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There are numerous reports on menarche age in Korea and other countries but only few reports are available on menopausal age. This is a result of surveys on 509 women for menarche and 341 women for menopause among the rural areas of Choongnam and Kyungbuk province. For those born between 1894 and 1933, average age of menarche was 16.63 years. The earliest was 13 years and latest was 22 years old. Majority (78. 8%) had their menarche at the age of between 15 and 18. It was noted that there was gradual advancement of menarche age among those born in later years than earlier. More menarche started in the months of October and April and fewest was in the month of June. Spring was the time when the largest number of women had menarche and this was followed by Autumn, Winter and Summer. The most common menstrual cycle was 30 days type which is followed by 28 days and 26 days. The average menopausal age among rural Korean women was 46.97 years. The number of years between menarche and menopause appears to be dependent upon individual physical and mental condition, socioeconomical circumstances, and also hereditary as well as ethnic differences. 87.17% of rural Korean women had menstral ages of between 20 to 36 years according to this statistics and the average was 29.67 years.
A study was conducted to obtain information on morbidity of tuberculosis of Soodong community people from 9 August to 29 September 1977 through Chest X-ray survey and the following results are obtained: Out of 5,302 objective people 2,817 had received the examination and the examined rate was 53.0%. Out of 2,817 examined people 38 were confirmed tuberculosis positive through direct large film examination and its morbidity rate was 1.3%.
A study was conducted on October 25, 1977 to obtain information on knowledge and attitude of the candidates for village health worker toward primary health care. The objectives of this study were to identify the level and contents of teaching materials for village health worker training program. Interviewed 22 housewives who were elected by each of 22 village people and the following results are obtained: 1. Age distribution of 22 candidates was 23. 0% in 20-29, 36.0% in 30-39, and 41.0% in 40-49 age grouped and 14. 0% of them was literacy, 54. 0% was graduated from primary school and 32.0% from middle school. 2. A hundred percent of the candidates was knowing on patient care service and immunization program as the health subcenter activities and also 86. 0% on T. B. control, 82.0% on family planning, 73. 0% on materal and child health and delivery assistance as the health subcenter activities. 3. As the vaccinations required under one year children, they pointed out D. P. T with 77.0 Polio-vaccine with 73.0%, and B. C. G with 64.0%. 4. A hundred percent of the candidates was knowing on loop and oral pill as the contraceptive method and also were knowing condom (95. 0%), laparascopy (86.4%), and vasectomy (68.0%). 5. Ninety-one percent of the candidates was knowing that the community health development fee used for community health development correctly.
In order to find out status of household medicine usage in a rural community, a study was carried out, through analyzing the survey data regarding to household medicine usage of 188 household sampled from the 19 towns with 1. 186 families and farm house of 80% in a rural community. Su Dong-Myun, Nam Yang Zu-Gun. Kyung Gi-Do. Korea. The following results were drawn: 1) The 80.9% of 152 respondents answered that they prepared household medicine. Only the 5.3% of them answered that they did not. The rest, 13.8% answered that they were not sure. 2) The preparation rates of oral medicine are as follows drugs for indigestion 80.3% of the highest rate, drugs for headache : 57.9%, drugs for common cold 46.7%, antibiotics: 44.1%, drugs for gastrointestinal pain and drugs for nutrition each 43.4%. and drugs for back and joint pain : 22.4% of the lowest rate. 3) The preparation rates by effect-specific kind including sanitary materials were as follows external ointment: 83.6% of the highest rate, drugs for indigestion 80.3%, antiseptic solution : 73.0%, adhesive plaster : 61.2%, drugs for headache : 57.9%, and guez and thermometer each : 15.8% of the lowest rate. 4) The preparation rates by the number of effect-specific kind of oral household medicine were as follows; three kinds 21.0% of the highest rate, five kinds : 16.4%. four kinds and two kinds : 14.5% each and seven kinds and over: 6.6% respectively. 5) The purchase-routes of household medicine were answered as follows : drug-stores : 85.5% almost all, medical facilities, shops and market each : 4.6% and peddlers : 2.0% respectively. 6) The sources of information about the household medicine were answered as follows : personnel of drug store or pharmacy : 49.3% of the highest rate. T.V. or radio: 27.0%. medical personnel : 15.8%, paper and magazine : 3.0% respectively. 7) The reasons for preparing the household medicine were answered as follows : for preventing disease and promotion of health : 37.5% of the highest rate, for convenience of home care: 26.3% for relief from preparation itself: 20.4%, and for emergent care before special treatment : 15.1% of the lowest rate. 8) The opinions about the necessity of drugs are distributed as follows ; necessary : 86.8% of the majority, not necessary : 1.3%, and not sure : 11.9% respectively.
