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This study will focus on status and structure of Japanese public reverse mortgage that has been changed since 1980. Especially, on newly introduced long-term supporting system for living fund after 2003. Private housing construction companies studied preceding cases of real estate products with reverse mortgage theory and also induced learning point from the change of Japanese public reverse mortgage market. From this on the purpose of this study is suggesting a better plan for successful reverse mortgage introduction in Korea. The data and articles of Japanese reverse mortgage are used for this study, also reverse mortgage related data are collected from web-site and research reports from the inside and outside of the country. From the total postal survey in September, 2004, the system contents after Year 2003 are described here. As described above, reverse mortgage is a way to support public social pension system and expected to play an important role as an assisting method for stable housing and supporting living cost to the aged. Eventually, it is necessary to find a way for introducing a public reverse mortgage as a welfare system for low income people.
Reverse mortgages offer seniors the ability to retain their personal and financial independence. Unlike a traditional mortgage that people make payments on each month, reverse mortgages provide payments to the older - in effect 'reversing' the direction of the mortgage payments. The overall populations of this country are aging and the number of elderly populations has been gradually increased. Aging society is on of the most representative demographic characteristics in Korea. National Pension that is an income security program to provide against loss or reduction of earnings ability mainly due to old age, however, is not enough to cover the living costs of elderly households and other financial systems for the elderly did not established. Therefore, the elderly people who are house rich but cash poor will meet some difficulties in obtaining the monthly living expenses and it will be deteriorated. The objectives of this paper are to suggest a new housing financial model for the Korean elderly through the income conversion of housing assets, and to analyze its potential demand by surveying elderly people living in Seoul Metropolitan. The result of survey shows that the elderly in Korea feel unsecure to their remaining life in terms of monthly income. They also do hesitate to inherit their housing and furthermore do not want to be supported by their grown sons. It means that the liquidation of elderly housing assets can significantly contribute to improve the income shortage of elderly households. Finally, This paper suggests that the reverse mortgage is one of the most feasible policy alternatives to solve the monthly income shortage of the Korean elderly.
The effects of garlic extracts, lactic acid bacteria, copper and selenium as cholesterol lowering material on productivity and content of egg cholesterol in layer were investigated. The layers were divided into seven treatment groups and fed commercial diet or experimental diets containing probiotics, garlic powder, selenium and copper for 6 weeks. There was no significant difference in egg production between groups. The content of egg yolk cholesterol by combination feeding of probiotics, garlic powder, selenium and copper were significantly reduced by 13.5-29.8% as compared to that of control. The levels of mRNA expression of HMG-CoA reductase were significantly decreased by dietary treatments.