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The purpose of this study was to offer the basic data for conservation of wetland ecosystem by surveying and analysing the vascular plants distributed in Hwapocheon wetland, Gimhae, Gyeongnam, Korea. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 292 taxa including 72 families, 192 genera, 262 species, 1 subspecies, 26 varieties and 3 forms. There were 34 taxa of hydrophytes, 23 taxa of emergent plants, 4 taxa of floating-leaved plants, 5 taxa of free-floating plants and 5 taxa of submerged plants. The rare plants were 7 taxa including Aristolochia contorta , Penthorum chinense, Prunus yedoensis( planting), Ixeris tamagawaensis, Hydrocharis dubia , Iris ensata var. spontanea (planting), Acorus calamus and so forth. The Korean endemic plants were 2 taxa including Salix koriyanagi and Salix pseudolasiogyne. The specific plants by floristic region were 19 taxa including 2 taxa of grade Ⅴ, 1 taxa of grade Ⅳ, 5 taxa of grade Ⅲ, 2 taxa of grade Ⅱ and 9 taxa of grade Ⅰ. The naturalized plants were 62 taxa including Chenopodium album, Astragalus sinicus, Helianthus tuberosus, Panicum dichotomiflorum and so forth. The plants that were expected to spread nationwide were 14 taxa includ-ing Cerastium glomeratum, Bidens frondosa, Tagetes minuta, Festuca arundinacea and so forth. The invasive alien plants were 6 taxa including Rumex acetosella , Sicyos angulatus, Ambrosia artemisiifolia , Ambrosia trifida , Aster pilosus and Lactuca scariola .
The purpose of this study is to offer the raw data for establishing the management and restoration plan by objective surveying and analysing the flora distributed in Seoak District, Gyeongju National Park, Korea. The flora summarized as 411 taxa including 92 families, 285 genera, 363 species, 2subspecies, 41 varieties and 5 forms. The rare plants designated by Korea Forest Service were 2 taxa including Exochorda serratifolia and Potentilla discolor. The Korean endemic plants were 3 taxa including Philadelphus schrenkii, Lespedeza maritima and Weigela subsessilis. The specific plants by floristic region were 16 taxa including Asplenium sarelii, Pyrrosia petiolosa, Vitex negundo var. incise and so forth. The target plants adaptable to climate change were 2 taxa including Lespedeza maritime and Carpesium macrocephalum, and the plants with approval for delivering oversea were 4 taxa including Exochorda serratifolia, Glycine soja, Lespedeza maritima and Weigela subsessilis. The naturalized plants were 51 taxa including Phytolacca americana, Viola papilionacea, Lamium purpureum and so forth. The invasive alien plants were 3 taxa including Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Aster pilosus and Lactuca scariola. NI(Naturalized Index) was 12.4% of all 411 taxa of surveyed flora in this study and UI(Urbanized Index) was 15.9% of all 321 taxa of naturalized plants in Korea. Potentilla discolor in rare plant, Philadelphus schrenkii in endemic plant and Dictamnus dasycarpusin specific plant were established the conservation plan. Whereas, invasive alien plants such as Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Aster pilosus and Lactuca scariola should be removed as soon as possible. The damaged sites in Seoak District were divided between wildfire area and farmland. To restore a forest fire site, we will have to apply a natural renewal and community planting. In case of farmland, we will have to do ecological planting using native species and constrcut a forest wetland.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the flora of Sohyeoncheon which is planned for ecological restoration and river maintenance from upstream to downstream, and also to collect the ecological data to cope with the change of the ecosystem of Sohyeoncheon. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 336 taxa including 82 families, 233 genera, 298 species, 1 subspecies, 33 varieties and 4 forms. The rare plants were 3 taxa including Aristolochia contorta Bunge, Prunus yedoensis Matsum.(planting) and Koelreuteria paniculata Laxmann. The Korean endemic plants were 4 taxa including Populus tomentiglandulosa T.B.Lee(planting), Lespedeza maritima Nakai, Forsythia koreana (Rehder) Nakai(planting) and Weigela subsessilis (Nakai) L.H.Bailey. The specific plants by floristic region were 15 taxa including 1 taxon of grade Ⅴ, grade Ⅳ and grade Ⅱ each, 4 taxa of grade Ⅲ and 8 taxa of grade Ⅰ. The naturalized plants were 60 taxa and the invasive alien plants were 3 taxa. The results of analysis by vertical structures showed that naturalized plants included 31 taxa of upstream, 53 taxa of midstream and 38 taxa of downstream. An analysis of crossing structures showed that 2 taxa of water channel, 3 taxa of low waterside, 41 taxa of high waterside and 48 taxa of bank.