산간 농촌지역 19개 행정리 1,151세대, 인구 4,591명, 농가비율 78.4%인 경기도 남양주군 수동면에서 면지역사회 표본추출 세대주 284명의 보건지소 이용에 미치는 요인에 대한 설문조사 자료와 1976년부터 1987년까지 보건지소를 이용한 외래 초진 환자의 진료실적을 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1) 농촌지역 주민의 보건지소 이용율은 인구 1,000명당 1987년이 900으로 최고율을 보이다가 1979년 846, 1981년 708, 1985년 618, 1983년 594, 1987년 341로 해가 거듭할수록 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 2) 농촌지역 주민의 연령별 보건지소 이용율은 인구 1,000명당 0~4세군이 1976년 1981년, 1986년 공히 2,067.4, 2,402.7, 2,308.2로 최고율을 보였으며 다른 연령군에서는 별차이가 없었다. 3) 조사대상 세대주의 1차진료기관 선정은 보건지소가 43.3%로 가장 높았고 다음이 병원 29.6%, 일반과의원 15.5%, 전문과 의원 11.6% 순이었다. 4) 조사대상 세대주의 92.6%가 보건지소를 가끔 또는 자주 이용한 적이 있으며 보건지소가 좋다고 생각하는 주민은 21.1%에 불과하였다. 5) 조사대상 세대주의 보건지소나 일반과의원 선정기준은 성실하고 친절한 차이 57.8%로 가장 높고 다음이 가까운 곳(24.6%), 시설이 좋은 곳(9.2%), 치료비가 싼곳(8.4%)순이었다. 6) 농촌지역주민의 보건지소 이용율은 보건지소와의 거리가 가까운 마을 주민일수록 자주 이용하고 있는 경향을 보였다. 7) 조사대상 세대주의 59.8%가 일상농사일이 일차진료에 영향을 미친다고 하였다. 8) 조사대상 세대주의 보건지소 발전 방안을 위해 보건지소에 바라는 소망을 보건지소 직원의 좋은 태도가 28.5%로 가장 높았고 다음이 근무시간 준수나 연장개선(10.9%), 시설 및 장비개선(9.5%), 기타(7.1%) 순이었다.
This study was analyzed through the reports which published on the subject matter of Su Dong-Myun from 1994 to 1997 and the medical record of patient in Su-Dong Myun health subcenter. The result are as follow: 1. The number of population in Su-Dong Myun(study area) was 5,475 in 1994, 5,707 in 1995, 6,079 in 1996 and 6,253 in 1997. In composition rate of population, "65 and over" of age group only showed markedly increasing tendancy from 9.8% in l995 to 10.2% in 1997. However, the rest of all age group showed decreasing tendancy. 2. Annual utilization rate showed decreasing tendancy, such as 247 in 1994. 203 in 1995, 146 in 1996, and 140 in 1997 per 1000 population. But visiting time is increasing tendency, such as 3.1 in 1994, 2.8 in 1995. 2.4 in 1996 and 3.4 in 1997 per disease case. 3. Age specific annual utilization rate, all age showed decreasing tendancy in the age group of "0-14", "15-44" and "45-64", however showed increasing tendency in the age group of "65 and over" from 1994 to 1997. 4. The major disease were disease of Respiratory system. Gastrointestinal system. Musculoskeletal system and Connective tissue. Skin and Subcutaneous tissue and Circulatory system The disease of Musculoskeletal system and Connective tissue and Circulatory system are increasing.
In order to find out the effectiveness of B.C.G. vaccination in rural school children, a study was carried out through analyzing the result of tuberculin test and old B.C.G. scar checking which were done in primary school and secondary school of Su-dong Myun, Nam Yang-ju Gun from 1981 to 1983. And following results were obtained; 1) The old B.C.G. scar rate of primary school children was the highest in 2nd grade children with 99.0% and the lowest in 5th grade children with 64.5% in 1981. 2) The tuberculin positive rate in primary school children was 20.1% and the rate was not different between male and female in 1981. 3) The age specife tuberculin positive rate was shown the tendency of increasing according to the grade such as 8.3% in 1st grade, 14.4% in 2nd grade and 35.6% in 3rd grade children. And the tendency of decreasing was shown such as 30.4% in 4th grade and 13.0% in 5th grade and 16.3% in 6th grade children in 1981. 4) The tuberculin positive rate was shown the tendency of increasing according to the time passing after B.C.G. vaccination such as 21.0% among the children group who are received B.C.G. vaccination one year before and 27.1% among the group received two years before and 31.4% among the group received three years before. 5) The tuberculin positive rate of primary school children was 21.5% in the group with old B.C.G. scar and 13.1% in the group without B.C.G. scar.
In order to find out affecting factors to utilization of a rural health subcenter for primary health care, a study was carried out, through analyzing the specific survey data of 284 out of 1,151 total householders in a rural community, Su Dong-Myun, Nam Yang Ju-Gun, Kyung Gi-Do, Korea, and the medical records of total outpatients of the health subcenter in the district during 1976-1987. The following results were obtained: 1) Since 1977, the annual utilization rate showed decreasing tendency such as 900 per 1,000 inhabitants in 1977, 846 in 1979, 708 in 1981, 618 in 1985, 594 in 1983 and 341 in 1987. 2) The age specific utilization rate showed the highest in the group of age of 0-4 with 2,067.4 per 1,000 inhabitants in 1976, 2,402.7 in 1981 and 2,308.2 in 1986, respectively. In the other age groups, no any significant difference was found in the specific rate. 3) In the choice rate of medical facillities for primary health care, health subcenter was the highest(43.3%), and hospital (29.6%), generalist clinic (15.5%) and specialist clinic (11.6%) were in decreasing order. 4) Among the householders surveyed, 92.6% experienced to visit the rural health subcenter more than once. However, 21.1% of them said that the health subcenter is not proper medical facillitics for their situation. 5) In choice reasons of the health subcenter for primary health care, dominent priority factors were sincerity and kindness of health personnels containing staffs(57.8%), near distance from living place (24.6%), proper medical facillities(9.2%) and lower medical cost(8.4%) 6) The utilization rate of health subcenter in the district, revealed a tendency that the nearer distance from the health subcenter, the more patients visit health subcenter. 7) More than half (59.8%) of the householders surveyed, answered that primary health care was interfered mainly with the daily farm work in the district. 8) For the enhancement of utilization rate, the householders surveyed demanded the health subcenter to have good attitude of health subcenter personnel (28.5%), to observe the time and/or extend the duty hours(10.9%), to provide proper medical facillicies (9.5%) and the others(7.1%).