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Concerning with Cultural Arts Education Munhwa yesul kyoyuk, there has been an alteration of the concept of Arts Integration Tonghap yesul kyoyuk in Korea. This article examines this alteration. Arts Integration is a form of practice in which the arts are combined with academic subjects in school curriculum in order to increase the effectiveness of education of both the subjects and the arts. In Arts Integration, the arts maintains their own peculiar forms to help students learn the academic subjects and the artistic forms. However, Arts Integration, the term translated as Tonghap yesul kyoyuk in Korean, comes to have a different meaning in Korea. It comes to mean a form of arts education in which the arts are integrated with each other to lose their own peculiar forms in order to increase the effectiveness of arts education. Such an alteration of the concept of Arts Integration was influenced by the concept of Cultural Education Munhwa kyoyuk championed by the Munhwa yondae, a citizen organization that argued its own radical way of arts integration.
This paper attempted to explain the impact of the determining features on the retail store rent, which include not only real estate traits, such as business areas, location, buildings and store types, but operational traits, such as tenant types. The latter significantly influence the retail store rental price. The empirical analysis was implemented to test the analysis. The hedonic price model was used to test the relationship between the rental price and various independent variables. The sample of 4,590 retail stores in Seoul were used for the study. The result of analysis confirms that tenant types influence the retail store rental price. It shows that each store has different rental solvency and resiliency, due to its different financial strength, sales volume and margins. In addition, it shows tenant types can affect not only the rental income of the buildings but their increase rate in the long term. The results, consistent with previous findings, also indicate that retail store rental prices are positively affected by variables; Business district (e.g. CBD, GBD), location(e.g. corner buildings, intersection, accessibility to a bus stop), building(age, gross area, elevators) and store(1st & 2nd floor). The negatively affecting factors are store size, underground store, distance to a subway station and so on.
This study pursues understanding an aspect of Ch`oe Sung-hui``s method for making dance productions focusing on P`ungnang ul ttul`ko (Throughout the Storm), her production following the dogma of Socialist Realism. After she had defected to North Korea in 1946, Ch`oe Sung-hui served for building North Korea with her dance. As art was allowed only for the political aims of the communists, Socilaist Realism in North Korean style was the only method available for the artists in the land. Ch`oe Sung-hui, therefore, saw the heyday of the Chinbochok sasil chuui`(Progressive Realism) when she arrived in North Korea and made the production of P`ungnang ul ttul`ko in 1949 reflecting the Kosanghan sasil chuui`(Sublime Realism) after Kim Il-song suggested this new dogma. Ch`oe Sung-hui explained that she showed the sublime character of the Korean nation that overcame ordeals in order to realize sublime goal through the production of P`ungnang ul ttul`ko. The hero of P`ungnang ul ttul`ko, an old boatman, crosses the sea in order to join the revolutionary riot in Cheju Island. Even though the wild sea threatens his life during the night, he bravely keeps rowing his boat and finally arrives in his destination. With this image of the old man, Ch`oe Sung-hui praised the ongoing process the communist revolution in North Korea and showed her optimistic vision for the revolution.
This study examines the stage of literary structure and literary image in the process of making《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》(Throughout the Storm) production by Ch`oe Sung-hui in 1949. When she made a dance production, Ch`oe Sung-hui wrote a scenario for her work. She coined the term, literary structure and literary image, to call such scenario-writing process. As for 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》 literary structure and literary image could be considered as a modified genre, which was adjacent to epic, as it accomplished excellent literary quality. The scenario of 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》contains not only the elements of an epic such as the dramatic, the lyric, and the epic but also stanzas and lines. Also, it has language that shows poetic tension. Therefore, the scenario of 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》should be considered as a short epic poem. At the same time, the scenario of 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》includes the elements that are not originally poetic such as using the lyrics of a folk song and describing the specific movements designed for the dance performance. These charcteristics position the scenario of 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》as a modified genre which is adjacent to epic. The excellent literary values of the scenario for 《P`ungnang ul ttul`ko》show that Ch`oe Sung-hui was a multi-talented artist, and recognizing the characteristics of literary structure and literary image lead to wider understanding of Ch`oe Sung-hui`s artistic method. Also, considering scenario for dance production as an autonomous genre can extend the horizons of literature and art.
The objective of this research is to investigate the determining factors of warehouse sales prices in South Korea by implementing an empirical analysis which provides guidelines for investment decision making with not only manufacturing companies but indirect investment agencies, e.g. REITs and the Real Estate Fund. The characteristics influencing warehouse sales prices are classified as follows: Area, Location, Building, and Macro Environment. To analyze the factors affecting warehouse sales prices, a multiple regression analysis was implemented by using the Hedonic Price Model. The result showed that warehouse sales prices are significantly influenced by location, building, and macro economics traits. Empirical results showed that variables significantly influencing sales prices are as follows : accessibility of expressways(-), width of street for accessibility(+), lot size(-), parking space(+), ceiling height(+), building age(-), cold and frozen facilities(+). This study could trigger more interest not only in the academic field, but also in the logistic market. Therefore, it could serve as a basis for further academic research regarding determining factors of warehouse sales prices. In addition, this study is distinctive in that it empirically analyzed the data of actual transaction prices, not of asking prices in the market.
