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윤동주와 그의 시세계를 재구성하는 과정에서 주목되는 것은 그에게 영향을 준 외부적 요인을 살피는 작업이다. 이 작업은 윤동주 작품의 창작 시점과 발표 시점이 시차를 갖기 때문에 당대의 맥락을 필수적으로 살펴야 한다는 점, 과작을 했던 만큼 시인의 시세계 전반을 구성하기 위해서 영향관계에 있던 요인을 빠짐없이 조망할 필요가 있다는 점 등에서 중요하다. 이러한 문제의식에서 출발하여, 본고는 윤동주의 애송가 〈黑人의 望鄕歌〉를 새롭게 소개함으로써 시인의 이력을 세밀하게 조직해보고자 했다. 번안곡인 〈黑人의 望鄕歌〉는 미 대륙에 끌려온 아프리카 흑인노예가 그의 고통을 위로받을 공간인 유토피아적 고향을 불러내는 노래다. 나아가 노래와 시의 관련성을 토대로 윤동주 시에 나타난 ‘고향’의 의미를 해명하였다. 윤동주 시에서 고향은 부조리한 현실을 뛰어넘어 진정한 자유를 성취할 수 있는 미래에 대한 욕망을 포함한 공간이다. 이 공간은 ‘진정한 고향’ 혹은 ‘본향’으로 구체화된다. 제국 일본과 식민지 조선, 그리고 간도라는 중층의 경계를 의식했던 윤동주에게 ‘진정한 고향’을 형상화하는 것은 현실에 저항하고 시대를 전복하려는 혁명적인 시도였다. The external factors that affected Yun Dong-ju’s poetry and poetics attract much attention when we study his poetry. The most important of such external factors is the contemporary context of Yun’s writing. This is because the time when he composed poetry was different from the time when he published it. Furthermore, the poet’s works are few, thus the external factors must be carefully examined iso that we can construct Yun’s whole poetry. Taking this issue of order of composition as its starting point, this paper discovered Yun’s favorite song 〈黑人의 望鄕歌〉, and organized his career in detail. 〈黑人의 望鄕歌〉 was a song based on African-American Spiritual 〈Carry me back to old Virginny〉. This song is about black slaves in America wishing to return to their homeland. Based on the relationship between 〈黑人의 望鄕歌〉 and Yun’s poetry, this paper explains the meaning of ‘home’ in Yun Dong-ju‘s poetry. In Yun’s poetry, home is a place that embeds the desire for the future that can achieve true freedom beyond the absurd reality. Yun Dong-ju defines this space as the ‘true home’ or ‘homeland’. It was a revolutionary attempt to overthrow the era’s oppressors and resist their reality, who was conscious of the boundary between the imperial Japan, the colonial Joseon, and Gando.
Harmine, a beta-carboline alkaloid isolated from the seeds of Peganum harmala has been reported as a promising drug candidate for cancer therapy. However, the effect of harmine on breast cancer remains still unclear. In this study, the effect of harmine on the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells and the underlying mechanism were investigated. The results indicated that harmine inhibited the proliferation MDA-MB231 cells in a dose-dependent manner and markedly suppressed migration and invasion of MDA-MB231 cells. The mechanism involved in part through Notch signaling. The Notch activity was significantly inhibited by harmine treatment and harmine suppressed the expression of Jagged1 which is a key ligand to activate Notch signaling. These findings suggest a novel mechanism of harmine on anti-cancer activity and harmine may act as a potential therapeutic drug for breast cancer treatment.
This paper developed and executed coding education software-related dance program with 12 sessions for dance educators, and explored their significances, drawing on literature reviews and qualitative research methodology. This study argued that the program led them to reflect university dance education, explore the intersection of dance and computer coding, and hope to become an encouraging educator. Bridging the gap between dance research and education, this study as a case study suggests practical ways to develop coding-related dance programs according to learners’ characteristics.
This study sought to discuss the necessity of developing mobile applications for smart education in step with the change of the time as well as its directions. Particularly, smartphones take up much proportions in our daily lives, and the development of mobile applications usable for dance education by downloading from smartphones is in line with the direction of smart education propelled by the Ministry of Education since 2011 with the vision of ‘Classroom revolution via Smart education'. Apart from that, individualized curriculums tailored to each student's ability and the field of interest would cause the shift to new educational methods complying with the current curriculums and macroscopically contribute to popularization of dance. From the result of discussing the need and directions of development of mobile apps for smart dance education, the study was able to identify the need and urgency to pay more attention to smart dance education and conduct research more actively in the future. Development of diverse educational apps that can exert educational value to the maximum in the field of dance, wasteland of app development to date, and their educational use would expand the scope of participants, contributing to the vitalization of the dance field. The study expects that cases where a teacher directly develops an app and applies it to the lessons like 'Learn Motif Writing-Movement Preference' could take place often and research applicable to the actual educational field continues to be conducted.
1. Causes of SSHL are deficiency of kidney, pathogen of wind, meridian of soyang and sutaeyang, and pathogen of fire. 2. Four methods are used to treat SSHL, heath cultivation, herbal medicine for internal use, external remedy and acumoxatherapy. 3. Meridians, those are related with treatment of SSHL, are Kidney Meridian(Chok-soyin). Triple energizer Meridian(Shou-soyang), Gallbladder Meridian(Chok-soyang), Large intestine Meridian(Shou-yangmyong) and Small intestine Meridian(Shou-taeyang). 4. Pokrong, Jolrong and Gualrong, those are appeared some oriental documentary records, are not same with SSHL correctly. 5. In oriental medically, Yirong contains SSHL except slow progress. To teat SSHL, it is helpful to investigate method according to each symptoms and conditions in oriental medical documentary records.
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2005년부터 2009년까지 5년간 내장산국립공원의 야간곤충류의 발생을 조사한 결과, 이 기간 중에 관찰된 야간곤충은 총 12목 120과 1,170종이었다. 이 기간 중 내장산국립공원에서 우점군은 나비목이었고, 아우점군은 딱정벌레목이다. 또한 5년간 출현한 공통종은 총 4목 21과 111종이었다. 본 연구는 국립공원내에 서식하는 곤충상의 현황을 파악하고 멸종위기종 보호 및 공원관리에 필요한 기초자료를 마련하는데 중요한 자료로 이용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. As a result of investigating the emergence of night insects at Naejangsan National Park over the last 5 years from 2005 to 2009, a total of 12 orders, 120 families, and 1,170 species of night insects were observed during that period. The dominant species that appeared during the period at Naejangsan National Park was Lepidoptera, and the subdominant species was Coleoptera. Also, the common species which emerged during those 5 years totaled 4 orders 21 families, and 111 species. This study is anticipated to be used as valuable data in identifying the current insect fauna that inhabit within the national parks and preparing necessary basic data for park management and preservation.