 뇌기저동맥의 형태학적 변화에 미치는 양격산화탕(凉膈散火湯)의 효과

          이동원,이원철,Lee, Dong-Won,Lee, Won-Chul 대한한의학회 1999 대한한의학회지 Vol.20 No.2

          The present study was performed to investigate the effect of Yangkyuksanhoa-tang on the morphological changes of the basilar artery after experimentally induced subarachnoid hemonrrhages(SAH). Yangkyuksanhoa-tang has been used freguently for cerebrovascular accident Sprague Dawley rats weighing between 350-400 g were used. The 6 normal rats and 24 SAH elicited rats were used, The SAH induced by injection of the fresh autologus heart blood (0.3-0.4 ml) into the cisterna magna through the posterior atlanta-occipital membrane, Sample group was given 3.3 ml/kg/day of Yangkyuksanhoa-tang extracts for 2 days after SAH. The experimental animals were killed at 48hrs after SAH. The morphological changes of the arterial walls were examined by light and electron microscopy. Following are the obtained results: 1. In SAH elicited rats, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was diminished by about 45% and the thickness of arterial wall was increased by about 82%. In SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was merely diminished by about 18% and the thickness of arterial wall was merely increased by about 19%. 2. In light microscopic examination, the endothelium was swollen into a cuboid shape and the layer of smooth muscle was increased in the basilar artery of SAH elicited rats. In SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment, the size of the lumen in basilar artery was enlarged and the thickness was decreased than in SAH elicited rats. The endothelium was flattened into a squamous shape and the layer of smooth muscle was decreased more than in SAH elicited rats. 3. In electron microscopic examination, the endothelial cells with fragmentation nuclei were changed into a cuboid shape and the internal elastic lamina were folded at the basilar artery of SAH elicited rat. The nuclei of smooth muscle cells were changed into a round or crumpled shape. The length of smooth muscle was shorten and thickness was increased. But all kinds of morphologic changes were diminished in SAH elicited rats with Yangkyuksanhoa-tang treatment. Conclusion : Yangkyuksanhoa-tang extracts were effective to treat cerebral vasospasm after experimentally induced subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.

        • KCI등재

          SHS 공정에 의해 제조된 Mo<sub>x</sub>W<sub>1-x</sub>Si<sub>2</sub> 발열체의 열화메커니즘

          이동원,이상헌,김용남,이성철,구상모,오종민,Lee, Dong-Won,Lee, Sang-Hun,Kim, Yong-Nam,Lee, Sung-Chul,Koo, Sang-Mo,Oh, Jong-Min 한국전기전자재료학회 2017 전기전자재료학회논문지 Vol.30 No.10

          The degradation mechanism of $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ ultrahigh-temperature heating elements fabricated by self-propagating high-temperature synthesiswas investigated. The $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens (with and without post-annealing) were subjected to ADTs (accelerated degradation tests) at temperatures up to $1,700^{\circ}C$ at heating rates of 3, 4, 5, 7, and $14^{\circ}C/min$. The surface loads of all the specimen heaters were increased with the increase in the target temperature. For the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens without annealing, many pores and secondary-phase particles were observed in the microstructure; the surface load increased to $23.9W/cm^2$ at $1,700^{\circ}C$, while the bending strength drastically reduced to 242 MPa. In contrast, the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ specimens after post-annealing retained $single-Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ phases and showed superior durability after the ADT. Consequently, it is thought that the formation of microcracks and coarse secondary phases during the ADT are the main causes for the degraded performance of the $Mo_xW_{1-x}Si_2$ heating elements without post-annealing.

        • KCI등재

          마그네슘의 금속염화물 환원에 의한 초미립 TiCN 분말합성

          이동원,김진천,김용진,김병기,Lee, Dong-Won,Kim, Jin-Chun,Kim, Yong-Jin,Kim, Byoung-Kee 한국분말야금학회 2009 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.16 No.2

          The ultrafine titanium carbonitride particles ($TiC_{0.7}N_{0.3}$) below 100nm in mean size were successfully synthesized by Mg-thermal reduction process. The nanostructured sub-stoichiometric titanium carbide ($TiC_{0.7}$) particles were produced by the magnesium reduction at 1123K of gaseous $TiC_{l4}+xC_2Cl_4$ and the heat treatments in vacuum were performed for five hours to remove residual magnesium and magnesium chloride mixed with $TiC_{0.7}$. And final $TiC_{0.7}N_{0.3}$ phase was obtained by nitrification under normal $N_2$ gas at 1373K for 2 hrs. The purity of produced $TiC_{0.7}N_{0.3}$ particles was above 99.3% and the oxygen contents below 0.2 wt%. We investigated in particular the effects of the temperatures in vacuum treatment on the particle refinement of final product.