This study examines how Ch`oe Sung-hui, the renowned "new woman" stage artist, developed her career in the male-centered process of modernization in Korea. Ch`oe Sung-hui was one of the pioneers of modern dance in Korea. Also, she was one of the "new women" who appeared in the early part of the twentieth century as a result of the Western style of education. She, with her fame earned on the stages in Japan and the Western countries, successfully positioned herself in the social environment of Korea that was not friendly to social activities of women. In addition to her great talent in dance, Ch`oe Sung-hui`s instrument for her success was her strategy to utilize the rhetoric of the masculine discourses such as "wise mother, good wife" and cultural nationalism. "Wise mother, good wife" aimed at producing mother and wife who would be devoted to managing her family in more Westernized, "modern" style breaking with traditional patriarchy. Cultural nationalism was a form of nationalism that was expressed in "cultural," non-political activities such as education and arts. As Ch`oe Sung-hui applied the rhetoric of the discourses, which cooperated with male-centered modernization, for her social and artistic activities, she could earn male support and be more successful than any other women without such a strategy and male support. C h`oe Sung-hui maintained her social image clean describing her domestic life with the rhetoric based on "wise mother, good wife." At the same time, adopting the discourse of cultural nationalism, she tried to apply Korean elements in her dance based on Western style and make Korea join in "the world" through such a form of art. The male-centered society was enthusiastic to her as her activities and her rhetoric were cooperative with the grand narrative of modernization, and Ch`oe Sung-hui became the most famous and successful woman in her time in Korea.
The munhwa-yesul kyoyuk (Cultural Arts Education) in Korea is known as the combination of munhwa kyoyuk (Cultural Education) and yesul kyoyuk (Arts Education). The process of combining these two elements, munhwa kyoyuk and yesul kyoyuk, shows unique integration and separation on each stage. Munhwa kyoyuk and yesul kyoyuk were not separated each other at first. The concept of Munhwa kyoyuk in Korea, consulting Concept for Cultural Education- Positions and Recommendations published by the German Cultural Council, included the established genres of the arts in it at first. The terms Munhwa kyoyuk, yesul kyoyuk, and munhwa-yesul kyoyuk meant the same in the documents of the governments under President Kim Young-sam and the early stage of the President Kim Dae-jung`s rule. As the understanding of the concept of culture in its wide meaning--as the ways of human behavior and practice--became dominated, Munhwa kyoyuk and yesul kyoyuk became separated from each other in Korea. The documents published during the later stages of the Kim Dae-jung government showed such a tendency. Munhwa kyoyuk and yesul kyoyuk come to be integrated in the policies by the Roh Moo-Hyun government and form munhwa-yesul kyoyuk. Understanding the relations among Munhwa kyoyuk, yesul kyoyuk, and munhwa- yesul kyoyuk lets one realize that the munhwa-yesul kyoyuk in Korea has a flexible concept in which various elements and practices can be included. Therefore, whether they are the established genres of the arts or any integrated forms of arts which deconstruct the genres, all the practices in the current munhwa-yesul kyoyuk can be considered positive and desirable.
This study examines the characteristics of Ch`oe Sung-hui`s directing of P`ungnang ul ttul`ko (Throughout the Storm) and the significance of her directing. In her dance performance P`ungnang ul ttul`ko, which had quite dramatic quality, Ch`oe Sung-hui showed a great directing ability. In P`ungnang ul ttul`ko, Ch`oe Sung-hui used a song as pangch`ang (the unique usage of musical chorus for performing arts in North Korea) as the accompaniment for the performance instead of an instrumental music. Also Ch`oe Sung-hui created a great Mise-en-scene with condensed representation utilizing the various elements of theatrical art including movement, blocking, stage setting, and lighting. In addition, by the well-calculated change of the theatrical convention from the representational to the presentational in the performance, she succeeded in dominating the audience during the performance. Ch`oe Sung-hui`s directing competency shows that she was well accustomed to the techniques of Western performing arts or modern performing arts. Viewing Ch`oe Sung-hui as a "director" gives her a new meaning as a well-rounded artist, not limited as a mere "dancer." This point of view will extend the horizon of discourse about Ch`oe Sung-hui.
This study examines the meaning of the term Cultural Arts by observing the way that the city governmental organizations in the U.S. understand the term in the social context. In addition, this article associates the term with the Korean word Munhwayesul. Cultural Arts includes the elements of “arts” and those of “culture” outside the borders of “arts.” At the same time, it reflects the point of view that considers the elements worth being pursued in social context. In other words, Cultural Arts is a term that sees cultural activities in addition to the arts are worthwhile to be accomplished by governmental policies in order to manage civic life of people as it has social values which are beyond mere private and aesthetic levels. With these characteristics, Cultural Arts corresponds to the Korean term Munhwayesul. While the social effects of Cultural Arts have the areas that overlap each other, this study considers “Enhancing the Quality of Life”,“Developing Economy”, and “Forming the Image and Identity of the Community” as the representative areas. The effects such as Enhancing the quality of Life, Developing Economy, and Forming the Image and Identity of the Community have sometimes been connected with Art and Culture without a clear border between the terms. However, now these effects can be discussed in terms of social value through the unified term Cultural Arts. At the same time, with these values, Cultural Arts can be considered same with the Korean term Munhwayesul.