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This paper dealt with numerical estimation of the pressure pulsation of the refrigerant in a suction pipe of the compressor. The behavior of the pressure pulsation was assumed to satisfy the wave equation. The boundary conditions and properties of refrigerant are necessary as input data of the simulation. The pulsating pressures at 15 points in a pipe were measured simultaneously from the pressure transducers. From the experimental data, the complex phase speed and impedance at the end of the pipe of the refrigerant were estimated using the signal processing and used as the input conditions of the numerical analysis. A commercial acoustic software was used to solve the behavior of pressure pulsation. The numerical results for the pressure pulsation in a pipe with and without expansion chamber were carried out and compared with those by experiments. Finally, numerical procedure to estimate the pressure pulsation in a pipe was established and verified.
This paper dealt with the active vibration isolation for a preliminary evaluation of the performance numerically. The vibration and noise generated by equipments are transmitted to the platform structures. The transmitted vibration causes negative influences on the life and reliability of the equipment and the structure due to breakage. The analytical model was established to be an equipment on a flexible beam. The analytical model consisted of the equipment as a source and the flexible beam as a receiver. The equipment is modeled with a rigid beam having a concentrated force. The equipment and the flexible beam are connected with springs at both ends of the equipment. The actuators (secondary source) are located slightly apart from the positions of the springs. And the controller was designed to minimize the vibration of the flexible beam (receiver) due to the force transmitted through the springs using the Wiener filter. For the control performance evaluation, the displacement at a point of the receiver structure and the total kinetic energy of the receiver were calculated. As a result, it is confirmed that the overall receiver displacement was reduced and the total kinetic energy of a receiver was 21.6 dB.
In this paper, active noise control was performed to reduce radiated noise in the low frequency band of dishwashers. First, through an analysis of the noise environment of the dishwasher, it was confirmed that the pump noise contributed the most to the radiated noise in the low frequency band, From the result of the noise environment analysis, the reference signal was selected to be the vibration signal of the pump body. The reference signal was obtained by using the accelerometer on the pump body, which can prevent acoustic feedback. The error signal sensor was selected as a microphone located at 1 m in front of the dishwasher and 0.5 m in height. And to design the controller, the error signal and the reference signal were measured at the operational rpms of the dishwasher at 2,500 rpm, 2,600 rpm and 2,800 rpm, and the secondary path transfer function was measured. The designed controller was mounted on Digital Signal Processor (DSP) equipment, and the control performance was verified experimentally. As a result of the measurement at the 3 operational rpms, the 7th multiple component of pump operating frequency decreased by 1.93 dB, 4.43 dB, 5.15 dB per rpm, and the 12th multiple component decreased by 6.67 dB, 2.34 dB, 4.28 dB per rpm. And overall Sound Pressure Level (SPL) decreased by 0.84 dB, 2.58 dB, 1.48 dB by rpm. 본 논문에서는 가정용 식기세척기의 저주파 대역 방사 소음 저감을 위하여 능동 소음 제어를 수행하였다. 먼저 식기세척기의 소음 환경 분석을 통해 펌프 소음이 저주파 대역 방사 소음에 가장 크게 기여하고 있음을 확인하였고 이를 고려하여 참조 신호를 선정하였다. 참조 신호는 음향피드백을 방지하기 위해 가속도계를 이용하여 펌프 몸체에 부착하여 획득하였다. 오차 신호 센서는 식기세척기 전방 1 m, 높이 0.5 m에 위치한 마이크로폰으로 선정하였다. 다음으로 제어기 설계를 위해 식기세척기의 작동 회전수 2,500 rpm, 2,600 rpm, 2,800 rpm에 대하여 오차 신호와 참조신호를 측정하고, 2차 경로 전달함수를 측정하였다. 그리고 설계된 제어기를 Digital Signal Processor(DSP) 장비에탑재 시켜 제어 성능을 시험으로 확인하였다. 시험 결과 펌프 작동 주파수의 7차 배수 성분에서는 회전수 별로 1.93 dB, 4.43 dB, 5.15 dB 만큼 줄었고 12차 배수 성분에서는 회전수 별로 6.67 dB, 2.34 dB, 4.28 dB 만큼 줄었다. 그리고overall Sound Pressure Level(SPL)은 회전수별로 0.84 dB, 2.58 dB, 1.48 dB 만큼 줄었다