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        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Antiestrogenic Potentials of ortho-PCB Congeners by Single or Complex Exposure

          오승민,Byung,Taek,Ryu,Sang,Ki,Lee,정규혁 대한약학회 2007 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.30 No.2

          Di-ortho PCB congeners 52, 138, 153 and 180, and the mono-ortho coplanar congener 118 have been detected as a complex mixture in human tissue in Korea. This study examined the antiestrogenic effects of samples exposed to single or combination treatment of the ortho-PCB congeners. In order to determined the combined toxicity, a sample mixture (M1, M2, M3, M4, and M5) was designed based on the ortho-PCB congeners found in Korean human tissue. With the exception of PCB 52, the ortho-PCB congeners (PCB 118, 138, 153, and 180) showed weak antiestrogenic activity. The antiestrogenic activity of di-ortho PCB congeners (PCB 138, 153, and 180) was induced by the depletion of endogenous E2 as well as through the ER-dependent pathway, whereas the antiestrogenic activity of mono-ortho PCB 118 was only induced through the depletion of endogenous E2. When the MCF7-BUS cells were treated with mixtures containing the no effective concentration (10-6 M) of the PCB congeners, M3 (PCB 118 + PCB 138 + PCB 180) and M4 (PCB 118 + PCB 138) had an antiestrogenic effect but the other mixtures (M1; PCB 52 + PCB 118 + PCB 138 + PCB 180, M2; PCB 118 + PCB 138 + PCB 153 + PCB 180, M5; PCB 118 + PCB 180) did not. Although the mechanism for the interaction between the PCB congeners is not completely understood, it was presumed that exposure to a mixture of the PCB congeners might have synergistic effects on their antiestrogenicity through the ER-independent pathway.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Effects of Ginkgo Biloba on In Vitro Osteoblast Cells and Ovariectomized Rat Osteoclast Cells

          오승민,김하룡,정규혁 대한약학회 2008 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.31 No.2

          Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) has a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM)-like biphasic effect on estrogen, and could be a potential alternative to hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Here, we investigated whether GBE can ameliorate estrogen-depleted osteoporosis in in vitro osteoblast cells and in estrogen-deprived ovariectomized (OVX) rats, a classical animal model for postmenopausal osteoporosis. GBE (50-150 μg/mL) significantly increased ALP (Alkaline phosphatase) activity of osteoblast cells, indicating that GBE promotes osteoblast mineralization. OVX rats exposed to GBE (100 and 200 mg/kg/day, oral treatment), raloxifene (3 mg/kg/day, oral treatment) or estradiol (E2, 10 μg/kg/day, subcutaneous injection) decreased osteoclast resorptive activity compared with OVX rats. GBE and raloxifene did not increase uterine weight compared with OVX rats, while E2 and Sham control did, suggesting that GBE has no uterotrophic activity, which is a disadvantage of estrogen therapy. In OVX rats, GBE did not restore severe bone density loss induced by OVX, indicating that GBE may be insufficient as therapeutic material for severe osteoporosis. However, despite its no effects on bone density loss in OVX rats, GBE did stimulate osteoblast differentiation and antiosteoclastic activity in vitro. Therefore, GBE may have preventive potential on osteoporosis as do other phytoestrogens.

        • KCI등재

          GMA와 프탈이미드아크릴레이트의 공중합체 합성과 반응성비

          오승민,오대희 한국유화학회 2013 한국응용과학기술학회지 Vol.30 No.2

          Free-radical copolymerization of glycidyl methacrylate(GMA) and N-phthalimidoethyl acrylate(NPEA) were carried out at 60℃ in dimethylformamide(DMF) solution in the presence of benzoylperoxide(BPO) at low conversion. The polymers were characterized by IR and 1H-NMR. The compositions of the copolymer was analyzed by ultra violet(UV/Vis) spectrophotometry. The reactivity ratios of the monomer was determined by the application of Fineman-Ross(FR) and Kelen-Tudos(KT) methods. The monomer reactivity ratios of the system and Alfrey-Price's resonance effect(Q) and polar effect(e) value for NIEA were determined as follow. The reactivity ratios of the monomer obtained from FR and KT are found to be r1=0.87, r2=0.98 and r1=0.88, r2=0.99 respectively. The Q and e values of poly(GMA-co-NPEM) calculated from r1 and r2 was Q= 1.31, e=0.75 respectively.

        • KCI등재

          의과대학생의 멘토링 프로그램 필요 요구 및 희망 진로와의 연관성

          오승민,신홍임,전우택,양은배,Oh,,Seung-Min,Shin,,Hong-Im,Jeon,,Woo-Taek,Yang,,Eun-Bae 연세대학교 의과대학 2008 의학교육논단 Vol.10 No.2

          Purpose & Method : To describe medical students' need on the mentoring program and relationship with career choice, 186/251 (74.1%) of first-and second-year medical students at Yonsei University College of Medicine. Seoul. Korea were surveyed. Result : 66.1% of medical students replied that he/she would volunteer as a mentee in mentoring program. Medical students' need area in mentoring program was specialty choice (62.9%). research development(18.8%), adapting to school life (13.9%) and effective learning skill (2.7%). 47.2% of medical students replied that his/her wishful career and working place is university faculty. Medical students who replied that he/she would volunteer as a mentee showed more needs on the research mentoring program(P=0.0112) and faculty career(P=0.0185) than those who replied that he/she would not volunteer as a mentee. Conclusion For successful implementation of mentoring program. this analysis on medical students' need should be considered.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          랫드에서 l-muscone의 급성독성 및 아급성독성시험 연구

