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The present study evaluated the possibility of dumbbell exercise as to improve the physical fitness and the health starus of old people in rural area. Although eighty seven volunteers of old women (over 64) living in Seonsan, Gumi city were subjected, twenty of them were attended the whole program for 6 months and the data from the twenty was analysed in this study. The results were drawn out from comparison of the body constitutuion, the physical strength, the medical aspectrs, and the questionaires of before and after this program. They showed increased physical fithess tested by grip strength (left), bar gripping reaction time, standing trunk flexibility, on foot standing test through dumbbell exercise for 6 months. Questionaire revealed the betterment of dietary pattem during this program. In the light of in these results, it is possible to conclude that dumbbell exercise had improved the basic physical condition and the health status through the increasement of physical fitness and dietary pattem change. Therefore, dumbbell exercise would be a useful program for the old people in reual area to improved their health status.
The present study evaluated the possibility of dumbbell exercise as to improve the health status of elderly women in rural area. Although approximatly 300 volunteers of elderly women living in rural area of Gumi city were subjected, 32 of them were attended the whole training program for 6 months. All examine were operated before training. 3 months and 6 months after starting point of training respectively. The items of measurement and their results were as the following, 1. The blood pressure slightly increased after 3 months, and blood sugar level significantly decreased after 3 months and then slightly increased. 2. The self living ability not significant changes but slightly increased, that means positive effect of dumbbell exercise on self living ability in their old age. 3. The cognitive ability, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Korean version questionnaire were used, slightly increased. 4. All items of the physical fitness except masticate strength were increased, that means positive effect of dumbbell exercise on physical activity level in elderly people. Therefore all items level was better than before dumbbell exercise, including blood sugar level, cognitive ability, physical fitness. That assumed dumbbell exercise help elderly people' both physical and mental ability.