        • KCI등재

          마그네슘환원에 의한 C/N 조성제어 초미립 TiC<sub>x</sub>N<sub>y</sub> 분말 합성

          이동원,김병기,윤중열,유지훈,김용진,Lee, Dong-Won,Kim, Byoung-Kee,Yun, Jung-Yeul,Yu, Ji-Hoon,Kim, Yong-Jin 한국분말야금학회 2010 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.17 No.2

          The ultrafine titanium carbonitride ($TiC_xN_y$) particles below 100 nm in mean size, including various carbon and nitrogen contents (x=0.55~0.9, y=0.1~0.5), were successfully synthesized by new Mg-thermal reduction process. Nanostructured sub-stoichiometric titanium carbide ($TiC_x$) particles were initially produced by the magnesium reduction of gaseous $TiCl_4+x/2C_2Cl_4$ at $890^{\circ}C$ and post heat treatments in vacuum were performed for 2 hrs to remove residual magnesium and magnesium chloride mixed with $TiC_x$. Finally, well C/N-controled $TiC_xN_y$ phases were successfully produced by nitrification heat treatment under normal $N_2$ gas atmosphere at $1150^{\circ}C$ for 2 hrs. The values of purity, mean particle size and oxygen content of produced particles were about 99.3%, 100 nm and 0.2 wt.%, respectively.

        • KCI등재

          Spherodization of Granuled Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Fine Ceramic Powder by Plasma Spray

          이동원,이학성,유지훈,왕제필,Lee, Dong Won,Lee, Hak Sung,Yu, Ji-Hun,Wang, Jei-Pil The Korean Institute of Resources Recycling 2016 資源 리싸이클링 Vol.25 No.6

          Spray dried $Cr_2O_3$ powder having an agglomerated structure of particles was twice treated into a plasma flame to increase its apparent density. The powder subjected to the first densification treatment did not show the entirely melted state keeping inner particle hollows, and it was fully melted after the second processing only. The powder size as a result of the second treatment decreased, and the apparent density as well as flowability were increased due to melting and surface smoothing effects. But a part of particles after the second densified treatment showed the hollow structure, especially those which were above $30{\mu}m$ in size. This densification behavior of the powder has been qualitatively discussed in terms of the thermal conductivity and inner gas pressure within aggregates exposed to the plasma flame. Spray dried $Cr_2O_3$ 분말은 겉보기밀도를 향상시키기 위해 plasma flame에 투입하여 실험을 진행 하였다. 첫번째 고밀도화 공정에서의 분말은 입자내부 공간까지 완전히 용해되어지지 않았으며, 두번째 공정 이후 완전히 용해가 되었다. 두번째 공정 결과 분말 입도는 작아졌으며, 용해 및 표면 연화에 의해 겉보기 밀도와 유동도는 향상이 되었다. 두번째 고밀도화 공정이 후 부분적으로 입자들이 $30{\mu}m$ 이상의 hollow structure을 보여주고 있다. 분말의 이러한 고밀도화는 plasma flame에 의해 응집되어진 응집체내의 열전도율 및 내부 가스압의 관점에서 정량적으로 논의 하였다.

