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This literature review seeks to examine and verify the interactions and effects of Core muscles and Low Back Pain. Core or trunk are waist, pelvis, and abdomen muscles, which provide stable spine stabilization and body movement. These Core exercises are designed to show more muscle activity when performed in an unstable state, and there are various methods of exercise for Swiss ball movements, slings, and pier movements. In addition, Low Back Pain is experienced at least once in about 80% or more of the adult population. Low Back Pain There are many causes, but weakening of the lumbar trunk muscle strengthening reduces the stability of Core muscles, causing illness and pain. The interaction between these Low Back Pain and Core exercise depends on the exercise method of the previous study, but after participating in Core exercise, it is effective in improving the physical function and pain of back pain Low Back Pain. There are many causes of Low Back Pain, but Core exercise may be offered to prevent this. As a result, it is necessary to apply a lot of rehabilitation in the field of sports to systematically manage the competitiveness of athletes and the health of the general public, and to develop new training methods through verification of sustainable effects.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of 8-week spinal stabilization exercise on functional movement screen(FMS) and lower extremity function of bowlers. After performing spinal stabilization exercise twice per week for 12 weeks, bowlers showed the following results. A 12-week spinal stabilization exercise program influenced changes in FMS, indicating significant differences in deep squat (p<.01), huddle step (p<.05), and inline lunge (p<.05). However, it showed non-significant differences in shoulder mobility, leg raise, push up, and rotary stability. This effect also influenced changes in lower extremity function. The spinal stabilization exercise significantly improved right and left extension in peak torque (p<.05), right flexion (p<.01), and left flexion (p<.001). With regard to changes in total work, the results showed a significant difference in left flexion (p<.01), but it indicated non-significant differences in right extension, left extension, and right flexion (p>.05). In average power, differences were significant in right extension (p<.05) and right and left flexion (p<.01), but it was non-significant in left extension (p<.05).
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of acceleration core stabilization on anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction in soccer player after exercise training were performed for 24 weeks with case study. This study compared and analyzed the effects of isokinetic muscle function and visual analog scale(VAS) of soccer player on ACL reconstruction. 1. The isokinetic muscular function of the knee increased at the angular velocity of 60°/sec and the peak torque extension was similar to the unaffected side of the affected side. 2. The isokinetic muscular function of the knee increased at the angular velocity of 60°/sec and the peak torque flexion was similar to the unaffected side of the affected side. 3. The knee VAS decreased significantly after exercise training than before exercise training.
The study is for effect of sling exercise and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on foot pressure and range of motion for strengthening quadriceps femoris and hamstring in accelerating training after total knee replacement. The study of subject is woman 40 enforcing total knee replacement on both of knees in July 2002, getting surgery again (total of two times) from infection on left knee joints in September 2003 and April 2004. The exercise was applied with level of not being hard on body and pain by total knee replacement exercise, sling exercise and PNF leg pattern exercise for 3 time a week. The study showed with significant differences to pressure rate of left and right side of subject before and after exercise on foot pressure. The measuring angle was increased in range of motion.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of acceleration core stabilization on anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction in taekwondo player after exercise training were performed for 24 weeks with case study. This study compared and analyzed the effects of isokinetic muscle function and visual analog scale(VAS) of taekwondo player on ACL reconstruction. 1. The isokinetic muscular function of the knee increased at the angular velocity of 60°/sec and the peak torque extension was similar to the unaffected side of the affected side. 2. The isokinetic muscular function of the knee increased at the angular velocity of 60°/sec and the peak torque flexion was similar to the unaffected side of the affected side. 3. The knee VAS decreased significantly after exercise training than before exercise training.
We gave a 6 weeks exercise program which used "Medx" to patients who had chronic lumbago after first childbirth and then checked the effect on stabilization of lower back and length of lower extremity, and the difference between exercise group with non-exercise group. finally we got following conclusion. 1) concerning with change of muscular strength of extension of lower back, exercise program group with "Medx" have a significant(p<.05) effect of increase in the degree of angle. 2) concerning with change of length of lower extremity, exercise program group with "Medx" have a significant (p<.05) effect of decrease of length of lower extremity. we concluded that 6 weeks exercise program which used "Medx" had an good effect on stabilization of lower back and pelvis by strengthening muscle of extension of lower back and decreasing change of length of lower extremity and so it will be expected to be good program for the people with postpartum pain.
