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        • KCI등재

          지역 스포츠이벤트의 경제적 파급효과 분석에 관한 연구

          송석록(Sok Rok Song),이재우(Jae Woo Lee),이달원(Dal Won Lee) 한국사회체육학회 2007 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.0 No.31

          The purpose of this study was to analyze the economic impact of sports event as a part of sports marketing strategies of local city. To reach the purpose, Index of S city for 6 years - number of the sports events, public investment, survey for consumption, and Input-Output analysis. - were researched. S city held most sports event with 8 in 2001 and invested 14.8 million won. The most investment was 39.6 million won with 4 Sports events in 2003. The Production inducing effect reached 2,019 million won in 2001, 3,054 million won in 2002, 3,091 million won in 2003, 538 million won in 2004, 542 million won in 2005 and 1,548 million won in 2006. The highest income inducing effect was 862 million won in 2002 with 7 sports events, the employment inducing effect was calculated to 95 persons in 2002 and 94 persons in 2003, and the valued-added inducing effect was 1,738 million won in 2002. The most economic effects were higher than the average effects of whole other industries in Gangwondo which imply that the in S city held sports events contribute to regional development and more regional sports marketing.

        • KCI등재

          직접전단시험(直接剪斷試驗)에 의한 화강토(花崗土)의 전단특성(剪斷特性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

          이달원,강예묵,조성섭,Lee, Dal Won,Kang, Yea Mook,Cho, Seong Seup 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1986 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.13 No.2

          공학적(工學的) 성질(性質)이 복잡(複雜)한 화강암질풍화토(花崗岩質風化土)를 함수비(含水比) 및 밀도(密度)와 변형속도(變形速度) 등(等)을 달리하여 수침시(水浸時)와 비수침시(非水浸時)에 대한 전단시험(剪斷試驗)을 하고, 이들간의 상호관계(相互關係)가 전단강도(剪斷强度)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 비교(比較) 분석(分析)하여 다음과 같은 결론(結論)을 얻었다. 1. 함수비(含水比)가 증가(增加)하면 전단강도(剪斷强度)는 감소(減少)하여, A 시료(試料)는 함수비(含水比) 5~10%에서, B 시료(試料)는 함수비(含水比) 15~20%에서, 강도(强度)의 감소율(減少率)이 크게 나타났다. 2. 점착력(粘着力)과 내부마찰각(內部摩擦角)은 함수비(含水比)가 증가(增加)함에 따라서 감소(減少)하고 건조밀도(乾燥密度)가 증가(增加)함에 따라 증가(增加)하였다. 3. 수직응력(垂直應力)이 증가(增加)함에 따라 전단강도(剪斷强度)는 증가(增加)하였고, 체적변화(體積變化)는 대체(大體)로 감소(減少)(압축(壓縮))하는 경향(傾向)을 나타내었다. 또 변형속도(變形速度)가 증가(增加)할수록 전단강도(剪斷强度)는 대체(大體)로 증가(增加)하는 경향(傾向)을 나타내었다. 4. A시료(試料)는 밀도(密度)가 증가(增加)할수록 진행성파괴형태(進行性破壞形態)를 보이고 체적(體積)은 감소(減少)(압축(壓縮))하였으며, B시료(試料)는 초기(初期)에 파괴(破壞)되고 체적(體積)은 증가(增加)(팽창(膨脹))하는 경향(傾向)을 나타내었다. 5. 수침시(水浸時)의 전단강도(剪斷强度)는 비수침시(非水浸時)에 비(比)해서 감소(減少)하였고, 관계식(關係式)은 A시료(試料)에서는 ${\tau}_f=0.1009+1.026{{\tau}_f}^*$이고, B시료(試料)에서는 ${\tau}_f=0.1586+0.8005{{\tau}_f}^*$로 나타낼 수 있었다. 6. 내부마찰각(內部摩擦角)은 직접전단시험(直接剪斷試驗)에서 더 크게 나타났고, 유효응력경로(有效應力經路)는 거의 유사(類似)하게 나타났다. This paper describes the observed behavior in the direct shear test on decomposed granite soil having the complicate engineering properties at various different levels of factors. The objectives of this study were to investigate the characteristics of the decomposed granite soil under controlled various moisture content, dry density, strain rate and soaking which give influence to the shear strength. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The shear strength was decreased remarkably with the increasing of moisture contents of A and B soil were 5-10% and 15-20% respectively. 2. Cohesion and angle of internal friction were decreased with the increasing of moisture content and increased with the increasing of dry density. 3. The shear strength was increased with the increasing of normal stress and volume change was decreased on the whole. The shear strength was generally increased with the increasing of the strain rate. 4. As dry density increases, A-soil shows the progressive failure and the decrease of volume change while B-soil shows the initial failure and the increase of volume change. 5. The relationships between the soaked and unsoaked specimens were as follows ; ${\tau}_f=0.1009+1.026{{\tau}_f}^*$ (A-soil), ${\tau}_f=0.1586+0.8005{{\tau}_f}^*$ (B-soil) 6. Angle of internal friction of the direct shear test shows larger value than that of the triaxial compression test. All effective stress path was nearly similar.