        • KCI등재

          열화학적 방법에 의한 산소센서용 세리아 나노분말 합성

          이동원,최준환,임태수,김용진,Lee Dong-Won,Choi Joon-Hwan,Lim Tae-Soo,Kim Yong-Jin 한국분말야금학회 2006 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.13 No.3

          The nanostructured cerium oxide powders were synthesized by spray thermal decomposition process for the use as the raw materials of resistive oxygen sensor. The synthesis routes consisted of 1) spray drying of water based organic solution made from cerium nitrate hydrate ($Ce(NO_3){_3}6H_2O$) and 2) heat treatment of spray dried precursor powders at $400^{\circ}C$ in air atmosphere to remove the volatile components and identically to oxidize the cerium component. The produced powders have shown the loose structure agglomerated with extremely fine cerium oxide particles with about 15 nm and very high specific surface area ($110m^2/g$). The oxygen sensitivity, n ($Log{\propto}Log (P_{O2}/P^o)^{-n}$ and the response time, $t_{90}$ measured at $600^{\circ}C$ in the sample sintered at $1000^{\circ}C$, were about 0.25 and 3 seconds, respectively, which had much higher performances than those known in micron or $100{\sim}200nm$ sized sensors.

        • KCI등재

          탄탈륨 산화물의 마그네슘 가스환원에 의한 탄탈륨 금속분말 제조

          이동원,Lee, Dong-Won 한국분말야금학회 2018 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.25 No.5

          Metallic tantalum powder is manufactured by reducing tantalum oxide ($Ta_2O_5$) with magnesium gas at 1,073-1,223 K in a reactor under argon gas. The high thermodynamic stability of magnesium oxide makes the reduction reaction from tantalum oxide into tantalum powder possible. The microstructure after the reduction reaction has the form of a mixture of tantalum and magnesium oxide, and the latter could be entirely eliminated by dissolving in weak hydrochloric acid. The powder size in SEM microstructure for the tantalum powder increases after acid leaching in the range of 50-300 nm, and its internal crystallite sizes are observed to be 11.5 to 24.7 nm with increasing reduction temperatures. Moreover, the optimized reduction temperature is found to be 1,173 K as the minimum oxygen concentration is approximately 1.3 wt.%.

        • KCI등재

          무한강하법을 이용한 증명지도의 연구

          이동원,김부윤,정영우,Lee, Dong Won,Kim, Boo Yoon,Chung, Young Woo 영남수학회 2016 East Asian mathematical journal Vol.32 No.2

          There are three subjects in the study. First, after investigating the development process of the method of infinite descent and the reduction to absurdity, we prove them to be equivalent each other. Second, we apply the method of infinite descent to some problems in textbook and compare it with the reduction to absurdity. Finally, we discuss on teaching proofs with the method of infinite descent.

        • KCI등재

          화학기상응축공정에 의한 WS<sub>2</sub> 나노입자의 합성 및 특성평가

          이동원,김주형,올레그토로츠코,윤중열,김병기,Lee, Dong-Won,Kim, Ju-Hyeong,Tolochko, O.,Yun, Jung-Yeul,Kim, Byung-Kee 한국분말야금학회 2008 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.15 No.4

          Nano-sized tungsten disulfide ($WS_2$) powders were synthesized by chemical vapor condensation (CVC) process using tungsten carbonyl ($W(CO)_6$) as precursor and vaporized pure sulfur. Prior to the synthesis of tungsten disulfide nanoparticles, the pure tungsten nanoparticles were produced by same route to define the optimum synthesis parameters, which were then successfully applied to synthesize tungsten disulfide. The influence of experimental parameters on the phase and chemical composition as well as mean size of the particles for the produced pure tungsten and tungsten disulfide nanoparticles, were investigated.

        • KCI등재

          신공정에 의한 초미립 텅스텐계 복합분말 제조

          이동원,Lee, Dong-Won 한국분말야금학회 2012 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.19 No.5

          A novel chemical method was evaluated to fabricate the ultrafine tungsten heavy alloy powders with bater-base solution made from the ammonium metatungstate (AMT), iron(II) chloride tetrahydrate ($FeCl_2{\cdot}4H_2O$), nickel(II) chloride hexahydrate ($NiCl_2{\cdot}6H_2O$) as source materials and the sodium tungstate dihydrate ($NaWO_4{\cdot}2H_2O$) as Cl-reductant. In the preparation of mixtures the amounts of the source components were chosen so as to obtain alloy of 93W-5Ni-2Fe composition(wt.%). The obtained powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, XRF, field-emission scanning microscope (FESEM), and chemical composition was analyzed by EDX.

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