The purpose of this study is to present the basic data for management of ecologically restored stream by surveying and analysing the vascular plants distributed in Chunghyocheon stream, Gyeongju-si. The survey of vascular plants in this site was conducted before and after restoration. The number of vascular plants were summarized as 276 taxa including 68 families, 188 genera, 242 species, 1 subspecies, 29 varieties and 4 forms. The rare plants were 2 taxa including Prunus yedoensis Matsum. and Iris ensata var. spontanea (Makino) Nakai, and the Korean endemic plant was Lespedeza maritima Nakai. The specific plants by floristic region were 13 taxa including 1 taxa of grade Ⅴ, 3 taxa of grade Ⅲ, 1 taxa of grade Ⅱ and 8 taxa of grade Ⅰ. The naturalized plants were 62 taxa including Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach, Lepidium virginicum L., Poa compressa L. and so forth. The invasive alien plants were 3 taxa including Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Aster pilosus Willd. and Lactuca scariola L.. The hydrophytes were 34 taxa including 26 taxa of emergent plant, 1 taxa of floating-leaved plant, 2 taxa of free-floating plant and 5 taxa of submerged plant.
The purpose of this study is to present the basic data for maintenance and management of river ecosystem by surveying and analysing the kinds and their characteristics of vascular plants in Bukcheon stream, Gyeongju-si, South Korea. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 428 taxa including 92 families, 265 genera, 3 subspecies, 24 varieties, 6 forms, 5 hybrids and 5 cultivars. Among the identified taxa, there were 90 planted species. The endangered wild species was Cicuta virosa, and the rare plants were 5 taxa including Prunus × yedoensis, Juniperus chinensis L. var. sargentii and so on. The Korean endemic plants were 5 taxa Populus × tomentiglandulosa, Salix koriyanagi, Lespedeza maritima, Forsythia koreana and Aster pseudoglehni. The specific plants by floristic region were 26 taxa including 2 taxa of grade Ⅴ, 3 taxa of grade Ⅳ, 2 taxa of grade Ⅲ, 8 taxa of grade Ⅱ and 11 taxa of grade Ⅰ. The naturalized plants were 81 taxa including Euphorbia maculata, Erigeron strigosus, Vulpia myuros and so on. The invasive alien plants were 7 taxa including Humulus scandens, Rumex acetosella, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia trifida, Lactuca seriola, Symphyotrichum pilosum and Paspalum distichum.
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본 연구는 미동산 내 형성되어 있는 소하천 주변의 식생정보와 식물상을 객관적으로 분석하여 자연형 하천복원계획을 위한 기초 자료 제공과 더불어 복원용 소재개발을 위해 수행되었다. 본 지역의 식물상은 33과 84속 81종 14변종 등 총 95분류군이 확인되었다. 출현한 귀화식물은 오리새, 미국개기장, 소리쟁이, 취명아주, 토끼풀, 수박풀, 큰달맞이꽃, 돼지풀, 미국쑥부쟁이, 개망초, 망초, 기생초, 서양민들레, 미국가막사리, 코스모스 등 총 15분류군이었다. 식생군락은 달뿌리풀이 전체 우점종으로 판명되었고 부 우점종이 갯버들, 갈풀, 미국가막사리, 고마리로 관찰되었다. 하천복원을 위해서는 생물종다양성과 서식처 등을 고려해야 할 것이며, 달뿌리풀, 갯버들, 고마리, 큰물칭개나물 등의 다양한 소재 이용이 필요할 것으로 판단된다. This study was carried out to offer the natural restoration plan of river by objective analyzing the vegetation and flora around stream in Mt. Midong and to develop the materials for restoration. The flora were summarized as 95 taxa; 33 families, 84 genera, 81 species and 14 varieties. The naturalized plants were 15 taxa; Dactylis glmerata, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Rumex crispus, Chenopodium glaucum, Trifolium repens, Hibiscus trionum, Oenothera lamarckiana, Ambrosia artemisifolia var. elatior, Aster pilosus, Erigeron annuus, Erigeron canadensis, Coreopsis tinctoria, Taraxacum officinale, Bidens frondosa and Cosmos bipinnatus. The major dominant species was Phragmites japonica in all communites and semi dominant species were Salix gracilistyla, Phalaris arundinacea, Bidens frondosa and Persicaria thunbergii. To restore the river, we must consider the biddiversity, habitats and so forth, and use the plant materials like Phragmites japonica, Salix gracilistyla, Persicaria thunbergii and Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