        • KCI등재

          연약지반상에 축조된 농업용저수지의 과잉공극수압 예측과 압밀계수의 비교

          이달원,김은호,Lee, Dal-Won,Kim, Eun-Ho 한국농공학회 2010 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.52 No.2

          This study was carried out to comparison of coefficient of consolidation and the prediction of excess pore water pressure in agricultural reservoir on soft clay ground. For the purpose of verification of the proposed equation, laboratory model tests and field tests were performed and excess pore water pressure was compared to those predicted with the Terzaghi's method. The predicted excess pore water pressure according to ponding was very applicable to practice because it was close to the observed data. Also, for the comparison of coefficient of consolidation, the oedometer, constant rate of strain (CRS), and Rowe cell tests were performed. The coefficient of consolidation at the Rowe cell and CRS tests showed a greate increase than in the oedometer test. The ratio of the vertical and horizontal coefficient of consolidation showed a large difference according to various tests method and mixing ratio. Therefore, it is recommended that careful attention should be paid to predicting the required consolidation period in agricultural reservoir.

        • KCI등재

          수평 배수재로서 순환골재와 쇄석의 활용 방안

          이달원,임진혁,Lee, Dal-Won,Lim, Jin-Hyuk 한국농공학회 2010 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.52 No.6

          In this study, laboratory model test on utilization of recycled aggregates and crushed stone as horizontal drains to use alternative material of sand in soft ground is practiced. The coefficient of permeability of the recycled aggregates and crushed stone showed largely 1.2~5.1 times and 2.0~3.3 times greater than sand, respectively. The horizontal coefficient of permeability in case of installing the horizontal perforated drain pipe showed largely 1.9~6.8 times more than the case of not installing. The drainage distance showed 1.7~1.8 times greater than sand. When a degree of consolidation is 90 %, there is no delay of consolidation in SCP and PVD improvement sections. Therefore, it is proven that the field applicability is excellent. Also, the suitable quality management criterion is presented to make use of a horizontal drains in soft ground on the basis of analysis of the physical and environmental characteristics.

        • KCI등재

          정적하중 상태에서 포화된 실트질 모래의 액상화 거동

          이달원,Lee Dal-Won 한국농공학회 2006 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.48 No.4

          This study was carried out to investigate the liquefaction behaviour of saturated silty sand under monotonic loading conditions. The undrained soil tests were conducted using a modified triaxial cell and specimens were prepared using the moisture tamping method. Undrained triaxial compression tests were performed at different confining pressures, void ratios and overconsolidation ratios and the samples were sheared to axial strains of about 20% to obtain monotonic loading conditions. It is shown that increasing confining pressures, void ratios and overconsoildation ratios increases the deviator stress, but it has no effect on increasing the dilatant tendencies. It is shown that complete static liquefaction was observed regardless of increases in the confining pressure, void ratio and overconsolidation ratio. Therefore, the confining pressure, void ratio and overconsoildation ratio does not provide significant effects on the liquefaction resistance of the silty sand. The presence of fines in the soil was shown to greatly increase the potential for static liquefaction and creates a particle structure with high compressibility for all cases.

        • KCI등재

          농업용 저수지 둑 높이기에 따른 제체의 공극수압 거동

          이달원,이영학,Lee, Dal-Won,Lee, Young-Hak 한국농공학회 2012 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.54 No.3

          In this study, an experiment with large-scale model was performed according to raising embankment in order to investigate the cause of collapse by a change in water level of reservoir. Also, the settlement and pore water pressure by high water level and a rapid drawdown were compared and analyzed. After raising embankment for inclined core, there was no infiltration by leakage. For the vertical core, the pore water pressure showed a largely change by faster infiltration of pore water than in the inclined core. In a rapid drawdown, inclined core was remained stable but vertical core showed a largely change in pore water pressure. A settlement after a raising embankment showed a larger measure of settlement than before the raising embankment. The leakage quantity before a raising embankment and an inclined extension showed no leakage. Leakage in vertical extension was measured 160 $l$. From the result, a instrument system that can accurately estimate a change of pore water pressure shall be established for a rational maintenance and stabilization of raising embankment for agricultural reservoir.

