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Since an organization must be operated by and through people, the degree to which it is able to achieve its objectives is contingent upon how efficiently its personnel perform individually and collectively. Every manager, therefore, must be able to work effectively with people and to resolve satisfactorily the many and varied problems that the management of these people may entail. The activities of most enterprises today are becoming more and more complex in nature, so the managers in these enterprises are required to have greater technical competency than was formerly the case. In addition, they must have a better understanding of human behavior and of the processes by which personnel can be managed effectively. The present generation of employees tends to be more enlightened and better educated than were their predecessors. They demand more considerate treatment and a more sophisticated form of leadership, so we are not able to force people to work harder by threatening or by subjecting them to physical or verbal abuse. It means that we have to understand the reason why people behavior as they doand give proper motivations so that they can contribute to achieve the goals of organization. In this paper, I would like to study the "why" of human behavior first and then apply these disciplines to the effective management of people as followings ; 1. Changing circumstances of enterprise and personnel management. 2. Behavioral sciences to develop the ability. A. Many approaches to understand the "why" of human behavior B. Internal efficiency methods to provide the efficient people 1. Human needs-motivations 2. X Y theory 3. Conclusion