          오승민,연제덕,남혜윤,박대규,조명행,정규혁 한국독성학회 1997 Toxicological Research Vol.13 No.4

          l-Muscone is synthesized for use as substitutive material of musk which is the active ingredient of woohwangchungsimwon. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the acute and subacute toxicity of l-muscone in rats. In oral acute toxicity test, SPF Sprague-Dawley male and female rats were gayaged with l-muscone of two doses(0, 5.0 g/kg). No dead animal and abnormal autopsy findings were found in control and treated group. Body weights were slightly decreased in both sexes of rats treated with 5.0 g/kg. Therefore, oral $LD_{50}$ of l-muscone was consider to be higher than 5.0 g/kg in male and female rats. In intraperitoneal acute toxicity test, rats were injected intraperitoneally with dosages of 0, 1,000, 1,316, 1,732, 2,279 and 3.000 mg/kg. Decreased body weights and motor activities were observed at high dose group. Intraperitoneal $LD_{50}$ of l-muscone were 1,920 mg/kg in male and female rats. In the subacute study, l-muscone was administrated orally to both sexes of rats for 4 weeks as several doses(0, 10, 100 and 1,000 mg/kg). There were neither dead animals nor significant changes of body weights during the experimental period. In addition, no differences were found between control and treated groups in clinical signs, urinalysis, hematology, serum biochemical analysist and other findings. Above data suggest that no observed adverse effect level of l-muscone in rats might be over 1,000 mg/kg/day in this study.

        • KCI등재후보

          국제보건의료교육과정 개발을 위한 방향성 고찰

          오승민,Oh,,Seung,Min 연세대학교 의과대학 2013 의학교육논단 Vol.15 No.2

          As a result of the globalization of diseases and the delivery of health care, physicians today are required to understand global health (GH) including the global burden of disease, health inequities, and effective medical aid. Interest in GH among medical students has also increased significantly. To meet these needs and to reflect an increasing focus on social accountability in medical education, global health education (GHE) programs have already been well-established, particularly in North America. Korea's official developmental aid (ODA) volume almost tripled from 2006 to 2011. Korea has committed to double its ODA/gross national income ratio over the next three years. With these increases, interest in GH among medical students has significantly increased. Despite significant interest among medical students, GHE programs have not been properly established in Korea. To develop GHE programs in Korea, proposed GHE curriculum frameworks were reviewed and core values, guiding principles, and GH competencies were identified in the context of the current literature. To identify key themes essential to the development of GHE programs in Korea, the curriculum frameworks should be focused on a global context and should be taught from the perspective of the social, political, and economic causes of ill health.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          랫드에서 신우황청심원의 급성 및 아급성독성시험

          오승민,남혜윤,김준수,연제덕,신대희,이진영,박대규,조명행,정규혁 한국독성학회 1998 Toxicological Research Vol.14 No.2

          The acute and subacute toxicity of New Woohwangchungsimwon(NWCH) which was used l-muscone as substitutive material of musk were investigated in S.D. rats. In intraperitoneal acute toxicity test. rats(Sprague-Dawley, SPF) were injected intraperitoneally with dosages of 0, 540, 750, 1,070, 1.500 and 3,000 mg/kg. Body weights were significantly decreased at 540 mg/kg dose group in both sexes and abnormal autopsy findings were founded in both sexes at all treated groups. Intraperitoneal $LD_{50}$ of NWCH was 812.3 mg/kg in male and 872.3 mg/kg in female rats. In the subacute toxicity study, NWCH was administrated orally to both sexes of rats for 4 weeks as several doses(0, 320, 800 and 2, 000 mg/kg). There were neither dead animals nor significant changes of body weights during the experimental period. In addition, no differences were found between control and treated groups in clinical signs, urinalysis, hematology, serum biochemical analysis, and other findings. Above data strongly suggest that no observed adverse effect level of NWCH might be over 2,000 mg/kg/day in this study.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Identification of Estrogenic and Antiestrogenic Activities ofRespirable Diesel Exhaust Particles by Bioassay-directed Fractionation

          오승민,Byung,Taek,Ryu,정규혁 대한약학회 2008 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.31 No.1

          Bioassay-directed fractionation was performed to identify causative chemical groups of DEPs with estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities. Bioassay-directed fractionation consists of a cell bioassay (E-SCREEN) in conjunction with acid-base partitioning (F1 and F2) and silica gel column fractionation of neutral fractions (F3-F7). Crude extract (CE) of DEPs in dichloromethane (DCM) exhibited both estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity. Estrogenic activity of CE and some fractions (F1, F2, F3, F5 and F6) was induced through estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated pathways. In particular, the acid polar fraction (F2) of DEPs, which contains phenols, induced high levels of estrogenic activity compared to other fractions. The estrogenic activity of F2 (610.80 pg-bio-EEQ/g-DEPs) was higher than that of the total estrogenic activity of CE (222.22 pg-bio-EEQ/g-DEPs). This result indicates that the estrogenic activity induced by causative estrogenic fraction (F2) may be antagonized by unidentified chemicals in DEPs. On the other hand, non-polar fractions (F3 and F4) of DEPs include aliphatic and chlorinated hydrocarbon, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and their alkyl derivatives, which play an important role in the antiestrogenic activity of DEPs. In particular, F4, which contains PAH and its derivatives, showed the highest antiestrogenic activity. Since in our previous study, dibenzo(a, h)anthracene and chrysene were identified in F4, and these chemicals have antiestrogenic activity, we assume that these chemicals are the major causative chemicals with antiestrogenic activity in DEPs. In contrast to the estrogenic activity of DEPs, antiestrogenic activity of CE was stronger than that of antiestrogenic fractions (F3 and F4) at non-cytotoxic concentrations, indicating that additive or synergistic effects by unidentified chemicals contained in DEPs occurred

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