본 연구의 목적은 3 디딤새 보법 운동이 고령여성의 족저압 및 노인체력에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 대상자는 경상북도 S시와 전라남도 W군 지역에 거주하는 75세 이상 고령여성을 대상으로 운동집단 15명, 통제집단 15명을 대상자로 선정하였고, 대상자 선정 기준은 신체 활동 참여에 특별한 제약이 없는 자, 최근 1년간 지속적인 운동프로그램에 참여하지 않는 자이다. 대상자는 사전에 족저압 검사(Gaitview)와 노인체력검사(Senior fitness test)를 실시하였고, 10주간 3 디딤새 보법 운동 실시 후 사후 측정을 하였다. 운동프로그램은 10주간, 주 2회, 50분간 실시하였다. 자료처리는 SPSS 20을 이용하여 평균과 표준편차를 산출해 도표화하였고, 집단과 시점별 평균차 검증을 위해 반복측정에 의한 이원변량분석을 실시하였다. 상호작용 효과 분석은 시점별 독립 t-검정과 집단별 시점간 대응 t-검정을 실시하였다. 유의수준 .05로 설정하였다. 연구결과 족저압에서는 좌측과 우측의 족저압에서 집단과 시점간 유의한 차이가 나타났고(p<.05), 노인체력검사 중 2.44m 왕복 걷기(p<.01), 의자에 일어섰다 앉기(p<.05), 의자에 앉아서 손 뻗기(p<.01)에서 유의한 차이가 나타났다. 본 연구를 통하여 3 디딤새 보법 운동이 고령여성의 족저압과 노인체력에 긍정적인 변화를 가져오며 고령여성을 위한 운동프로그램에 구체적인 자료를 제공할 수 있을 것이다. The purpose of this study is to examine effect of Three footstep exercise on foot pressure and Senior fitness tset in elderly females, to provide the basic data for the exercise prescription for the elderly females. For statistical analysis, we used SPSS 20 to calculate the mean and standard deviation, and the two-way ANOVA was performed by repeated measures in order to verify the mean difference by group and time. For interaction effect analysis, we performed one-way ANOVA by time and group and correspondence t-test by time and group. The significance level was set at p<.05. The result obtain. First, there was a significant difference between the group and the time frame from the lower pressure between the left and the right of the lower pressure(p<.05). Finally, 2.44m walking, sit up and sit down on the chair and sit on a chair reach out to a significant difference(p<.05). Through this study, Three footstep exercises will bring positive changes to elderly females foot pressure and senior fitness test and provide detailed data on exercise programs that will help them become healthy and successful in their old age.
In the current study, a short-term corrective pelvic exercise and lumbar stabilization exercise were performed 12 times to elite kendo (Japanese fencing) players with chronic back pain to find out changes in the muscular functions of the core muscles. Ten elite kendo players at K University, who have chronic back pain, were selected as subjects of this study, and using gym ball and togu, corrective pelvic exercise and 12 times of short-term stabilization exercise were performed, respectively, on subjects. Using an isokinetic equipment, Cybex Humac Norm ; Back Joint system (USA), muscle strength of lumbar during flexion and extension was measured, and the result is as follows. In the analysis of the muscle function of lumbar at 60˚ angular velocity, the peak torque trunk extension and average power showed significant difference (p<.05). 2. In the analysis of the muscle function of lumbar at 60˚ angular velocity, there was significant difference in the peak torque trunk flexion (p<.05) and extension (p<.01). In addition, the total work trunk flexion and extension also showed significant difference (p<.01). 3. In the analysis of the muscle activity of lumbar at 240˚ angular velocity, there was significant difference in peak torque trunk flexion (p<.01) and extension (p<.05). Integrating the results of the current study, short-term lumbar stabilization exercise appears to have positively influenced the lumbar muscle function of the elite kendo players with chronic back pain. Furthermore, we hope for the continued research and development of the rehabilitation program through more clinical applications.
The purpose of this study is to find how the core muscle strengthening exercise could be clinically applied and to suggest a program of the exercise by understanding the effect of short term spine stabilization exercise on lumbar muscular strength. The subjects were male college students who complain chronical back pain. It showed significant difference (p<.05) at angular speed of 60 degree with Trunk Extension for Peak Torque. It showed significant difference (p<.01) at angular speed of 180 degree with Trunk Flexion for Total Work. It also showed significant difference at angular speed 60 degree (p<.05), angular speed 180 degree (p<.01) and angular speed 240 degree (p<.05) with Trunk Extension.