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본 연구는 충청북도 괴산군 연풍면 조령산 일대 분포하는 식물상을 체계적이고 객관적으로 분석하여 자연환경보전의 기초 자료 제공과 더불어 충청북도 내 분포하는 식물상의 데이터베이스화하는데 목적이 있다. 조사시기는 2004년 11월부터 2005년 9월까지 계절별로 조사를 수행하였고 조사경로는 A 경로(휴량림 입구∼신선봉), B 경로(신선봉∼마패봉), C 경로(조령 제3관문∼마패봉), D 경로(용성골∼깃대봉)로 구분하여 실시하였다. 관속식물상 조사결과, 85과 219속 299종 36변종 6품종 등 총 341분류군으로 관찰되었다. 산림청 지정 희귀 및 멸종위기식물은 백작약, 꼬리진달래, 태백제비꽃 등 3분류군이 조사되었다. 한국특산식물은 개비자나무, 호랑버들, 매화말발도리, 조팝나무, 털조록싸리, 산앵도나무, 참배암차즈기, 병꽃나무, 고려엉겅퀴 등 총 9분류군이 확인되었다. 자원식물상 조사결과, 관상용 식물자원은 171종(50.1%), 식용식물자원은 222종(65.1%), 약용식물자원은 237종(69.5%), 기타용 식물자원은 146종(42.8%)으로 나타났다. This study was carried out objectively to analyze the distributing flora for the conservation of natural environment and to construct the database in Mt. Joryeong, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea. The period of survey was from November, 2004 to September, 2005, and the routes were A (Recreation forest∼Shinseon−bong), B (Shinseon−bong∼Mapae−bong), C(Joryeong 3rd gateway∼Mapae−bong), and D (Yongseong−gol∼Gitdae−bong). The vascular plants were summarized as 341 taxa; 85 families, 219 genera, 299 species, 36 varieties, and 6 forma. The rare and endangered plants designated by Korea Forest Service were 3 taxa; Paeonia japonica, Viola albida, and Rhododendron micranthum. The Korean endemic plants were 9 taxa; Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Salix caprea, Deutzia coreana, Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora, Lespedeza×tomentella, Vaccinium koreanum, Salvia chanroenica, Weigela subsessilis, and Cirsium setidens. And in the results of survey on resource plants, we confirmed 171 taxa of ornamental plants (50.1%), 222 taxa of edible plants (65.1%), 237 taxa of medicinal plants (69.5%) and 146 taxa of other useful plants (42.8%).
본 연구는 산림습지에 대한 생태환경 특성을 분석하여 습지의 복원 및 조성을 위한 기초자료를 제공하는데 목적이 있다. 환경분석 결과, 해발범위는 329~936m였고 방위는 남동향, 남서향, 북동향이였다. 경사범위는 3~22%였고 노암율은 0~50%로 나타났다. 지형은 계곡, 높은 평지였으며, 토습은 과습 및 습윤상태였다. 식물상 조사결과, 42과 115속 130종 20변종 등 총 150분류군이 확인되었다. 습지식물은 39분류군으로 나타났다. 층위별 우점종 분석 결과, 교목층은 신갈나무(FW-1, FW-3), 소나무(FW-2), 아까시나무(FW-4), 아교목층은 신갈나무(FW-1, FW-3), 광대싸리(FW-2), 고추나무(FW-4), 관목층은 조릿대(FW-1), 광대싸리(FW-2), 병꽃나무(FW-3), 고추나무(FW-4), 초본층은 병조희풀(FW-1), 김의털(FW-2), 물봉선(FW-3, FW-4)으로 조사되었다. The purpose of this study was to offer the raw data for restoring and constructing the wetland by analyzing the characteristics of ecological environments about the forest wetland. In the results of environment analysis, the range of altitude was from 329m to 936m. The directions were southeast, southwest and northeast. The range of slope was from 3% to 22%, and the exposure of rock was from 0% to 50%. The conditions of soil moisture were high humid and humid. The flora was summarized as 150 taxa 42 families, 115 genera, 130 species and 20 varieties. The dominant species of tree layer were Quercus mongolica Fisch.(FW-1, FW-3), Pinus densiflora S. et Z.(FW-2) and Robinia pseudoacacia L.(FW-4). The dominant species of subtree layer were Quercus mongolica Fisch.(FW-1, FW-3), Securinega suffruticosa Rehder(FW-2) and Staphylea bumalda Dc.(FW-4). In shrub layer, the dominant species were Sasa borealis (Hack.) Makino(FW-1), Securinega suffruticosa Rehder(FW-2), Weigela subsessilis L.H. Bailey(FW-3) and Staphylea bumalda Dc.(FW-4). In herb layer, the dominant species were Clematis heracleifolia Kom.(FW-1), Festuca ovina L.(FW- 2), Impatiens textori Miq.(FW-3, FW-4).