        • KCI등재

          농업 기반시설의 내진성능 평가기법 - 동적 수치해석 중심으로-

          이달원,김용성,Lee, Dal-Won,Kim, Yong-Seong 한국농공학회 2004 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.46 No.4

          The evaluation technique of seismic performance on agricultural infrastructure based on dynamic numerical simulations, which Included a cyclic elasto-plastic and a viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model to actual multi-layered ground conditions during large earthquake were performed by a liquefaction analysis in the present study. From the liquefaction analysis, it was verified that the models can give a good description of the damping characteristics and liquefaction phenomena of ground accurately during large event which induces plastic deformation in large strain range.

        • KCI등재

          불포화토에서 공극비의 추정

          이달원,Lee Dal-Won 한국농공학회 2006 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.48 No.4

          This study was carried out to investigate the soil water characteristic curve and prediction of void ratio with net stress and matric suction using the linear elastic and volumetric deformation analysis method on unsaturated silty. The unsaturated soil tests were conducted using a modified oedometer cell and specimens were prepared at water content 2 times of liquid limit and required void ratio. The axis translation technique was used to create the desired matric suctions in the samples. It is shown that soil water characteristic curve and volumetric water content were affected significantly by preconsolidation pressure. As a matric suction increases, the reduction ratio of void ratio was shown to considerably small. Also, the predicted and measured void ratio for unsaturated soils using the linear elastic and volumetric deformation analysis showed good agreement as net stress and matric suction increases.

        • KCI등재

          지오텍스타일로 보강된 농업용 저수지 제체의 붕괴거동

          이달원,노재진,Lee, Dal Won,Noh, Jae Jin 한국농공학회 2014 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.56 No.2

          In this study, the large scale test was performed to investigate the behavior of failure for the embankment and spillway transitional zone by overtopping. The pore water pressure, earth pressure, settlement and failure pattern of covering embankment with geotextile were compared and analyzed. The pore water pressure showed a small change in the spillway transition zone and core, indicating that the geotextile efficiently reinforced the embankment. The earth pressure decreased the infiltration of the pore water only in inclined cores type to secure local stability. The behavior of failure started from the bottom and gradually progressed upwards. After the intermediate overtopping period (100 min), width and depth of the seepage erosion were very small due to the effect of geotextile which delayed failure. Therefore, the reinforced method by geotxtile was a very effective method to respond to the emergency due to overtopping.

        • KCI등재

          Riprap으로 보강된 농업용 저수지 제체의 붕괴거동

          이달원,노재진,Lee, Dal Won,Noh, Jae Jin 한국농공학회 2014 한국농공학회논문집 Vol.56 No.6

          In this study, the large scale test was performed to investigate the behavior of failure on the embankment and spillway transitional zone by overtopping. The pore water pressure, earth pressure, settlement and failure behaviors according to several reinforcing method were compared and analyzed. The pore water pressure showed a small change in the spillway transition zone and core, indicating that the riprap and geotextile efficiently reinforced the embankment, but non-reinforcement showed a largely change in pore water pressure. The earth pressure by riprap and geotextile at upstream slope and bottom core increased rapidly with the infiltration of the pore water by overtopping. And the earth pressure at crest showed a smally change due to effect of the inclined core. A settlement by riprap showed a small change and the geotextile decreased a rapidly due to failure of crest. The width of failure by riprap at intermediate stage (50 min) showed a largely due to sliding of crest. But, the width and depth of the seepage erosion after the intermediate overtopping period (100 min) were very small due to the effect of riprap than geotextile and non-reinforcement which delayed failure. It has the effect that protect reservoir embankment from erosion in the central part. The pore water pressure at the spillway transition zone due to overtopping increased a rapidly in the case of non-reinforcement, but the reinforced methods by geotextile and riprap showed a smally change. Therefore, the reinforced method by riprap and geotextile was a very effective method to protect permanently and the emergency an embankment due to overtopping, respectively.

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